The Human Truth Foundation

Bosnia & Herzegovina

http://www.humantruth.info/bosnia_and_herzegovina.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#bosnia_&_herzegovina

Bosnia & Herzegovina
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index63rd best
CapitalSarajevo
Land Area 51 000km21
LocationEurope, The Balkans, The Mediterranean
Population3.3m2
Life Expectancy75.30yrs (2017)3
GNI$15 242 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBA, BIH, 705
Internet Domain.ba6
CurrencyMarka (BAM)7
Telephone+3878

1. Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a policing capacity.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis craggily beautiful land retains scars from the 1990s civil war, but today visitors will remember Bosnia and Hercegovina for its spontaneous welcome and its intriguing cultural melange. The Bosnians described their country as a `heart-shaped land´ and looking at a map reveals that such a description is not too wide of the mark geographically. Over centuries this rugged domain at the centre of the Balkans has been the scene of intense commingling of peoples, traditions and cultures, a fact belied by the factional strife of the 1990s. Political tensions still linger after those fratricidal wars, but Bosnians of all stripes look to a brighter and better future. Major drawcards for travellers are the reincarnated antique centres of Sarajevo and Mostar, where rebuilt historical buildings counterpoint fashionable bars and cafes. Elsewhere Socialist-era architectural monstrosities are surprisingly rare blots on predominantly rural landscapes. Many Bosnian towns are lovably small, wrapped around medieval castles and surrounded by mountain ridges or cascading river canyons. Few places in Europe offer better rafting or such accessible, inexpensive skiing.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Bosnia & Herzegovina National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
...
71Antigua & Barbuda0.788
72Seychelles0.785
73Sri Lanka0.782
74Bosnia & Herzegovina0.780
75St Kitts & Nevis0.777
76Iran0.774
77Ukraine0.773
78Macedonia0.770
Europe Avg0.87
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
...
76Macedonia$15 918
77Maldives$15 448
78Libya$15 336
79Bosnia & Herzegovina$15 242
80Moldova$14 875
81Georgia$14 664
82Colombia$14 384
83Brazil$14 370
Europe Avg$40 512
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12
1Taiwan22.4
2Norway23.7
3Denmark24.6
...
60Trinidad & Tobago60.0
61China60.0
62Seychelles60.1
63Bosnia & Herzegovina60.1
64Armenia60.3
65Macedonia60.4
66Malaysia60.5
67Belarus60.6
Europe Avg44.8
World Avg67.3
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Bosnia & Herzegovina's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Bosnia & Herzegovina's population is predicted to rise to 3.473 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.13. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population2
Pos.2018
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
131Georgia4.0m
132Eritrea3.5m
133Uruguay3.4m
134Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m
135Mongolia3.2m
136Armenia3.0m
137Jamaica2.9m
138Albania2.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
56Turkey76.0
57Uruguay75.4
58Argentina75.4
59Bosnia & Herzegovina75.3
60Lebanon75.0
61Grenada74.9
62Slovakia74.9
63Malaysia74.9
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio
Lower is better
14
Pos.2016
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
163Sweden37.0
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
167S. Korea37.6
168Estonia37.9
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants15
Pos.2017
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
154Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%
155Guinea1.0%
156Iraq1.0%
157Mexico0.9%
158Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants16
Pos.2010
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
13Bosnia & Herzegovina38.9%
14Palau38.8%
15St Vincent & Grenadines37.7%
16Cape Verde37.6%
17Jamaica36.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Bosnia_&_Herzegovina #equality #freedom #gender_equality #human_rights #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17
1Sweden9.0
2Norway14.5
3Denmark14.5
...
54Serbia59.9
55Mongolia60.3
56Guatemala62.8
57Bosnia & Herzegovina63.2
58Georgia64.2
59Colombia64.3
Europe Avg51.4
World Avg87.9
q=199.
Bosnia & Herzegovina does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Bosnia & Herzegovina comes in the best 20 in its nominal commitment to Human Rights18. It does better than average in opposing gender inequality19 (but bad for Europe), LGBT equality20 (but bad for Europe), its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice21, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (but high for Europe), supporting press freedom23 (but bad for Europe) and in speed of uptake of HR treaties24. Bosnia & Herzegovina does not succeed in everything, however. Bosnia & Herzegovina does worse than average in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports25 (one of the worst in Europe) and in freethought26. Things aren't perfect, and the country made little progress by 201727 on issues raised by the ECtHR in 2009, with constitutional discrimination continuing against Jews, Roma and other minorities27. There is too much intimidation of journalists27 and LGBT folk face hate speech, harassment and some needless inequalities28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Bosnia & Herzegovina's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Bosnia_&_Herzegovina #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Europe (2020)29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29
1Monaco13.0
2Norway61.0
3Finland65.3
...
26Poland83.5
27Czechia83.6
28France83.8
29Bosnia & Herzegovina84.0
30Albania84.0
31Turkey84.5
32Estonia85.3
33Ireland87.4
34Lithuania92.4
Europe Avg82.5
q=46.
Health (2020)29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
62Poland83.5
63Czechia83.6
64France83.8
65Bosnia & Herzegovina84.0
66Albania84.0
67Turkey84.5
68Australia84.6
69Jordan84.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean30, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa30.

