The Human Truth Foundation

Senegal (Republic of Senegal)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Senegal

Senegal
Republic of Senegal
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index154th best
CapitalDakar
Land Area 192 530 km21
LocationAfrica
Population 13.11 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy66.93yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 250 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSN, SEN, 6865
Internet Domain.sn6
CurrencyFranc (XOF)7
Telephone+2218

1. Overview

The French colonies of Senegal and the French Sudan were merged in 1959 and granted their independence as the Mali Federation in 1960. The union broke up after only a few months. Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982. The envisaged integration of the two countries was never carried out, and the union was dissolved in 1989. The Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) has led a low-level separatist insurgency in southern Senegal since the 1980s, and several peace deals have failed to resolve the conflict. Nevertheless, Senegal remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has a long history of participating in international peacekeeping and regional mediation. Senegal was ruled by a Socialist Party for 40 years until Abdoulaye WADE was elected president in 2000. He was reelected in 2007 and during his two terms amended Senegal's constitution over a dozen times to increase executive power and to weaken the opposition. His decision to run for a third presidential term sparked a large public backlash that led to his defeat in a March 2012 runoff election with Macky SALL.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Senegal National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank
Lower is better
10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
171Ivory Coast171
172Djibouti172
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
151Liberia48.3
152Bangladesh48.0
153Iran48.0
154Senegal47.8
155Djibouti47.7
156Myanmar (Burma)47.7
157Syria47.5
158Marshall Islands46.9
159Saudi Arabia46.8
160India46.7
161Eritrea46.6
162Gabon45.3
163Rwanda45.0
164Benin44.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears
Higher is better
11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)12
CountryValue
Lower is better
12
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
152Madagascar4.52
153Iraq4.57
154Kenya4.64
155Senegal4.65
156Gambia4.73
157Mozambique4.75
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
67Ecuador 14.86m60
68Cambodia 14.48m82
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
13
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
15Togo05.4
16Ivory Coast05.6
17Malawi05.6
18Senegal05.6
19Yemen05.7
20Cameroon05.8
21Niger05.8
22Congo, DR05.8
q=185.

Senegal's population is predicted to rise to 19.96 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.65. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
53Indonesia1945
54Senegal1945
55Togo1945
56Slovenia1945
57Croatia1945
58Liberia1946
Gender Inequality (2015)14
CountryValue
Lower is better14
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
117Guyana0.51
118Iran0.51
119Bangladesh0.52
120Senegal0.52
121Uganda0.52
122Sao Tome & Principe0.52
123Iraq0.53
124Zambia0.53
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Senegal is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
126Ethiopia0%
127Kuwait0%
128Afghanistan0%
129Senegal0%
130Tanzania0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
97Cambodia96%
98Cameroon96%
99Malaysia96%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below15:

Christian3.6%
Muslim96.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 100.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (0%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%16.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue
Higher is better
17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)14
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
14
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
143Panama74.5
144Ecuador75.9
145Namibia76.8
146Senegal78.6
147Mauritania78.6
148Venezuela79.4
149Guatemala80.7
150Bangladesh83.0
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
10Egypt0.4
11Iraq0.5
12Somalia0.5
13Senegal0.6
14Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.6
15Indonesia0.6
16Guinea0.7
17Afghanistan0.7
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
119Nepal90.1
120Montenegro89.9
121Zimbabwe89.7
122Senegal89.5
123Peru89.3
124Ireland89.2
125Sudan89.2
126Honduras88.8
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions20
Country%
Lower is better
20
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
77Poland45
78Indonesia48
79Panama52
80Senegal53
81Korea, S.53
82Iran56
83Armenia58
84Malaysia61
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
21
CountryValue
Lower is better
21
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
q=156.
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)22
CountryRank
Lower is better
22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
109Laos109
110Ivory Coast110
111Ukraine111
112Senegal111
113Colombia111
114Kuwait111
115Malaysia115
116Russia115
q=159.
Global Peace Index (2012)23
CountryValue
Lower is better
23
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
q=157.
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
Higher is better
1Korea, S.4.2924
2Israel4.1124
3Japan3.5824
...
55Gabon0.5825
56Argentina0.5826
57Mexico0.5424
58Senegal0.5427
59UAE0.4928
60Uganda0.4827
61Cyprus0.4829
62Costa Rica0.4728
q=126.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)30
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
30
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
25Bolivia21
26Australia21
27France21
28Senegal21
29Hungary20
30Czech Rep.20
31Georgia20
32Albania20
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)31
CountryValue
Lower is better
31
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
55Hungary2609
56Italy2611
57Hong Kong2616
58Senegal2619
59Chile2624
60Sierra Leone2635
61Mauritius2647
62Serbia2659
q=178.
Life Satisfaction (2011)32
CountryValue
Higher is better
32
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Mali3.8
140Senegal3.8
141Nepal3.8
142Haiti3.8
143Burundi3.8
144Afghanistan3.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $
Higher is better11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
167Chad$1 991
168Benin$1 979
169S. Sudan$1 882
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)33
CountryValue
Higher is better
33
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
140Ethiopia43.1
141Mongolia42.8
142Uzbekistan42.3
143Senegal42.3
144Bahrain42.0
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)34
CountryScore
Higher is better
34
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
169Comoros-70
170Cameroon-70
171Libya-70
172Senegal-70
173Qatar-70
174Dominica-90
175St Vincent & Grenadines-100
176Grenada-100
q=211.
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
127Guinea67
128Gambia66
129Zimbabwe66
130Senegal66
131Cameroon64
132Central African Rep.64
133Congo, (Brazzaville)64
134Ethiopia64
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/senegal.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #Senegal

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  15. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  16. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  20. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  21. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  22. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  23. ^
  24. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  25. World Bank . Data for year 2009.^
  26. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2013.^
  27. World Bank . Data for year 2010.^
  28. World Bank . Data for year 2011.^
  29. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  30. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  31. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  32. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  33. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  34. Higher is better. Sources:^

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