The Human Truth Foundation

Which are the Best Countries for Human Rights, Equality and Tolerance?

By Vexen Crabtree 2020

#afghanistan #equality #human_rights #india #tolerance

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Denmark and Norway. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Palestine and Somalia.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia.


1. The Criteria: Human Rights & Tolerance

Human Rights & Tolerance

Overall Results:
Best: Sweden, Denmark, Norway
Regions: Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe
Worst: Solomon Islands, Palestine, Somalia
Regions: Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia
Constituent Data Sets: Human Rights & Tolerance
1. Human Rights Watch CommentsBest: France, Germany, UK
Worst: 10-country draw
2. Nominal Commitment to HRBest: Argentina, 12-country draw
Worst: Kiribati, Bhutan, 4-country draw
3. HR Treaties LagBest: Ecuador, Uruguay, Tunisia
Worst: Palestine, Marshall Islands, Palau
4. Personal, Civil & Economic FreedomBest: Hong Kong, Switzerland, New Zealand
Worst: Libya, Yemen, Iran
5. Press FreedomBest: Finland, Netherlands, Norway
Worst: Eritrea, N. Korea, Turkmenistan
6. SlaveryBest: Japan, Canada, Taiwan
Worst: N. Korea, Eritrea, Burundi
Constituent Data Sets: Gender Equality
7. Gender InequalityBest: Switzerland, Denmark, Netherlands
Worst: Yemen, Niger, Chad
8. Year Women Can VoteBest: Saudi Arabia, Vatican City, New Zealand
Worst: Kuwait, Qatar, 2-country draw
Constituent Data Sets: Prejudice
9. Anti-Semite OpinionsBest: Laos, Philippines, Sweden
Worst: Iraq, Yemen, 2-country draw
10. LGBT EqualityBest: Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden
Worst: Syria, Somalia, Saudi Arabia
11. Freedom of ThoughtBest: Taiwan, Belgium, Netherlands
Worst: 4-country draw

1.1. Human Rights Watch Comments

#human_rights

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)1
Pos.Higher is better
Score1
1UK9
2France9
3Germany9
4Canada8
5Netherlands8
6Sweden7
7Ireland7
8Finland6
9Luxembourg6
10Belgium6
11Greece5
12Cyprus5
13Czechia5
14Denmark5
15Romania5
16Estonia5
17Portugal5
18Bulgaria5
19Spain5
20Malta5
q=123.
Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)1
Pos.Lower is worse
Score1
123Pakistan-10
122Burundi-10
121Iran-10
120N. Korea-10
119Malaysia-10
118Saudi Arabia-10
117Sudan-10
116Syria-10
115Afghanistan-10
114Congo, DR-10
113Eritrea-9
112Myanmar (Burma)-9
111Libya-9
110Somalia-9
109Turkmenistan-8
108Algeria-8
107Russia-8
106Central African Rep.-8
105Egypt-7
104Equatorial Guinea-7
q=123.

Human Rights Watch comments concentrate mostly on negative issues, however, they also make positive comments for those countries that engage in human rights defence around the world, or who make improvements at home. By adding up positive and negative comments (including double-points for negatives that involve large scales and crimes against humanity), the Social and Moral Index turns HRW commentary into quantified values. Some countries may be unfairly penalized because HRW have not examined them, and, some countries "get away" with abuses if they manage to hide it, or if it goes unnoticed - a negative point has been given for those countries in which HRW specifically state that access to investigators has been barred. The points were limited to a minimum of -10 because there are some points at which things are so bad, with abuses affecting so many, it is difficult to be more specific about the depths of the issues.

