The Human Truth Foundation

Qatar (State of Qatar)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #morals #qatar #research #science #the_environment

Qatar
State of Qatar
StatusIndependent State
CapitalDoha
Land Area 11 610km21
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population1.9m (2011)2
Life Expectancy78.32yrs (2017)3
GNI$129 916 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesQA, QAT, 6345
Internet Domain.qa6
CurrencyRial (QAR)7
Telephone+9748

1. Overview

#bahrain #libya #saudi_arabia

Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew him in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar has not experienced the level of unrest or violence seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth. Qatar's international image is bolstered in part by the Doha-based Al Jazeera news network, which has provided comprehensive coverage of the Near East and North African Arab revolutions. Additionally, Qatar played a significant role in the Libyan revolution by pressing the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab League to assist the Libyan rebel movement.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverCombining Bedouin heritage with modern elegance and luxury, Qatar offers an excellent introduction to the Arab world. Ask the Qataris, Bedouin roots notwithstanding, what they are most proud of and they will undoubtedly say Doha. And indeed you can see why: the modern capital with its spectacular tapering towers, elegant corniche and extravagant malls, makes Doha arguably the finest stop over in the Gulf.But there´s more to Qatar than a shopping spree. The whole country, with its heritage souqs, world-class Museum of Islamic Art, and lyrical sand dunes, provides travellers the perfect first step into the Middle East but without the tensions often associated with the region.

The success of this booming nation is more than just skin deep. Rapid economic expansion, barely slowed by the global recession, international sports tournaments, and Education City: these are some of the many hallmarks of Qatar´s sophistication. Chances are, if you spend a night in the vibrant city of Doha, you´ll be lobbying the relatives to stay a whole lot longer in Qatar.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Qatar National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
37Lithuania37
38Chile38
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
67Bosnia & Herzegovina57.3
68Georgia57.2
69Brunei57.2
70Qatar57.2
71Armenia57.1
72Tajikistan56.8
73Turkey56.5
74Montenegro56.5
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #Qatar

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
13Qatar05.1
14Somalia05.4
15Togo05.4
16Ivory Coast05.6
17Malawi05.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
182Tanzania0.7%
183Brazil0.7%
184Saudi Arabia0.7%
185Qatar0.7%
186Nigeria0.6%
187Maldives0.6%
188China0.6%
189Japan0.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
29El Salvador2.18
30Grenada2.18
31Costa Rica1.81
32Qatar2.20
33Morocco2.20
34Brazil1.80
35Guyana2.21
36Netherlands1.79
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
4Kuwait68.8%
5Andorra64.4%
6Jordan45.9%
7Palestine43.6%
8Singapore40.7%
9Israel40.4%
10Bahrain39.1%
11Hong Kong38.8%
12San Marino37.0%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czechia78.78
39Qatar78.32
40Albania77.97
41Dominica77.85
42Panama77.76
43Poland77.62
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
143Macedonia2.1m
144Botswana2.1m
145Slovenia2.0m
146Qatar1.9m
147Gambia1.8m
148Guinea-Bissau1.6m
149Gabon1.6m
150Bahrain1.4m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Qatar's population is predicted to rise to 2.371 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.20. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #qatar #tolerance

Qatar is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Qatar comes in the best 20 in its Global Peace Index rating18 (amongst the best in Asia) and in eliminating modern slavery19 (although hundreds of preventable deaths may be attributable to poor labour protection law20) . It does better than average in fighting corruption21 and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22. Qatar does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of supporting press freedom23 (still low for Asia), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24, opposing gender inequality25 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights26. It falls into the worst 20 for fighting anti-semitic opinions27 and in LGBT equality28 (amongst the lowest in Asia). And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom in terms of the year from which women could participate in democracy29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #Qatar #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
40China40
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
98Papua New Guinea98
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)18
Pos.Lower is better18
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
13Czechia1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"18. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark18 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan18.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
14Bhutan0.01
15Trinidad & Tobago0.02
16Uzbekistan0.02
17Qatar0.03
18Iceland0.03
19Panama0.04
20Guyana0.04
21UAE0.05
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #qatar #religion #saudi_arabia

