The Human Truth Foundation

Croatia (Republic of Croatia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#croatia #italy #serbia

Croatia
Republic of Croatia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index40th best
CapitalZagreb
Land Area 55 960km21
LocationEurope, The Mediterranean
Population4.2m2
Life Expectancy77.50yrs (2017)3
GNI$20 291 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesHR, HRV, 1915
Internet Domain.hr6
CurrencyKuna (HRK)7
Telephone+3858

1. Overview

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverCroatia´s rare blend of glamour and authenticity make it Europe´s `it´ destination, where beaches vie for attention with cultural treasures, ancient architecture and time-tested folk traditions. Croatia has been touted as the `new this´ and the `new that´ for years since its re-emergence on the tourism scene, but it´s now clear that it´s a unique destination that holds its own and then some: this is a country with a glorious 1778km-long coast and a staggering 1244 islands. The Adriatic coast is a knockout: its sapphire waters draw visitors to remote islands, hidden coves and traditional fishing villages, all while touting the glitzy beach and yacht scene. Istria captivates with its gastronomic delights and wines, and the bars, clubs and festivals of Zagreb, Zadar and Split remain little-explored gems. Eight national parks showcase primeval beauty with their forests, mountains, rivers, lakes and waterfalls. You can end your journey in dazzling, historic Dubrovnik in the south - just the right conclusion to any trip. Best of all, Croatia hasn´t given in to mass tourism: there are pockets of unique culture and plenty to discover off the grid.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Croatia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
42UAE42
43Hungary43
44Latvia44
45Croatia45
46Argentina45
47Bahrain47
48Montenegro48
49Russia49
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
56Equatorial Guinea$21 517
57Argentina$20 945
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
59Croatia$20 291
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
62Uruguay$19 148
63Gabon$19 044
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
36Latvia59.3
37Chile59.6
38Romania61.1
39Croatia61.3
40Lithuania63.3
41Greece64.1
42Bulgaria66.2
43Mauritius66.5
World Avg86.5
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Croatia's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Croatia's population is predicted to rise to 4.185 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.49. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
125Central African Rep.4.7m
126Mauritania4.4m
127Panama4.2m
128Croatia4.2m
129Kuwait4.1m
130Moldova4.1m
131Georgia4.0m
132Eritrea3.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
41Dominica77.85
42Panama77.76
43Poland77.62
44Croatia77.50
45Uruguay77.35
46UAE77.12
47Estonia77.01
48Mexico76.97
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
82Dominican Rep.2.51
83Lithuania1.49
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
38Gabon13.8%
39St Kitts & Nevis13.7%
40Seychelles13.6%
41Croatia13.4%
42UK13.4%
43Latvia13.2%
44Spain12.8%
45Iceland12.5%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
31Micronesia19.7%
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
34Croatia17.1%
35Liechtenstein17.1%
36Cyprus17.0%
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Croatia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Croatia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Croatia comes in the best 20 in terms of its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It does better than average for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20 (but bad for Europe), opposing gender inequality21, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (but bad for Europe), the year from which women could participate in democracy (but bad for Europe) and in supporting press freedom23 (but high for Europe). Croatia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice24, speed of uptake of HR treaties25 and in eliminating modern slavery26. Croatia has not been dealing with asylum seekers fairly, deporting some to Serbia without examining their cases27 and returning others to Italy, therefore forcing other countries to bear an unfair portion, and damaging the lives of those seeking asylum.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Croatia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Croatia #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
55Malta81.6
56Poland82.5
57Albania82.8
58Croatia82.9
59France82.9
60Vietnam83.0
61Czechia83.0
62Canada83.1
63Bosnia & Herzegovina83.1
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Croatia does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Croatia does better than average for its fertility rate15, its adolescent birth rate21, its average life expectancy12 and in its immunizations take-up30. Croatia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its alcohol consumption rate32 (still low for Europe) and in its smoking rate33. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in terms of its suicide rate34. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
41Dominica77.85
42Panama77.76
43Poland77.62
44Croatia77.50
45Uruguay77.35
46UAE77.12
47Estonia77.01
48Mexico76.97
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
129Vietnam8.4
130Ukraine8.6
131Netherlands8.7
132Croatia8.9
133Cameroon8.9
134Canada8.9
135Rwanda9.0
136Iceland9.1
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
82Dominican Rep.2.51
83Lithuania1.49
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
164Estonia1 775
163Hungary1 759
162Japan1 713
161Croatia1 709
160Cyprus1 688
159Serbia1 644
158Switzerland1 634
157Tunisia1 628
