The Human Truth Foundation

Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #morals #paraguay #research #science #the_environment

Paraguay
Republic of Paraguay
StatusIndependent State
CapitalAsuncion
Land Area 397 300km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population6.7m (2011)2
Life Expectancy73.00yrs (2017)3
GNI$8 182 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPY, PRY, 6005
Internet Domain.py6
CurrencyGuarani (PYG)7
Telephone+5958

1. Overview

#paraguay #venezuela

Paraguay achieved its independence from Spain in 1811. In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all its adult males and much of its territory. The country stagnated economically for the next half century. Following the Chaco War of 1932-35 with Bolivia, Paraguay gained a large part of the Chaco lowland region. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since the country's return to democracy.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLittle-visited and little-known, landlocked Paraguay is a country surrounded by South America´s `big boys´, but there´s a warm welcome and much to experience here. Paraguay is a country much misunderstood. Despite its location at the heart of the continent, it is all too often passed over by travelers who wrongly assume that a lack of `mega-attractions´ means there´s nothing to see. Instead, it´s ideal for those keen to get off the gringo trail for a truly authentic South American experience.

Paraguay is a country of remarkable contrasts: it is rustic and sophisticated, extremely poor and obscenely wealthy; it boasts exotic natural reserves and massive human-made dams; it is a place where horses and carts pull up beside luxury automobiles, artisans´ workshops abut glitzy shopping centers, and Jesuit ruins in rural villages lie just kilometers from sophisticated colonial towns. The steamy subtropical Atlantic Forest of the east is a stark contrast to the dry, spiny wilderness of the Chaco, location of the isolated Mennonite colonies.

While Paraguayans are more used to visits from their bordering neighbors, they are relaxed, kind and welcoming to anyone.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

Along with 11 others, Paraguay signed the Lima Declaration in 2017, condemning "the assault on democratic order and the systematic violation of human rights in Venezuela"11.

2. Paraguay National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)12
Pos.Lower is better
Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
107Moldova107
108Botswana108
109Gabon109
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
114Palestine114
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13
Pos.Higher is better
Points13
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
116Djibouti51.5
117Kosovo51.5
118Bahrain51.5
119Paraguay51.4
120Guyana51.4
121Senegal51.2
122Antigua & Barbuda51.2
123Namibia51.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #Paraguay #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
90Nicaragua13.1
91Paraguay13.2
92Iran13.4
93Samoa13.7
94Algeria14.0
95Malaysia14.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
78Ecuador8.3%
79Poland8.3%
80Afghanistan8.1%
81Paraguay7.9%
82Russia7.9%
83Mali7.6%
84UK7.5%
85Honduras7.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
114Malta1.28
115Syria2.81
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.13
117Paraguay2.87
118Hong Kong1.12
119Israel2.91
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
109Marshall Islands2.7%
110Trinidad & Tobago2.6%
111Benin2.5%
112Paraguay2.5%
113Slovakia2.4%
114Micronesia2.4%
115Uruguay2.4%
116Cape Verde2.4%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)17
Pos.Higher is better
Years17
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
102Palau72.87
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)18
Pos.
Population18
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
99Hong Kong7.2m
100Papua New Guinea7.2m
101Tajikistan7.1m
102Paraguay6.7m
103Libya6.5m
104Jordan6.5m
105Laos6.4m
106Togo6.3m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Paraguay's population is predicted to rise to 8.67 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.87. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #germany #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #mass_media #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #Paraguay #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #slavery #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)19
Pos.Lower is better
%19
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
57Nicaragua34
58Romania35
59Cameroon35
60Paraguay35
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
63Guatemala36
64France37
World Avg36.8
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews20,21,22,23. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East24, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews25,26. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"27. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males28.

Corruption (2012-2016)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score29
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
143Cameroon26.2
144Uganda26.2
145Kyrgyzstan26.2
146Paraguay26.0
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
149Papua New Guinea25.6
150Laos25.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain30. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland29 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan29.

