The Human Truth Foundation

Senegal (Republic of Senegal)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Senegal

Senegal
Republic of Senegal
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index164th best
CapitalDakar
Land Area1 192 530 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 13.11 million
Life Expectancy359.632yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 653
ISO3166-1 Codes4SN, SEN, 686
Internet Domain5.sn
Currency6Franc (XOF)
Telephone7+221

1. Overview

The French colonies of Senegal and the French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted their independence as the Mali Federation in 1960. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s, and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. Senegal was ruled by a Socialist Party for 40 years until Abdoulaye WADE was elected president in 2000. He was reelected in 2007 and during his two terms amended Senegal's constitution over a dozen times to increase executive power and to weaken the opposition. His decision to run for a third presidential term sparked a large public backlash that led to his defeat in a March 2012 runoff election with Macky SALL.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Senegal National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
151Madagascar48.345.4
152Tanzania47.639.2
153Nigeria47.145.4
154Senegal47.038.5
155Mauritania46.738.6
156Papua New Guinea46.639.2
157Nepal46.335.9
158Lesotho46.144.0
159Togo45.938.9
160Yemen45.841.7
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
161Nigeria43.0
162Djibouti42.9
163Eritrea42.5
164Senegal42.5
165Ivory Coast42.4
166Gambia42.0
167Zambia42.0
168Malawi42.0
169Togo41.6
170Mozambique41.6
171Rwanda41.6
172Zimbabwe41.4
173Benin41.3
174India41.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
154Eritrea62
155Sudan61.8
156Comoros61.5
157Senegal59.6
158Ethiopia59.7
159Mauritania58.9
160Gambia58.8
161Tanzania58.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
152Madagascar4.5
153Iraq4.6
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
158Comoros4.8
159Sierra Leone4.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
67Ecuador 14.86m60
68Cambodia 14.48m82
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
Data Source

Senegal's population is predicted to rise to 19.96 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.65.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
53Indonesia1945
54Senegal1945
55Togo1945
56Slovenia1945
57Croatia1945
58Liberia1946
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
112Swaziland0.53
113Lesotho0.53
114Guatemala0.54
115Senegal0.54
116Zimbabwe0.54
117Qatar0.55
118Syria0.55
119Tanzania0.56
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Senegal is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
126Ethiopia0%
127Kuwait0%
128Afghanistan0%
129Senegal0%
130Tanzania0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
97Cambodia96%
98Cameroon96%
99Malaysia96%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian3.6%
Muslim96.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 100.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (0%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
110Uzbekistan19.45
111Sao Tome & Principe18.80
112Pakistan16.78
113Senegal16.00
114El Salvador15.90
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
119Nigeria6.0
120Burkina Faso6.0
121Sierra Leone6.0
122Senegal5.9
123Ukraine5.9
124Gabon5.9
125Argentina5.8
126Ecuador5.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
82Montenegro2.01
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
127Guinea67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Cameroon64
132Central African Rep.64
133Congo, (Brazzaville)64
134Ethiopia64
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
21Bolivia21
22France21
23Montenegro21
24Senegal21
25Mali21
26Azerbaijan21
27Guatemala21
28Australia21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
55Hungary99.3
56Italy99.3
57Hong Kong99.3
58Senegal99.3
59Chile99.3
60Sierra Leone99.3
61Mauritius99.3
62Serbia99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
54Latvia0.6013
55Gabon0.5814
56Argentina0.5815
57Senegal0.5416
58Mexico0.5412
59UAE0.4917
60Uganda0.4816
61Cyprus0.4813
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
159Ivory Coast$1 593
160Kenya$1 541
161Benin$1 439
162Tanzania$1 383
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
141Mali3.8
142Haiti3.8
143Afghanistan3.8
144Senegal3.8
145Benin3.7
146Chad3.7
147Yemen3.7
148Central African Rep.3.6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
140Ethiopia43.1
141Mongolia42.8
142Uzbekistan42.3
143Senegal42.3
144Bahrain42.0
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
170Libya-70
171Qatar-70
172Comoros-70
173Senegal-70
174Dominica-90
175St Vincent & Grenadines-100
176Jamaica-100
177Barbados-100
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/senegal.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  15. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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