The Human Truth Foundation

Latvia (Republic of Latvia)

https://www.humantruth.info/latvia.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#baltic_states #latvia #scandinavia

Latvia
Republic of Latvia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index40th best
CapitalRiga
Land Area 62 200km21
LocationEurope, Baltic States
Population1.9m2
Life Expectancy73.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$32 803 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLV, LVA, 4285
Internet Domain.lv6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3718

1. Overview

#germany #russia #sweden

The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 28% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverIf you´ve an appetite for Europe´s lesser-known lights, a taste of Latvian life with its full-voiced choirs and art nouveau architecture should stimulate the senses. Tucked between Estonia to the north and Lithuania to the south, Latvia is the meat in the Baltic sandwich, the savoury middle, loaded with colourful fixings. Thick greens take the form of Gauja Valley pine forests peppered with castle ruins. Onion-domed Orthodox cathedrals cross the land from salty Liepaja to gritty Daugavpils. Cheesy Russian pop blares along the beach in Jurmala. And spicy Riga adds an extra zing as the country´s cosmopolitan nexus, and unofficial capital of the entire Baltic region.

Latvians often wax poetic about their country, calling it `the land that sings´. It seems to be in the genes; locals are blessed with unusually pleasant voices, and their canon of traditional tunes is the power source for their indomitable spirit. Latvians literally sang for their freedom from the USSR in a series of dramatic protests known as the `Singing Revolution´, and today the nation holds the Song and Dance Festival every five years, which unites thousands upon thousands of singers from across the land in splendid harmony.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Latvia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
36=Lithuania0.875
36=Saudi Arabia0.875
38Portugal0.866
39Latvia0.863
40=Croatia0.858
40=Andorra0.858
42Qatar0.855
43=Chile0.855
Europe Avg0.87
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
40Lithuania$37 931
41Portugal$33 155
42Poland$33 034
43Latvia$32 803
44Hungary$32 789
45Turkey$31 033
46Slovakia$30 690
47Bahamas$30 486
Europe Avg$40 512
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
...
37Slovakia58.7
38Cyprus59.0
39Greece59.5
40Latvia64.4
41Bulgaria65.5
42Kosovo65.6
43Croatia65.7
44Romania65.8
Europe Avg57.4
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Latvia's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Latvia's population is predicted to rise to 2.073 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.50. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
145Lesotho2.1m
146Macedonia2.1m
147Slovenia2.1m
148Latvia1.9m
149Guinea-Bissau1.9m
150Bahrain1.6m
151Trinidad & Tobago1.4m
152Estonia1.3m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
76Cuba73.7
77Ecuador73.7
78Vietnam73.6
79Latvia73.6
80Mauritius73.6
81Palestine73.5
82N. Korea73.3
83Trinidad & Tobago73.0
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
82Dominican Rep.2.51
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
...
159Cuba36.2
160Poland36.3
161Singapore36.5
162Latvia36.7
163=Sweden37.0
163=Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
40Seychelles13.6%
41Croatia13.4%
42UK13.4%
43Latvia13.2%
44Spain12.8%
45Iceland12.5%
46Libya12.4%
47France12.2%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
52Bahamas12.8%
53Estonia12.6%
54Nicaragua12.5%
55Latvia12.3%
56Luxembourg11.8%
57Jordan11.3%
58Kyrgyzstan11.2%
59Tajikistan11.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #human_rights #Latvia #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
38Switzerland49.5
39Brazil52.1
40Hungary52.4
41Latvia52.5
42Lithuania53.0
43Bolivia53.6
Europe Avg51.4
World Avg87.9
q=199.
Latvia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Latvia comes in the best 20 in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18. It does better than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms19, supporting press freedom20, opposing gender inequality21 (but high for Europe), its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22, freethought23, LGBT equality24 (but one of the lowest in Europe) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights25 (but low for Europe). Latvia doesn't do so well in other areas. Latvia does worse than average for speed of uptake of HR treaties26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Latvia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Compared to Europe (2020)27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27
1Monaco13.0
2Norway61.0
3=Finland65.3
...
32Estonia85.3
33=Ireland87.4
34Lithuania92.4
35Latvia93.1
36San Marino94.5
37Georgia95.6
38Andorra97.8
39Serbia98.9
40=Azerbaijan100.0
Europe Avg82.5
q=46.
Health (2020)27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
93Bahamas92.3
94=Lithuania92.4
94=USA92.4
96Latvia93.1
97Cambodia93.3
98Ethiopia93.3
99Sao Tome & Principe93.6
100Costa Rica93.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean28, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa28.

