The Human Truth Foundation

Mali (Republic of Mali)

https://www.humantruth.info/mali.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#mali #niger

Mali
Republic of Mali
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index161st best
CapitalBamako
Land Area1 220 190km21
LocationAfrica
Population19.1m2
Life Expectancy58.94yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 133 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesML, MLI, 4665
Internet Domain.ml6
CurrencyFranc (XOF)7
Telephone+2238

1. Overview

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first two democratic presidential elections in 1992 and 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was elected to a second term in 2007 elections that were widely judged to be free and fair. Malian returnees from Libya in 2011 exacerbated tensions in northern Mali, and Tuareg ethnic militias started a rebellion in January 2012. Low-mid level soldiers, frustrated with the poor handling of the rebellion overthrew TOURE on 22 March. Intensive mediation efforts led by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) returned power to a civilian administration in April with the appointment of interim President Dioncounda TRAORE. The post-coup chaos led to rebels expelling the Malian military from the three northern regions of the country and allowed Islamic militants to set up strongholds. Hundreds of thousands of northern Malians fled the violence to southern Mali and neighboring countries, exacerbating regional food insecurity in host communities. A military intervention to retake the three northern regions began in January 2013 and within a month most of the north had been retaken. Democratic elections are scheduled for mid-2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLike an exquisite sandcastle formed in a harsh desert landscape, Mali is blessed with an extraordinary amount of beauty, wonders, talents and knowledge. Few countries in Wesy Africa can boast such an array of sights, from fabled Timbuktu to riverside mosques that seem to spring from a child´s imagination. Yet for now, its landscapes, monuments, mosques and music bars are off-limits, sealed from tourists by a conflict that is threatening the culture of this remarkable country.

The beating heart of Mali is Bamako, where Ngoni and Kora musicians play to crowds of dancing Malians. Further west, Fula women strap their belongings to donkeys, forming caravans worthy of beauty pageants as they make their way across the hamada (dry, dusty scrubland). And in the northeast, the writings of venerable African civilisations remain locked in the beautiful libraries of Timbuktu.

Adding considerable depth to these attractions is Mali´s illustrious history, a story of ancient gold-rich empires along the Sahara´s southern fringe. And just as rich and deep is Mali´s world-famous musical soundtrack, a beguiling playlist of soulful desert blues, ancient griot tunes and frenetic dance rhythms.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Mali National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
183Yemen0.455
184Burkina Faso0.449
185Mozambique0.446
186Mali0.428
187Burundi0.426
188Central African Rep.0.404
189Niger0.400
190Chad0.394
Africa Avg0.56
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
173Uganda$2 181
174Gambia$2 172
175Togo$2 167
176Mali$2 133
177Burkina Faso$2 118
178Guinea-Bissau$1 908
179Afghanistan$1 824
180Eritrea$1 729
Africa Avg$5 339
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
...
158N. Korea113.4
159Gambia113.5
160Nigeria114.0
161Mali114.6
162Mozambique115.0
163Myanmar (Burma)115.4
164Pakistan115.7
165Guinea116.0
Africa Avg110.5
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Mali's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Mali's population is predicted to rise to 26.78 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 6.16. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
57Sri Lanka21.2m
58Burkina Faso19.8m
59Romania19.5m
60Mali19.1m
61Chile18.7m
62Kazakhstan18.3m
63Malawi18.1m
64Zambia17.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
183Namibia59.3
184Zimbabwe59.3
185Congo, DR59.2
186Mali58.9
187Guinea58.9
188Ivory Coast58.6
189Swaziland57.1
190Somalia55.3
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
178Zambia6.30
179Somalia6.30
180Niger6.96
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
3=Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
6=Zambia04.8
7Eritrea04.9
8=Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10=Afghanistan05.0
10=Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
125Kenya2.2%
126Angola2.1%
127Liberia2.1%
128Mali2.1%
129Georgia2.0%
130Guyana2.0%
131Central African Rep.1.9%
132Romania1.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
80Afghanistan8.1%
81Paraguay7.9%
82Russia7.9%
83Mali7.6%
84UK7.5%
85Honduras7.5%
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #human_rights #international_law #mali #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
78Moldova81.3
79Trinidad & Tobago81.4
80Macedonia82.0
81Mali82.2
82Turkey82.4
83Russia83.0
Africa Avg108.2
World Avg87.9
q=199.
Mali is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Mali does worse than average in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18, supporting press freedom19, LGBT equality20 (still good for Africa) and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in the rate of gender bias (from 7 indicators)22 (one of the highest in Africa) and in opposing gender inequality23 (one of the worst in Africa). At times, Mali's conscription programme descends into simple slave labour24 and both government and militia forces use child soldiers25. "Government forces conducted counterterrorism operationsthat resulted in arbitrary arrests, summary executions, torture, and ill-treatment"25Conflicts have caused "a rule of law and security vacuum, facilitating rampant banditry and displacement. In central Mali, Islamist armed group presence and intimidation of the population steadily increased [in 2017]"25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Mali's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Africa (2020)26
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26
1Mauritius64.5
2Morocco73.1
3=Eritrea77.0
...
43Burkina Faso118.1
44=Chad119.9
44=Swaziland119.9
46Mali122.1
47Congo, (Brazzaville)123.4
48Namibia125.9
49Gabon131.3
50Ivory Coast132.6
51Angola133.1
Africa Avg108.2
q=54.
Health (2020)26
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
180=Chad119.9
180=Swaziland119.9
182Papua New Guinea120.8
183Mali122.1
184Congo, (Brazzaville)123.4
185Cook Islands123.7
186Namibia125.9
187Iraq130.9
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean27, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa27.