For more, see:

Health:

Bosnia & Herzegovina does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Bosnia & Herzegovina does the second-best in its fertility rate13. It does better than average when it comes to its adolescent birth rate19 and in its average life expectancy11 (but low for Europe). Bosnia & Herzegovina still has work to do. Bosnia & Herzegovina does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its alcohol consumption rate32 (still good for Europe) and in its immunizations take-up33. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its smoking rate34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years. Life expectancy in Bosnia and Herzegovina improved by +4.9yrs in the 30 years from 1990, less than the global average of +7.9yrs.

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
11
Pos.2021
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
56Turkey76.0
57Uruguay75.4
58Argentina75.4
59Bosnia & Herzegovina75.3
60Lebanon75.0
61Grenada74.9
62Slovakia74.9
63Malaysia74.9
Europe Avg78.36
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
32
Pos.2016
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
99Mexico6.5
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
Europe Avg10.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
13
Pos.201313
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
Europe Avg1.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates
Lower is better
34
Pos.201434
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
170Azerbaijan2 114
171Kazakhstan2 157
172Czechia2 194
173Bosnia & Herzegovina2 233
174China2 250
175Luxembourg2 284
176Belgium2 353
177Slovenia2 637
Europe Avg1 648
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
92Tunisia92
93Bahrain93
94Philippines94
95Bosnia & Herzegovina95
96Namibia96
97Guyana97
98Colombia98
99Vietnam99
Europe Avg47.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults
Lower is better35
Pos.2016
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
82St Kitts & Nevis52.3
83Barbados52.4
84Papua New Guinea52.9
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
87Kazakhstan53.6
88Azerbaijan53.6
89S. Africa53.8
Europe Avg58.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
19
Pos.2015
Per 100019
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
24Oman8.1
25Belgium8.2
26Spain8.4
27Bosnia & Herzegovina8.6
28Saudi Arabia8.8
29France8.9
30Croatia9.5
31Israel9.7
Europe Avg14.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
33
Pos.2015
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
130Kiribati88.4
131Netherlands88.1
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
134Sierra Leone87.7
135Suriname87.2
136Ecuador86.8
137Cambodia86.5
Europe Avg92.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Bosnia & Herzegovina's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #religion #religiosity #research #science #secularisation #technology #the_internet

