The Human Truth Foundation

Canada

https://www.humantruth.info/canada.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#australia #canada #catholicism

Canada
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index8th best
CapitalOttawa
Land Area9 093 510km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas
Population37.1m2
Life Expectancy82.66yrs (2017)3
GNI$46 808 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCA, CAN, 1245
Internet Domain.ca6
CurrencyDollar (CAD)7
Telephone+18

1. Overview

#UK #USA

A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverCanada is more than its hulking mountain, craggy-coast good looks: it also cooks extraordinary meals, rocks cool culture and unfurls wild, moosespotting road trips. The globe´s second-biggest country has an endless variety of landscapes. Sky-high mountains, glinting glaciers, spectral rainforests and remote beaches are all here, spread across six times zones. It´s the backdrop for plenty of ah-inspiring moments - and for a big provincial menagerie. That´s big as in polar bears, grizzly bears, whales and, everyone´s favorite, moose.

The arts are an integral part of Canada´s cultural landscape, from the International Fringe Theater Festival in Edmonton to mega museums such as Ottawa´s National Gallery. Montreal´s Jazz Festival and Toronto´s starstudded Film Festival draw global crowds.

Sip a café au lait and tear into a flaky croissant at a sidewalk bistro in Montréal; head to an Asian night market and slurp noodles in Vancouver; join a wild-fiddling Celtic party on Cape Breton Island; kayak between rainforest-cloaked aboriginal villages on Haida Gwaii: Canada is incredibly diverse across its breadth and within its cities. You´ll hear it in the music, see it in the arts and taste it in the cuisine.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Canada National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
12Singapore0.939
13=Belgium0.937
13=New Zealand0.937
15Canada0.936
16Liechtenstein0.935
17Luxembourg0.930
18UK0.929
19=Japan0.925
The Americas Avg0.75
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
21Andorra$51 167
22Finland$49 452
23Australia$49 238
24Canada$46 808
25Saudi Arabia$46 112
26France$45 937
27UK$45 225
28S. Korea$44 501
The Americas Avg$16 628
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Norway28.6
2Denmark30.0
3Sweden30.7
4Finland31.7
5Netherlands32.1
6New Zealand34.0
7Iceland35.0
8Canada36.8
9Switzerland37.2
10Germany37.4
11Australia38.2
12Austria38.6
The Americas Avg81.6
World Avg86.8
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Canada's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Canada's population is predicted to rise to 39.85 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.69. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
36Iraq38.4m
37Poland37.9m
38Afghanistan37.2m
39Canada37.1m
40Morocco36.0m
41Saudi Arabia33.7m
42Uzbekistan32.5m
43Peru32.0m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
12Italy82.9
13Singapore82.8
14Iceland82.7
15Canada82.7
16Luxembourg82.6
17France82.5
18New Zealand82.5
19Israel82.3
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
52Maldives1.67
53Luxembourg1.67
54Turkmenistan2.33
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3=Chad04.7
...
168Estonia37.9
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174=France40.5
174=Austria40.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
20Israel23.6%
21Palau23.0%
22New Zealand22.7%
23Canada21.5%
24Kazakhstan20.0%
25Austria19.0%
26Sweden17.6%
27Equatorial Guinea17.5%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
131Peru3.7%
132Czechia3.6%
133Mauritania3.5%
134Canada3.5%
135Algeria3.4%
136Sweden3.4%
137Ghana3.4%
138Nepal3.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#canada #equality #gender_equality #human_rights #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
4Netherlands15.6
5New Zealand17.3
6Iceland19.9
7Canada21.0
8Austria22.3
9Luxembourg23.7
10Finland23.8
The Americas Avg73.9
World Avg87.9
q=199.
When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Canada leads the world, setting excellent examples. Canada comes in the best 20 in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18 (one of the highest in The Americas), the rate of gender bias (from 7 indicators)19 (the lowest in The Americas), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20 (amongst the best in The Americas), its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice21 (one of the best in The Americas) and in opposing gender inequality22 (the lowest in The Americas). And finally, it does better than average when it comes to LGBT equality23, supporting press freedom24 (one of the best in The Americas), speed of uptake of HR treaties25, its nominal commitment to Human Rights26 and in freethought27. Canada actively seeks to protect human rights at home and internationally, and has developed a culture that is tolerant, where it is frowned upon to behave in a prejudiced manner. Although Human Rights Watch does have some criticism when it comes to protecting the rights of Indigenous peoples and the placement of children in immigration detention28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Canada's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Compared to The Americas (2020)29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29
1Antigua & Barbuda75.6
2=Brazil82.1
3Cuba82.4
4=Canada83.5
5Barbados85.1
6=Grenada86.6
6=Trinidad & Tobago86.6
8Guyana87.5
9=Nicaragua87.5
10St Lucia88.9
11=Ecuador90.5
11=El Salvador90.5
13St Kitts & Nevis91.8
The Americas Avg96.2
q=35.
Health (2020)29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
58Croatia82.9
59=Turkmenistan83.1
59=Tajikistan83.1
61Canada83.5
62=Poland83.5
63Czechia83.6
64France83.8
65=Bosnia & Herzegovina84.0
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean30, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa30.