For more, see:

Health:

Mali is a pretty unhealthy country. Mali does better than average for its alcohol consumption rate28 and in its smoking rate29. But unfortunately Mali gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30 and in its immunizations take-up31. It falls into the worst-performing 20 in its fertility rate13 (one of the highest in Africa) and in its average life expectancy11. And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom when it comes to its adolescent birth rate23. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years. Life expectancy in Mali in 1990 was 46.6yrs, much lower than the global average of 64.6. It improved by +13yrs in the 30 years from then, much better than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
183Namibia59.3
184Zimbabwe59.3
185Congo, DR59.2
186Mali58.9
187Guinea58.9
188Ivory Coast58.6
189Swaziland57.1
190Somalia55.3
Africa Avg62.79
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
28
Pos.2016
Per Capita28
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
30Papua New Guinea1.2
31=Eritrea1.3
31=Guinea1.3
31=Mali1.3
34Solomon Islands1.4
35=Tonga1.5
35=Lebanon1.5
37Chad1.6
Africa Avg4.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
178Zambia6.30
179Somalia6.30
180Niger6.96
Africa Avg4.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
29
Pos.201429
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
48Panama 224
49Grenada 224
50St Lucia 232
51Mali 236
52Dominican Rep. 245
53Togo 250
54Kenya 257
55Mauritius 261
Africa Avg 340
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
139Ghana139
140Chad140
141Rwanda141
142Mali142
143Niger143
144Marshall Islands144
145Botswana145
146Samoa146
Africa Avg117.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better32
Pos.2016
%32
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
33=Tanzania27.7
34Zambia27.8
35=Togo28.1
35=Mali28.1
37Indonesia28.2
38=Somalia28.4
38=Senegal28.4
38=Pakistan28.4
Africa Avg33.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
23
Pos.2015
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
181Mozambique139.7
182Guinea140.6
183Angola164.3
184Mali174.6
185Niger202.4
Africa Avg87.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
31
Pos.2015
Avg %31
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
167Congo, DR76.5
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
Africa Avg81.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Mali's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #food #meat #over-exploitation #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to Africa (2023)33
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank33
1Seychelles55.3
2Kenya57.4
3=Zambia57.6
...
11Egypt66.6
12Nigeria69.2
13Ivory Coast70.5
14Mali74.3
15=Ghana76.2
16Chad79.5
17=Mozambique81.0
18Gambia82.0
19=Cameroon82.0
Africa Avg90.1
q=53.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)33
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank33
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
...
60El Salvador71.8
61Romania72.4
62Trinidad & Tobago73.5
63Mali74.3
64Malaysia74.4
65Vanuatu75.0
66Nicaragua75.5
67=Guatemala76.2
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Mali comes 63rd in the world regarding its responsibility towards the environment. This rank is derived from 5 data sets. Mali comes in the best 20 in terms of annual meat consumption per person34. It does better than average for the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population35. Mali does worse than average for how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity and in its environmental performance36. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in its forested percent change 1990-201537.

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
37
Pos.2015
%37
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
169Chad-27.3
170Paraguay-27.6
171Timor-Leste (E. Timor)-29.0
172Mali-29.5
173El Salvador-29.7
174Nicaragua-31.0
175Zimbabwe-36.6
176Sudan-37.5
Africa Avg-08.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
36
Pos.201836
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
148Rwanda43.7
149Zimbabwe43.4
150Cambodia43.2
151Solomon Islands43.2
Africa Avg46.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
113Oman1995 May 09
114Cambodia1995 May 10
115Central African Rep.1995 Jun 13
116=Mali1995 Jun 27
116=Cape Verde1995 Jun 27
118Russia1995 Jul 04
119Guatemala1995 Oct 08
120Uzbekistan1995 Oct 17
Africa Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better35
Pos.2011
%35
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
23Uruguay62.4%
24Angola62.4%
25Bangladesh61.5%
26Mali60.7%
27Venezuela60.1%
28Morocco60.0%
29Malta57.3%
30Ecuador57.2%
Africa Avg38.3%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
34
Pos.2021
kg34
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
4Madagascar05.4
5India05.7
6Nigeria07.0
7Ethiopia07.1
8Rwanda07.6
9Mali07.8
10Niger08.1
11Afghanistan08.7
12Uganda09.4
Africa Avg24.9
World Avg52.5
q=185.

In the 2010s, meat consumption per person in Mali reduced by over 10kgs per year (only 17 countries managed the same), reducing strain on water supplies and the environment.34

7. Mali's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #religion #religiosity #research #science #secularisation #technology #the_internet

Compared to Africa (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1S. Africa52.8
2Egypt70.4
3Tunisia73.4
...
27Burkina Faso120.6
28Ivory Coast121.3
29Malawi121.6
30Mali124.1
31Togo124.4
32Angola124.8
33Djibouti125.8
34Liberia130.8
35Tanzania132.0
Africa Avg120.7
q=53.
Modernity & Learning (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
166Iraq121.8
167Guyana122.6
168Syria123.5
169Mali124.1
170Togo124.4
171Angola124.8
172San Marino125.0
173Djibouti125.8
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

In 1990-2, education in Mali was incredibly short - the average person could expect just over two years; only Niger done worse. It improved this by 2.3 years during the 1990s, although the rest of the world done much better. Things stalled in the 2010s, and by 2019 it had the fourth shortest education per person in the world, at 7.4 years.39

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2940
2Israel4.1140
3Japan3.5840
...
48=Tunisia0.6841
48=Egypt0.6842
50Belarus0.6742
51Mali0.6643
52Bulgaria0.6542
53Ethiopia0.6142
54Latvia0.6042
55=Gabon0.5844
Africa Avg0.36
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
45
Pos.201845
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
...
159Ethiopia17.1%
160Rwanda16.3%
161Tanzania14.3%
162Mali13.1%
163Papua New Guinea12.5%
164Bhutan12.0%
165Guinea11.7%
166Burundi9.3%
Africa Avg34.4%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
46
Pos.2021
Years46
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
186Eritrea8.1
187Central African Rep.8.0
188Chad8.0
189Sudan7.9
190Djibouti7.4
191Mali7.4
192Niger7.0
193S. Sudan5.5
Africa Avg11.0
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
140Syria140
141Mauritania141
142Nigeria142
143Mali143
144Congo, (Brazzaville)144
145Qatar145
146Philippines146
147Mozambique147
Africa Avg106.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity
Lower is better
47
Pos.2018
%47
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
99Afghanistan92
100=Burkina Faso93
100=Tanzania93
100=Indonesia93
103Mali94
104=Pakistan94
105Ethiopia98
106=Senegal98
Africa Avg87.0
World Avg54.3
q=106.
IQ
Higher is better48
Pos.200648
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
117=Ivory Coast69
117=Malawi69
117=Niger69
117=Mali69
117=Burundi69
117=Nigeria69
123Chad68
124=Burkina Faso68
Africa Avg70.6
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
49
Pos.201649
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
168Iraq13%
169Kiribati13%
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173=Papua New Guinea12%
173=Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
Africa Avg18.4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security
Lower is better
50
Pos.201350
1=Ireland0.11
1=Luxembourg0.11
1=Belize0.11
...
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
50Italy1.15
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
Africa Avg1.07
World Avg0.98

8. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
51
Pos.2022
%51
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
72=Peru39.0
73Uzbekistan38.0
74=Chile38.0
74=Mali38.0
76Switzerland37.0
77=Finland37.0
77=Hong Kong37.0
77=Cameroon37.0
Africa Avg38.2
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
52
Pos.2022
Points52
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
136Gabon29.0
137=Paraguay28.0
137=Russia28.0
137=Mali28.0
140Pakistan27.0
141=Kyrgyzstan27.0
142Liberia26.0
143=Mozambique26.0
Africa Avg32.31
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
53
Pos.2018
Score53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
115Bangladesh4.5
116Sri Lanka4.5
117Iraq4.5
118Mali4.4
119Namibia4.4
120Cambodia4.4
121Burkina Faso4.4
122Egypt4.4
Africa Avg4.29
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
131Kazakhstan131
132Guinea132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Mali134
135Chad135
136Saudi Arabia136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Algeria138
Africa Avg117.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
54Rwanda54
55Swaziland55
56Luxembourg56
57Mali57
58El Salvador58
59Senegal59
60Kyrgyzstan60
61Qatar61
Africa Avg96.7
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
54
Pos.2023
Score54
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
150Burkina Faso2.87
151Ethiopia2.87
152Central African Rep.2.93
153Mali2.96
154Iraq3.01
155Sudan3.02
156Somalia3.04
157Ukraine3.04
Africa Avg2.29
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
152Afghanistan152
153Lebanon153
154Liberia154
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
Africa Avg83.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
30
Pos.2017
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
136Trinidad & Tobago136
137Nigeria137
138Cambodia138
139Mali139
140Haiti140
141Mongolia141
142Syria142
143Mauritania143
Africa Avg104.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
55
Pos.2019
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
135Turkey6.53
136Cameroon6.62
137Central African Rep.6.62
138Mali6.65
139Libya6.77
140Egypt6.79
141Congo, DR7.04
142Philippines7.14
Africa Avg3.41
World Avg2.78
q=150.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better56
Pos.201956
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
176Benin34.90
177Congo, DR36.10
178S. Sudan36.20
179Mali36.70
180Nigeria37.10
181Somalia38.90
182Sierra Leone39.00
183Central African Rep.40.10
Africa Avg26.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better57
Pos.2017
%57
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
39Estonia32.7
40Nepal32.8
41=Tunisia32.8
42Mali33.0
43=Bosnia & Herzegovina33.0
44UK33.2
45Pakistan33.5
46Armenia33.6
Africa Avg42.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty
Lower is better58
Pos.2018
Severity58
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
92Burundi.403
93Mozambique.411
94Madagascar.453
95Mali.457
96Central African Rep..465
97Ethiopia.489
98Burkina Faso.519
99Chad.533
Africa Avg.264
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religiosity #secularisation

Religiosity (2018)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
91=Honduras90
91=Cameroon90
91=Rwanda90
91=Liberia90
95Morocco91
96=Guinea-Bissau91
96=Philippines91
96=Zambia91
99Afghanistan92
100=Burkina Faso93
100=Tanzania93
100=Indonesia93
103Mali94
104=Pakistan94
105Ethiopia98
106=Senegal98
World Avg54.3
q=106.
Disbelief In God (2007)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
122=Niger0
122=Saudi Arabia0
122=Rwanda0
122=Cameroon0
122=Philippines0
122=Kuwait0
122=Madagascar0
122=Nigeria0
122=Malawi0
122=Chad0
122=Nepal0
122=Morocco0
122=Mauritania0
122=Mali0
122=Senegal0
122=Oman0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below60:

Christian3.2%
Muslim92.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.6%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated2.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 Census)61.

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