The Human Truth Foundation

Belize

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Belize
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index106th best
CapitalBelmopan
Land Area 22 810km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population0.4m2
Life Expectancy70.08yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 375 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBZ, BLZ, 845
Internet Domain.bz6
CurrencyDollar (BZD)7
Telephone+5018

1. Overview

#germany #guatemala #hong_kong #spain #UK

Belize was the site of several Mayan city states until their decline at the end of the first millennium A.D. The British and Spanish disputed the region in the 17th and 18th centuries; it formally became the colony of British Honduras in 1854. Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992 and the two countries are involved in an ongoing border dispute. Guatemala and Belize plan to hold a simultaneous referendum, set for 6 October 2013, to determine if this dispute will go before the International Court of Justice at The Hague. Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy. Current concerns include the country's heavy foreign debt burden, high unemployment, growing involvement in the Mexican and South American drug trade, high crime rates, and one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Central America.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith one foot planted in the Central American jungles and the other dipped in the Caribbean Sea, Belize combines the best of both worlds. Sitting smack dab between Spanish-speaking Central America and the Caribbean (geographically and culturally), Central America´s youngest nation definitely dances to its own beat. Belize´s 240 miles of coastline and uncountable islands offer amazing swimming and beachcombing, and its barrier reef (the northern hemisphere´s largest) is a diver´s paradise. Belize´s jungles are dotted with ancient structures built in the days when Belize was but a small part of the greater Maya kingdom, offering much for the intrepid to explore. Culturally, Belize is surprisingly diverse. Though officially an English-speaking nation, expect to hear Spanish, Kriol, Garifuna and Maya, with perhaps a bit of Cantonese and Mennonite German thrown in for good measure. Though among the pricier destinations in Central America, for cuisine, diversity and culture, Belize still offers more than enough bang for your buck to make it worth the trip.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Belize National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
102Libya102
103Belize103
104Samoa104
105Maldives105
106Uzbekistan105
107Moldova107
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
103Lebanon89.6
104Ghana90.1
105Bahrain90.2
106Belize91.7
107Tajikistan91.9
108Nepal91.9
109St Lucia91.9
110Andorra92.3
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Belize's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Belize's population is predicted to rise to 438 824 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.70. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
169Malta0.4m
170Brunei0.4m
171Bahamas0.4m
172Belize0.4m
173Iceland0.3m
174Vanuatu0.3m
175Barbados0.3m
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
53Jordan08.0
54Laos08.1
55Timor-Leste (E. Timor)08.2
56Belize08.3
57Gabon08.5
58Pakistan08.6
59Bahrain08.7
60Syria09.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
27Equatorial Guinea17.5%
28Ireland16.9%
29Cyprus16.0%
30Belize16.0%
31San Marino15.7%
32Bahamas15.6%
33Maldives15.4%
34USA15.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
36Cyprus17.0%
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
39Belize16.1%
40Azerbaijan16.0%
41Bulgaria16.0%
42Lebanon15.6%
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Belize's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
101Nepal92.9
102Barbados93.6
103Uganda95.0
104Belize95.2
105Lesotho95.9
106Lebanon97.0
107Maldives98.2
108Jordan98.8
109Guyana99.3
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
87Seychelles16
88Tajikistan16
89Ghana16
90Belize16
91Monaco16
92Latvia16
93Yemen16
94Congo, DR16
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
71Eritrea8.66
72Paraguay8.78
73Burkina Faso8.78
74Belize8.88
75Yemen8.88
76Japan9.16
77Bosnia & Herzegovina9.17
78India9.18
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
135Gabon135
136Togo136
137Bangladesh137
138Belize138
139Congo, (Brazzaville)139
140Nigeria140
141China141
142Ethiopia142
World Avg79.7
q=159.

Gender Equality:

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Belize and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Belize has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
78Bahamas0.36
79Thailand0.37
80Myanmar (Burma)0.37
81Belize0.38
82Mauritius0.38
83Lebanon0.38
84Rwanda0.38
85El Salvador0.38
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
102Nicaragua1955
103Ethiopia1955
104Peru1955
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)25
Pos.Higher is better
Score25
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
99Vanuatu15
100Congo, DR15
101Lesotho15
102Belize15
103Belarus15
104Kyrgyzstan15
105Jordan12
106China12
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Belize's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)26,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
143Senegal107.5
144Zimbabwe107.6
145Mauritania107.8
146Belize107.9
147Tanzania107.9
148Samoa108.3
149Ukraine108.6
150Zambia108.8
151Belarus109.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe26, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia26.

Health:

Belize has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Belize does better than average in its suicide rate27, its immunizations take-up28 and in its smoking rate29 (but high for The Americas). Belize does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate30, its fertility rate15, its average life expectancy12 (one of the lowest in The Americas) and in its adolescent birth rate24. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 (amongst the highest in The Americas). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
117Fiji70.15
118Belize70.08
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
99Mexico6.5
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
103Sao Tome & Principe6.8
104Dominican Rep.6.9
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
106Niue7.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
113Belize2.70
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
74Costa Rica 432
73Sudan 428
72Swaziland 427
71Belize 400
70S. Sudan 398
69Yemen 388
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
67Colombia 359
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)27
Pos.
Per 100k27
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
19St Vincent & Grenadines7.3
20Guatemala7.3
21Barbados7.3
22Belize7.3
23Bahrain7.5
24Albania8
25Mexico8.5
26Israel8.5
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
155Bahamas155
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
159Algeria159
160Senegal160
161Mauritania161
162St Vincent & Grenadines162
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
93Armenia54.4
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
96St Vincent & Grenadines55.0
97Solomon Islands55.0
98Denmark55.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
130Honduras65.0
131El Salvador65.2
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %28
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
67Grenada95.2
68Slovenia95.2
69Macedonia95.2
70Belize95.1
71Algeria95.0
72Tuvalu94.9
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Belize's Modernity and Learning

