The Human Truth Foundation

Bosnia & Herzegovina

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Bosnia_&_Herzegovina

Bosnia & Herzegovina
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index81st best
CapitalSarajevo
Land Area1 51 000 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean, The Balkans
Population23.744 million
Life Expectancy375.82yrs (2012)
GNI3$7 713
ISO3166-1 Codes4BA, BIH, 70
Internet Domain5.ba
Currency6Marka (BAM)
Telephone7+387

1. Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a policing capacity.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Bosnia & Herzegovina National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
78Ukraine74.070.0
79Macedonia74.072.6
80Mauritius73.764.1
81Bosnia & Herzegovina73.573.1
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
78Belarus58.9
79Kyrgyzstan58.8
80Philippines58.6
81Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
82Guyana57.9
83Georgia57.2
84S. Africa57.2
85Cuba57.2
86Palau56.7
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
91Libya55.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
53Grenada76.1
54Argentina76.1
55Syria76
56Bosnia & Herzegovina75.8
57Ecuador75.8
58Bahamas75.9
59Slovakia75.6
60Vietnam75.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
113Belize2.7
114Malta1.3
115Syria2.8
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1
117Paraguay2.9
118Hong Kong1.1
119Israel2.9
120Jordan2.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
125Palestine4.271m
126Liberia4.245m44
127Congo, (Brazzaville)4.233m12
128Bosnia & Herzegovina3.744m73
129Panama3.625m49
130Mauritania3.623m4
131Moldova3.519m107
Data Source

Bosnia & Herzegovina's population is predicted to fall to 3 473 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 1.13.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
77Suriname1948
78China1949
79Chile1949
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Haiti1950
84Barbados1950

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
47Costa Rica79%
48Turkmenistan80%
49Georgia81%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian52.3%
Muslim45.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 97.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 77% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
44Bahrain54.99
45Italy53.74
46Cyprus53.02
47Bosnia & Herzegovina52.00
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
127Slovakia110.5
128Ecuador111
129Egypt112.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
89Belize6.7
90Slovenia6.6
91Malawi6.6
92Bosnia & Herzegovina6.6
93Kyrgyzstan6.6
94Namibia6.6
95Vietnam6.5
96Colombia6.5
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
62Jordan1.90
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.93
69Guyana1.94
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
17Italy22
18Belgium22
19Brazil21
20Bosnia & Herzegovina21
21Bolivia21
22France21
23Montenegro21
24Senegal21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
64Central African Rep.99.3
65Tonga99.3
66Mauritania99.3
67Bosnia & Herzegovina99.3
68Guyana99.3
69Tanzania99.3
70Kenya99.3
71Zambia99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
74Tanzania0.3813
75Moldova0.3514
76Ecuador0.3415
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3314
78Iran0.3113
79Nepal0.3013
80Kuwait0.3014
81Pakistan0.2914
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
91Albania$7 822
92Turkmenistan$7 782
93Thailand$7 722
94Bosnia & Herzegovina$7 713
95Maldives$7 478
96Ecuador$7 471
97Algeria$7 418
98Suriname$7 327
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
103S. Africa4.7
104Bosnia & Herzegovina4.7
105Azerbaijan4.7
106Dominican Rep.4.7
107Tunisia4.7
108India4.6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
96Jordan56.1
97Bosnia & Herzegovina55.9
98Saudi Arabia55.3
99Eritrea54.6
100Swaziland54.4
101Ivory Coast54.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
71Cyprus25
72Guernsey25
73Bolivia25
74Bosnia & Herzegovina25
75Venezuela25
76Gabon20
77St Helena20
78Marshall Islands20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/bosnia_and_herzegovina.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bk.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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