Compared to Europe (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.4
2Switzerland15.1
3Estonia15.8
...
37Moldova56.3
38Serbia56.4
39Kosovo57.0
40Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
41Monaco64.5
42Georgia65.1
43Montenegro66.0
44Armenia70.0
45Azerbaijan70.1
Europe Avg41.2
q=49.
Modernity & Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
...
58St Kitts & Nevis56.7
59Kosovo57.0
60Puerto Rico57.5
61Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
62Palau59.3
63Mexico59.8
64Saudi Arabia60.4
65Uzbekistan61.7
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research & Development
Higher is better
Pos.2016
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
74Ghana0.3838
75Moldova0.3539
76Ecuador0.3440
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3339
78Iran0.3138
79Nepal0.3038
80Kuwait0.3039
81Pakistan0.2939
Europe Avg1.32
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education
Higher is better
41
Pos.201841
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
54Jordan84.0%
55France83.5%
56Sri Lanka82.8%
57Bosnia & Herzegovina81.2%
58Malaysia80.8%
59Cyprus80.3%
60Singapore79.6%
61Italy79.6%
Europe Avg88.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling
Higher is better
42
Pos.2021
Years42
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
...
86Brunei14.0
87Seychelles13.9
88Bulgaria13.9
89Bosnia & Herzegovina13.8
90Egypt13.8
91Indonesia13.7
92Swaziland13.7
93S. Africa13.6
Europe Avg16.1
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
13Latvia13
14Bulgaria14
15Iceland15
16Bosnia & Herzegovina16
17Sweden17
18Lithuania18
19Macedonia19
20Australia20
Europe Avg31.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity
Lower is better
43
Pos.2018
%43
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
49Georgia51
50Armenia53
51USA53
52Bosnia & Herzegovina54
53Greece56
54Paraguay56
55Lebanon57
56Panama61
Europe Avg25.8
World Avg54.3
q=106.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users
Higher is better
44
Pos.201644
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
73Albania63%
74Palestine63%
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
Europe Avg76.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake
Higher is better
45
Pos.2017
Ratio45
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
37Poland3.6
38Thailand3.3
39Denmark3.1
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
43Israel1.8
44Italy1.7
Europe Avg8.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index
Higher is better
46
Pos.2022
%46
1Indonesia68.0
2Kenya61.0
3USA59.0
...
37Austria45.0
38Sri Lanka44.0
39Ethiopia44.0
40Bosnia & Herzegovina44.0
41Paraguay44.0
42Dominican Rep.44.0
43Kyrgyzstan44.0
44Mexico44.0
Europe Avg39.0
World Avg39.6
q=125.
Corruption
Higher is better
47
Pos.2022
Points47
1Denmark90.0
2Finland87.0
3New Zealand87.0
...
111Sierra Leone34.0
112Malawi34.0
113Indonesia34.0
114Bosnia & Herzegovina34.0
115Nepal34.0
116Ukraine33.0
117Mongolia33.0
118El Salvador33.0
Europe Avg57.61
World Avg42.98
q=180.
Happiness
Higher is better
48
Pos.2018
Score48
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
90Jordan5.2
91Nigeria5.2
92Kyrgyzstan5.1
93Bosnia & Herzegovina5.1
94Mongolia5.1
95Vietnam5.1
96Indonesia5.1
97Bhutan5.1
Europe Avg6.06
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity & Culture
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
66Lebanon66
67USA67
68Guyana68
69Bosnia & Herzegovina69
70Tonga70
71Trinidad & Tobago71
72Botswana72
73Dominica73
Europe Avg35.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid & Development
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
42Malta42
43Morocco43
44Fiji44
45Bosnia & Herzegovina45
46Poland46
47Japan47
48Armenia48
49UAE49
Europe Avg42.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index
Lower is better
49
Pos.2023
Score49
1Iceland1.12
2Denmark1.31
3Ireland1.31
...
58Chile1.87
59Gambia1.89
60Greece1.89
61Bosnia & Herzegovina1.89
62Jordan1.90
63Zambia1.90
64Cyprus1.90
65Serbia1.92
Europe Avg1.70
World Avg2.07
q=163.
Peacekeeping & Security
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
146Croatia146
147UAE147
148Central African Rep.148
