The Human Truth Foundation

Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Lesotho
Kingdom of Lesotho
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index138th best
CapitalMaseru
Land Area 30 360km21
LocationAfrica
Population2.1m2
Life Expectancy50.08yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 319 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLS, LSO, 4265
Internet Domain.ls6
CurrencyLoti (LSL)7
Telephone+2668

1. Overview

Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Batswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parites saw Prime Minister Motsoahae Thomas THABANE form a coalition government - the first in the country's history - that ousted the 14-year incumbent, Pakalitha MOSISILI, who peacefully transferred power the following month.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverTiny Lesotho is Africa´s `Kingdom in the Sky´, home to traditional Basotho culture where herdboys tend their sheep on steep hillsides and horsemen wrapped in blankets ride mountain passes. Lesotho (Le- soo -too) is a vastly underrated travel destination. It´s beautiful, culturally rich, safe, cheap and easily accessible from Durban and Johannesburg. The hiking and trekking is world class and the national parks´ infrastructure continues to improve.

The 1000m-high `lowlands´ are the scene of low-key Lesotho life, with good craft shopping around Teyateyaneng and Maseru. But be sure to head to the valleys and mountains, where streams traverse an ancient dinosaur playground.

South Africa is just a mountain pass or two away, but Lesotho´s towering peaks and isolated valleys, and the pride of the Basotho in their identity, have served to insulate Lesotho´s culture from that of its larger neighbour. For anyone seeking adventure, wilderness, a laid-back pace and the chance to get acquainted with people living traditional lifestyles, Lesotho is a magical destination.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Lesotho National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
145Mauritania$3 527
146Zambia$3 464
147Bangladesh$3 341
148Lesotho$3 319
149Micronesia$3 291
150Djibouti$3 216
151Ivory Coast$3 163
152Kyrgyzstan$3 097
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
135Rwanda101.5
136Samoa102.7
137Vanuatu103.5
138Lesotho104.3
139Tanzania104.4
140Libya106.5
141Laos107.0
142Timor-Leste (E. Timor)107.5
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 10% hold 41% of the country's entire income15.

3. Lesotho's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Lesotho's population is predicted to rise to 2.566 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.08. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
142Gambia2.3m
143Botswana2.3m
144Gabon2.1m
145Lesotho2.1m
146Macedonia2.1m
147Slovenia2.1m
148Latvia1.9m
149Guinea-Bissau1.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
124Namibia3.08
125Zimbabwe3.15
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
26Iraq06.0
27Guinea06.1
28Guinea-Bissau06.1
29Lesotho06.1
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)18
Pos.
%18
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
180Brazil0.4%
181Eritrea0.3%
182Somalia0.3%
183Lesotho0.3%
184Peru0.3%
185Colombia0.3%
186Morocco0.3%
187Philippines0.2%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)19
Pos.
%19
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
26Moldova21.5%
27Fiji21.3%
28Portugal20.8%
29Lesotho20.5%
30El Salvador20.5%
31Micronesia19.7%
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Lesotho's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)20,21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank20,21
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
102Barbados93.6
103Uganda95.0
104Belize95.2
105Lesotho95.9
106Lebanon97.0
107Maldives98.2
108Jordan98.8
109Guyana99.3
110Kazakhstan99.4
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway20. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine20.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe20, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia20.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)22
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties22
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
53Switzerland19
54UK19
55Venezuela19
56Lesotho19
57Rwanda19
58Finland19
59Netherlands19
60Nicaragua19
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)23
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty23
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
79Bangladesh9.18
80Sierra Leone9.33
81China9.36
82Lesotho9.44
83Gabon9.47
84Turkey9.48
85Malta9.60
86Luxembourg9.67
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)24
Pos.Lower is better
Rank24
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
92Cape Verde92
93Botswana93
94Liberia94
95Lesotho94
96Kazakhstan96
97Ecuador97
98Kyrgyzstan98
99Tanzania99
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
77Nicaragua2831
78Benin2833
79Dominican Rep.2834
80Lesotho2836
81Bhutan2842
82Togo2845
83Greece2846
84Kosovo2847
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)26
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims26
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
83Kyrgyzstan0.41
84Cyprus0.42
85Kazakhstan0.42
86Lesotho0.42
87Georgia0.43
88Romania0.43
89Vietnam0.45
90Azerbaijan0.45
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Gender Equality:

Lesotho is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
129Tanzania0.54
130Pakistan0.55
131Ghana0.55
132Lesotho0.55
133Syria0.55
134Togo0.56
135Kenya0.56
136Egypt0.57
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)28
Pos.Higher is better
Score28
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
98Cambodia15
99Vanuatu15
100Congo, DR15
101Lesotho15
102Belize15
103Belarus15
104Kyrgyzstan15
105Jordan12
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Lesotho's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)29,21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29,21
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
138Syria104.9
139Romania105.1
140Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105.3
141Lesotho105.8
142Kenya106.4
143Senegal107.5
144Zimbabwe107.6
145Mauritania107.8
146Belize107.9
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives29. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea29.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe29, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia29.

Health:

Lesotho is a pretty unhealthy country. Lesotho comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate30. It does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate31 (but bad for Africa). But unfortunately Lesotho gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32 (still good for Africa), its immunizations take-up33 (still good for Africa), its fertility rate16 (still low for Africa) and in its adolescent birth rate27. And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom when it comes to its average life expectancy12. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
77Myanmar (Burma)4.8
78Zambia4.8
79Zimbabwe4.8
80Lesotho5.0
81Suriname5.1
82Nicaragua5.2
83Turkmenistan5.4
84Armenia5.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
120Jordan2.93
121Honduras3.02
122Philippines3.06
123Lesotho3.08
124Namibia3.08
125Zimbabwe3.15
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
20Tanzania 101
19Burundi 98
18Trinidad & Tobago 97
17Lesotho 88
16Afghanistan 84
15Nepal 83
14Mozambique 82
13Tonga 81
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
97Guyana97
98Colombia98
99Vietnam99
100Lesotho100
101Tanzania101
102Equatorial Guinea102
103Barbados103
104Venezuela104
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
62Zimbabwe38.2
63Swaziland38.4
64Djibouti38.6
65Lesotho38.7
66Gabon40.2
67Namibia40.6
68Brunei41.2
69Malaysia42.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
158Kenya90.9
159Central African Rep.91.9
160Togo92.0
161Lesotho92.7
162Dominican Rep.97.9
163Gabon99.9
164Somalia103.9
165Cameroon104.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
108Australia92.1
109Barbados92.1
110Ghana91.7
111Lesotho91.7
112Malawi91.7
113Mexico91.6
114Moldova91.5
115Iceland91.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Lesotho's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
167Mozambique113.8
168Congo, (Brazzaville)115.8
169Congo, DR116.0
170Lesotho116.7
171Guinea117.5
172Chad118.6
173Papua New Guinea119.2
174Haiti119.5
175Niger124.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2936
2Israel4.1136
3Japan3.5836
...
119Honduras0.0437
120Guatemala0.0438
121Bahrain0.0439
122Colombia0.0439
123Iraq0.0340
124El Salvador0.0338
125China0.0339
126Lesotho0.0140
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
140Morocco32.2%
141Uganda32.1%
142Angola30.2%
143Lesotho30.0%
144Cape Verde29.9%
145Liberia29.0%
146Yemen28.0%
147Benin26.5%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
155Malawi11.0
156Turkmenistan10.9
157N. Korea10.8
158Lesotho10.7
159Guatemala10.6
160Guinea-Bissau10.5
161Zimbabwe10.5
162Madagascar10.4
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
145Qatar145
146Philippines146
147Mozambique147
148Lesotho148
149Venezuela149
150Libya150
151Gabon151
152Sierra Leone152
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
147Libya21%
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
150Lesotho21%
151Indonesia20%
152Marshall Islands20%
153Algeria20%
154Nicaragua19%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)44
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio44
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
146Papua New Guinea0.0
147French Polynesia0.0
148Palestine0.0
149Lesotho0.0
150Monaco0.0
151Bermuda0.0
152Isle of Man0.0
153San Marino0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #happiness #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)45
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score45
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
62Oman45.8
63Ghana45.8
64Turkey45.4
65Lesotho45.2
66Romania44.8
67Kuwait44.2
68Italy43.8
69S. Africa43.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
138Ukraine4.1
139Togo4.0
140Guinea4.0
141Lesotho3.8
142Angola3.8
143Madagascar3.8
144Zimbabwe3.7
145Afghanistan3.6
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
105Bahrain105
106Ecuador106
107Uganda107
108Lesotho108
109Georgia109
110Kuwait110
111China111
112Swaziland112
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
64Honduras64
65S. Korea65
66Benin66
67Lesotho67
68Panama68
69New Zealand69
70Tunisia70
71Montenegro71
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
50Ghana1.81
51Zambia1.83
52Sierra Leone1.86
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
56Burkina Faso1.88
57Djibouti1.88
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
99Lithuania99
100Luxembourg100
101Niger101
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
115Iraq115
116Dominica116
117Saudi Arabia117
118Lesotho118
119Oman119
120Egypt120
121Colombia121
122Honduras122
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
21UAE0.05
22Slovakia0.06
23Norway0.08
24Lesotho0.10
25Liberia0.11
26Moldova0.12
27Serbia0.12
28Estonia0.12
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
23Swaziland24.2
24Greece22.9
25Philippines22.7
26Lesotho22.5
27Italy22.5
28Turkey21.8
29Iran17.8
30France17.7
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
170Angola37.4
171Central African Rep.36.4
172Niger35.7
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
175Madagascar33.7
176Nepal31.4
177India30.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
107Sierra Leone1995 Mar 12
108Lebanon1995 Mar 15
109Jamaica1995 Apr 06
110Lesotho1995 Apr 10
111Panama1995 Apr 17
112Ukraine1995 May 08
113Oman1995 May 09
114Cambodia1995 May 10
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)51
Pos.Higher is worse51
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
175Equatorial Guinea34.60
174Cameroon33.50
173Ivory Coast33.30
172Lesotho33.10
171Guinea-Bissau32.30
170Haiti32.20
169Burkina Faso32.00
168Angola32.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)52
Pos.Lower is better
%52
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
145Botswana53.3
146Brazil53.3
147Mozambique54.0
148Lesotho54.2
149Central African Rep.56.2
150Zambia57.1
151Namibia59.1
152S. Africa63.0
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)53
Pos.Lower is better
Severity53
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
54Guatemala.134
55Zimbabwe.137
56Ghana.138
57Lesotho.146
58Nepal.148
59Cambodia.170
60Namibia.171
61Vanuatu.174
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below54:

Christian96.8%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated3.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%55.

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