The Human Truth Foundation

Honduras (Republic of Honduras)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#honduras

Honduras
Republic of Honduras
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index126th best
CapitalTegucigalpa
Land Area 111 890km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population9.6m2
Life Expectancy73.33yrs (2017)3
GNI$4 466 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesHN, HND, 3405
Internet Domain.hn6
CurrencyLempira (HNL)7
Telephone+5048

1. Overview

Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith glorious diving around the Bay Islands, ancient Maya ruins, historic colonial towns, Caribbean beaches and steamy mountain jungles, Honduras is waiting to be rediscovered. You´ve probably heard about the bad boy in the Central American ´hood. Even if you´ve just glanced at a headline, Honduras and trouble seem inextricably linked. In late 2009 when former President Manuel Zelaya was exiled to Costa Rica, all of the tourists went with him. But what´s the reality on the ground now? Well, despite the country´s rep, the vast majority of travelers actually love their time here, for the nation is simply loaded with attractions: the fabled Bay Islands (a dive and party mecca), the magical Maya ruins of Copán, the seductive beauty of the Lenca highlands and the wildlife-rich jungle reserves in La Moskitia.

It´s also superb value for money: all the adventure sports that have put Costa Rica on the map are available here at backpacking rates. Honduran landscapes are extraordinary, its cultural sights compelling and its people waiting. Sure, take a little extra care, especially in the big cities... but make the move and discover Honduras for yourself.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Honduras National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
127Guyana127
128Micronesia127
129Tajikistan129
130Honduras130
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
138Moldova$5 026
139Myanmar (Burma)$4 943
140Nicaragua$4 747
141Honduras$4 466
142Marshall Islands$4 412
143Sudan$3 846
144Ghana$3 839
145Mauritania$3 527
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
123Suriname97.2
124Algeria97.2
125Iran97.8
126Honduras97.9
127Burkina Faso97.9
128Uganda99.3
129Bangladesh99.3
130Venezuela99.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Honduras's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Honduras's population is predicted to rise to 10.66 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.02. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
90Azerbaijan9.9m
91Hungary9.7m
92UAE9.6m
93Honduras9.6m
94Belarus9.5m
95Tajikistan9.1m
96Austria8.9m
97Serbia8.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
124Namibia3.08
125Zimbabwe3.15
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
76Nepal10.8
77Bhutan10.8
78Micronesia10.8
79Honduras11.0
80Turkmenistan11.0
81Maldives11.0
82Mongolia11.8
83Uzbekistan11.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
171Egypt0.5%
172Guatemala0.5%
173Cambodia0.5%
174Honduras0.4%
175Solomon Islands0.4%
176Papua New Guinea0.4%
177India0.4%
178Afghanistan0.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
82Russia7.9%
83Mali7.6%
84UK7.5%
85Honduras7.5%
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #honduras #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Honduras does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Honduras does better than average for its nominal commitment to Human Rights19, LGBT equality20, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties22. In 2017 Honduras finally moved to make child marriage illegal23. Honduras does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in opposing gender inequality24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 and in supporting press freedom26 (amongst the highest in The Americas). "Violent crime is rampant in Honduras... Journalists, environmental activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are among those most vulnerable to violence... Marred by corruption and abuse, the judiciary and police remain largely ineffective"23.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Honduras's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Honduras #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
113Panama96.5
114Chile96.5
115Kazakhstan97.9
116Honduras98.3
117Azerbaijan98.4
118Moldova98.6
119Serbia99.1
120Suriname99.3
121Bolivia100.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Honduras has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Honduras does better than average in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29, its alcohol consumption rate30 (one of the lowest in The Americas), its smoking rate31 (but bad for The Americas) and in its average life expectancy12 (but bad for The Americas). Honduras does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its fertility rate15 (one of the highest in The Americas), its immunizations take-up32 and in its adolescent birth rate24. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
66Israel3.8
67UAE3.8
68N. Korea3.9
69Honduras4.0
70Jamaica4.2
71Sri Lanka4.3
72Bahamas4.4
73Ecuador4.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
124Namibia3.08
125Zimbabwe3.15
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)31
Pos.Higher is worse31
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
84Pakistan 511
83Senegal 504
82Brazil 492
81Honduras 489
80Angola 489
79Nicaragua 488
78Ivory Coast 477
77Djibouti 476
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
59Cyprus59
60Guinea60
61Sierra Leone61
62Honduras62
63Lebanon63
64Lithuania64
65Cambodia65
66Georgia66
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
98Denmark55.4
99Jamaica55.5
100Mongolia55.6
101Honduras55.8
102Estonia55.8
103Guatemala55.9
104Ecuador56.0
105Bolivia56.1
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
129Laos64.1
130Honduras65.0
131El Salvador65.2
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
123Peru89.3
124Ireland89.2
125Sudan89.2
126Honduras88.8
127Kenya88.5
128Costa Rica88.5
129Colombia88.4
130Kiribati88.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Honduras's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
153Turkmenistan104.4
154Bangladesh104.4
155Tanzania105.3
156Honduras105.3
157Yemen105.7
158Iraq106.6
159Guyana107.6
160Liberia107.8
161Central African Rep.108.5
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
116Cape Verde0.0736
117Trinidad & Tobago0.0537
118Macau0.0538
119Honduras0.0439
120Guatemala0.0437
121Bahrain0.0438
122Colombia0.0438
123Iraq0.0336
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
133Gambia36.8%
134Nepal35.9%
135Kenya35.2%
136Honduras33.5%
137Haiti33.2%
138S. Sudan33.2%
139Swaziland32.6%
140Morocco32.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better
Years41
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
162Madagascar10.4
163Myanmar (Burma)10.3
164Solomon Islands10.2
165Honduras10.2
166Sierra Leone10.2
167Afghanistan10.1
168Papua New Guinea10.0
169Mozambique9.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
133Botswana133
134Suriname134
135Uruguay135
136Honduras136
137Papua New Guinea137
138Congo, DR138
139Ecuador139
140Syria140
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
95Dominican Rep.82
96Madagascar82
97Egypt81
98Honduras81
99Nicaragua81
100El Salvador80
101Guatemala79
102Sri Lanka79
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
147Libya21%
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)45
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio45
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
132Myanmar (Burma)0.0
133Morocco0.0
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.0
135Honduras0.0
136Syria0.0
137Nicaragua0.0
138Solomon Islands0.0
139Congo, (Brazzaville)0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
70Bolivia61.5
71Honduras61.75
72Italy63.5
73Botswana63.75
74Ghana63.75
75Spain64
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)47
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score47
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
128Guyana29.6
129Pakistan29.2
130Gambia29.0
131Honduras28.8
132Nepal28.6
133Azerbaijan28.6
134Madagascar28.4
135Lebanon28.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
69Hungary5.6
70Libya5.6
71Philippines5.5
72Honduras5.5
73Turkey5.5
74Belarus5.5
75Pakistan5.5
76Hong Kong5.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
117Panama117
118Colombia118
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
122Zimbabwe122
123Egypt123
124Burkina Faso124
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
61Qatar61
62USA62
63Congo, DR63
64Honduras64
65S. Korea65
66Benin66
67Lesotho67
68Panama68
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.42
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
85Mexico85
86Cambodia86
87Bangladesh87
88Honduras88
89Namibia89
90Uganda90
91Congo, DR91
92Pakistan92
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
119Oman119
120Egypt120
121Colombia121
122Honduras122
123Guinea123
124Congo, (Brazzaville)124
125Swaziland125
126Madagascar126
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)50
Pos.Lower is better
Score50
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
49Czechia0.87
50Denmark0.96
51Guinea0.97
52Honduras0.99
53Vietnam1.00
54Montenegro1.00
55Taiwan1.01
56Laos1.03
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
177N. Korea-38.7
178Niger-41.3
179Pakistan-41.7
180Honduras-43.6
181Mauritania-45.9
182Uganda-56.4
183Nigeria-59.4
184Togo-72.6
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
111Maldives52.1
112Moldova52.0
113Botswana51.7
114Honduras51.5
115Sudan51.5
116Oman51.3
117Zambia51.0
118Grenada50.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
83Georgia07.25
84Vietnam07.14
85Saudi Arabia07.04
86Honduras06.80
87Bulgaria06.54
88Qatar06.49
89Finland06.33
90Oman06.29
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
119Guatemala1995 Oct 08
120Uzbekistan1995 Oct 17
121Niger1995 Oct 23
122Honduras1995 Oct 29
123Israel1995 Nov 05
124Algeria1995 Nov 12
125Morocco1995 Nov 19
126Bhutan1995 Nov 23
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
41Thailand49.9%
42Italy49.6%
43Vietnam49.1%
44Honduras48.1%
45Iran47.9%
46Turkey47.4%
47Sudan46.9%
48Malaysia46.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)55
Pos.Higher is worse55
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
109Indonesia13.90
108Uzbekistan13.90
107Paraguay13.80
106Honduras13.30
105Mongolia13.10
104Nicaragua13.10
103Syria13.00
102Morocco13.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)56
Pos.Lower is better
%56
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
138Congo, (Brazzaville)48.9
139Colombia49.7
140Panama49.9
141Honduras50.5
142Guinea-Bissau50.7
143St Lucia51.2
144Swaziland51.5
145Botswana53.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)57
Pos.Lower is better
Severity57
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
45Nicaragua.074
46Swaziland.081
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
49Sao Tome & Principe.092
50Bolivia.094
51Laos.108
52Congo, (Brazzaville).112
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below59:

Christian87.6%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%60.

Links: