The Human Truth Foundation

El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#El_Salvador

El Salvador
Republic of El Salvador
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index81st best
CapitalSan Salvador
Land Area 20 720 km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population6.264 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy73.27yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 732 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSV, SLV, 2225
Internet Domain.sv6
CurrencyDollar (USD)7
Telephone+5038

1. Overview

El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. El Salvador National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
114Palestine114
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
123Morocco123
124Nicaragua124
125Guatemala125
126Namibia125
127Guyana127
128Micronesia127
129Tajikistan129
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
78Peru59.0
79Kyrgyzstan58.9
80Georgia58.1
81El Salvador58.0
82Ukraine57.8
83Philippines57.5
84Guatemala57.3
85Belize57.1
86Tonga57.0
87Cape Verde57.0
88Ecuador56.8
89Turkey56.7
90Belarus56.6
91Malaysia56.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
28Argentina2.2
29El Salvador2.2
30Grenada2.2
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
33Morocco2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
104Jordan6.457m73
105Laos6.374m28
106Togo6.283m116
107El Salvador6.264m302
108Sierra Leone6.126m86
109Nicaragua5.955m49
110Denmark5.593m132
Data Source

El Salvador's population is predicted to rise to 7.093 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.18.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Paraguay1961
130Sierra Leone1961
131Malawi1961
132Burundi1961
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
82Mauritius0.38
83Lebanon0.38
84Rwanda0.38
85El Salvador0.38
86Peru0.39
87Sri Lanka0.39
88Ecuador0.39
89Colombia0.39

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
72Indonesia2%
73Costa Rica1%
74Ecuador1%
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
77Colombia1%
78Nicaragua1%
79Guatemala1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
50Turkey82%
51Ecuador82%
52Colombia83%
53El Salvador83%
54Honduras84%
55Iraq84%
56Peru84%
57Nicaragua84%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian88.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated11%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.)14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for El Salvador states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief; however, Article 296 of the penal code imposes criminal sentences of six months to two years on those who publicly offend or insult the religious beliefs of others, or damage or destroy religious objects. If such acts are carried out with and for the purpose of publicity, sentences increase to one to three years in prison. Repeat offenders face prison sentences of three to eight years.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)15

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
111Sao Tome & Principe18.80
112Pakistan16.78
113Senegal16.00
114El Salvador15.90
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)16
CountryPer Capita16
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
52Kiribati3
53Papua New Guinea3
54Fiji3
55El Salvador3.2
56Micronesia3.3
57Gambia3.4
58Nauru3.5
59Mauritius3.6
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
17
CountryValue17
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
117Mauritania101.25
118Jordan102
119Japan102
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)18
CountryRank18
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
55Suriname55
56Macedonia55
57Armenia55
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
60Jamaica60
61Fiji61
62Haiti61
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
95Egypt81
96Nicaragua81
97Honduras81
98El Salvador80
99Sri Lanka79
100Guatemala79
101Nepal78
102Mauritania76
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
74Moldova18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
34Slovenia99.2
35Spain99.2
36France99.2
37El Salvador99.2
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
41Romania99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2919
2Israel4.1119
3Japan3.5819
...
119Bahrain0.0420
120Colombia0.0420
121Honduras0.0421
122Guatemala0.0422
123China0.0320
124El Salvador0.0322
125Iraq0.0323
126Lesotho0.0123
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
111Fiji$8 245
112Armenia$8 189
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
31Trinidad & Tobago6.7
32El Salvador6.7
33Qatar6.6
34Chile6.6
35Kuwait6.6
36Singapore6.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
30Ecuador69.3
31Denmark69.2
32Hungary69.1
33El Salvador69.1
34Croatia68.7
35Dominican Rep.68.4
36Lithuania68.3
37Nepal68.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
62Micronesia30
63Latvia25
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/el_salvador.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #El_Salvador #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  16. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  17. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  18. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  19. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  22. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  23. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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