Portugal (Portuguese Republic)

#Portugal

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Portugal
Portuguese Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index31st best
CapitalLisbon
Land Area1 91 470 km2
LocationEurope
Population2 10.7 million
Life Expectancy379.707yrs (2012)
GNI3$19 907
ISO3166-1 Codes4PT, PRT, 620
Internet Domain5.pt
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+351

1. Overview

Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Portugal National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
28Slovakia74.4
29Slovenia74.4
30Lithuania73.7
31Portugal73.6
32Latvia71.5
33Italy70.2
34Antigua & Barbuda69.9
35Hungary69.8
36Singapore69.4
37Poland69.4
38Barbados69.2
39Costa Rica68.6
40Uruguay68.5
41Israel68.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
29Liechtenstein79.8
30Malta79.8
31Cyprus79.8
32Portugal79.7
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
35Cuba79.3
36Chile79.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
109Egypt2.7
110Singapore1.3
111Saudi Arabia2.7
112Portugal1.3
113Belize2.7
114Malta1.3
115Syria2.8
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
75Cuba 11.25m106
76Belgium 10.79m356
77Tunisia 10.7m69
78Portugal 10.7m117
79S. Sudan 10.67m
80Czech Rep. 10.57m137
81Guinea 10.48m43
Data Source

Portugal's population is predicted to fall to 10 309 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.31. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
171Guinea-Bissau1977
172Zimbabwe1978
173Micronesia1979
174Marshall Islands1979
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
13Singapore0.10
14Austria0.10
15Spain0.10
16Portugal0.11
17Australia0.12
18Canada0.12
19Ireland0.12
20Czech Rep.0.12
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Portugal is on the way towards ending gender inequality, even though women were prevented equal voting and standing rights until quite late.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
56Mexico4%
57Romania4%
58Georgia4%
59Portugal4%
60Uzbekistan4%
61Iran4%
62Lebanon3%
63Congo, (Brazzaville)3%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian93.8%
Muslim0.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion0.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
47Bosnia & Herzegovina52.00
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
53Trinidad & Tobago48.52
54Uruguay47.87
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
54Uganda7.2
55El Salvador7.2
56Guatemala7.2
57Portugal7.2
58Czech Rep.7.2
59Latvia7.2
60Dominican Rep.7.1
61Cambodia7.1
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
13Czech Rep.1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
35Slovakia96
36Slovenia96
37Israel95
38Portugal95
39Vietnam94
40Georgia94
41Romania94
42Kazakhstan94
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
36Albania20
37Korea, S.20
38Cyprus20
39Portugal20
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
43Poland20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
25Cape Verde99.1
26Australia99.1
27Uruguay99.1
28Portugal99.1
29UK99.1
30Ghana99.1
31Suriname99.2
32USA99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
24Estonia1.4311
25Hungary1.3711
26Italy1.2911
27Portugal1.2811
28Luxembourg1.2611
29Spain1.2211
30Russia1.1911
31New Zealand1.1712
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
40Equatorial Guinea$21 715
41Malta$21 184
42Greece$20 511
43Portugal$19 907
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
46Poland$17 776
47Estonia$17 402
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
75Belarus5.2
76Lebanon5.2
77Algeria5.2
78Portugal5.2
79Indonesia5.2
80Morocco5.1
81Uzbekistan5.1
82Ukraine5.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
18Italy73.1
19Portugal73.0
20Latvia72.5
21Japan72.5
22Czech Rep.71.6
23Panama71.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
17Greenland135
18Portugal135
19UK130
20Uruguay125
21Peru120
22Italy115
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/portugal.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.