The Human Truth Foundation

Ghana (Republic of Ghana)

https://www.humantruth.info/ghana.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#christianity #ghana

Ghana
Republic of Ghana
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index108th best
CapitalAccra
Land Area 227 540km21
LocationAfrica
Population29.8m2
Life Expectancy63.80yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 745 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGH, GHA, 2885
Internet Domain.gh6
CurrencyCedi (GHC)7
Telephone+2338

1. Overview

#ghana #UK

Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009, but he died in July 2012 and was succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won a December 2012 special presidential election.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverHailed as West Africa´s golden child, Ghana, a historic land boasting a depth of culture and diverse natural attractions, deserves its place in the sun. One of Africa´s great success stories, Ghana is reaping the benefits of a stable democracy in the form of fast-paced development. And it shows: Ghana is suffused with the most incredible energy.

Ghana has the signature African attractions of beautiful beaches and herds of elephants in its fine national parks, plus drawcards like hiking, partying and cultural tours. With its welcoming beaches, gorgeous hinterland, rich culture, vibrant cities, diverse wildlife, easy transport and affable inhabitants, it´s no wonder Ghana is sometimes labelled "Africa for beginners".

But this is only half the story. No trip can be complete without a visit to Ghana's coastal slave forts, poignant reminders of a page of history that defined our modern world.

Travel north and you´ll feel like you´ve arrived in a different country, with a different religion, geography and cultural practices. The beauty is that this diversity exists so harmoniously, a joy to experience and a wonder to behold in uncertain times.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Ghana National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
130Tuvalu0.641
131Marshall Islands0.639
132India0.633
133Ghana0.632
134Micronesia0.628
135Guatemala0.627
136Kiribati0.624
137Honduras0.621
Africa Avg0.56
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
129Tuvalu$6 351
130Belize$6 309
131Cape Verde$6 230
132Ghana$5 745
133Nicaragua$5 625
134Bangladesh$5 472
135Angola$5 466
136Samoa$5 308
Africa Avg$5 339
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
...
105Paraguay90.2
106Uzbekistan90.4
107Bahamas90.8
108Ghana91.0
109Brunei91.1
110St Kitts & Nevis91.2
111Saudi Arabia91.2
112Guatemala91.4
Africa Avg110.5
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Ghana's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Ghana's population is predicted to rise to 36.54 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.03. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
43Peru32.0m
44Malaysia31.5m
45Angola30.8m
46Ghana29.8m
47Mozambique29.5m
48Venezuela28.9m
49Yemen28.5m
50Nepal28.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
152Tuvalu64.5
153Madagascar64.5
154Mauritania64.4
155Ghana63.8
156Yemen63.8
157Bolivia63.6
158Nauru63.6
159Congo, (Brazzaville)63.5
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
143Solomon Islands4.08
144Burundi4.10
145Ivory Coast4.27
146Eritrea4.28
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
...
35Mozambique06.4
36=Madagascar06.4
36=Papua New Guinea06.4
38Ghana06.5
39=Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41=Swaziland06.6
42Central African Rep.06.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
139Senegal1.7%
140Comoros1.5%
141Fiji1.5%
142Ghana1.4%
143Niger1.4%
144Yemen1.4%
145Bolivia1.3%
146Tuvalu1.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
134Canada3.5%
135Algeria3.4%
136Sweden3.4%
137Ghana3.4%
138Nepal3.3%
139Bangladesh3.3%
140Botswana3.2%
141Spain3.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#antisemitism #equality #gender_equality #Ghana #human_rights #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
90Azerbaijan86.9
91Singapore87.4
92Tajikistan87.8
93Ghana87.9
94St Vincent & Grenadines89.2
95Nepal89.9
Africa Avg108.2
World Avg87.9
q=199.
Ghana is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Ghana comes in the best 20 when it comes to its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice18 (one of the best in Africa). It does better than average when it comes to supporting press freedom19 (amongst the best in Africa), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20 (amongst the best in Africa) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights21. Civil society organizations are mostly doing well. But, things could still be better. Ghana does worse than average when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties22, freethought23, opposing gender inequality24 and in LGBT equality25 - LGBT+ defenders "are frequently harassed and intimidated"26. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 when it comes to the rate of gender bias (from 7 indicators)27. Homosexuality is illegal, and even in 2021, new and harsher legal measures were going through government, including imprisonment of ten years for promoting LGBT tolerance26, coming after a push by a coalition of conservative Christian and Islamic organisations.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Ghana's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Africa (2020)28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28
1Mauritius64.5
2Morocco73.1
3=Eritrea77.0
...
14Seychelles97.3
15Gambia101.3
16=Egypt101.8
16=Ghana101.8
18Comoros102.1
19=Guinea104.5
19=Malawi104.5
21Lesotho106.3
22Botswana106.5
Africa Avg108.2
q=54.
Health (2020)28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
124Gambia101.3
125Honduras101.4
126Moldova101.5
127=Ghana101.8
127=Egypt101.8
129Comoros102.1
130Mexico102.6
131Montenegro102.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives29. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau29.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean29, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa29.