For more, see:

Health:

Latvia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Latvia does better than average in its adolescent birth rate21 (but bad for Europe), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29 (but bad for Europe), its fertility rate13 and in its average life expectancy11 (but bad for Europe). But, things could still be better. Latvia does worse than average when it comes to its immunizations take-up30 and in its smoking rate31 (still good for Europe). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in terms of its suicide rate32 (amongst the worst in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate33. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years. Life expectancy in Latvia improved by +6.3yrs in the 30 years from 1990, less than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
76Cuba73.7
77Ecuador73.7
78Vietnam73.6
79Latvia73.6
80Mauritius73.6
81Palestine73.5
82N. Korea73.3
83Trinidad & Tobago73.0
Europe Avg78.36
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
33
Pos.2016
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
179=France12.6
180Romania12.7
181=Bulgaria12.7
182Latvia12.9
183=Luxembourg13.0
183=Ireland13.0
185Nigeria13.4
186=Germany13.4
Europe Avg10.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
82Dominican Rep.2.51
Europe Avg1.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
31
Pos.201431
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
121France 993
122Brunei1 023
123Algeria1 024
124Latvia1 041
125USA1 083
126Finland1 083
127Portugal1 113
128Moldova1 114
Europe Avg1 648
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate32
Pos.2013
Per 100k32
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
80Belgium39.1
81Slovenia44
82Ukraine44.8
83Latvia48.2
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86=Kazakhstan52.4
86=Guyana52.4
Europe Avg26.99
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
67Belarus67
68Brunei68
69Paraguay69
70Latvia70
71Liberia71
72Kazakhstan72
73Egypt73
74=Burundi74
Europe Avg47.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better34
Pos.2016
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
116=Albania57.7
116=Romania57.7
118Netherlands57.8
119=Latvia57.8
120Finland57.9
121Macedonia58.1
122Nicaragua58.2
123=Norway58.3
Europe Avg58.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
21
Pos.2015
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
43Poland13.4
44Bahrain13.5
45Malaysia13.6
46Latvia13.6
47Australia14.1
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
Europe Avg14.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
30
Pos.2015
Avg %30
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
96New Zealand92.9
97Nauru92.9
98USA92.8
99Latvia92.8
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
102=El Salvador92.4
102=Swaziland92.4
Europe Avg92.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Latvia's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #food #meat #over-exploitation #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to Europe (2023)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Greece50.4
2Italy51.8
3Germany55.8
...
35Azerbaijan99.3
36Macedonia102.8
37Moldova104.8
38Lithuania107.8
39Latvia109.0
40Croatia112.0
41=Serbia118.0
42Bosnia & Herzegovina120.0
43Montenegro124.3
Europe Avg79.9
q=43.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
...
154=Guyana108.0
154=Nauru108.0
154=Samoa108.0
157Latvia109.0
158Lesotho109.7
159Sao Tome & Principe110.3
160Turkmenistan110.8
161USA111.0
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Regarding its responsibility towards the environment, Latvia ranks 157th in the world. This rank is calculated from 6 data sets. Latvia does better than average when it comes to its environmental performance36 (but bad for Europe), energy to GDP efficiency37 and in its forested percent change 1990-201538. But, there's bad news too. Latvia does worse than average when it comes to annual meat consumption per person39 and in how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population40.

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
38
Pos.2015
%38
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
53Laos+06.3
54Poland+06.3
55Liechtenstein+06.2
56Latvia+05.8
57Uzbekistan+05.7
58New Zealand+05.1
59Slovenia+05.1
60Lebanon+04.8
Europe Avg+15.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
36
Pos.201836
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
34Slovenia67.6
35Trinidad & Tobago67.4
36St Vincent & Grenadines66.5
37Latvia66.1
38Turkmenistan66.1
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
Europe Avg69.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency
Higher is better37
Pos.201437
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
51=France09.90
51=Lebanon09.90
53Hungary09.80
54=Latvia09.80
55Poland09.71
56Argentina09.35
57Pakistan09.26
58Montenegro09.17
Europe Avg09.80
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
133Sudan1996 Jan 28
134S. Africa1996 Jan 31
135Nicaragua1996 Feb 18
136Latvia1996 Mar 13
137Singapore1996 Mar 20
138Syria1996 Apr 03
139Suriname1996 Apr 11
140Poland1996 Apr 17
Europe Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better40
Pos.2011
%40
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
130USA19.7%
131Kuwait19.6%
132Zimbabwe19.6%
133Latvia19.5%
134Tunisia19.3%
135Czechia16.0%
136Estonia15.9%
137China15.1%
Europe Avg33.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
39
Pos.2021
kg39
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
...
128Kazakhstan71.8
129Estonia72.1
130Guyana72.4
131Latvia74.0
132Finland74.0
133Italy74.3
134Norway74.7
135Mexico75.4
Europe Avg71.1
World Avg52.5
q=185.

7. Latvia's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #religiosity #research #science #secularisation #technology #the_internet

Compared to Europe (2020)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1Finland8.4
2Switzerland15.1
3Estonia15.8
...
16Hungary24.2
17Luxembourg24.4
18Netherlands24.7
19Latvia28.2
20France28.8
21Poland34.6
22Lithuania35.0
23Spain37.1
24Italy38.5
Europe Avg41.2
q=49.
Modernity & Learning (2020)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
23Luxembourg24.4
24Netherlands24.7
25Singapore27.9
26Latvia28.2
27France28.8
28USA29.3
29Israel32.2
30Hong Kong32.6
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2942
2Israel4.1142
3Japan3.5842
...
51Mali0.6643
52Bulgaria0.6544
53Ethiopia0.6144
54Latvia0.6044
55=Gabon0.5845
55=Argentina0.5846
57Mexico0.5442
58=Senegal0.5443
Europe Avg1.32
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
47
Pos.201847
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
...
7Uzbekistan99.9%
8Czechia99.8%
9Slovakia99.3%
10Latvia99.2%
11Kazakhstan98.6%
12Kyrgyzstan98.4%
13Georgia98.0%
14Slovenia97.6%
Europe Avg88.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
48
Pos.2021
Years48
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
31USA16.3
32Italy16.2
33Czechia16.2
34Latvia16.2
35Saudi Arabia16.1
36Israel16.1
37Tonga16.0
38Poland16.0
Europe Avg16.1
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
12New Zealand12
13Latvia13
14Bulgaria14
15Iceland15
16Bosnia & Herzegovina16
17Sweden17
Europe Avg31.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading
Higher is better
49
Pos.2015
Score49
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
29Spain1475
30Czechia1472
31USA1463
32Latvia1460
33Italy1456
34Luxembourg1450
35Iceland1443
36Croatia1426
Europe Avg1417
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity
Lower is better
50
Pos.2018
%50
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
8=Sweden10
8=Japan10
8=Finland10
11Latvia11
12=France11
12=Belgium11
14Austria12
15Hungary14
Europe Avg25.8
World Avg54.3
q=106.
IQ
Higher is better51
Pos.200651
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
27=Australia98
27=Denmark98
27=USA98
27=Latvia98
27=Hungary98
32Ukraine97
33=Russia97
33=Belarus97
Europe Avg96.6
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
52
Pos.201652
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
40Malta80%
41Chile78%
42Lithuania77%
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
45Croatia74%
46=Hong Kong74%
46=Cayman Islands74%
Europe Avg76.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security
Lower is better
53
Pos.201353
1=Ireland0.11
1=Luxembourg0.11
1=Belize0.11
...
12Argentina0.27
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
19Romania0.52
Europe Avg0.80
World Avg0.98
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
54
Pos.2017
Ratio54
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
39Denmark3.1
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
45Argentina1.4
46Faroe Islands1.4
Europe Avg8.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

8. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Latvia only has an adequate long-term record on corruption, but in the ten years from 2012 has made improvements.

World Giving Index
Higher is better
55
Pos.2022
%55
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
110=Romania30.0
110=Algeria30.0
112Pakistan29.0
113=Latvia29.0
113=Italy29.0
113=Armenia29.0
116Tunisia28.0
117Laos27.0
Europe Avg39.0
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
56
Pos.2022
Points56
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
36Spain60.0
37=St Vincent & Grenadines60.0
37=Botswana60.0
39Latvia59.0
40Qatar58.0
41=Czechia56.0
41=Georgia56.0
41=Italy56.0
Europe Avg57.61
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
57
Pos.2018
Score57
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
50Lithuania6.0
51Slovenia5.9
52Romania5.9
53Latvia5.9
54Japan5.9
55Mauritius5.9
56Jamaica5.9
57S. Korea5.9
Europe Avg6.06
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
14France14
15Germany15
16Slovenia16
17Latvia17
18Barbados18
19Hungary19
20Slovakia20
21Poland21
Europe Avg35.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
77Slovenia77
78Guatemala78
79Tonga79
80Latvia80
81Romania81
82Costa Rica82
83Kuwait83
84Belarus84
Europe Avg42.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
58
Pos.2023
Score58
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
24Norway1.55
25Estonia1.56
26Slovakia1.58
27Latvia1.58
28Sweden1.63
29Poland1.63
30Bulgaria1.64
31=Spain1.65
Europe Avg1.70
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
101Niger101
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
108Ukraine108
Europe Avg84.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
29
Pos.2017
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
67=Kyrgyzstan66
68Iran68
69Malawi69
70Latvia70
71Guatemala71
72Estonia72
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
Europe Avg37.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
59
Pos.2019
Score59
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
31Dominican Rep.0.18
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
36Macedonia0.30
37Zambia0.31
38Djibouti0.32
Europe Avg1.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better60
Pos.201960
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
39Cuba5.10
40UAE5.20
41=Bosnia & Herzegovina5.40
41=Latvia5.40
43Lithuania5.50
44=Bahrain5.50
45Qatar5.70
46Kuwait5.90
Europe Avg4.86
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better61
Pos.2017
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
52Tajikistan34.0
53=Canada34.0
53=Cyprus34.0
55Latvia34.2
56Niger34.3
57=Vietnam35.3
57=Burkina Faso35.3
57=Liberia35.3
Europe Avg31.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_latvia #religiosity #secularisation

Religiosity (2018)50
Pos.Lower is better
%50
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
8=Sweden10
8=Japan10
8=Finland10
11Latvia11
12=France11
12=Belgium11
14Austria12
15Hungary14
16Albania15
17=Lithuania16
17=S. Korea16
17=Russia16
20Australia18
21=Vietnam18
22Bulgaria19
23=Norway19
World Avg54.3
q=106.
Disbelief In God (2007)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
21Taiwan24
22=New Zealand22
22=Canada22
24Latvia20
25=Ukraine20
25=Mongolia20
27Austria18
28=Slovakia17
28=Switzerland17
28=Belarus17
31Greece16
32=Iceland16
33Spain15
34=Israel15
35Armenia14
36=Lithuania13
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below63:

Christian55.8%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated43.8%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 56.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 11% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006)64.

Freedom of Religion and Belief:

Links: