Croatia (Republic of Croatia)

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Croatia
Republic of Croatia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index48th best
CapitalZagreb
Land Area1 55 960 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population24.387 million
Life Expectancy376.808yrs (2012)
GNI3$15 419
ISO3166-1 Codes4HR, HRV, 191
Internet Domain5.hr
Currency6Kuna (HRK)
Telephone7+385

1. Overview

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Croatia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
53Palau79.177.6
54Kuwait79.072.8
55Russia78.872.1
56Romania78.672.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
45USA67.6
46St Lucia67.3
47Brunei67.2
48Croatia67.2
49Greece67.1
50Albania66.6
51Mauritius66.6
52Bulgaria66.1
53Argentina66.0
54Cyprus65.9
55Serbia65.8
56Dominica65.7
57Malta65.4
58Chile65.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
45Albania77.1
46Maldives77.1
47Barbados77
48Croatia76.8
49UAE76.7
50Panama76.3
51Poland76.3
52Belize76.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
78Latvia1.5
79Czech Rep.1.5
80Spain1.5
81Croatia1.5
82Dominican Rep.2.5
83Lithuania1.5
84Kazakhstan2.5
85Ukraine1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
119Ireland4.579m66
120Central African Rep.4.576m7
121New Zealand4.461m17
122Croatia4.387m78
123Georgia4.304m62
124Lebanon4.292m420
125Palestine4.271m
Data Source

Croatia's population is predicted to fall to 4 185 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.49.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
54Senegal1945
55Togo1945
56Slovenia1945
57Croatia1945
58Liberia1946
59Guatemala1946
60Vietnam1946
61Venezuela1946
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
30Macedonia0.16
31New Zealand0.16
32Slovakia0.17
33Croatia0.18
34UK0.21
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Croatia is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
43Albania8%
44Cambodia7%
45Kyrgyzstan7%
46Croatia7%
47Dominican Rep.7%
48Italy6%
49Moldova6%
50Laos5%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
29Serbia54%
30USA65%
31Argentina66%
32Croatia70%
33Chile70%
34Singapore70%
35Montenegro71%
36Greece71%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian93.4%
Muslim1.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 94.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (7%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 95.2% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 70% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
42Croatia60.12
43Malaysia56.30
44Bahrain54.99
45Italy53.74
46Cyprus53.02
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
80Tunisia6.8
81Italy6.8
82Greece6.8
83Croatia6.8
84Thailand6.7
85S. Africa6.7
86Moldova6.7
87Paraguay6.7
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
51Thailand91
52Brunei91
53Chile90
54Croatia90
55Kyrgyzstan90
56Albania90
57Laos89
58Costa Rica89
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
13Peru23
14Austria22
15Denmark22
16Croatia22
17Italy22
18Belgium22
19Brazil21
20Bosnia & Herzegovina21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
60Sierra Leone99.3
61Mauritius99.3
62Serbia99.3
63Croatia99.3
64Central African Rep.99.3
65Tonga99.3
66Mauritania99.3
67Bosnia & Herzegovina99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
38Malta0.8912
39Greece0.8411
40India0.8213
41Croatia0.8112
42Kenya0.7914
43Ukraine0.7612
44Morocco0.7314
45Serbia0.7312
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
48Barbados$17 308
49Lithuania$16 858
50Hungary$16 088
51Croatia$15 419
52Argentina$15 347
53Chile$14 987
54Latvia$14 724
55Russia$14 461
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
59Nicaragua5.7
60Peru5.6
61Ghana5.6
62Croatia5.6
63Poland5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Estonia5.5
66Hong Kong5.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
31Denmark69.2
32Hungary69.1
33El Salvador69.1
34Croatia68.7
35Dominican Rep.68.4
36Lithuania68.3
37Nepal68.2
38Suriname68.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
31Suriname100
32Vietnam100
33New Zealand90
34Croatia90
35Switzerland90
36USA88
37Finland85
38Guam80
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/croatia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2017 Jan 03.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hr.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2010.^

© 2017 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.