The Human Truth Foundation

Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Nicaragua

Nicaragua
Republic of Nicaragua
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index75th best
CapitalManagua
Land Area1 120 340 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population25.955 million
Life Expectancy374.29yrs (2012)
GNI3$2 551
ISO3166-1 Codes4NI, NIC, 558
Internet Domain5.ni
Currency6Cordoba (NIO)
Telephone7+505

1. Overview

The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. After losing free and fair elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra was elected president in 2006 and reelected in 2011. The 2008 municipal elections, 2010 regional elections, November 2011 presidential elections, and 2012 municipal elections were marred by widespread irregularities. Nicaragua's infrastructure and economy - hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 - are slowly being rebuilt, but democratic institutions have been weakened under the ORTEGA administration.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Nicaragua National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
126Tajikistan62.256.5
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
72Mexico60.4
73Ukraine60.2
74Dominican Rep.59.9
75Nicaragua59.5
76Mongolia59.5
77Peru59.1
78Belarus58.9
79Kyrgyzstan58.8
80Philippines58.6
81Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
82Guyana57.9
83Georgia57.2
84S. Africa57.2
85Cuba57.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
74Malaysia74.5
75Cape Verde74.3
76Thailand74.3
77Nicaragua74.3
78Peru74.2
79Turkey74.2
80Romania74.2
81Saudi Arabia74.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
83Lithuania1.5
84Kazakhstan2.5
85Ukraine1.5
86Nicaragua2.5
87Belarus1.5
88Slovenia1.5
89Italy1.5
90Cyprus1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
106Togo6.283m116
107El Salvador6.264m302
108Sierra Leone6.126m86
109Nicaragua5.955m49
110Denmark5.593m132
111Eritrea5.581m55
112Slovakia5.48m114
Data Source

Nicaragua's population is predicted to rise to 7.24 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.52.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
102Honduras1955
103Nicaragua1955
104Eritrea1955
105Cambodia1955
106Peru1955
107Ethiopia1955
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
86Namibia0.45
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
93Venezuela0.47
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Nicaragua and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Nicaragua is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
77Colombia1%
78Nicaragua1%
79Guatemala1%
80Honduras1%
81Peru1%
82Bolivia1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
54Honduras84%
55Iraq84%
56Peru84%
57Nicaragua84%
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian85.8%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2% (Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%), Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
133Guatemala10.50
134Zambia10.12
135Angola10.00
136Nicaragua10.00
137Indonesia9.90
138Ghana9.55
139Gambia9.20
140Swaziland9.01
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
85Belize70
86Nicaragua73.5
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
48Rwanda7.3
49Israel7.3
50Uruguay7.3
51Nicaragua7.3
52Zambia7.2
53Honduras7.2
54Uganda7.2
55El Salvador7.2
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
82Montenegro2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Swaziland2.03
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
93India82
94Lebanon82
95Egypt81
96Nicaragua81
97Honduras81
98El Salvador80
99Sri Lanka79
100Guatemala79
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
49Slovakia20
50Bulgaria20
51Netherlands19
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
54Kazakhstan19
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
74Malawi99.3
75Congo, (Brazzaville)99.3
76Kuwait99.3
77Nicaragua99.3
78Benin99.3
79Dominican Rep.99.3
80Lesotho99.3
81Bhutan99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
136Vietnam$2 970
137Congo, (Brazzaville)$2 934
138Pakistan$2 566
139Nicaragua$2 551
140Laos$2 435
141Papua New Guinea$2 386
142Djibouti$2 350
143Mauritania$2 174
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
56Bolivia5.8
57Turkmenistan5.8
58Jordan5.7
59Nicaragua5.7
60Peru5.6
61Croatia5.6
62Poland5.6
63Ghana5.6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
89Lebanon57.9
90Sao Tome & Principe57.3
91Kazakhstan57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
96Jordan56.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
63Latvia25
64Estonia25
65El Salvador25
66Nicaragua25
67Malta25
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/nicaragua.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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