For more, see:

Health:

Canada does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Canada comes in the best 20 in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 (the lowest in The Americas) and in its average life expectancy11 (the highest in The Americas). It does better than average in its adolescent birth rate22 (the best in The Americas) and in its fertility rate13. But, things still need to improve in Canada. Canada does worse than average in its suicide rate32, its smoking rate33 (amongst the worst in The Americas), its alcohol consumption rate34 and in its immunizations take-up35 (amongst the worst in The Americas). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years. Life expectancy in Canada in 1990 was the seventh highest in the world, at 77.4yrs. It improved this by another +4.9yrs in the 30 years from 1990, although less than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
12Italy82.9
13Singapore82.8
14Iceland82.7
15Canada82.7
16Luxembourg82.6
17France82.5
18New Zealand82.5
19Israel82.3
The Americas Avg72.58
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
34
Pos.2016
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
131Netherlands8.7
132=Croatia8.9
132=Cameroon8.9
132=Canada8.9
135Rwanda9.0
136Iceland9.1
137Sweden9.2
138=Chile9.3
The Americas Avg6.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
52Maldives1.67
53Luxembourg1.67
54Turkmenistan2.33
The Americas Avg2.29
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
33
Pos.201433
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
128Moldova1 114
129Lithuania1 124
130Uruguay1 135
131Canada1 154
132Albania1 177
133Egypt1 188
134Vietnam1 215
135Iraq1 227
The Americas Avg 457
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate32
Pos.2013
Per 100k32
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
52Trinidad & Tobago21.7
53USA22.2
54Chile22.4
55Canada22.7
56Iceland23.5
57New Zealand23.6
58Ireland23.7
59Norway23.8
The Americas Avg13.57
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
The Americas Avg94.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better36
Pos.2016
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
161=Andorra63.7
161=UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
164Canada64.1
165Israel64.3
166Bahamas64.4
167Australia64.5
168Iraq64.6
The Americas Avg57.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
22
Pos.2015
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
32Canada9.8
33Kuwait9.8
34Portugal9.9
35Czechia9.9
36Ireland10.4
The Americas Avg56.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
35
Pos.2015
Avg %35
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
139Dominican Rep.86.3
140Panama86.1
141Belarus85.3
142=Canada85.2
142=Guatemala85.2
144Togo84.3
145Zambia84.2
146Congo, (Brazzaville)83.6
The Americas Avg91.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Canada's Responsibility Towards The Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #energy #food #meat #over-exploitation #sustainability #the_environment #veganism #vegetarianism