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
86Kenya94
87Qatar95
88Zambia95
89Ghana95
90Mali95
91Chad95
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below33:

Christian13.8%
Muslim67.7%
Hindu13.8%
Buddhist3.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)34.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Qatar belongs to the same puritanical Wahhabi branch of Islam as Saudi Arabia, its neighbour35 but it (unfairly) only applies its most restrictive religious laws to locals - so they shelve their traditional attire and sneak out en masse in the evening, as the only way of having a free life away from their own opressive law. Some Islamist Qataris are unhappy that Islam is not universally applied35 and if they get their way in the future, the upholding of human rights in Qatar could worsen.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #it_security #Qatar #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
13Finland93%
14Qatar92%
15UAE92%
16Bahrain92%
17Estonia91%
18Japan91%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio37
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
106Malta0.0
107Turkmenistan0.0
108Bangladesh0.0
109Qatar0.0
110Kuwait0.0
111Guernsey0.0
112Bahamas0.0
113Antigua & Barbuda0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
23S. Korea0.56
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
28Guinea-Bissau0.67
29Uzbekistan0.69
30Moldova0.71
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #Qatar #smoking #sociology #UK

Qatar does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Qatar does better than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its adolescent birth rate25, its alcohol consumption rate39 and in its immunizations take-up40. Qatar does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its smoking rate41. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in terms of the prevalence of overweight adults42 (amongst the highest in Asia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita39
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
39Madagascar1.9
40Tunisia1.9
41Bahrain1.9
42Qatar2.0
43Nepal2.0
44Singapore2.0
45Turkey2.0
46Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2.1
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking43 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink44 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies45 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"46. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"47. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
22Spain22
23France23
24Italy24
25Qatar25
26Oman26
27Estonia27
28Austria28
29Greece29
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
177USA67.9
178Jordan69.6
179Saudi Arabia69.7
180Qatar71.7
181Kuwait73.4
182Micronesia75.9
183Samoa77.6
184Tonga78.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese48. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up49. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight49 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year50 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"51. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes52. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar53.

Smoking Rates (2014)41
Pos.Lower is better41
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
103Morocco 671
104New Zealand 680
105Kyrgyzstan 68354
106Qatar 698
107UAE 715
108Namibia 740
109Papua New Guinea 826
110UK 827
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #Qatar #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
35Czechia9.9
36Ireland10.4
37Algeria10.6
38Qatar10.7
39Lithuania11.0
40Montenegro12.2
41Lebanon12.4
42Estonia13.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %40
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
53Tunisia95.7
54Japan95.7
55Portugal95.7
56Qatar95.6
57Armenia95.6
58Uruguay95.6
59Bhutan95.6
60Turkey95.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
55
Pos.Lower is better55
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
4Canada3.75
5Australia5.25
6UK6.75
7Ireland6.75
8Sri Lanka8
9Qatar9
10Trinidad & Tobago10
11Netherlands10
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
142Nigeria142
143Mali143
144Congo, (Brazzaville)144
145Qatar145
146Philippines146
147Mozambique147
148Lesotho148
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
111China111
112Swaziland112
113Argentina113
114Qatar114
115Afghanistan115
116Ivory Coast116
117Panama117
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
37Germany37
38Togo38
39Argentina39
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
58El Salvador58
59Senegal59
60Kyrgyzstan60
61Qatar61
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2956
2Israel4.1156
3Japan3.5856
...
60Uganda0.4857
61Cyprus0.4858
62Costa Rica0.4759
63Qatar0.4760
64Cuba0.4758
65Macedonia0.4458
66Puerto Rico0.4458
67Jordan0.4361
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
31Germany6.7
32Trinidad & Tobago6.7
33Kuwait6.6
34Qatar6.6
35Chile6.6
36Spain6.5
37Singapore6.5
38Belize6.5
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
29Lithuania69.3
30Bulgaria67.9
31Costa Rica67.9
32Qatar67.8
33Czechia67.7
34Slovenia67.6
35Trinidad & Tobago67.4
36St Vincent & Grenadines66.5
q=180.