Global Peace Index (2012)31
Pos.Lower is better31
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"31. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark31 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan31.

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)32
Pos.Higher is better
Score32
1UK9
2France9
3Germany9
...
33Gambia2
34Liechtenstein2
35Chile2
36Paraguay1
37Costa Rica1
38Norway1
39Panama1
40Ukraine0
World Avg-1.9
q=123.

Human Rights Watch comments concentrate mostly on negative issues, however, they also make positive comments for those countries that engage in human rights defence around the world, or who make improvements at home. By adding up positive and negative comments (including double-points for negatives that involve large scales and crimes against humanity), the Social and Moral Index turns HRW commentary into quantified values. Some countries may be unfairly penalized because HRW have not examined them, and, some countries "get away" with abuses if they manage to hide it, or if it goes unnoticed - a negative point has been given for those countries in which HRW specifically state that access to investigators has been barred. The points were limited to a minimum of -10 because there are some points at which things are so bad, with abuses affecting so many, it is difficult to be more specific about the depths of the issues.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)33
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties33
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
7Peru23
8Spain23
9Slovenia23
10Paraguay23
11Serbia23
12Sweden23
13Uruguay23
14Italy22
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
74S. Africa74
75Papua New Guinea74
76Nicaragua76
77Paraguay77
78Mexico77
79Trinidad & Tobago79
80Bhutan79
81Benin79
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)35

Press Freedom (2013)36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
87Madagascar2862
88Gabon2869
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
93Northern Cyprus2934
94Guatemala2939
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)37
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims37
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
14Luxembourg0.15
15Qatar0.15
16Denmark0.16
17Paraguay0.16
18Sweden0.16
19Ireland0.17
20Lebanon0.17
21UAE0.17
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory38. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends39. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life40. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves41.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery42. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity43. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.44. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi37, Eritrea37, Indonesia45) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery46.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #Paraguay #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
101Honduras0.46
102Venezuela0.46
103Nicaragua0.46
104Paraguay0.46
105Indonesia0.47
106Laos0.47
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote48
Pos.Lower is better
Year48
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
130Mauritania1961
131Burundi1961
132Malawi1961
133Paraguay1961
134Sierra Leone1961
135Zambia1962
136Uganda1962
137Monaco1962
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

Paraguay is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #Paraguay #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
27Netherlands27
28Mongolia28
29Rwanda29
30Paraguay30
31Jordan31
32India32
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
79Algeria79
80Ecuador80
81Kuwait81
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
85Tanzania85
86Jamaica86
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)31
Pos.Lower is better31
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"31. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark31 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan31.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)50
Pos.Lower is better
Score50
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
86Nicaragua2.95
87Jordan3.09
88Italy3.11
89Paraguay3.12
90Bahrain3.20
91Tanzania3.27
92Spain3.35
93Bolivia3.39
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)51
Pos.Lower is better
%51
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
74Kuwait91
75UAE91
76Pakistan92
77Paraguay92
78Saudi Arabia93
79Sudan93
80Tunisia93
81Uganda93
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)52
Pos.Higher is better
%52
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
72Indonesia2
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Paraguay's constitution states that "the State is independent of religion"53, which gives the country a better chance at treating religious communities fairly and without discrimination.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below54:

Christian96.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)55.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #Paraguay #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
100Iran49%
101Tunisia48%
102Moldova48%
103Paraguay47%
104Fiji47%
105Tonga47%
106Nigeria46%
107Jordan46%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)57
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio57
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
82Philippines0.0
83Macedonia0.0
84Pakistan0.0
85Paraguay0.0
86Chile0.0
87US Virgin Islands0.0
88Mauritius0.0
89Botswana0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #Paraguay #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Paraguay has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Paraguay comes in the best 20 for its suicide rate58. It does better than average in its smoking rate59, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance49 and in the prevalence of overweight adults60. Paraguay does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate61, its adolescent birth rate47 and in its immunizations take-up62. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in number of organ donors63. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)61
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita61
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
106Niue7.0
107China7.2
108Paraguay7.2
109Mongolia7.4
110Albania7.5
111Burundi7.5
112Italy7.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking64 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink65 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies66 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"67. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"68. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)63
Pos.Higher is better
pmp63
1Spain46.9069
2Portugal34.0169
3Belgium33.6269
...
56Saudi Arabia3.33
57Romania3.25
58Lebanon2.88
59Paraguay1.62
60Peru1.61
61Trinidad & Tobago1.47
62Dominican Rep.1.40
63Malaysia1.10
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
66Georgia66
67Belarus67
68Brunei68
69Paraguay69
70Latvia70
71Liberia71
72Kazakhstan72
73Egypt73
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)60
Pos.Lower is better
%60
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
83Barbados52.4
84Papua New Guinea52.9
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
87Kazakhstan53.6
88Azerbaijan53.6
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese70. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up71. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight71 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year72 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"73. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes74. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar75.

Smoking Rates (2014)59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
34Chad 156
35Zambia 165
36Gambia 166
37Paraguay 166
38Nigeria 173
39Guinea-Bissau 175
40Central African Rep. 178
41Cameroon 184
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)58
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k58
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
15Venezuela6.5
16Malta6.9
17Greece7
18Paraguay7.1
19St Vincent & Grenadines7.3
20Guatemala7.3
21Barbados7.3
22Belize7.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.

10. Children's Health

#health #Paraguay #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)47
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100047
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
121Ethiopia58.4
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
124Azerbaijan59.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)62
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %62
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
129Colombia88.4
130Kiribati88.4
131Netherlands88.1
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
134Sierra Leone87.7
135Suriname87.2
136Ecuador86.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
76
Pos.Lower is better76
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
152Sierra Leone152
153Cambodia153
154Zambia154
155Paraguay155
156Tanzania156
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Algeria138
139Azerbaijan139
140Paraguay140
141Sri Lanka141
142Malawi142
143Benin143
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
27Netherlands27
28Mongolia28
29Rwanda29
30Paraguay30
31Jordan31
32India32
33New Zealand33
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
79Algeria79
80Ecuador80
81Kuwait81
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
85Tanzania85
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)49
Pos.Lower is better
Rank49
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
151Suriname151
152Gabon152
153Iraq153
154Paraguay154
155Grenada155
156Venezuela156
157Bahrain157
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2977
2Israel4.1177
3Japan3.5877
...
108Philippines0.1178
109Myanmar (Burma)0.1179
110Peru0.1080
111Paraguay0.0981
112Congo, DR0.0882
113Indonesia0.0883
114Saudi Arabia0.0782
115Algeria0.0780
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)84
Pos.Higher is better84
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
53Malaysia5.8
54Bolivia5.8
55Vietnam5.8
56Paraguay5.8
57Turkmenistan5.8
58Nicaragua5.7
59Jordan5.7
60Poland5.6
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)17
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $17
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
110Jamaica$8 350
111Fiji$8 245
112Armenia$8 189
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)85
Pos.Higher is better85
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
102Samoa54.5
103Suriname54.2
104Sao Tome & Principe54.0
105Paraguay53.9
106El Salvador53.9
107Fiji53.1
108Turkey53.0
109Ukraine52.9
q=180.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)19
Pos.Lower is better
%19
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
57Nicaragua34
58Romania35
59Cameroon35
60Paraguay35
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
63Guatemala36
64France37
q=101.
LGBT Equality (2017)86
Pos.Higher is better
Score86
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
79Vietnam25
80Nepal25
81Cuba25
82Paraguay20
83Philippines20
84Central African Rep.20
85Sao Tome & Principe20
86Palau20
q=196.
IQ (2006)87
Pos.Higher is better87
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
81Iran84
82Pakistan84
83Panama84
84Paraguay84
85Morocco84
86Saudi Arabia84
87Algeria83
88Libya83
q=138.