Compared to The Americas (2023)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Uruguay48.0
2Peru48.2
3Costa Rica49.6
4Ecuador52.0
5Mexico53.2
6Canada53.4
7Venezuela58.0
8=Colombia58.8
9Paraguay61.0
10Cuba64.7
11Belize65.3
12Brazil66.8
13El Salvador71.8
The Americas Avg80.1
q=35.
Responsibility Towards The Environment (2023)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Japan33.2
2Philippines45.0
3Uruguay48.0
...
8Italy51.8
9Ecuador52.0
10Mexico53.2
11Canada53.4
12Maldives55.0
13Seychelles55.3
14Germany55.8
15=Sweden56.0
World Avg85.7
q=188.
Canada is 11st-best in the world when it comes to its responsibility towards the environment. This rank is derived from 7 data sets. Canada performs the best in how quickly it ratified the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity. It comes in the best 20 in its score on the Green Future Index38 (amongst the best in The Americas). It does better than average in its environmental performance39 (the best in The Americas) and in the rate of rational beliefs on the environment in the population40 (but one of the lowest in The Americas). Canada doesn't do so well in other areas. Canada does worse than average in energy to GDP efficiency41 (one of the worst in The Americas), its forested percent change 1990-201542 (still good for The Americas) and in annual meat consumption per person43.

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
42
Pos.2015
%42
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
99=St Kitts & Nevis00.0
100Norway-00.2
101Papua New Guinea-00.2
102Canada-00.3
103Jordan-00.6
104Suriname-00.6
105Guyana-00.8
106Malaysia-00.8
The Americas Avg-00.2
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
39
Pos.201839
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
22Greece73.6
23Taiwan72.8
24Cyprus72.6
25Canada72.2
26Portugal71.9
27USA71.2
28Slovakia70.6
29Lithuania69.3
The Americas Avg58.8
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency
Higher is better41
Pos.201441
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
94=Belarus05.81
94=Niger05.81
96Zambia05.71
97Canada05.56
98China05.52
99Nepal05.35
100Iran05.32
101Kenya05.24
The Americas Avg10.78
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1=China1993 Dec 29
1=Guinea1993 Dec 29
1=Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
4=Armenia1993 Dec 29
4=Ecuador1993 Dec 29
4=Fiji1993 Dec 29
4=Canada1993 Dec 29
4=Monaco1993 Dec 29
4=Maldives1993 Dec 29
4=Marshall Islands1993 Dec 29
4=Seychelles1993 Dec 29
The Americas Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better40
Pos.2011
%40
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
62Ukraine41.5%
63Jordan41.4%
64India41.2%
65Canada41.2%
66Serbia41.1%
67Ghana40.4%
68Moldova40.4%
69Cameroon39.0%
The Americas Avg58.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.
Meat Consumption
Lower is better
43
Pos.2021
kg43
1Congo, DR03.0
2Burundi03.5
3Bangladesh04.3
...
159Antigua & Barbuda85.8
160France86.1
161Barbados86.4
162Canada86.9
163New Caledonia87.5
164Montenegro88.4
165Belarus88.9
166Poland89.3
The Americas Avg70.3
World Avg52.5
q=185.

In the 2010s, meat consumption per person in Canada was nearly double the global average (of 49kgs per year), putting unnecessary strain on water supplies and the environment.43

Green Future Index
Higher is better38
Pos.2023
Score38
1Iceland6.7
2Finland6.7
3Norway6.4
...
12Belgium5.8
13Italy5.7
14=Ireland5.7
14=Canada5.7
16Luxembourg5.6
17Greece5.6
18Portugal5.5
19USA5.4
The Americas Avg4.6
World Avg4.8
q=76.

7. Canada's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #religiosity #research #science #secularisation #technology #the_internet

Compared to The Americas (2020)44
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank44
1Canada21.6
2USA29.3
3Argentina43.8
4Chile51.6
5Barbados54.2
6Brazil55.1
7St Kitts & Nevis56.7
8Puerto Rico57.5
9Mexico59.8
10Grenada68.5
11Costa Rica68.9
12Bermuda69.0
13Trinidad & Tobago69.1
The Americas Avg81.7
q=41.
Modernity & Learning (2020)44
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank44
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
14Norway21.0
15Slovenia21.3
16UK21.5
17Canada21.6
18Ireland21.7
19Japan21.9
20=S. Korea24.0
20=Faroe Islands24.0
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

In 1990-1993, education in Canada was the 2nd-longest in the world, peaking at 17.2 years, beaten only by Australia. Throughout the 1990s, it did reduce this by almost a year, and likewise in the 2000s it was also one of only twelve countries to see a reduction.45

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2946
2Israel4.1146
3Japan3.5846
...
19Iceland1.8946
20=Norway1.7046
20=UK1.7046
22Canada1.6146
23Ireland1.5246
24Estonia1.4346
25Hungary1.3746
26Italy1.2946
The Americas Avg0.47
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
47
Pos.201847
1=Luxembourg100.0%
1=Estonia100.0%
1=Austria100.0%
1=Canada100.0%
1=Finland100.0%
1=Iceland100.0%
7Uzbekistan99.9%
8Czechia99.8%
9Slovakia99.3%
10Latvia99.2%
11Kazakhstan98.6%
12Kyrgyzstan98.4%
The Americas Avg63.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
48
Pos.2021
Years48
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
25Singapore16.5
26S. Korea16.5
27Switzerland16.5
28Canada16.4
29Bahrain16.3
30Lithuania16.3
31USA16.3
32Italy16.2
The Americas Avg14.2
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
26Singapore26
27Greece27
28Serbia28
29Canada29
30Romania30
31Cyprus31
32Ireland32
33Croatia33
The Americas Avg99.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading
Higher is better
49
Pos.2015
Score49
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
6=Taiwan1571
6=Canada1571
8Finland1568
9S. Korea1557
10China154350
11=Ireland1528
11=Slovenia1528
The Americas Avg1287
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity
Lower is better
51
Pos.2018
%51
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
29=Spain22
30Slovakia23
31=Ukraine23
32Canada27
33=Uzbekistan29
33=Uruguay29
35Poland30
36Serbia34
The Americas Avg65.4
World Avg54.3
q=106.
IQ
Higher is better52
Pos.200652
1=Hong Kong108
1=Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
19=Estonia99
19=Sweden99
19=Belgium99
19=Canada99
23Andorra98
24=Czechia98
24=Spain98
24=France98
The Americas Avg85.3
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
53
Pos.201653
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
18Japan91%
19New Zealand89%
20=USA89%
20=Canada89%
20=Belgium89%
23Czechia88%
24Germany88%
25Aruba88%
The Americas Avg56.4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security
Lower is better
54
Pos.201354
1=Ireland0.11
1=Luxembourg0.11
1=Belize0.11
...
40Kuwait0.93
41Saudi Arabia0.93
42Malaysia0.96
43Canada0.96
44Tajikistan1.01
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
The Americas Avg0.84
World Avg0.98
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
55
Pos.2017
Ratio55
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
17Malaysia16.5
The Americas Avg3.36
World Avg3.82
q=176.

8. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
56
Pos.2022
%56
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
4Australia55.0
5New Zealand54.0
6Myanmar (Burma)52.0
7=Sierra Leone51.0
7=Canada51.0
9Zambia50.0
10=Ukraine49.0
10=Ireland49.0
12Czechia48.0
The Americas Avg43.7
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
57
Pos.2022
Points57
1Denmark90.0
2=Finland87.0
2=New Zealand87.0
...
14Estonia74.0
15=Uruguay74.0
15=Iceland74.0
15=Canada74.0
18UK73.0
19=Japan73.0
19=Belgium73.0
21France72.0
The Americas Avg42.97
World Avg42.98
q=180.

In 1996-1997, Canada scored the 5th-best for the second iteration of the Corruption Perception Index, out of the 54 countries for which they gathered data, and throughout the 2010s it had the 9th-best position, on average.

Happiness
Higher is better
58
Pos.2018
Score58
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
4Iceland7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Netherlands7.4
7Canada7.3
8New Zealand7.3
9Sweden7.3
10Australia7.3
11Israel7.2
12Austria7.1
The Americas Avg6.05
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
22Norway22
23Lithuania23
24St Lucia24
25Canada25
26Italy26
27Mauritius27
28Malta28
29Singapore29
The Americas Avg80.2
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
24Jordan24
25Mauritius25
26Zimbabwe26
27Canada27
28Trinidad & Tobago28
29Timor-Leste (E. Timor)29
30Burkina Faso30
31Lebanon31
The Americas Avg100.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
59
Pos.2023
Score59
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
8Slovenia1.33
9Japan1.34
10Switzerland1.34
11Canada1.35
12Czechia1.38
13Finland1.40
14Croatia1.45
15Germany1.46
The Americas Avg2.13
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
38Togo38
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
The Americas Avg82.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
13Belgium13
14Italy14
15Spain15
The Americas Avg91.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
60
Pos.2019
Score60
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
94Algeria3.41
95Sweden3.45
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
98Belgium3.64
99Angola3.78
100Tunisia3.94
101Tajikistan3.95
The Americas Avg2.16
World Avg2.78
q=150.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better61
Pos.201961
1Iceland2.40
2=Singapore2.50
2=Hong Kong2.50
...
32Poland4.30
33=New Zealand4.30
34Belarus4.40
35=Canada4.60
35=Malta4.60
37Serbia4.90
38Slovakia5.00
39Cuba5.10
The Americas Avg12.03
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better62
Pos.2017
%62
1Ukraine25.0
2=Belarus25.4
2=Slovenia25.4
...
50Luxembourg33.8
51=Sierra Leone34.0
51=Tajikistan34.0
51=Canada34.0
51=Cyprus34.0
55Latvia34.2
56Niger34.3
57=Vietnam35.3
The Americas Avg45.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religiosity #secularisation #universalism

Religiosity (2018)51
Pos.Lower is better
%51
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
29=Spain22
30Slovakia23
31=Ukraine23
32Canada27
33=Uzbekistan29
33=Uruguay29
35Poland30
36Serbia34
37=Israel36
37=Portugal36
39Azerbaijan38
40Chile41
41=Croatia42
41=Moldova42
43Argentina43
44Mexico45
World Avg54.3
q=106.
Disbelief In God (2007)63
Pos.Higher is better
%63
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
20Australia25
21Taiwan24
22=New Zealand22
22=Canada22
24Latvia20
25=Ukraine20
25=Mongolia20
27Austria18
28=Slovakia17
28=Switzerland17
28=Belarus17
31Greece16
32=Iceland16
33Spain15
34=Israel15
35Armenia14
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below64:

Christian69%
Muslim2.1%
Hindu1.4%
Buddhist0.8%
Folk Religion1.2%
Jewish1%
Unaffiliated23.7%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 75.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 27% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)65.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Canada66. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 18%. More people don't know what to believe (25%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (18%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 8% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Thought: The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)67, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Canada states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However six of the ten provinces provide partial or full funding to religious schools. Most of these publicly funded religious schools are Roman Catholic. Although five provinces allow other denominations to run publicly funded schools. Publicly funded religious schools can discriminate on religious grounds in hiring and in accepting students. Around 16 percent of the Canadian population claims no religious affiliation, yet in the vast low-population expanses of Canada, the religious school may well be the only public school within a reasonable distance for many non-religious students.

Ontario is the only province that funds Catholic religious education while providing no funding for other religious schools. One third of Ontario's public schools (around 1,400) are Catholic schools, and they receive 100% of their funding from the government. Catholic schools discriminate against non-Catholics in hiring staff. Catholic schools can also exclude non-Catholic children.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)68

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