1.2. Nominal Commitment to HR

#human_rights

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)2
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties2
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
6Mexico23
7Peru23
8Spain23
9Slovenia23
10Paraguay23
11Serbia23
12Sweden23
13Uruguay23
14Italy22
15Denmark22
16Croatia22
17Belgium22
18Austria22
19Brazil21
20Montenegro21
q=194.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)2
Pos.Lower is worse
Treaties2
194Kiribati3
193Bhutan3
192Malaysia4
191Palau4
190Myanmar (Burma)4
189Marshall Islands4
188Nauru5
187Singapore5
186Micronesia5
185Tuvalu5
184Pakistan6
183Tonga6
182Brunei6
181St Lucia6
180UAE7
179Grenada7
178Sao Tome & Principe7
177N. Korea7
176Indonesia7
175Eritrea8
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

1.3. HR Treaties Lag

#human_rights #international_law #micronesia #politics #small_islands

HR Treaties Lag (2019)3
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty3
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
4Colombia3.68
5Costa Rica4.05
6Mexico4.08
7Chile4.12
8Philippines4.19
9Bulgaria4.24
10Panama4.26
11Senegal4.32
12Namibia4.36
13Egypt4.52
14Spain4.60
15Peru4.64
16Sweden4.88
17Ukraine4.94
18Mali4.97
19Norway5.05
20Denmark5.06
q=195.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)3
Pos.Higher is worse
Avg Yrs/Treaty3
195Palestine17.21
194Marshall Islands16.34
193Palau16.34
192Tuvalu16.33
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
190Nauru16.16
189Solomon Islands15.81
188Kiribati15.80
187Somalia15.71
186Micronesia15.55
185Tonga15.55
184Brunei15.29
183Papua New Guinea15.23
182Singapore15.02
181St Kitts & Nevis15.00
180Myanmar (Burma)14.93
179Samoa14.85
178Fiji14.85
177Comoros14.82
176UAE14.81
q=195.

Human Rights (HR) Treaties Lag is a count of how long it took each country to sign each of 11 key HR treaties. From the date of the first signatory of each treaty, all other countries have one point added to their score for each day they delayed in signing. Results are presented as average time in years to sign each one. The lower a country's score, the more enthusiastically it has taken on international Human Rights Treaties - which are, of course, minimal standards of good governance. The slowest are the countries of Micronesia, Melanesia, Australasia and Polynesia all lagged by over 12 years per treaty. The best regions are The Americas, Scandinavia and the Mediterranean.

For more, see:

The data for each country's date of signing comes from "Human Development Report" by United Nations (2019)4.

Countries that were founded after a treaty are given one years' leeway to sign, before the days start adding up. And, the total penalty for any treaty maxes out at 20 years. This is to protect the formula against undue single-issue skew.

The mere fact that a country has signed a treaty does not indicate how well it is being implemented. But it signals to the world that HR is a symbolic good; and the more that signal in a positive way, the more likely it is that citizens and international bodies will pressurize governments into governing well, and protecting the Human Rights of its citizens.

1.4. Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom

#freedom #politics

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)5
Pos.Lower is better
Rank5
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
6UK6
7Canada6
8Australia6
9Finland9
10Netherlands10
11Luxembourg11
12Austria11
13Norway13
14Germany13
15Sweden15
16Malta16
17Belgium17
18Czechia18
19Portugal19
20Lithuania20
q=159.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)5
Pos.Higher is worse
Rank5
159Libya159
158Yemen158
157Iran157
156Syria156
155Central African Rep.155
154Venezuela154
153Myanmar (Burma)153
152Algeria152
151Congo, DR151
150Angola150
149Guinea149
148Zimbabwe148
147Chad146
146Pakistan146
145Egypt144
144Saudi Arabia144
143Mauritania143
142Ethiopia142
141China141
140Nigeria140
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)6

1.5. Press Freedom

#democracy #freedom #mass_media #politics #UK

Press Freedom (2013)7
Pos.Lower is better7
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
4Luxembourg668
5Andorra682
6Denmark708
7Liechtenstein735
8New Zealand838
9Iceland849
10Sweden923
11Estonia926
12Austria940
13Jamaica988
14Switzerland994
15Ireland1006
16Czechia1017
17Germany1024
18Costa Rica1208
19Namibia1250
20Canada1269
q=178.
Press Freedom (2013)7
Pos.Higher is worse7
178Eritrea8483
177N. Korea8390
176Turkmenistan7914
175Syria7853
174Somalia7359
173Iran7340
172China7307
171Vietnam7178
170Cuba7164
169Sudan7006
168Yemen6922
167Laos6799
166Djibouti6740
165Equatorial Guinea6720
164Bahrain6275
163Uzbekistan6039
162Saudi Arabia5688
161Sri Lanka5659
160Rwanda5546
159Kazakhstan5508
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

1.6. Slavery

#burundi #eritrea #france #human_rights #indonesia #slavery

Slavery (2018)8
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims8
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
4Australia0.06
5New Zealand0.06
6Chile0.08
7Mauritius0.10
8Uruguay0.10
9Costa Rica0.13
10USA0.13
11Argentina0.13
12Hong Kong0.14
13Kuwait0.15
14Luxembourg0.15
15Qatar0.15
16Denmark0.16
17Paraguay0.16
18Sweden0.16
19Ireland0.17
20Lebanon0.17
q=167.
Slavery (2018)8
Pos.Higher is worse
% Victims8
167N. Korea10.46
166Eritrea9.30
165Burundi4.00
164Central African Rep.2.23
163Afghanistan2.22
162Mauritania2.14
161S. Sudan2.05
160Pakistan1.68
159Cambodia1.68
158Iran1.62
157Somalia1.55
156Congo, DR1.37
155Mongolia1.23
154Sudan1.20
153Chad1.20
152Rwanda1.16
151Turkmenistan1.12
150Myanmar (Burma)1.10
149Brunei1.09
148Belarus1.09
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory9. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends10. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life11. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves12.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery13. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity14. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.15. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi8, Eritrea8, Indonesia16) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery17.

For more, see:

In the modern world there have been new, disguised forms of slavery to avoid the international abhorrence [of traditional slavery]: debt bondage in India, chattel slavery in North Africa, sham adoption of children for labour purposes in the Middle East, marriage as a form of enslavement in Islamic countries and new forms of slavery in areas like Afghanistan.

"A History of Sin" by Oliver Thomson (1993)15

The Global Slavery Index was published for the first time in 2013 amidst ongoing concern that child marriage, human trafficking, exclusive economic bondage to landlords, forced unpaid work and other abusive practices constitute forms of 'modern slavery'. Its publishers, the Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery. They didn't include the types of abuse orchestrated by the companies that Naomi Klein highlighted - it's not clear that it is slavery, even though it is very inhumane.

Modern slavery is a destructive, personal crime and an abuse of human rights. It is a widespread and profitable criminal industry but despite this it is largely invisible, in part because it disproportionately affects the most marginalised. [There are] two major external drivers - highly repressive regimes, in which populations are put to work to prop up the government, and conflict situations which result in the breakdown of rule of law, social structures, and existing systems of protection.

"Global Slavery Index" by Walk Free Foundation (2018)17

Combatting modern slavery is complex, as the globalized world of indirect economic effects means that it is often difficult (especially for consumers) to detect which products involve slavery and forced labour, and therefore, many consumers are directly contributing to the profits of human rights abusers.

The HTF did consider researching when each country abolished slavery and giving each a point per year, therefore rewarding those countries that were first to abolish it. This historical ranking could have a 50% weight and the Global Slavery Index a 50% weight. However, it is clear that countries that were involved in slavery were the first to come to abolish it (e.g. Spain in 1542), and therefore, such a historical index would be unfair.

1.7. Gender Inequality

#gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #women

Gender Inequality (2015)18
Pos.Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
4Sweden0.05
5Iceland0.05
6Norway0.05
7Slovenia0.05
8Finland0.06
9Germany0.07
10S. Korea0.07
11Singapore0.07
12Belgium0.07
13Luxembourg0.07
14Austria0.08
15Spain0.08
16Italy0.08
17Portugal0.09
18Canada0.10
19France0.10
20Israel0.10
q=159.
Gender Inequality (2015)18
Pos.Higher is worse18
159Yemen0.77
158Niger0.70
157Chad0.69
156Mali0.69
155Ivory Coast0.67
154Afghanistan0.67
153Congo, DR0.66
152Tonga0.66
151Sierra Leone0.65
150Liberia0.65
149Central African Rep.0.65
148Gambia0.64
147Mauritania0.63
146Burkina Faso0.62
145Malawi0.61
144Benin0.61
143Papua New Guinea0.59
142Haiti0.59
141Congo, (Brazzaville)0.59
140Sudan0.57
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