#education #it_security #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)33
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank33
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
94Lebanon71.9
95Mauritius72.0
96Venezuela72.3
97Belize72.7
98Brunei73.0
99Philippines74.1
100Palestine74.8
101Uganda75.3
102Sri Lanka76.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
62Hong Kong79.4%
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
65Belize78.6%
66Malta78.2%
67Fiji76.9%
68S. Africa76.5%
69Spain75.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)35
Pos.Higher is better
Years35
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
92Andorra13.3
93Armenia13.2
94Jamaica13.1
95Belize13.1
96Egypt13.1
97Morocco13.1
98Dominica13.0
99Trinidad & Tobago13.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
109Brazil109
110Nicaragua110
111Togo111
112Belize112
113Algeria113
114Bahamas114
115Bahrain115
116Kazakhstan116
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
108Panama45%
109Mexico45%
110Kenya45%
111Belize45%
112Ukraine44%
113Philippines44%
114Jamaica43%
115Ecuador43%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
6Israel0.20
7Colombia0.22
8S. Africa0.22
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)38
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio38
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
159Bahrain0.0
160Palau0.0
161Equatorial Guinea0.0
162Belize0.0
163Suriname0.0
164Grenada0.0
165Gabon0.0
166Lebanon0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #happiness #morals

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
39
Pos.Lower is better39
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
85Belize70
86Nicaragua73.5
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Happiness (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
46Thailand6.1
47Italy6.0
48Ecuador6.0
49Belize6.0
50Lithuania6.0
51Slovenia5.9
52Romania5.9
53Latvia5.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
33Serbia33
34S. Korea34
35New Zealand35
36Belize36
37Iceland37
38Croatia38
39Bulgaria39
40Marshall Islands40
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
138Cambodia138
139Antigua & Barbuda139
140Afghanistan140
141Belize141
142Slovakia142
143Tanzania143
144St Vincent & Grenadines144
145Samoa145
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
140Kuwait140
141Saudi Arabia141
142St Vincent & Grenadines142
143Belize143
144Haiti144
145Libya145
146Croatia146
147UAE147
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
110Kazakhstan110
111Jordan111
112Libya112
113Belize113
114Morocco114
115Iraq115
116Dominica116
117Saudi Arabia117
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)41
Pos.Higher is better
%41
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
146Bolivia-12.8
147Dominica-13.3
148Liberia-15.2
149Belize-15.5
150Equatorial Guinea-15.7
151Haiti-16.4
152Tanzania-17.6
153Ethiopia-17.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
78Jamaica58.6
79Namibia58.5
80Iran58.2
81Belize57.8
82Philippines57.7
83Mongolia57.5
84Serbia57.5
85Chile57.5
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
40Portugal1994 Mar 21
41Germany1994 Mar 21
42Denmark1994 Mar 21
43Belize1994 Mar 30
44Albania1994 Apr 05
45Malawi1994 May 03
46Samoa1994 May 10
47India1994 May 19
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)43
Pos.Higher is better
%43
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
35Chad52.8%
36Kenya52.1%
37Central African Rep.51.9%
38Belize50.6%
39Burkina Faso50.5%
40Dominican Rep.50.2%
41Thailand49.9%
42Italy49.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)44
Pos.Higher is worse44
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
91Kyrgyzstan11.30
90St Vincent & Grenadines11.30
89Grenada11.20
88Belize11.10
87Brazil10.90
86Peru10.80
85Colombia10.70
84Jordan10.60
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)45
Pos.Lower is better
Severity45
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
23Dominican Rep..015
24China.016
25Brazil.01646
26Belize.017
27Ecuador.018
28Jamaica.018
29Paraguay.019
30Vietnam.019
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below47:

Christian87.6%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.5%
Folk Religion1.5%
Jew1%
Unaffiliated8.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 39.3%, Pentacostal 8.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.3%, Anglican 4.5%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.5%, Methodist 2.8%, Nazarene 2.8%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.6%, other 9.9% (includes Bahai Faith, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Mormon), other (unknown) 3.1%, none 15.2% (2010 census)48.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)49, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Belize states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. There is no state religion; however, the preamble to the constitution states, "The nation of Belize shall be founded upon principles which acknowledge the supremacy of God." An amendment to the constitution expanded the appointed Senate to 12 persons, one of whom is appointed by the governor general acting in accordance with the advice of the Belize Council of Churches and the Evangelical Association of Churches. The membership of these organizations includes several Christian denominations, among them Anglican, Catholic, Methodist, Presbyterian, Salvation Army, Chinese Christian Mission, Chinese Christian Church, and Seventh-day Adventist.

The constitution stipulates that religious communities may establish "places of education" and states that "no such community shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for persons of that community." Although there is no state religion, the educational system maintains by statute a strong religious curriculum. The curriculum ties "spirituality" with social studies courses.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)50

Links: