The Human Truth Foundation

Sri Lanka (Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)

https://www.humantruth.info/sri_lanka.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#islam #sri_lanka

Sri Lanka
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index58th best
CapitalColombo (administrative/judicial) and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
Land Area 62 710km21
LocationAsia
Population21.2m2
Life Expectancy76.40yrs (2017)3
GNI$12 578 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLK, LKA, 1445
Internet Domain.lk6
CurrencyRupee (LKR)7
Telephone+948

1. Overview

#buddhism #india #sri_lanka

The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

European powers in the colonial era took it in turns to rule Sri Lanka, starting with the coastal areas by Portuguese in the 16th century9: Portuguese ruled overall from 1619 to 1663, the Dutch from 1658 to 1796, and the British also had a go from 1802 to 194810. It finally gained independence in 1948, and changed its name from Ceylon to Sri Lanka in 197210.

Sri Lanka, along with India, "have established [South Asia]'s most stable democracies, but even their experience with democracy has been marked by the occasional lapse into more authoritarian rule11.

Book CoverEndless beaches, timeless ruins, welcoming people, oodles of elephants, killer surf, cheap prices, fun trains, famous tea, flavourful food - need we go on? Sri Lanka´s attributes are many. Few places have as many Unesco World Heritage sites (eight) packed into such a small area. Its 2000-plus years of culture can be discovered at ancient sites filled with mystery.

When you´re ready to escape the tropical climate of the coast and lowlands, head for the hills, which are verdant, virescent and virally infectious with allure. Impossibly green tea plantations and rainforested peaks beckon walkers, trekkers or just those who want to see it on a spectacular train ride.

And then there are the beaches. Dazzlingly white and all so often untrod, they ring the island so that no matter where you go, you´ll be near a sandy gem.

Find a favourite beach to call your own, meditate in a 2000-year-old temple, try to keep count of the little dishes that come with your rice and curry. Stroll past colonial gems in Colombo and then hit some epic surf. Sri Lanka is spectacular, it's affordable and it's still mostly uncrowded. Now is the best time to discover it.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)12

2. The India-Linked Tamil Separatists13

#china #india #norway

Southern India expeditionaries established a Tamil Kingdom in the north, in the 14th century9. Over the many hundreds of years since then, this has been a periodic source of conflict between them and the native Sinhalese.

Over the centuries... the Tamil communities have come to be associated with the northern areas while the Sinhalese are associated with other parts. [...] The history of repeated confrontation between Tamils from India and the people of the island resonates both in the rhetoric of contemporary ethnic relations. [...]

For some Sri Lankans... the presence of fifty million Tamils... makes it hard to think of compromise on the question of national identity. India's part in arming and training the Tamil militants is well documented, but events following the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord (1987) first embittered Sri Lanka and then, after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, India. In recent years, [...] India's participation in the conflict and the peace process has been low-key.

"South Asia's Small States in World Politics" by Swarna Rajagopalan (2005)10

Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. By May 2009, the government announced that its military had defeated the remnants of the LTTE.

Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts to reconstruct its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians who were displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations at the end of the war.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

3. Sri Lanka National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)14
Pos.Higher is better
Value14
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
70Barbados0.790
71Antigua & Barbuda0.788
72Seychelles0.785
73Sri Lanka0.782
74Bosnia & Herzegovina0.780
75St Kitts & Nevis0.777
76Iran0.774
77Ukraine0.773
Asia Avg0.75
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)14
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $14
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
92Iran$13 001
93S. Africa$12 948
94Suriname$12 672
95Sri Lanka$12 578
96Paraguay$12 349
97Barbados$12 306
98Peru$12 246
99Equatorial Guinea$12 074
Asia Avg$22 215
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
15
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank15
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
...
55Malaysia74.2
56Ecuador74.9
57Mexico75.1
58Sri Lanka75.2
59UAE75.5
60Thailand75.7
61Turkey76.7
62Bosnia & Herzegovina76.7
Asia Avg87.7
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

4. Sri Lanka's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Sri Lanka's population is predicted to rise to 23.09 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.26. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
54Ivory Coast25.1m
55Australia24.9m
56Niger22.4m
57Sri Lanka21.2m
58Burkina Faso19.8m
59Romania19.5m
60Mali19.1m
61Chile18.7m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
14
Pos.2021
Years14
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
49Saudi Arabia76.9
50Albania76.5
51Poland76.5
52Sri Lanka76.4
53Algeria76.4
54Montenegro76.3
55Panama76.2
56Turkey76.0
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
16
Pos.201316
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
39Mexico2.25
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
17
Pos.2016
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
...
125Bahamas22.4
126Costa Rica22.6
127Israel22.9
128Sri Lanka23.7
129Moldova24.7
130China25.3
131Mauritius25.9
132Uruguay26.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants18
Pos.2017
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
186Morocco0.3%
187Philippines0.2%
188N. Korea0.2%
189Sri Lanka0.2%
190Myanmar (Burma)0.1%
191Madagascar0.1%
192Indonesia0.1%
193Cuba0.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants19
Pos.2010
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
72Burkina Faso9.7%
73Slovakia9.6%
74Morocco9.3%
75Sri Lanka9.1%
76Somalia8.7%
77Kuwait8.5%
78Ecuador8.3%
79Poland8.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

5. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #sri_lanka #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank20
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
104Belize93.9
105Uganda94.2
106Lesotho94.8
107=Sri Lanka94.8
107=Botswana94.8
109Mozambique94.9
Asia Avg99.9
World Avg87.9
q=199.
Sri Lanka is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Sri Lanka does better than average in speed of uptake of HR treaties21 and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22. But that's it. Sri Lanka has problems. It does worse than average when it comes to opposing gender inequality23, its nominal commitment to Human Rights24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25, LGBT equality26 and in freethought27. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in supporting press freedom28. "Sri Lankan police were not held accountable for routine torture and ill-treatment in custody", except for a few high-profile cases29 where the government bowed to international pressure. Over the last several decades, a class of Buddhist extremists have been targeting Muslims and other religious minorities in an attempt to cleanse Sri Lanka of non-Buddhist influences29 - the government has not been firm enough in protecting them nor in prosecuting offenders.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

6. Sri Lanka's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Asia (2020)30
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30
1Hong Kong18.3
2Maldives41.0
3Singapore42.6
4Japan51.0
5S. Korea51.3
6Sri Lanka52.9
7Bhutan55.1
8China60.4
9Brunei62.6
10Malaysia62.8
11Oman62.9
12N. Korea65.0
13=Thailand65.3
Asia Avg80.1
q=50.
Health (2020)30
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
6S. Korea51.3
7Sri Lanka52.9
8Bhutan55.1
9China60.4
10Norway61.0
11Brunei62.6
12Malaysia62.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives31. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau31.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean31, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa31.

For more, see:

Health:

Public health in Sri Lanka is very good. Sri Lanka comes in the best 20 in terms of its immunizations take-up32. It does better than average for its fertility rate16, its adolescent birth rate23, its average life expectancy14, its smoking rate33, its alcohol consumption rate34 (but high for Asia) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance35 (but high for Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years. Life expectancy in Sri Lanka improved by +4.1yrs in the 30 years from 1990, less than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
14
Pos.2021
Years14
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
49Saudi Arabia76.9
50Albania76.5
51Poland76.5
52Sri Lanka76.4
53Algeria76.4
54Montenegro76.3
55Panama76.2
56Turkey76.0
Asia Avg73.48
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
34
Pos.2016
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
68N. Korea3.9
69Honduras4.0
70Jamaica4.2
71Sri Lanka4.3
72=Bahamas4.4
72=Ecuador4.4
74Bolivia4.8
75=Costa Rica4.8
Asia Avg3.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
16
Pos.201316
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
39Mexico2.25
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
Asia Avg2.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
33
Pos.201433
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
59Bolivia 299
60Bahamas 301
61Sierra Leone 310
62Sri Lanka 322
63Mexico 329
64Barbados 333
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
66Hong Kong 345
Asia Avg1 035
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
75=Cameroon74
76Malta76
77Guatemala77
78Sri Lanka78
79Poland79
80Uruguay80
81Dominican Rep.81
82Zambia82
Asia Avg64.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better36
Pos.2016
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
12Afghanistan23.0
13Chad23.1
14Burkina Faso23.2
15Sri Lanka23.3
16Malawi23.4
17Madagascar23.9
18Myanmar (Burma)24.8
19Rwanda25.1
Asia Avg44.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
23
Pos.2015
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
46Latvia13.6
47Australia14.1
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
53Turkmenistan16.4
Asia Avg29.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
32
Pos.2015
Avg %32
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
Asia Avg90.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