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)34
Pos.
Per 100k34
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
78Serbia38.1
79Finland39
80Belgium39.1
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
80Uruguay80
81Dominican Rep.81
82Zambia82
83Croatia83
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
136France59.5
137Belgium59.5
138Lithuania59.6
139Croatia59.6
140El Salvador59.9
141Dominica60.3
142Morocco60.4
143Ireland60.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
27Bosnia & Herzegovina8.6
28Saudi Arabia8.8
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
32Canada9.8
33Kuwait9.8
34Portugal9.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
48Rwanda96.1
49Sao Tome & Principe96.0
50Malaysia96.0
51Croatia95.9
52Nicaragua95.9
53Tunisia95.7
54Japan95.7
55Portugal95.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Croatia's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
36Russia37.1
37Slovakia38.9
38Turkey40.0
39Croatia40.0
40Ukraine41.9
41Bulgaria42.7
42Chile43.3
43S. Africa43.7
44Romania44.6
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
38Malta0.8938
39Greece0.8437
40India0.8239
41Croatia0.8138
42Kenya0.7940
43Ukraine0.7638
44Morocco0.7340
45S. Africa0.7341
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
20Moldova96.4%
21Germany96.3%
22Russia95.9%
23Croatia95.7%
24Azerbaijan95.6%
25USA95.6%
26Norway95.4%
27S. Korea95.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better
Years43
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
54Ukraine15.1
55Montenegro15.0
56Mauritius15.0
57Croatia15.0
58Ecuador14.9
59Bulgaria14.8
60Serbia14.8
61Iran14.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
30Romania30
31Cyprus31
32Ireland32
33Croatia33
34Israel34
35Barbados35
36Estonia36
37Luxembourg37
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
Score44
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
33Italy1456
34Luxembourg1450
35Iceland1443
36Croatia1426
37Lithuania1425
38Hungary1424
39Israel1416
40Argentina140645
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
53Lithuania91
54Cambodia91
55Albania90
56Croatia90
57Kyrgyzstan90
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
60Laos89
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
42Lithuania77%
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
45Croatia74%
46Hong Kong74%
47Cayman Islands74%
48Macau73%
49Israel73%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)49
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio49
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
74Iran0.1
75Zambia0.1
76Panama0.1
77Croatia0.1
78Costa Rica0.1
79Serbia0.1
80Liechtenstein0.0
81Cyprus0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
127Slovakia110.5
128Ecuador111
129Egypt112.25
130Croatia113
131Chad113.75
132Madagascar114
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)51
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score51
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
56Slovakia49.0
57Jordan48.6
58Bahrain48.4
59Croatia48.4
60Saudi Arabia47.4
61Cuba46.8
62Oman45.8
63Ghana45.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
79Greece5.4
80Tajikistan5.4
81Montenegro5.3
82Croatia5.3
83Dominican Rep.5.3
84Algeria5.3
85Morocco5.3
86China5.2
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
35New Zealand35
36Belize36
37Iceland37
38Croatia38
39Bulgaria39
40Marshall Islands40
41Malaysia41
42Namibia42
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
7Belgium7
8Norway8
9Finland9
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
143Belize143
144Haiti144
145Libya145
146Croatia146
147UAE147
148Central African Rep.148
149Bosnia & Herzegovina149
150Seychelles150
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
55Zambia55
56Lithuania56
57Ukraine57
58Croatia58
59Bangladesh59
60Seychelles60
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)54
Pos.Lower is better
Score54
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
4Equatorial Guinea0.00
5Cambodia0.00
6Portugal0.00
7Croatia0.00
8Benin0.00
9Mauritania0.00
10Slovenia0.00
11Costa Rica0.00
12Romania0.00
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
60Lebanon04.8
61Gabon04.5
62Ukraine04.1
63Croatia03.8
64Iraq03.3
65USA02.7
66Georgia02.6
67Austria02.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
38Turkmenistan66.1
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
47Brazil10.10
48Algeria10.00
49Macedonia10.00
50Croatia10.00
51France09.90
52Lebanon09.90
53Hungary09.80
54Latvia09.80
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
161Turkmenistan1996 Dec 17
162Laos1996 Dec 19
163Haiti1996 Dec 24
164Croatia1997 Jan 05
165Belgium1997 Feb 20
166Dominican Rep.1997 Feb 23
167Turkey1997 May 15
168Gabon1997 Jun 12
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)58
Pos.Higher is worse58
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
34Belarus4.40
33New Zealand4.30
32Poland4.30
31Croatia4.30
30Hungary4.20
29UK4.10
28Germany3.80
27France3.80
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)59
Pos.Lower is better
%59
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
27S. Korea31.6
28Germany31.7
29Egypt31.8
30Ireland31.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)60
Pos.Higher is better
%60
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
42Trinidad & Tobago9
43Albania8
44Dominican Rep.7
45Croatia7
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
49Italy6
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below61:

Christian93.4%
Muslim1.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 94.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (7%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 95.2% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 70% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)62.

Links: