The Human Truth Foundation

Mongolia

https://www.humantruth.info/mongolia.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#mongolia

Mongolia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index71st best
CapitalUlaanbaatar
Land Area1 553 560km21
LocationAsia
Population3.2m2
Life Expectancy70.98yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 588 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMN, MNG, 4965
Internet Domain.mn6
CurrencyTugrik (MNT)7
Telephone+9768

1. Overview

The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverMongolia is an unspoiled wonder, a land where sand dunes sing, horses roam wild and nomadic herders greet strangers with open doors. Keep your itinerary loose and expect the unexpected. Mongolia. The word alone stirs up visions of nomadic herders, thundering horses and, of course, the warrior-emperor Genghis Khan. The Mongols conquered half the known world in the 13th century and while their empire is long gone, visitors are still drawn to this magical land.

Mongolians know they live in a unique country. Ask anyone and they will probably start gushing about the vast steppes, rugged mountains and clear lakes. Just as appealing is Mongolia´s nomadic culture, still going strong in the 21st century. The chance to sleep in a ger, help herd the sheep and milk a cow is one of the ultimate `back to basics´ experiences, made possible only because of the tremendous hospitality that exists here.

There are few countries in the world, however, with such a stark difference between the rural and urban populations. While nomadic Mongols live the simple life, their cousins in Ulaanbaatar are lurching headlong into the future. The capital is changing at a dizzying pace as Mongolia rushes to be part of the global community.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Mongolia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
93=Turkmenistan0.745
93=Algeria0.745
95Ecuador0.740
96Mongolia0.739
97=Egypt0.731
97=Tunisia0.731
99Fiji0.730
100=Suriname0.730
Asia Avg0.75
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
103Dominica$11 488
104Indonesia$11 466
105Algeria$10 800
106Mongolia$10 588
107Ecuador$10 312
108Tunisia$10 258
109Fiji$9 980
110Iraq$9 977
Asia Avg$22 215
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
...
68Georgia78.6
69Panama78.8
70Macedonia78.9
71Mongolia79.2
72Moldova79.4
73Seychelles79.5
74Maldives79.9
75Armenia80.0
Asia Avg87.7
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Mongolia's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Mongolia's population is predicted to rise to 3.524 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.48. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
132Eritrea3.5m
133Uruguay3.4m
134Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m
135Mongolia3.2m
136Armenia3.0m
137Jamaica2.9m
138Albania2.9m
139Lithuania2.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
103Seychelles71.3
104St Lucia71.1
105Tonga71.0
106Mongolia71.0
107Uzbekistan70.9
108El Salvador70.7
109Micronesia70.7
110Venezuela70.6
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
...
79Honduras11.0
80=Turkmenistan11.0
80=Maldives11.0
82Mongolia11.8
83=Uzbekistan11.9
83=Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
166Nicaragua0.7%
167Nigeria0.6%
168Algeria0.6%
169Mongolia0.6%
170Tunisia0.5%
171Egypt0.5%
172Guatemala0.5%
173Cambodia0.5%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
169N. Korea1.3%
170Thailand1.2%
171UAE1.2%
172Mongolia1.2%
173Kenya1.1%
174Indonesia1.1%
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0%
176Solomon Islands1.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Mongolia's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#antisemitism #equality #freedom #freethought #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #slavery #tolerance #women

Mongolia practices conscription, which involves a mandatory period of service in the military. But the Walk Free Foundation reports that this sometimes becomes slave labour as some 'conscripts' are assigned to lengthy and arduous work which is clearly non-military in nature17 such as public infrastructure and civil construction work.

Compared to Asia (2020)18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18
1Hong Kong24.3
2Taiwan28.2
3Japan41.9
4S. Korea45.5
5Cyprus46.5
6Mongolia60.3
7Georgia64.2
8Armenia71.4
9Philippines78.3
10Kyrgyzstan79.5
11Turkey82.4
12Russia83.0
13Israel83.3
Asia Avg99.9
q=51.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
52Ukraine59.5
53Panama59.7
54Serbia59.9
55Mongolia60.3
56Guatemala62.8
57Bosnia & Herzegovina63.2
58Georgia64.2
59Colombia64.3
World Avg87.9
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Norway and Denmark19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Somalia and Tuvalu19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the rate of gender bias (from 7 indicators), the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia19.

For more, see:

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR
Higher is better20
Pos.2009
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2=Chile23
2=Costa Rica23
...
72Tunisia18
73=Niger18
73=El Salvador18
75Mongolia17
76=Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
76=Estonia17
76=Turkmenistan17
76=Turkey17
Asia Avg12.7
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag
Lower is better21
Pos.2019
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
30Cyprus5.81
31Argentina5.90
32Hungary5.91
33Mongolia6.26
34Poland6.34
35Cape Verde6.40
36Venezuela6.51
37Italy6.56
Asia Avg10.97
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom
Lower is better22
Pos.2014
Rank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
44=Croatia44
44=Montenegro44
46Panama46
47Mongolia47
48=Bahamas48
48=Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
Asia Avg94.6
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom
Lower is better23
Pos.201323
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
94Guatemala2939
95Ivory Coast2977
96Liberia2989
97Mongolia2993
98Mali3003
99Georgia3009
100Lebanon3015
101Albania3088
Asia Avg4378
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery
Lower is better
24
Pos.2018
% Victims24
1Japan0.03
2=Canada0.05
2=Taiwan0.05
...
152Rwanda1.16
153=Chad1.20
153=Sudan1.20
155Mongolia1.23
156Congo, DR1.37
157Somalia1.55
158Iran1.62
159=Cambodia1.68
Asia Avg0.79
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Amnesty International's 2023-23 summary on human rights in Mongolia stated:

NGOs faced new restrictions on their activities and those involved in protests against mining and other development projects faced imprisonment under proposed legislation. Authorities failed to protect herder communities from environmental degradation caused by mining operations. Human rights defenders were subjected to intimidation and police investigations. A national mechanism for the prevention of torture was established but torture and other ill-treatment of detainees continued to be reported.

"The State of the World's Human Rights 2022/23" by Amnesty International (2023)25

Gender Equality:

Mongolia is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

Gender Inequality
Lower is better
26
Pos.201526
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
50Saudi Arabia0.26
51Albania0.27
52Russia0.27
53Mongolia0.28
54Oman0.28
55Uruguay0.28
56Ukraine0.28
57Uzbekistan0.29
Asia Avg0.36
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Gender Biases
Lower is better
27
Pos.2022
%27
1Sweden31.828
2New Zealand34.429
3Australia37.029
...
57Tunisia96.829
58Zambia97.130
59S. Africa97.128
60Mongolia97.429
61Uzbekistan97.928
62Kyrgyzstan98.129
63Palestine98.228
64Kuwait98.328
Asia Avg94.24
World Avg83.93
q=88.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better
Pos.0
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
27=Georgia1921
28Ireland1922
29=Tajikistan1924
29=Mongolia1924
29=St Lucia1924
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
Asia Avg1907
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better
31
Pos.2014
%31
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
33=Argentina24
33=Mexico24
35Haiti26
36=Mongolia26
36=Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39=Germany27
39=Slovenia27
Asia Avg48.2
World Avg36.8
q=101.
LGBT Equality
Higher is better
32
Pos.2017
Score32
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
66=Taiwan25
66=Chile25
66=Ukraine25
66=Mongolia25
66=Liechtenstein25
66=Macedonia25
66=Cape Verde25
66=Moldova25
Asia Avg-02.1
World Avg12.6
q=196.
Freedom of Thought
Lower is better
33
Pos.202133
1=Belgium1.0
1=Netherlands1.0
1=Taiwan1.0
...
10Congo, (Brazzaville)1.5
11=Sweden1.5
11=Norway1.5
13Mongolia1.7
14=Guinea-Bissau1.7
14=S. Africa1.7
16S. Korea1.8
17=Albania1.8
Asia Avg3.7
World Avg3.0
q=196.