1.8. Year Women Can Vote

#christianity #gender_equality #human_rights #politics #women

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Denmark1915
6Iceland1915
7Russia1917
8Latvia1918
9Estonia1918
10Kyrgyzstan1918
11Austria1919
12Slovakia1919
13Belarus1919
14Germany1919
15Netherlands1919
16Ukraine1919
17Luxembourg1919
18Czechia1919
19Poland1919
20Canada1920
q=189.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Higher is worse
Year
189Vatican City0
188Saudi Arabia0
187Kuwait2005
186Qatar2003
185Oman1994
184Moldova1994
183Kazakhstan1993
182Samoa1990
181Namibia1989
180Central African Rep.1986
179Djibouti1986
178Liechtenstein1984
177Iraq1980
176Vanuatu1980
175Marshall Islands1979
174Micronesia1979
173Palau1979
172Zimbabwe1978
171Guinea-Bissau1977
170Portugal1976
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

1.9. Anti-Semite Opinions

#antisemitism #christianity #germany #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #philippines #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)19
Pos.Lower is better
%19
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
4Netherlands5
5Vietnam6
6UK8
7Denmark9
8USA9
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czechia13
12Canada14
13New Zealand14
14Australia14
15Norway15
16Ghana15
17Finland15
18Brazil16
19Singapore16
20Nigeria16
q=101.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)19
Pos.Higher is worse
%19
101Iraq92
100Yemen88
99Libya87
98Algeria87
97Tunisia86
96Kuwait82
95Bahrain81
94Jordan81
93Morocco80
92Qatar80
91UAE80
90Lebanon78
89Oman76
88Egypt75
87Saudi Arabia74
86Greece69
85Turkey69
84Malaysia61
83Armenia58
82Iran56
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews20,21,22,23. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East24, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews25,26. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"27. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males28.

For more, see:

1.10. LGBT Equality

#equality #homosexuality #human_rights #intolerance #sexuality #tolerance

LGBT Equality (2017)29
Pos.Higher is better
Score29
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
6France78
7S. Africa78
8Uruguay77
9Norway72
10Denmark72
11Iceland72
12UK72
13Mexico70
14Luxembourg70
15Argentina69
16Malta63
17Andorra63
18New Zealand63
19Portugal63
20Canada62
q=196.
LGBT Equality (2017)29
Pos.Lower is worse
Score29
196Syria-84
195Somalia-79
194Saudi Arabia-72
193Sudan-67
192Qatar-54
191Solomon Islands-44
190Morocco-42
189Libya-42
188Tunisia-39
187Senegal-39
186Cameroon-39
185Guinea-39
184Kuwait-37
183Algeria-37
182UAE-34
181Mauritania-32
180Tuvalu-30
179Uzbekistan-30
178Angola-30
177Comoros-30
q=196.

Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) folk is rife across the world. Legal restrictions co-exist alongside social stigmatisation and physical violence30. LGBT tolerance and equal rights have been fought for country-by-country across the world, often against tightly entrenched cultural and religious opposition. Adult consensual sexual activity is a Human Right, protected by privacy laws31. Despite this, homosexual activity is outlawed in around 80 countries30. The Social & Moral LGBT Equality Index was created to compare countries and regions, granting points to each country for a variety of factors including how long gay sex has been criminalized and the extent of LGBT legal rights. Graded negative points are given for criminality of homosexuality, unequal ages of consent, legal punishments and for not signing international accords on LGBT tolerance. The signs in many developed countries are positive, and things are gradually improving. Europe is by far the least prejudiced region (Scandinavia in particular being exemplary). The Middle East and then Africa are the least morally developed, where cultural bias goes hand-in-hand with state intolerance, all too often including physical violence.

For more, see:

1.11. Freedom of Thought

#europe #freedom_of_belief #freethought #human_rights #netherlands #religion #religious_tolerance #secularism #the_enlightenment

Freedom of Thought (2021)32
Pos.Lower is better32
1Belgium1.0
2Netherlands1.0
3Taiwan1.0
4Sao Tome & Principe1.3
5Ecuador1.3
6France1.3
7Bolivia1.3
8Nauru1.3
9Iceland1.5
10Congo, (Brazzaville)1.5
11Sweden1.5
12Norway1.5
13Mongolia1.7
14Guinea-Bissau1.7
15S. Africa1.7
16S. Korea1.8
17Albania1.8
18Palau1.8
19USA1.8
20Kosovo1.8
q=196.
Freedom of Thought (2021)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
196Afghanistan5.0
195Saudi Arabia5.0
194Pakistan5.0
193N. Korea5.0
192UAE4.8
191Iran4.8
190Yemen4.8
189Maldives4.8
188Sudan4.8
187Brunei4.8
186Mauritania4.8
185Malaysia4.5
184Morocco4.5
183Qatar4.5
182China4.5
181Bahrain4.5
180Bangladesh4.5
179Eritrea4.5
178Indonesia4.5
177Syria4.5
q=196.

Freedom of Religion and Freedom of Belief are upheld in Article 18 the United Nation's Universal Declaration of Human Rights33. It affirms that it is a basic human right that all people are free to change their beliefs and religion as they wish34. No countries voted against this (although eight abstained). This right was first recognized clearly in the policies of religious toleration of the Netherlands and elsewhere in Europe in the post-enlightenment era35 of the 19th century. In democratic countries, freedom of belief and religion is now taken for granted36. In 2016 a study found that over 180 countries in the world had come to guarantee freedom of religion and belief37. The best countries at doing so are Taiwan, Belgium and The Netherlands32,38 and the worst: Afghanistan, N. Korea, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia32,39.

Long-term studies have shown that religious violence and persecution both decrease in cultures where religious freedom is guaranteed40. Despite this, there still are many who are strongly against freedom of belief34, including entire cultures and many individual communities of religious believers. Their alternative is that you are not free to believe what you want and they often state that you cannot change religion without being punished (often including the death penalty): this is bemoaned as one of the most dangerous elements of religion41 and "the denial of religious freedoms is inevitably intertwined with the denial of other freedoms"42 and the solution is, everywhere, to allow religious freedom and the freedom of belief.

For more, see:

2. Overall Results by Country

#equality #human_development #human_rights #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

The overall scores are simply an average of each countries' position in all of the data sets that make up this category. Countries only receive a ranking if they have at least 4 different data points across the data sets. The overall results for each country are listed alongside their position in the Social and Moral Development Index.

Pos.Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank43
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank44,45
1Sweden9.933.9
2Denmark14.731.8
3Norway15.530.8
4Netherlands16.535.0
5New Zealand19.037.4
6Iceland20.139.3
7Austria22.537.3
8Canada22.638.0
9Hong Kong23.3
10Luxembourg23.940.4
11Finland25.235.0
12France25.945.6
13Australia26.042.1
14Belgium26.144.6
15Germany26.836.9
16Uruguay26.958.7
17UK27.940.7
18Taiwan28.234.0
19Spain29.945.5
20Slovenia34.948.3
21Costa Rica36.757.5
22Czechia37.952.8
23Ireland38.543.7
24Italy39.148.8
25Chile41.460.0
26Slovakia42.760.0
27Portugal43.053.7
28Japan44.543.2
29Poland44.557.2
30Estonia44.653.9
31Romania45.463.9
32Argentina45.971.0
33Malta46.357.6
34S. Korea46.546.7
35Cyprus48.557.4
36Bulgaria48.669.0
37USA50.956.2
38Latvia52.664.6
39Lithuania53.268.0
40Switzerland53.439.8
41Brazil54.269.8
42Kosovo54.273.7
43Bolivia54.982.7
44Hungary55.652.0
45Peru55.876.6
46S. Africa56.078.2
47Croatia58.365.8
48Mexico58.475.5
49Ecuador59.378.3
50Albania59.672.4
q=199.
Pos.Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank43
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank44,45
51Panama59.979.1
52Mongolia60.572.4
53Greece61.965.3
54Ukraine62.478.1
55Bosnia & Herzegovina63.476.7
56Serbia63.872.0
57Jamaica64.683.2
58Georgia65.578.9
59Guatemala65.586.1
60Colombia66.683.6
61El Salvador66.989.5
62Seychelles67.078.1
63Namibia69.7101.8
64Paraguay70.591.8
65Montenegro71.879.3
66Honduras72.198.4
67Mauritius72.669.0
68Liechtenstein73.971.2
69Armenia74.080.0
70Senegal74.095.0
71Cape Verde75.395.0
72Nicaragua77.292.4
73Burkina Faso77.4100.6
74Philippines78.382.0
75Venezuela79.4102.2
76Kyrgyzstan81.484.1
77Macedonia82.279.0
78Mali82.7112.6
79Belarus83.082.9
80Dominican Rep.83.386.8
81Israel83.570.9
82Barbados85.372.9
83Moldova85.775.7
84Turkey86.282.3
85Trinidad & Tobago86.477.5
86Suriname86.9100.7
87Russia86.985.8
88Haiti87.8112.8
89Tajikistan88.093.7
90Azerbaijan88.692.8
91Ghana89.591.2
92St Vincent & Grenadines89.692.6
93Nepal90.192.8
94S. Sudan90.5132.9
95Vatican City92.0
96Singapore93.555.8
97Niger94.0119.1
98Belize94.194.1
99Monaco94.269.9
100Uganda94.4100.1
q=199.
Pos.Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank43
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank44,45
101Tunisia94.982.6
102Botswana95.0102.5
103Lesotho95.0108.8
104Sri Lanka95.080.0
105Mozambique95.1114.0
106Gabon95.4112.5
107Benin95.9111.8
108Tanzania95.9106.8
109Kenya95.993.4
110China96.484.3
111Vietnam96.683.2
112Andorra97.295.6
113Thailand97.280.4
114Cuba97.779.9
115Timor-Leste (E. Timor)98.6103.5
116India98.989.1
117Sierra Leone100.4109.5
118Ivory Coast100.5112.0
119San Marino100.6103.6
120Madagascar100.6113.8
121Kazakhstan102.489.0
122Fiji102.487.2
123Cambodia102.5111.3
124Lebanon102.894.2
125Guyana102.998.2
126Bahamas105.387.7
127Antigua & Barbuda105.490.9
128Jordan105.585.3
129Dominica105.693.4
130Rwanda107.1105.7
131Morocco107.689.3
132Togo107.8112.8
133Laos108.3110.5
134Nigeria109.7113.2
135Kuwait110.587.8
136Maldives110.778.9
137Bahrain112.992.1
138Indonesia113.693.7
139Bhutan114.482.9
140Zambia114.4101.5
141Algeria115.2100.9
142Congo, (Brazzaville)115.2122.3
143Cameroon115.4113.9
144St Lucia116.392.5
145Egypt116.497.8
146Bangladesh116.4103.7
147Guinea116.8113.5
148Uzbekistan116.988.1
149Guinea-Bissau117.3119.3
150Gambia117.4107.4
q=199.
Pos.Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank43
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank44,45
151Saudi Arabia117.693.0
152Libya117.7109.0
153Liberia118.0115.6
154UAE119.881.1
155Central African Rep.121.2127.0
156Oman121.591.2
157Ethiopia121.5113.9
158Qatar122.383.3
159Papua New Guinea122.4121.7
160Turkmenistan122.6102.3
161Nauru123.4112.4
162St Kitts & Nevis123.490.4
163Malawi123.4110.4
164Sao Tome & Principe123.8106.2
165Burundi126.3125.1
166Congo, DR126.9129.1
167Yemen128.5128.8
168Grenada128.695.5
169Equatorial Guinea128.6127.3
170Micronesia128.8118.9
171Iraq129.8126.5
172Chad130.6130.7
173Palau131.0116.8
174Malaysia131.576.2
175Tonga132.9108.4
176Syria133.1120.4
177Myanmar (Burma)133.9114.1
178Marshall Islands134.6112.4
179Samoa136.1104.3
180Angola136.2132.8
181Vanuatu138.2103.8
182Kiribati138.4111.3
183Eritrea139.8127.3
184Afghanistan140.8133.0
185Djibouti140.9112.8
186Iran141.0100.7
187Zimbabwe141.1119.8
188Comoros141.2125.6
189Swaziland142.0118.0
190Cook Islands144.5
191Mauritania144.7124.8
192N. Korea146.8120.9
193Pakistan147.0115.8
194Brunei147.199.2
195Sudan148.8122.5
196Tuvalu158.8130.5
197Somalia159.8145.0
198Palestine163.0
199Solomon Islands166.6122.2
q=199.

3. Overall Results by Region

#antisemitism #equality #freedom #freethought #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #slavery #tolerance #women

AreaHuman Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank43
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank44,45
Africa...109.3110.4
Asia...102.289.3
Australasia120.2102.1
Baltic States50.262.2
Central America67.585.3
Europe...51.760.1
Melanesia132.4108.7
Micronesia131.2114.3
North America81.983.6
Polynesia118.395.1
Scandinavia...21.737.5
Small Islands...107.693.2
South America62.181.1
The Americas...75.182.8
The Balkans63.273.4
The Caribbean...98.488.9
The Mediterranean79.775.2
The Middle East114.393.3
World89.088.0

The table here shows overall results for this category, compared with each region's average score on the Social and Moral Development Index. Regional values are calculated as an average of national results, not by total regional population. The tables below show results for each data set for each region.

Human Rights & Tolerance Data Sets by Region:

AreaHRW (2017)
Higher is better
Score1
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better
Treaties2
HR Treaties Lag (2019)
Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty3
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better
Rank5
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better7
Slavery (2018)
Lower is better

% Victims8
Africa...-5.614.89.88114.235110.96
Asia...-5.012.710.9794.643780.79
Australasia0.08.714.3536.021640.38
Baltic States5.017.011.4921.716800.44
Central America0.019.66.8375.027090.25
Europe...3.519.59.0933.920440.38
Melanesia-3.09.814.7767.527831.03
Micronesia4.216.03
North America0.214.59.7064.228270.28
Polynesia9.813.573.019640.06
Scandinavia...4.820.27.0214.77830.21
Small Islands...0.210.312.8760.227660.40
South America-1.820.26.0683.328830.22
The Americas...-0.816.58.4572.428530.25
The Balkans0.020.610.1651.129640.56
The Caribbean...-4.011.311.6366.031410.36
The Mediterranean-0.818.38.7976.133570.44
The Middle East-5.412.410.37111.345610.41
World-1.915.110.0279.732490.65

Gender Equality Data Sets by Region:

AreaGender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better
Year
Africa...0.541961
Asia...0.361907
Australasia0.391962
Baltic States0.151919
Central America0.421952
Europe...0.151895
Melanesia0.481970
Micronesia1974
North America0.371946
Polynesia0.421953
Scandinavia...0.061915
Small Islands...0.361959
South America0.411950
The Americas...0.391947
The Balkans0.181942
The Caribbean...0.391947
The Mediterranean0.241950
The Middle East0.391838
World0.361930

Prejudice Data Sets by Region:

AreaAnti-Semite Opinions (2014)
Lower is better

%19
LGBT Equality (2017)
Higher is better

Score29
Freedom of Thought (2021)
Lower is better
32
Africa...45.9-10.43.1
Asia...48.2-02.13.7
Australasia14.007.12.6
Baltic States28.733.32.8
Central America38.531.43.0
Europe...29.946.92.6
Melanesia-01.83.2
Micronesia15.01.9
North America28.216.62.8
Polynesia14.0-02.42.8
Scandinavia...13.567.32.2
Small Islands...35.702.82.7
South America31.644.22.6
The Americas...29.726.12.7
The Balkans43.235.32.6
The Caribbean...27.3-01.12.8
The Mediterranean55.917.03.3
The Middle East77.8-18.84.3
World36.812.63.0

4. The Social and Moral Development Index

#human_rights #micronesia #small_islands

The data sets form part of the calculations for the Human Truth Foundation's Social and Moral Development Index.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

Human Rights (HR) Treaties Lag is a count of how long it took each country to sign each of 11 key HR treaties. From the date of the first signatory of each treaty, all other countries have one point added to their score for each day they delayed in signing. Results are presented as average time in years to sign each one. The lower a country's score, the more enthusiastically it has taken on international Human Rights Treaties - which are, of course, minimal standards of good governance. The slowest are the countries of Micronesia, Melanesia, Australasia and Polynesia all lagged by over 12 years per treaty. The best regions are The Americas, Scandinavia and the Mediterranean.