149Bosnia & Herzegovina149
150Seychelles150
151Sierra Leone151
152Afghanistan152
153Lebanon153
Europe Avg84.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees & UN Treaties
Lower is better
31
Pos.2017
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
32Bulgaria32
33S. Korea33
34Mauritius34
35Bosnia & Herzegovina35
36Romania36
37Uruguay37
38Liberia38
39Turkey39
Europe Avg37.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism
Lower is better
50
Pos.2019
Score50
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
60Guatemala1.33
61Georgia1.34
62Papua New Guinea1.36
63Bosnia & Herzegovina1.39
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
Europe Avg1.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015
Higher is better
51
Pos.2015
%51
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
105Guyana-00.8
106Malaysia-00.8
107Armenia-00.9
108Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.5
109Congo, (Brazzaville)-01.7
110Central African Rep.-01.7
111Albania-02.2
112Sierra Leone-02.4
Europe Avg+15.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance
Higher is better
52
Pos.201852
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
155Sierra Leone42.5
156Gambia42.4
157Congo, (Brazzaville)42.4
158Bosnia & Herzegovina41.8
159Togo41.8
160Liberia41.6
161Cameroon40.8
162Swaziland40.3
Europe Avg69.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency
Higher is better53
Pos.201453
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
105Tanzania04.81
106Kyrgyzstan04.78
107Benin04.69
108Bosnia & Herzegovina04.52
109Russia04.52
110S. Africa04.48
111Bahrain04.10
112Ukraine03.28
Europe Avg09.80
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Earlier is better
Pos.0
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
182Saudi Arabia2002 Jan 01
183Serbia2002 May 30
184Kuwait2002 Oct 31
185Bosnia & Herzegovina2002 Nov 24
186Afghanistan2002 Dec 18
187Tuvalu2003 Mar 20
188Thailand2004 Jan 29
189Montenegro2006 Jun 03
Europe Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment
Higher is better54
Pos.2011
%54
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
51Slovenia45.1%
52Spain44.8%
53Tanzania44.2%
54Bosnia & Herzegovina44.0%
55Congo, (Brazzaville)44.0%
56Yemen43.2%
57Sri Lanka43.1%
58Djibouti42.8%
Europe Avg33.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy
Lower is better55
Pos.201955
1Iceland2.40
2Singapore2.50
3Hong Kong2.50
...
38Slovakia5.00
39Cuba5.10
40UAE5.20
41Bosnia & Herzegovina5.40
42Latvia5.40
43Lithuania5.50
44Bahrain5.50
45Qatar5.70
Europe Avg4.86
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
Lower is better56
Pos.2017
%56
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
40Nepal32.8
41Tunisia32.8
42Mali33.0
43Bosnia & Herzegovina33.0
44UK33.2
45Pakistan33.5
46Armenia33.6
47Palestine33.7
Europe Avg31.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty
Lower is better57
Pos.2018
Severity57
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
16Libya.007
17Algeria.008
18Kyrgyzstan.008
19Bosnia & Herzegovina.008
20Barbados.009
21Macedonia.010
22Guyana.014
23Dominican Rep..015
Europe Avg.004
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religiosity #secularisation

Religiosity (2018)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1China3
2Estonia6
3Czechia7
...
49Georgia51
50Armenia53
51USA53
52Bosnia & Herzegovina54
53Greece56
54Paraguay56
55Lebanon57
56Panama61
57Venezuela67
58Turkey68
59Bolivia71
60Botswana71
61Brazil72
62Egypt72
63Algeria73
64Peru73
World Avg54.3
q=106.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian52.3%
Muslim45.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jewish0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 97.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 54% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%59.

Links:

There isn't much information in the database for Bosnia & Herzegovina, most likely because it is either a part of another country (i.e., a territory or possession) and therefore most international statistics are counted for the country as a whole, or, this is such an exotic place that little data exists about it.