7. Sri Lanka's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #food #meat #over-exploitation #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to Asia (2023)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Sri Lanka49.0
4Maldives55.0
5Jordan56.5
6N. Korea57.5
7Indonesia62.4
8S. Korea62.8
9Bangladesh67.0
10=India68.6
11Lebanon68.8
12=Nepal68.8
13Armenia69.5
Asia Avg88.8
q=51.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
4Peru48.2
5Sri Lanka49.0
6Costa Rica49.6
7Greece50.4
8Italy51.8
9Ecuador52.0
10Mexico53.2
11Canada53.4
12Maldives55.0
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Regarding its responsibility towards the environment, Sri Lanka comes 5th-best in the world. This rank is derived from 6 data sets. Sri Lanka does the second-best in terms of energy to GDP efficiency38. It comes in the best 20 in terms of annual meat consumption per person39. It does better than average in how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity, the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population40 and in its environmental performance41. But, there's bad news too. Sri Lanka does worse than average when it comes to its forested percent change 1990-201542.

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
42
Pos.2015
%42
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
136Panama-08.4
137Madagascar-08.9
138Colombia-09.2
139Sri Lanka-09.4
140Brazil-09.7
141Venezuela-10.3
142Guinea-Bissau-11.0
143Senegal-11.5
Asia Avg+07.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
41
Pos.201841
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
67Lebanon61.1
68Macedonia61.1
69Brazil60.7
70Sri Lanka60.6
71Equatorial Guinea60.4
72Mexico59.7
73Dominica59.4
74Argentina59.3
Asia Avg54.5
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency
Higher is better38
Pos.201438
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4=Colombia17.54
4=Ireland17.54
4=Switzerland17.54
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9=Malta15.15
9=Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
Asia Avg09.14
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
50Brazil1994 May 29
51Cuba1994 Jun 06
52Namibia1997 Aug 14
53Sri Lanka1994 Jun 21
54Ethiopia1994 Jul 04
55Dominica1994 Jul 05
56Italy1994 Jul 14
57Bangladesh1994 Aug 01
Asia Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better40
Pos.2011
%40
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
54Bosnia & Herzegovina44.0%
55Congo, (Brazzaville)44.0%
56Yemen43.2%
57Sri Lanka43.1%
58Djibouti42.8%
59Burundi42.0%
60Zambia41.9%
61Singapore41.6%
Asia Avg37.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
39
Pos.2021
kg39
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
...
14Kenya10.3
15Mozambique10.4
16Sierra Leone11.7
17Sri Lanka12.0
18Tanzania12.1
19Ivory Coast12.6
20Cambodia12.6
21N. Korea12.8
Asia Avg46.7
World Avg52.5
q=185.

8. Sri Lanka's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #research #science #technology #the_internet

Compared to Asia (2020)43
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank43
1Taiwan10.0
2Japan21.9
3=S. Korea24.0
...
25Qatar75.5
26Bahrain75.6
27Kuwait77.6
28Sri Lanka79.6
29Jordan81.1
30Philippines81.8
31Lebanon85.7
32Tajikistan88.3
33Oman88.9
Asia Avg79.0
q=51.
Modernity & Learning (2020)43
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank43
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
93Bahrain75.6
94Colombia77.1
95Kuwait77.6
96Sri Lanka79.6
97Kenya79.8
98Bahamas80.0
99Cuba80.3
100Fiji80.8
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2944
2Israel4.1144
3Japan3.5844
...
97=Kazakhstan0.1745
98Bolivia0.1646
99=Kyrgyzstan0.1647
99=Sri Lanka0.1648
101Albania0.1549
102Namibia0.1448
103=Georgia0.1350
103=Gambia0.1347
Asia Avg0.75
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
51
Pos.201851
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
...
53UK84.5%
54Jordan84.0%
55France83.5%
56Sri Lanka82.8%
57Bosnia & Herzegovina81.2%
58Malaysia80.8%
59Cyprus80.3%
60Singapore79.6%
Asia Avg66.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
52
Pos.2021
Years52
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
82Romania14.2
83Antigua & Barbuda14.2
84Morocco14.2
85Sri Lanka14.1
86Brunei14.0
87Seychelles13.9
88Bulgaria13.9
89Bosnia & Herzegovina13.8
Asia Avg13.5
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
114Bahamas114
115Bahrain115
116Kazakhstan116
117Sri Lanka117
118Rwanda118
119Guatemala119
120Niger120
121El Salvador121
Asia Avg97.1
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ
Higher is better53
Pos.200653
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
99=Nicaragua81
100El Salvador80
101=Guatemala79
101=Sri Lanka79
103Nepal78
104Mauritania76
105Uganda73
106=Tanzania72
Asia Avg90.4
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
54
Pos.201654
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
131Micronesia31%
132Vanuatu31%
133Syria30%
134Sri Lanka29%
135Samoa29%
136Ghana28%
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
Asia Avg48.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet
Lower is better
55
Pos.201255
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
Asia Avg56.6
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security
Lower is better
56
Pos.201356
1=Ireland0.11
1=Luxembourg0.11
1=Belize0.11
...
71Maldives1.57
72China1.59
73Angola1.61
74Sri Lanka1.67
75Oman1.72
76Iraq1.84
77Bangladesh1.87
78Sudan1.98
Asia Avg1.08
World Avg0.98
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
57
Pos.2017
Ratio57
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
38Thailand3.3
39Denmark3.1
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
45Argentina1.4
Asia Avg2.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

9. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
58
Pos.2022
%58
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
35=Venezuela45.0
35=Norway45.0
35=Austria45.0
38Sri Lanka44.0
39=Ethiopia44.0
39=Bosnia & Herzegovina44.0
39=Paraguay44.0
39=Dominican Rep.44.0
Asia Avg37.9
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
59
Pos.2022
Points59
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
101Serbia36.0
102=Peru36.0
102=Turkey36.0
102=Sri Lanka36.0
102=Panama36.0
102=Albania36.0
102=Ecuador36.0
102=Kazakhstan36.0
Asia Avg39.98
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
60
Pos.2018
Score60
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
113Sierra Leone4.6
114Congo, (Brazzaville)4.6
115Bangladesh4.5
116Sri Lanka4.5
117Iraq4.5
118Mali4.4
119Namibia4.4
120Cambodia4.4
Asia Avg5.29
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
138Algeria138
139Azerbaijan139
140Paraguay140
141Sri Lanka141
142Malawi142
143Benin143
144Cameroon144
145Laos145
Asia Avg99.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
49UAE49
50Greece50
51Niger51
52Sri Lanka52
53Haiti53
54Rwanda54
55Swaziland55
56Luxembourg56
Asia Avg86.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.

10. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
61
Pos.2023
Score61
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
104=Guatemala2.13
104=Togo2.13
106Guyana2.13
107Sri Lanka2.14
108Bahrain2.15
109Swaziland2.17
110Benin2.18
111Lesotho2.19
Asia Avg2.17
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
23Guatemala23
24Ecuador24
25Madagascar25
26Sri Lanka26
27Netherlands27
28Mongolia28
29Rwanda29
30Paraguay30
Asia Avg76.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
35
Pos.2017
Rank35
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
77Bahrain77
78Sri Lanka78
79Algeria79
80Ecuador80
81Kuwait81
82Paraguay82
Asia Avg92.2
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
62
Pos.2019
Score62
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
93Bolivia3.39
94Algeria3.41
95Sweden3.45
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
98Belgium3.64
99Angola3.78
100Tunisia3.94
Asia Avg3.60
World Avg2.78
q=150.

11. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better63
Pos.201963
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
53Saudi Arabia6.40
54Oman6.70
55Bahamas6.80
56Sri Lanka7.00
57=Costa Rica7.10
57=Russia7.10
59Albania7.20
60=Lebanon7.40
Asia Avg11.80
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better64
Pos.2017
%64
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
94Ethiopia39.1
95Morocco39.5
96=Uruguay39.5
97Sri Lanka39.8
98Iran40.0
99=Micronesia40.1
99=Philippines40.1
101Senegal40.3
Asia Avg35.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.

12. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #buddhist_extremism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_sri_lanka #sri_lanka

Disbelief In God (2007)65
Pos.Higher is better
%65
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
85=El Salvador1
85=Panama1
87Somalia0
88=Sri Lanka0
88=Burundi0
88=Burkina Faso0
88=Brunei0
88=Botswana0
88=Syria0
88=Sierra Leone0
88=Thailand0
88=Togo0
88=Benin0
88=Tunisia0
88=Uganda0
88=Bangladesh0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below66:

Christian7.3%
Muslim9.8%
Hindu13.6%
Buddhist69.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)67.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Over the past several decades a rechanchivist Buddhist-nationalist movement has taken to extremism and violence in an attempt to curb "pagan" non-Buddhists in Sri Lanka. Religious minorities remain at risk and there are few protections for minorities, although in 2017 on one occasion the government did protect 31 Rohingya Muslim refugees by taking them into custody after threats of violence from Buddhist extremists29. On other occasions in 2017 "flares of violence in Galle and Vavuniya [possibly involved] mobs attacking Muslim homes and businesses"29. Although the extremists are opposed by liberal-minded Buddhist communities, the extremists have widespread ongoing support from Buddhist communities.

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