For more, see:

Health:

Ghana has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Ghana does better than average for its smoking rate30 and in its alcohol consumption rate31. However Ghana performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average for its immunizations take-up32 (still good for Africa), its adolescent birth rate24 (still low for Africa), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33, its fertility rate13 (still good for Africa) and in its average life expectancy11 (still good for Africa). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years. Life expectancy in Ghana improved by +9.1yrs in the 30 years from 1990, better than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
152Tuvalu64.5
153Madagascar64.5
154Mauritania64.4
155Ghana63.8
156Yemen63.8
157Bolivia63.6
158Nauru63.6
159Congo, (Brazzaville)63.5
Africa Avg62.79
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
31
Pos.2016
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
50=Guatemala2.5
51Congo, DR2.6
52=Uzbekistan2.7
52=Ghana2.7
52=Maldives2.7
55Ethiopia2.9
56=Fiji3.0
56=Benin3.0
Africa Avg4.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
142Ghana4.03
143Solomon Islands4.08
144Burundi4.10
145Ivory Coast4.27
146Eritrea4.28
Africa Avg4.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
30
Pos.201430
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
26Haiti 114
27Peru 116
28Somalia 117
29Ghana 121
30Benin 122
31Zimbabwe 134
32Mauritania 135
33Bhutan 155
Africa Avg 340
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
136Madagascar136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Albania138
139Ghana139
140Chad140
141Rwanda141
142Mali142
143Niger143
Africa Avg117.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better34
Pos.2016
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
49Ivory Coast31.6
50Singapore31.8
51Gambia31.9
52Ghana32.0
53=China32.3
53=Mauritius32.3
55N. Korea32.4
56Thailand32.6
Africa Avg33.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
24
Pos.2015
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
131El Salvador65.2
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
Africa Avg87.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
32
Pos.2015
Avg %32
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
107Azerbaijan92.2
108=Australia92.1
108=Barbados92.1
110Ghana91.7
111=Lesotho91.7
112Malawi91.7
113Mexico91.6
114Moldova91.5
Africa Avg81.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Ghana's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #energy #food #meat #over-exploitation #sustainability #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to Africa (2023)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Seychelles55.3
2Kenya57.4
3=Zambia57.6
...
12Nigeria69.2
13Ivory Coast70.5
14Mali74.3
15=Ghana76.2
16Chad79.5
17=Mozambique81.0
18Gambia82.0
19=Cameroon82.0
20Djibouti82.3
Africa Avg90.1
q=53.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
...
65Vanuatu75.0
66Nicaragua75.5
67=Guatemala76.2
67=Ghana76.2
69Yemen76.7
70Czechia77.2
71Georgia78.0
72=Chile78.6
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Ghana ranks 67th in the world with regard to its responsibility towards the environment. This rank is derived from 6 data sets. Ghana does better than average in annual meat consumption per person36, its forested percent change 1990-201537, the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population38 and in how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity. But, there's bad news too. Ghana does worse than average for its environmental performance39 (still high for Africa). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in its score on the Green Future Index40 (amongst the lowest in Africa).

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
37
Pos.2015
%37
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
44Serbia+09.9
45Netherlands+09.3
46Switzerland+09.0
47Ghana+08.2
48St Vincent & Grenadines+08.0
49Costa Rica+07.5
50Romania+07.4
51Cyprus+07.2
Africa Avg-08.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
39
Pos.201839
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
121Thailand49.9
122Micronesia49.8
123Libya49.8
124Ghana49.7
125Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49.5
126Senegal49.5
127Malawi49.2
128Guyana47.9
Africa Avg46.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
80Costa Rica1994 Nov 24
81=Nigeria1994 Nov 27
81=Guyana1994 Nov 27
81=Ghana1994 Nov 27
84Djibouti1994 Nov 30
85Kazakhstan1994 Dec 05
86El Salvador1994 Dec 07
87Chile1994 Dec 08
Africa Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better38
Pos.2011
%38
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
64India41.2%
65Canada41.2%
66Serbia41.1%
67Ghana40.4%
68Moldova40.4%
69Cameroon39.0%
70Uganda38.6%
71Sierra Leone38.6%
Africa Avg38.3%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
36
Pos.2021
kg36
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
...
42=Angola20.0
43S. Sudan20.2
44Liberia20.3
45Ghana20.9
46Haiti21.6
47Lesotho21.7
48Thailand26.0
49Swaziland27.1
Africa Avg24.9
World Avg52.5
q=185.
Green Future Index
Higher is better40
Pos.2023
Score40
1Iceland6.7
2Finland6.7
3Norway6.4
...
62Peru4.0
63Turkey3.8
64Cameroon3.8
65Ghana3.8
66Uganda3.7
67Pakistan3.7
68Malaysia3.7
69=Guatemala3.6
Africa Avg4.0
World Avg4.8
q=76.

7. Ghana's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #religion #religiosity #research #science #secularisation #technology #the_internet

Compared to Africa (2020)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1S. Africa52.8
2Egypt70.4
3Tunisia73.4
...
7Morocco87.4
8Nigeria94.1
9Uganda95.3
10Ghana96.7
11Libya97.0
12Botswana97.7
13Cameroon101.6
14Zimbabwe101.8
15Algeria103.4
Africa Avg120.7
q=53.
Modernity & Learning (2020)41
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank41
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
125Nigeria94.1
126French Polynesia95.0
127Uganda95.3
128Ghana96.7
129Libya97.0
130Botswana97.7
131=Jamaica97.8
131=St Lucia97.8
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2942
2Israel4.1142
3Japan3.5842
...
71=Romania0.3842
71=Montenegro0.3843
71=Chile0.3842
71=Ghana0.3844
75Moldova0.3543
76Ecuador0.3445
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3343
78Iran0.3144
Africa Avg0.36
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
46
Pos.201846
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
...
86Argentina64.8%
87Greece64.8%
88Guyana63.3%
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
91Palestine61.1%
92Suriname60.5%
93Mexico59.7%
Africa Avg34.4%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
47
Pos.2021
Years47
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
134Angola12.2
135Zimbabwe12.1
136Iraq12.1
137Ghana12.0
138Lesotho12.0
139Namibia11.9
140Comoros11.9
141India11.9
Africa Avg11.0
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
60Egypt60
61Japan61
62Malta62
63Ghana63
64Samoa64
65Jordan65
66Namibia66
67India67
Africa Avg106.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity
Lower is better
48
Pos.2018
%48
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
86=Nigeria88
86=Nicaragua88
88Djibouti89
89=Ghana89
89=Guatemala89
91Honduras90
92=Cameroon90
92=Rwanda90
Africa Avg87.0
World Avg54.3
q=106.
IQ
Higher is better49
Pos.200649
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
108=S. Africa72
109Zambia71
110=Jamaica71
110=Ghana71
112Namibia70
113=Togo70
113=Botswana70
113=Rwanda70
Africa Avg70.6
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
50
Pos.201650
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
133Syria30%
134Sri Lanka29%
135Samoa29%
136Ghana28%
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
Africa Avg18.4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
51
Pos.2017
Ratio51
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
100=Nigeria0.0
100=Uzbekistan0.0
100=Colombia0.0
100=Ghana0.0
100=Yemen0.0
100=Laos0.0
100=Malta0.0
100=Turkmenistan0.0
Africa Avg0.04
World Avg3.82
q=176.

8. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
52
Pos.2022
%52
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
47=Iran43.0
47=Kosovo43.0
47=Bolivia43.0
47=Ghana43.0
51Sweden42.0
52=Colombia42.0
52=China42.0
52=Ecuador42.0
Africa Avg38.2
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
53
Pos.2022
Points53
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
73S. Africa43.0
74=Bulgaria43.0
74=Benin43.0
74=Ghana43.0
77Timor-Leste (E. Timor)42.0
78=Vietnam42.0
78=Trinidad & Tobago42.0
78=Burkina Faso42.0
Africa Avg32.31
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
54
Pos.2018
Score54
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
105S. Africa4.7
106Iran4.7
107Ivory Coast4.7
108Ghana4.7
109Senegal4.6
110Laos4.6
111Tunisia4.6
112Albania4.6
Africa Avg4.29
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
101Russia101
102Vietnam102
103Armenia103
104Ghana104
105Bahrain105
106Ecuador106
107Uganda107
108Lesotho108
Africa Avg117.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
104Dominica104
105Iceland105
106Bolivia106
107Ghana107
108Mexico108
109Thailand109
110Ecuador110
111Malawi111
Africa Avg96.7
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
55
Pos.2023
Score55
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
48Oman1.79
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.80
50Uruguay1.80
51Ghana1.80
52Senegal1.83
53Indonesia1.83
54Argentina1.84
55Madagascar1.85
Africa Avg2.29
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
65Austria65
66Ghana66
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
69Bulgaria69
70Zimbabwe70
Africa Avg83.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
33
Pos.2017
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
Africa Avg104.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
56
Pos.2019
Score56
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
62Papua New Guinea1.36
63Bosnia & Herzegovina1.39
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
69Madagascar1.96
Africa Avg3.41
World Avg2.78
q=150.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better57
Pos.201957
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
144Djibouti23.40
145Papua New Guinea24.10
146=Zimbabwe24.20
146=Ghana24.20
148Kiribati24.70
149=Yemen24.70
150Ethiopia24.90
151=Swaziland25.10
Africa Avg26.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better58
Pos.2017
%58
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
118Chad43.3
119=Peru43.3
120Mexico43.4
121Ghana43.5
122Rwanda43.7
123Bolivia44.0
124=Ecuador44.7
124=Malawi44.7
Africa Avg42.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty
Lower is better59
Pos.2018
Severity59
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
53India.123
54Guatemala.134
55Zimbabwe.137
56Ghana.138
57Lesotho.146
58Nepal.148
59Cambodia.170
60Namibia.171
Africa Avg.264
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #Ghana #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_ghana #religiosity #secularisation

Religiosity (2018)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
86=Nigeria88
86=Nicaragua88
88Djibouti89
89=Ghana89
89=Guatemala89
91Honduras90
92=Cameroon90
92=Rwanda90
92=Liberia90
95Morocco91
96=Guinea-Bissau91
96=Philippines91
96=Zambia91
99Afghanistan92
100=Burkina Faso93
100=Tanzania93
World Avg54.3
q=106.
Disbelief In God (2007)60
Pos.Higher is better
%60
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
108=Haiti0
108=Iraq0
108=Guinea0
108=Ghana0
108=Jordan0
108=Gambia0
108=Kenya0
108=Ethiopia0
108=Afghanistan0
108=Egypt0
108=Liberia0
108=Libya0
108=Ivory Coast0
108=Pakistan0
108=Niger0
108=Saudi Arabia0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below61:

Christian74.9%
Muslim15.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.9%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated4.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census)62.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Ghana's Constitution protects "freedom of thought, conscience and belief", protects religious freedom, and prohibits discrimination based on religion.26. However, the State itself causes some indirect discrimination by directly funding and supporting specific Christian and Muslim institutions, and religious leaders are seen to have undue influence on the Government26.

In 2019, a constitutional challenge against the construction of the National Cathedral [on 14 acres of state land next to Parliament] and the setting up of the Hajj board [which pays for Muslims to go on the Hajj pilgrimage] was brought by a local politician, James Bomfeh, who argued that both measures are a violation of the [...] duty of the State to respect equality and uphold religious neutrality.

Bomfeh's case was dismissed by the Supreme Court, who found that the Constitution did not specifically prohibit the Government from "supporting, assisting or cooperating with religious groups."

"The Freedom of Thought Report" by Humanists International (2021)26.

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