The Human Truth Foundation

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyz Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index88th best
CapitalBishkek
Land Area 191 800km21
LocationAsia
Population6.3m2
Life Expectancy70.79yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 097 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKG, KGZ, 4175
Internet Domain.kg6
CurrencySom (KGS)7
Telephone+9968

1. Overview

#russia

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual fleeing to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverA half-forgotten land of mountain valleys, glittering lakes and felt yurts, Kyrgyzstan is a dream for DIY adventurers, eco tourists and wannabe nomads. Kyrgyzstan is a nation defined by its topography: joyously unspoilt mountainscapes, stark craggy ridges, and rolling summer pastures (jailoos) are brought to life by semi- nomadic, yurt-dwelling shepherd cultures. Add to this natural beauty a well-developed network of homestays and the recent introduction of visa-free travel, and it´s easy to see why Kyrgyzstan is rapidly becoming the gateway of choice for Western travellers in Central Asia. As can be expected in a country where the vast majority of attractions are rural and high altitude, the timing of your visit is crucial. Summer is ideal with hikes and roads generally accessible. Midsummer also sees Kazakh and Russian tourists converge on the beaches of never-freezing Lake Issyk-Köl. From October to May, much rural accommodation closes down and the yurts that add such character to the alpine vistas are stashed away. So think twice about a winter visit unless you´ve come to ski.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Kyrgyzstan National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
117El Salvador117
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
123Morocco123
124Nicaragua124
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
149Micronesia$3 291
150Djibouti$3 216
151Ivory Coast$3 163
152Kyrgyzstan$3 097
153Cambodia$3 095
154Sao Tome & Principe$3 070
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
85Morocco82.9
86Jamaica83.1
87Bhutan83.7
88Kyrgyzstan84.2
89Kuwait85.2
90Guatemala85.2
91Dominican Rep.85.5
92Uzbekistan85.6
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Kyrgyzstan's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Kyrgyzstan's population is predicted to rise to 6.666 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.64. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
108Libya6.7m
109Nicaragua6.5m
110El Salvador6.4m
111Kyrgyzstan6.3m
112Turkmenistan5.9m
113Singapore5.8m
114Denmark5.8m
115Finland5.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
82Mongolia11.8
83Uzbekistan11.9
84Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
102Slovakia3.4%
103Turkmenistan3.4%
104Iran3.3%
105Kyrgyzstan3.3%
106Chad3.3%
107Tajikistan3.1%
108Cape Verde2.8%
109Burundi2.8%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
55Latvia12.3%
56Luxembourg11.8%
57Jordan11.3%
58Kyrgyzstan11.2%
59Tajikistan11.2%
60Cuba10.9%
61Mauritius10.9%
62Greece10.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #kyrgyzstan #politics #tolerance

Kyrgyzstan is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Kyrgyzstan does better than average for its nominal commitment to Human Rights19 and in LGBT equality20. But that's it. Kyrgyzstan has problems. It does worse than average for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (still high for Asia), opposing gender inequality22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23, supporting press freedom24 (still low for Asia) and in speed of uptake of HR treaties25. LGBT folk experience ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination, both from wider society and the government26. The government sometimes persecutes, wrongly imprisons and harasses human rights defenders and 2017 took further steps to limit the civil freedom of peaceful assembly26. Allegations of torture are largely ignored (of 435 complains in 2016, 400 were not investigated)26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Kyrgyzstan's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Kyrgyzstan #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
84Dominica89.2
85St Kitts & Nevis89.3
86Algeria89.5
87Kyrgyzstan90.0
88Grenada90.5
89Trinidad & Tobago90.6
90USA91.1
91Sudan91.7
92Libya91.9
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Kyrgyzstan has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Kyrgyzstan does better than average in terms of its immunizations take-up29. When it comes to most other metrics, Kyrgyzstan does not do well. It does worse than average for its suicide rate30, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its adolescent birth rate22, its alcohol consumption rate32, its smoking rate33, its fertility rate15 and in its average life expectancy12. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
91Colombia5.8
92Nauru6.0
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
104S. Korea1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
108Namibia 740
107UAE 715
106Qatar 698
105Kyrgyzstan 68334
104New Zealand 680
103Morocco 671
102Bangladesh 665
101Singapore 652
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
43Thailand15.8
44Australia16.4
45El Salvador16.5
46Kyrgyzstan17.7
47Netherlands18.6
48Luxembourg19.3
49Portugal19.6
50Singapore20.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
83Croatia83
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
73Antigua & Barbuda48.0
74St Lucia48.1
75Uzbekistan48.2
76Kyrgyzstan48.3
77Yemen48.8
78Guyana49.4
79Grenada51.4
80Turkmenistan51.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
92Pakistan38.7
93Haiti39.3
94Syria39.4
95Kyrgyzstan39.6
96Georgia39.7
97Barbados40.7
98Vanuatu43.1
99Thailand44.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
34Russia97.0
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Kyrgyzstan's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
80St Lucia66.6
81Bahrain67.1
82Kuwait67.1
83Kyrgyzstan67.6
84Fiji68.0
85Qatar68.1
86Dominican Rep.68.3
87Azerbaijan68.6
88Bahamas68.6
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
96Oman0.1738
97Kazakhstan0.1738
98Bolivia0.1639
99Kyrgyzstan0.1640
100Sri Lanka0.1641
101Albania0.1542
102Namibia0.1441
103Georgia0.1343
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
9Slovakia99.3%
10Latvia99.2%
11Kazakhstan98.6%
12Kyrgyzstan98.4%
13Georgia98.0%
14Slovenia97.6%
15Armenia97.2%
16Hungary97.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better
Years45
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
88St Vincent & Grenadines13.6
89Malaysia13.5
90Macedonia13.5
91Kyrgyzstan13.4
92Andorra13.3
93Armenia13.2
94Jamaica13.1
95Belize13.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
77Jamaica77
78Colombia78
79Liberia79
80Kyrgyzstan80
81Saudi Arabia81
82Uganda82
83Mauritius83
84UAE84
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
42Poland75
43Cyprus75
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
54Cambodia91
55Albania90
56Croatia90
57Kyrgyzstan90
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
60Laos89
61Ecuador88
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
125Bhutan37%
126Mongolia36%
127India35%
128Kyrgyzstan34%
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
131Micronesia31%
132Vanuatu31%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
15Nigeria33
16S. Korea34
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Libya43
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
90El Salvador0.0
91Kenya0.0
92Cameroon0.0
93Kyrgyzstan0.0
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
142Comoros26.4
143Cameroon26.2
144Uganda26.2
145Kyrgyzstan26.2
146Paraguay26.0
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
149Papua New Guinea25.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
89Macedonia5.2
90Jordan5.2
91Nigeria5.2
92Kyrgyzstan5.1
93Bosnia & Herzegovina5.1
94Mongolia5.1
95Vietnam5.1
96Indonesia5.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
73Dominica73
74Antigua & Barbuda74
75Turkey75
76Kyrgyzstan76
77Togo77
78Albania78
79Brunei79
80Suriname80
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
57Mali57
58El Salvador58
59Senegal59
60Kyrgyzstan60
61Qatar61
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.42
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.45
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
123Israel123
124Malta124
125Burundi125
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
64Moldova64
65Mozambique65
66Burkina Faso66
67Kyrgyzstan66
68Iran68
69Malawi69
70Latvia70
71Guatemala71
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
61Georgia1.34
62Papua New Guinea1.36
63Bosnia & Herzegovina1.39
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
159Cameroon-22.6
160Somalia-23.2
161Indonesia-23.2
162Kyrgyzstan-23.8
163Comoros-24.5
164Nepal-24.7
165Benin-25.2
166Guatemala-25.4
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
96Bahrain55.2
97Nicaragua55.0
98Bahamas55.0
99Kyrgyzstan54.9
100Nigeria54.8
101Kazakhstan54.6
102Samoa54.5
103Suriname54.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
103Moldova05.03
104Ivory Coast04.85
105Tanzania04.81
106Kyrgyzstan04.78
107Benin04.69
108Bosnia & Herzegovina04.52
109Russia04.52
110S. Africa04.48
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
152Cyprus1996 Oct 08
153Trinidad & Tobago1996 Oct 30
154Congo, (Brazzaville)1996 Oct 30
155Kyrgyzstan1996 Nov 04
156Iran1996 Nov 04
157S. Sudan2014 May 18
158Mauritania1996 Nov 14
159Qatar1996 Nov 19
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
84Togo33.3%
85Benin32.6%
86Bulgaria32.5%
87Kyrgyzstan32.0%
88Georgia31.9%
89Australia31.8%
90Austria31.8%
91Azerbaijan31.7%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
94Egypt11.60
93Ecuador11.50
92N. Korea11.50
91Kyrgyzstan11.30
90St Vincent & Grenadines11.30
89Grenada11.20
88Belize11.10
87Brazil10.90
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
6Slovakia26.5
7Finland27.1
8Kyrgyzstan27.3
9Kazakhstan27.5
10Norway27.5
11Algeria27.6
12Belgium27.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)62
Pos.Lower is better
Severity62
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
15St Lucia.007
16Libya.007
17Algeria.008
18Kyrgyzstan.008
19Bosnia & Herzegovina.008
20Barbados.009
21Macedonia.010
22Guyana.014
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
42Poland75
43Cyprus75
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)63
Pos.Higher is better
%63
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
43Albania8
44Dominican Rep.7
45Croatia7
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
49Italy6
50Laos5
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below64:

Christian11.4%
Muslim88%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.4%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 99.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (7%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 72% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%65.

Links: