The Human Truth Foundation

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyz Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index79th best
CapitalBishkek
Land Area1 191 800 km2
LocationAsia
Population25.448 million
Life Expectancy368.039yrs (2012)
GNI3$2 009
ISO3166-1 Codes4KG, KGZ, 417
Internet Domain5.kg
Currency6Som (KGS)
Telephone7+996

1. Overview

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV regime and his eventual fleeing to Minsk, Belarus. His successor, Roza OTUNBAEVA, served as transitional president until Almazbek ATAMBAEV was inaugurated in December 2011. Continuing concerns include: the trajectory of democratization, endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Kyrgyzstan National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
122Kiribati62.962.1
123Indonesia62.951.5
124Vanuatu62.661.5
125Kyrgyzstan62.259.4
126Tajikistan62.256.5
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
76Mongolia59.5
77Peru59.1
78Belarus58.9
79Kyrgyzstan58.8
80Philippines58.6
81Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
82Guyana57.9
83Georgia57.2
84S. Africa57.2
85Cuba57.2
86Palau56.7
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
130Uzbekistan68.6
131Kiribati68.4
132Solomon Islands68.2
133Kyrgyzstan68
134Tajikistan67.8
135Laos67.8
136Bhutan67.6
137Tuvalu67.5
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
107Kyrgyzstan2.6
108Austria1.3
109Egypt2.7
110Singapore1.3
111Saudi Arabia2.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
110Denmark5.593m132
111Eritrea5.581m55
112Slovakia5.48m114
113Kyrgyzstan5.448m28
114Finland5.403m18
115Singapore5.256m7509
116Turkmenistan5.17m11
Data Source

Kyrgyzstan's population is predicted to rise to 6.666 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.64.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Iceland1915
6Denmark1915
7Russia1917
8Estonia1918
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
61Barbados0.34
62Costa Rica0.35
63Cuba0.36
64Kyrgyzstan0.36
65Maldives0.36
66Chile0.36
67Thailand0.36
68Turkey0.37
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Kyrgyzstan has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
43Albania8%
44Cambodia7%
45Dominican Rep.7%
46Kyrgyzstan7%
47Croatia7%
48Italy6%
49Moldova6%
50Ireland5%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
36Greece71%
37Italy72%
38Moldova72%
39Kyrgyzstan72%
40Mexico73%
41Armenia73%
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian11.4%
Muslim88%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.4%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 99.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (7%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 72% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
15Nigeria33
16Korea, S.34
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Malaysia43
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
106Micronesia20.01
107Bolivia20.00
108Paraguay19.80
109Kyrgyzstan19.58
110Uzbekistan19.45
111Sao Tome & Principe18.80
112Pakistan16.78
113Senegal16.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
90Slovenia6.6
91Malawi6.6
92Bosnia & Herzegovina6.6
93Kyrgyzstan6.6
94Namibia6.6
95Vietnam6.5
96Colombia6.5
97Sri Lanka6.5
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.41
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.44
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
52Brunei91
53Chile90
54Croatia90
55Kyrgyzstan90
56Albania90
57Laos89
58Costa Rica89
59Mexico88
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
74Moldova18
75Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
76Russia17
77Turkey17
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
102Maldives99.3
103Uganda99.3
104Peru99.3
105Kyrgyzstan99.3
106Fiji99.3
107Brazil99.3
108Bolivia99.3
109Qatar99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
96Oman0.1713
97Kazakhstan0.1713
98Bolivia0.1614
99Kyrgyzstan0.1615
100Sri Lanka0.1616
101Albania0.1517
102Namibia0.1416
103Gambia0.1315
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
146Cameroon$2 114
147Nigeria$2 102
148Cambodia$2 095
149Kyrgyzstan$2 009
150Lesotho$1 879
151Sao Tome & Principe$1 864
152Sudan$1 848
153Yemen$1 820
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
95Namibia4.9
96Libya4.9
97Hungary4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
99Palestine4.8
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
75Armenia60.4
76Turkey60.4
77Iran60.0
78Kyrgyzstan59.7
79Laos59.6
80Namibia59.3
81Guyana59.2
82Uruguay59.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
97Taiwan15
98Rwanda15
99Gibraltar15
100Kyrgyzstan10
101Laos10
102Equatorial Guinea10
103Belarus10
104Hong Kong10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/kyrgyzstan.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2008.^

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