The Human Truth Foundation

Bulgaria (Republic of Bulgaria)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#bulgaria

Bulgaria
Republic of Bulgaria
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index70th best
CapitalSofia
Land Area 108 560km21
LocationEurope, The Balkans
Population7.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.32yrs (2017)3
GNI$16 261 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBG, BGR, 1005
Internet Domain.bg6
CurrencyLev (BGN)7
Telephone+3598

1. Overview

The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFrom wild, wooded mountain ranges speckled with remote villages and enchanting monasteries to vibrant modern cities and long sandy beaches hugging the Black Sea coast, Bulgaria rewards exploration. Bulgaria may attract the majority of its visitors with its long, sandy Black Sea beaches, but there´s much more to see than that. Bulgaria boasts no fewer than seven mountain ranges and varied landscapes ideal for hiking, cycling, climbing and wildlife-watching. And you´ll find some of Europe´s most modern and reasonably priced ski resorts.

The depth of Bulgaria´s history and culture are immediately evident. There are countless churches and a full measure of Orthodox monasteries full of vibrant icons, picturesque villages of timber-framed houses 19th-century revival-era architecture and cobbled lanes, and dramatic reminders of the country´s heritage, from Thracian tombs and Roman ruins to medieval fortresses, Ottoman mosques and communist monuments slowly crumbling away into history.

Bulgaria´s cities reward visitors, with treasure-filled museums and galleries, and parks sprinkled with cafes and restaurants where the coffee is strong, the cuisine hearty and the conversation always animated.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Bulgaria National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
54Barbados54
55Uruguay54
56Kazakhstan56
57Bulgaria56
58Bahamas58
59Malaysia59
60Palau60
61Panama60
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
67Dominican Rep.57.6
68Malaysia57.4
69Panama57.2
70Bulgaria56.6
71Serbia56.4
72Uzbekistan56.3
73Macedonia56.3
74S. Africa56.3
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
161Singapore36.5
162Latvia36.7
163Sweden37.0
164Bulgaria37.0
165Denmark37.1
166Bosnia & Herzegovina37.3
167Korea, S.37.6
168Estonia37.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
38Ireland16.1
39Belize16.1
40Azerbaijan16.0
41Bulgaria16.0
42Lebanon15.6
43Equatorial Guinea14.9
44Seychelles14.6
45New Zealand14.5
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
66Serbia1.56
67Libya2.44
68Cambodia2.45
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
139Guyana1.5
140Tanzania1.5
141Bolivia1.5
142Bulgaria1.4
143Solomon Islands1.3
144Niger1.3
145Mali1.2
146Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.2
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
82Saudi Arabia74.44
83Venezuela74.39
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
95Honduras7.9m
96Switzerland7.7m
97Israel7.7m
98Bulgaria7.4m
99Hong Kong7.2m
100Papua New Guinea7.2m
101Tajikistan7.1m
102Paraguay6.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Bulgaria's population is predicted to fall to 6 455 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.54. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
42Kazakhstan0.20
43USA0.20
44Malta0.22
45Bulgaria0.22
46UAE0.23
47Moldova0.23
48Bahrain0.23
49Hungary0.25
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bulgaria1944
48France1944
49Bermuda1944
50Jamaica1944
51Slovenia1945
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Bulgaria is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better20
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
11UK42
12Cuba40
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17Korea, S.30
18Finland28
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below21:

Christian82.1%
Muslim13.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.2%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 95.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (34%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim (Sunni) 7.4%, Muslim (Shia) 0.4%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Judaism) 1.7%, other (unknown) 27.4%, none 3.7% (2011 census)22.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
23
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
82Turkey58%
83Romania58%
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio24
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
45Argentina1.4
46Faroe Islands1.4
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
49Korea, S.1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
86Morocco31.7
87Botswana32.3
88Romania34.6
89Bulgaria37.7
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
92Pakistan38.7
93Haiti39.3
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita25
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
162Belgium11.0
163S. Africa11.0
164Spain11.2
165Bulgaria11.4
166Denmark11.4
167UK11.6
168Slovenia11.6
169Germany11.8
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %26
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
86Italy93.8
87Austria93.8
88Argentina93.7
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
91Egypt93.4
92Cape Verde93.4
93Burundi93.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
27
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
148Poland1 396
149Italy1 443
150Germany1 480
151Bulgaria1 505
152Kuwait1 517
153Armenia1 545
154Turkey1 581
155Slovakia1 618
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k28
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
61Germany23.9
62Cuba24.5
63Romania24.5
64Bulgaria25
65Sweden25.5
66Slovakia25.7
67Czech Rep.28.3
68Suriname28.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties29
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
40Liechtenstein20
41Iceland20
42Romania20
43Bulgaria20
44Burkina Faso20
45Norway20
46Portugal20
47Poland20
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank30
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
37Hungary37
38Costa Rica38
39Slovenia39
40Bulgaria40
41Singapore40
42Uruguay42
43Georgia43
44Croatia44
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
31
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
83Greece2846
84Kosovo2847
85Guinea2849
86Bulgaria2858
87Madagascar2862
88Gabon2869
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better

%32
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
72Hungary41
73Dominican Rep.41
74Serbia42
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
78Indonesia48
79Panama52
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
33
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
141Morocco119
142Tunisia121
143Montenegro121.75
144Bulgaria122
145Rwanda122.75
146Serbia125
147Russia126
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
34
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
49Egypt0.68
50Belarus0.67
51Mali0.66
52Bulgaria0.65
53Ethiopia0.61
54Latvia0.60
55Gabon0.58
56Argentina0.58
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
35
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
135Rwanda4.0
136Burkina Faso4.0
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Mali3.8
140Senegal3.8
141Nepal3.8
142Haiti3.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
66Azerbaijan$16 413
67Iran$16 395
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
71Belarus$15 629
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
36
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
61Brazil63.4
62Poland63.1
63Venezuela62.9
64Bulgaria62.5
65Israel62.4
66Thailand62.2
67Egypt62.0
68Russia61.2
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score37
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
45Austria45
46Greece45
47Israel40
48Bulgaria40
49Slovakia35
50Hungary35
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
q=211.
IQ (2006)
Higher is better38
1Singapore108
2Hong Kong108
3Korea, S.106
...
43Vietnam94
44Georgia94
45Romania94
46Bulgaria93
47Argentina93
48Malaysia92
49Ireland92
50Greece92
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 17
http://www.humantruth.info/bulgaria.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #bulgaria #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Bulgaria" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  21. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  22. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  23. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  24. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  25. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  26. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  27. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  28. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  29. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  30. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  31. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  32. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  33. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  34. ^
  35. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  36. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  37. Higher is better. Sources:^
  38. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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