5. Mongolia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Asia (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Hong Kong18.3
2Maldives41.0
3Singapore42.6
...
31Jordan84.8
32Vietnam85.4
33Pakistan88.5
34=Mongolia90.6
35Kyrgyzstan91.0
36Cambodia93.3
37Lebanon95.4
38Russia95.5
39Georgia95.6
Asia Avg80.1
q=50.
Health (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
85=Libya90.5
85=Ecuador90.5
87Fiji90.6
88=Mongolia90.6
89Kyrgyzstan91.0
90Sudan91.2
91St Kitts & Nevis91.8
92Rwanda91.9
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives35. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau35.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean35, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa35.

For more, see:

Health:

Mongolia does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Mongolia comes in the best 20 in its immunizations take-up36 (amongst the best in Asia). It does better than average in terms of its adolescent birth rate26 and in its fertility rate13. But, things could still be better. Mongolia does worse than average for its average life expectancy11, its alcohol consumption rate37, its smoking rate38 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance39 (one of the worst in Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years. Life expectancy in Mongolia improved by +13.1yrs in the 30 years from 1990, much better than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
103Seychelles71.3
104St Lucia71.1
105Tonga71.0
106Mongolia71.0
107Uzbekistan70.9
108El Salvador70.7
109Micronesia70.7
110Venezuela70.6
Asia Avg73.48
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
37
Pos.2016
Per Capita37
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
106=Niue7.0
107China7.2
108=Paraguay7.2
109Mongolia7.4
110=Albania7.5
110=Burundi7.5
110=Italy7.5
110=Norway7.5
Asia Avg3.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
Asia Avg2.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
38
Pos.201438
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
116Chile 930
117Ireland 954
118Australia 956
119Mongolia 957
120Bahrain 969
121France 993
122Brunei1 023
123Algeria1 024
Asia Avg1 035
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
127Congo, DR127
128Gabon128
129Ivory Coast129
130Mongolia130
131Afghanistan131
132Suriname132
133Grenada133
134Montenegro134
Asia Avg64.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better40
Pos.2016
%40
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
97=Solomon Islands55.0
98Denmark55.4
99Jamaica55.5
100Mongolia55.6
101=Honduras55.8
101=Estonia55.8
103Guatemala55.9
104Ecuador56.0
Asia Avg44.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
26
Pos.2015
Per 100026
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
53Turkmenistan16.4
54Myanmar (Burma)16.5
55Malta16.6
56Kiribati17.2
Asia Avg29.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
36
Pos.2015
Avg %36
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
Asia Avg90.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Mongolia's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #food #meat #over-exploitation #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to Asia (2023)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Sri Lanka49.0
...
20Iran82.6
21Hong Kong83.3
22Vietnam83.8
23Mongolia84.8
24China85.2
25Cambodia90.0
26Thailand90.4
27Syria91.0
28Israel92.0
Asia Avg88.8
q=51.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
...
94=Sudan83.5
95Bolivia83.8
96Vietnam83.8
97Mongolia84.8
98China85.2
99Panama85.3
100Slovenia85.5
101Benin85.8
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Mongolia is 97th in the world when it comes to its responsibility towards the environment. This rank is derived from 6 data sets. Mongolia does the best when it comes to how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity. It does better than average in terms of its forested percent change 1990-201542 and in its environmental performance43. Mongolia does not succeed in everything, however. Mongolia does worse than average in terms of the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population44 and in energy to GDP efficiency45. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in annual meat consumption per person46 (one of the worst in Asia).

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
42
Pos.2015
%42
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
76Slovakia+01.0
77Russia+00.8
78Sweden+00.8
79Mongolia+00.1
80Japan00.0
81=Afghanistan00.0
81=Yemen00.0
81=Tuvalu00.0
Asia Avg+07.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
43
Pos.201843
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
80Iran58.2
81Belize57.8
82Philippines57.7
83Mongolia57.5
84=Serbia57.5
84=Chile57.5
86Saudi Arabia57.5
87Ecuador57.4
Asia Avg54.5
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency
Higher is better45
Pos.201445
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
90=Oman06.29
90=S. Korea06.29
92Estonia06.13
93Mongolia06.06
94=Belarus05.81
94=Niger05.81
96Zambia05.71
97Canada05.56
Asia Avg09.14
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
11=Seychelles1993 Dec 29
11=Mauritius1993 Dec 29
11=Antigua & Barbuda1993 Dec 29
11=Mongolia1993 Dec 29
11=St Kitts & Nevis1993 Dec 29
11=New Zealand1993 Dec 29
11=Japan1993 Dec 29
11=Uganda1993 Dec 29
Asia Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better44
Pos.2011
%44
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
70Uganda38.6%
71Sierra Leone38.6%
72France38.4%
73Mongolia38.4%
74Hungary38.0%
75Mauritania38.0%
76Croatia37.8%
77Cambodia37.1%
Asia Avg37.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
46
Pos.2021
kg46
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
...
178St Vincent & Grenadines109.5
179Australia110.2
180Bahamas111.9
181Argentina115.5
182Mongolia115.6
183Nauru125.9
184USA126.8
185Hong Kong146.9
Asia Avg46.7
World Avg52.5
q=185.

In the 2010s, meat consumption per person in Mongolia was well above the global average (of 49kgs per year) and it increased its consumption more than any other country in that period. In a world where meat production needs to reduce in order to allow more planet-friendly foodstuffs, this was a dangerous precedent.46

7. Mongolia's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #research #science #technology #the_internet

Compared to Asia (2020)47
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank47
1Taiwan10.0
2Japan21.9
3=S. Korea24.0
...
31Lebanon85.7
32Tajikistan88.3
33Oman88.9
34=Mongolia90.0
35Brunei91.6
36Palestine92.0
37Indonesia92.3
38Pakistan97.9
39Maldives99.8
Asia Avg79.0
q=51.
Modernity & Learning (2020)47
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank47
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
116Tajikistan88.3
117Oman88.9
118=Greenland90.0
118=Mongolia90.0
120Bolivia90.1
121St Vincent & Grenadines90.3
122Brunei91.6
123Palestine92.0
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

In the 1990s, the expected duration of education in Mongolia fell by over one year, but it increased it in the 2000s by almost 5 years, the third-highest rise of any country in that decade. 48

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2949
2Israel4.1149
3Japan3.5849
...
84Armenia0.2450
85=Sudan0.2351
85=Uruguay0.2352
85=Mongolia0.2350
85=Bermuda0.2350
89Togo0.2252
90=Nigeria0.2251
91Azerbaijan0.2150
Asia Avg0.75
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
53
Pos.201853
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
...
43Denmark89.3%
44Israel89.1%
45Sweden88.9%
46Mongolia88.8%
47Bahamas88.4%
48Ireland88.3%
49Netherlands88.3%
50Cuba87.4%
Asia Avg66.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
54
Pos.2021
Years54
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
59Croatia15.1
60Montenegro15.1
61Hungary15.0
62Mongolia15.0
63Ukraine15.0
64Bolivia14.9
65Mexico14.9
66Fiji14.7
Asia Avg13.5
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
128Vietnam128
129Azerbaijan129
130Bangladesh130
131Mongolia131
132Haiti132
133Botswana133
134Suriname134
135Uruguay135
Asia Avg97.1
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ
Higher is better55
Pos.200655
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
7Italy102
8=Iceland101
8=Switzerland101
8=Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12=Norway100
12=Austria100
12=UK100
Asia Avg90.4
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
56
Pos.201656
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
123Grenada39%
124El Salvador38%
125Bhutan37%
126Mongolia36%
127India35%
128Kyrgyzstan34%
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
Asia Avg48.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security
Lower is better
57
Pos.201357
1=Ireland0.11
1=Luxembourg0.11
1=Belize0.11
...
59Kazakhstan1.23
60Djibouti1.29
61UK1.34
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
66Afghanistan1.45
Asia Avg1.08
World Avg0.98
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
58
Pos.2017
Ratio58
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
120=Marshall Islands0.0
120=Georgia0.0
120=Swaziland0.0
120=Mongolia0.0
120=Samoa0.0
120=Albania0.0
120=Micronesia0.0
120=Algeria0.0
Asia Avg2.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

8. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
59
Pos.2022
%59
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
25=Russia46.0
25=Iceland46.0
25=Honduras46.0
25=Mongolia46.0
25=Denmark46.0
25=Uganda46.0
31Bahrain45.0
32=Malta45.0
Asia Avg37.9
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
60
Pos.2022
Points60
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
114Bosnia & Herzegovina34.0
115=Nepal34.0
116Ukraine33.0
117=Mongolia33.0
117=El Salvador33.0
117=Zambia33.0
117=Algeria33.0
117=Angola33.0
Asia Avg39.98
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
61
Pos.2018
Score61
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
91Nigeria5.2
92Kyrgyzstan5.1
93Bosnia & Herzegovina5.1
94Mongolia5.1
95Vietnam5.1
96Indonesia5.1
97Bhutan5.1
98Somalia5.0
Asia Avg5.29
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
93Tunisia93
94Papua New Guinea94
95Belarus95
96Mongolia96
97Madagascar97
98Bolivia98
99El Salvador99
100Nicaragua100
Asia Avg99.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
30Burkina Faso30
31Lebanon31
32Barbados32
33Mongolia33
34Spain34
35UK35
36Italy36
37Estonia37
Asia Avg86.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
62
Pos.2023
Score62
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
41=Albania1.75
42Botswana1.76
43S. Korea1.76
44Mongolia1.77
45Montenegro1.77
46Laos1.78
47Sierra Leone1.79
48Oman1.79
Asia Avg2.17
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
25Madagascar25
26Sri Lanka26
27Netherlands27
28Mongolia28
29Rwanda29
30Paraguay30
31Jordan31
32India32
Asia Avg76.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
39
Pos.2017
Rank39
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
138Cambodia138
139Mali139
140Haiti140
141Mongolia141
142Syria142
143Mauritania143
144Rwanda144
145Chad145
Asia Avg92.2
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
63
Pos.2019
Score63
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
4Equatorial Guinea0.00
5Cambodia0.00
6Portugal0.00
7Croatia0.00
8Benin0.00
9Mauritania0.00
10Slovenia0.00
11Costa Rica0.00
12Romania0.00
Asia Avg3.60
World Avg2.78
q=150.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better64
Pos.201964
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
102Syria13.00
103=Morocco13.00
104Nicaragua13.10
105=Mongolia13.10
106Honduras13.30
107Paraguay13.80
108=Uzbekistan13.90
108=Indonesia13.90
Asia Avg11.80
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better65
Pos.2017
%65
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
31Lebanon31.8
32Montenegro31.9
33Japan32.1
34=Mongolia32.3
34=Switzerland32.3
36Bangladesh32.4
37Mauritania32.6
38=France32.7
Asia Avg35.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty
Lower is better66
Pos.2018
Severity66
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
39El Salvador.032
40Iraq.033
41Suriname.041
42Mongolia.042
43Peru.053
44Gabon.066
45Nicaragua.074
46Swaziland.081
Asia Avg.084
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)67
Pos.Higher is better
%67
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
23=Canada22
24Latvia20
25=Ukraine20
25=Mongolia20
27Austria18
28=Slovakia17
28=Switzerland17
28=Belarus17
31Greece16
32=Iceland16
33Spain15
34=Israel15
35Armenia14
36=Lithuania13
36=Singapore13
38Kazakhstan12
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below68:

Christian2.3%
Muslim3.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist55.1%
Folk Religion3.5%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated35.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)69.

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