The Human Truth Foundation

Bulgaria (Republic of Bulgaria)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Bulgaria

Bulgaria
Republic of Bulgaria
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index62nd best
CapitalSofia
Land Area1 108 560 km2
LocationEurope, The Balkans
Population27.398 million
Life Expectancy373.556yrs (2012)
GNI3$11 474
ISO3166-1 Codes4BG, BGR, 100
Internet Domain5.bg
Currency6Lev (BGN)
Telephone7+359

1. Overview

The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Bulgaria National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
55Russia78.872.1
56Romania78.672.8
57Saudi Arabia78.270.9
58Bulgaria78.272.7
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
61Mexico77.568.2
62Costa Rica77.367.9
63Grenada77.074.6
64Serbia76.974.2
65Libya76.977.0
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
59Trinidad & Tobago63.6
60Maldives63.1
61Romania63.0
62Bulgaria62.8
63Greece62.3
64Serbia62.1
65Panama62.1
66Macedonia61.8
67Brazil61.7
68Fiji61.5
69Montenegro61.2
70Bhutan60.6
71Mexico60.3
72Mongolia60.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
87Jordan73.5
88Dominican Rep.73.6
89Mauritius73.5
90Bulgaria73.6
91Latvia73.6
92Egypt73.5
93Algeria73.4
94Jamaica73.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
66Serbia1.6
67Libya2.4
68Cambodia2.4
69Bulgaria1.5
70Bahrain2.5
71Thailand1.5
72Greece1.5
73Georgia1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
95Honduras7.912m71
96Switzerland7.734m193
97Israel7.695m356
98Bulgaria7.398m68
99Hong Kong7.196m6906
100Papua New Guinea7.17m16
101Tajikistan7.079m51
Data Source

Bulgaria's population is predicted to fall to 6 455 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 1.54.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
47Bermuda1944
48France1944
49Jamaica1944
50Bulgaria1944
51Japan1945
52Italy1945
53Indonesia1945
54Senegal1945
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
38Bulgaria0.22
39Malta0.24
40UAE0.24
41Albania0.25
42Malaysia0.26
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Bulgaria is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
11UK42%
12Cuba40%
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
15Hungary32%
16Norway31%
17Korea, S.30%
18Finland28%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian82.1%
Muslim13.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.2%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 95.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (34%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim (Sunni) 7.4%, Muslim (Shia) 0.4%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Judaism) 1.7%, other (unknown) 27.4%, none 3.7% (2011 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
54Uruguay47.87
55Dominica47.28
56Azerbaijan46.68
57Bulgaria45.99
58Chile45.00
59Albania44.99
60Ukraine44.59
61Greece44.57
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions11
Country%11
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
72Hungary41
73Dominican Rep.41
74Serbia42
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
78Indonesia48
79Panama52
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
141Morocco119
142Tunisia121
143Montenegro121.75
144Bulgaria122
145Rwanda122.75
146Serbia125
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom13
CountryRank13
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
37Hungary37
38Costa Rica38
39Slovenia39
40Bulgaria40
41Singapore40
42Uruguay42
43Georgia43
44Croatia44
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
38Italy1.69
39Bulgaria1.70
40France1.71
41Estonia1.72
42Korea, S.1.73
43Lithuania1.74
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
41Vietnam94
42Romania94
43Georgia94
44Bulgaria93
45Argentina93
46Ireland92
47Malaysia92
48Greece92
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
47S. Africa20
48Namibia20
49Slovakia20
50Bulgaria20
51Netherlands19
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
54Kazakhstan19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
83Greece99.3
84Kosovo99.3
85Guinea99.3
86Bulgaria99.3
87Madagascar99.3
88Gabon99.3
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)99.3
90Paraguay99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
49Tunisia0.6815
50Belarus0.6716
51Mali0.6617
52Bulgaria0.6516
53Ethiopia0.6116
54Latvia0.6016
55Gabon0.5818
56Argentina0.5819
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
67St Kitts & Nevis$12 460
68Lebanon$12 364
69Venezuela$11 475
70Bulgaria$11 474
71Palau$11 463
72Romania$11 011
73Dominica$10 977
74Costa Rica$10 863
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
135Rwanda4
136Burkina Faso4
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Burundi3.8
140Nepal3.8
141Mali3.8
142Haiti3.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
61Brazil63.4
62Poland63.1
63Venezuela62.9
64Bulgaria62.5
65Israel62.4
66Thailand62.2
67Egypt62.0
68Russia61.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
44Austria45
45Greece45
46Ireland45
47Bulgaria40
48Israel40
49Hungary35
50Slovakia35
51Liechtenstein35
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/bulgaria.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  19. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

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