The Human Truth Foundation

Peru (Republic of Peru)

http://www.humantruth.info/peru.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#peru

Peru
Republic of Peru
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index55th best
CapitalLima
Land Area1 280 000km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population32.0m2
Life Expectancy72.38yrs (2017)3
GNI$12 246 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPE, PER, 6045
Internet Domain.pe6
CurrencySol (PEN)7
Telephone+518

1. Overview

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous Quechuan ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceeding administrations.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverPeru startles with its variety - parched coastal desert, jagged Andean peaks, lush Amazon rainforest. Its rich culture runs the gamut from sophisticated Lima to mist-shrouded ancient ruins. A visit to South America isn´t complete without a pilgrimage to the glorious Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, but, the truth is, this feted site is just a flash in a 5000-year history of peoples. Walk through the dusted remnants of a vast ancient city at Chan Chan, the largest pre-Columbian ruins in all the Americas. Fly over the puzzling geo-glyphs etched into the arid earth at Nazca. Or venture into the rugged wilds that hem the stalwart fortress of Kuelap. Lima´s great museums, with priceless ceramics, gold and some of the finest textiles in the world, reveal in full detail the sophistication, skill and passion of these lost civilizations. Visit remote communities and see how old ways live on. Peru is as complex as its most intricate weavings. Festivals mix ancient pageantry with stomping brass bands. The urban vanguard beams with artistry and innovation. Trails mark the way from dense jungle to glacial peaks. Immerse yourself in Peru and leave a little closer to the past.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Peru National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
4Hong Kong0.952
5Australia0.951
...
81Dominican Rep.0.767
82Palau0.767
83Cuba0.764
84Peru0.762
85Armenia0.759
86Mexico0.758
The Americas Avg0.75
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
4Luxembourg$84 649
5Ireland$76 169
...
95Sri Lanka$12 578
96Paraguay$12 349
97Barbados$12 306
98Peru$12 246
99Equatorial Guinea$12 074
100St Lucia$12 048
The Americas Avg$16 628
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan29.4
2Norway30.2
3Denmark31.1
4Sweden32.8
5Finland33.9
...
52Mongolia70.7
53Barbados72.3
54Moldova72.4
55Peru74.1
56Bosnia & Herzegovina74.5
57Mexico74.5
The Americas Avg81.8
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Peru's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Peru's population is predicted to rise to 35.49 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.43. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
...
40Morocco36.0m
41Saudi Arabia33.7m
42Uzbekistan32.5m
43Peru32.0m
44Malaysia31.5m
45Angola30.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
89Oman72.5
90Belarus72.4
91Bangladesh72.4
92Peru72.4
93Syria72.1
94Armenia72.0
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
...
96Guyana15.0
97Fiji15.3
98Mexico15.4
99Peru15.5
100Dominican Rep.15.6
101Venezuela15.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
...
181Eritrea0.3%
182Somalia0.3%
183Lesotho0.3%
184Peru0.3%
185Colombia0.3%
186Morocco0.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
...
128Bahrain3.7%
129Gambia3.7%
130Chile3.7%
131Peru3.7%
132Czechia3.6%
133Mauritania3.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #morals #peru #politics #prejudice #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5New Zealand19.0
...
42Kosovo54.2
43Bolivia54.9
44Hungary55.6
45Peru55.8
46S. Africa56.0
47Croatia58.3
The Americas Avg75.1
World Avg89.0
q=199.

Peru does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Peru does the second-best in its nominal commitment to Human Rights20. It comes in the best 20 when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties21. It does better than average in terms of LGBT equality22, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24 and in freethought25. But, there's bad news too. Peru does worse than average for its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice26 (amongst the highest in The Americas), opposing gender inequality27 and in supporting press freedom28. "Efforts to prosecute grave human rights abuses committed during the 20-year armed conflict that ended in 2000 have had mixed results"29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peru's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #Peru #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Compared to The Americas (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Antigua & Barbuda75.6
2Brazil82.1
3Cuba82.4
4Canada83.5
5Barbados85.1
...
14Bahamas92.3
15USA92.4
16Costa Rica93.8
17Peru96.5
18St Vincent & Grenadines96.8
19Dominica98.0
20Panama98.1
The Americas Avg96.2
q=35.
Health (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
...
104Georgia95.6
105Djibouti95.7
106Indonesia95.8
107Peru96.5
108St Vincent & Grenadines96.8
109Vanuatu97.1
110Cape Verde97.3
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean30, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa30.

For more, see:

Health:

Peru does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Peru comes in the best 20 when it comes to its suicide rate32. It does better than average when it comes to its smoking rate33 and in its average life expectancy11. Peru does not succeed in everything, however. Peru does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate34, its fertility rate14, its adolescent birth rate27 (still good for The Americas), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance35 and in its immunizations take-up36. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
89Oman72.5
90Belarus72.4
91Bangladesh72.4
92Peru72.4
93Syria72.1
94Armenia72.0
The Americas Avg72.58
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
...
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
The Americas Avg6.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
The Americas Avg2.29
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
...
30Benin 122
29Ghana 121
28Somalia 117
27Peru 116
26Haiti 114
25Eritrea 114
The Americas Avg 457
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)32
Pos.
Per 100k32
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
4Jordan0.2
5Maldives0.7
6Azerbaijan1.3
7S. Africa1.8
8Bahamas2.5
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
The Americas Avg13.57
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
...
110Costa Rica110
111Dominica111
112Romania112
113Peru113
114Kenya114
115Haiti115
The Americas Avg94.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
...
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
115Peru57.5
116Albania57.7
117Romania57.7
The Americas Avg57.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
...
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
The Americas Avg56.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)36
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %36
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
...
120Montenegro89.9
121Zimbabwe89.7
122Senegal89.5
123Peru89.3
124Ireland89.2
125Sudan89.2
The Americas Avg91.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Peru's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Compared to The Americas (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Canada20.0
2USA27.3
3Argentina42.6
4Chile50.7
5Puerto Rico54.0
...
11Uruguay67.3
12Grenada68.5
13Bermuda69.0
14Peru69.1
15Trinidad & Tobago69.1
16Aruba71.5
17Colombia75.3
The Americas Avg80.9
q=41.
Modernity and Learning (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Finland8.7
2Taiwan10.0
3Estonia15.7
4Denmark15.9
5Switzerland16.4
...
75China68.7
76Armenia68.8
77Bermuda69.0
78Peru69.1
79Trinidad & Tobago69.1
80Kosovo70.0
81Kyrgyzstan70.8
World Avg82.9
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2939
2Israel4.1139
3Japan3.5839
4Finland3.1739
5Sweden3.1639
...
107Madagascar0.1140
108Philippines0.1141
109Myanmar (Burma)0.1142
110Peru0.1043
111Paraguay0.0944
112Congo, DR0.0845
The Americas Avg0.47
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
4Canada100.0%
5Finland100.0%
...
87Greece64.8%
88Guyana63.3%
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
91Palestine61.1%
92Suriname60.5%
The Americas Avg63.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2021)47
Pos.Higher is better
Years47
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
4Belgium19.6
5Sweden19.4
...
50Georgia15.6
51St Kitts & Nevis15.4
52Tunisia15.4
53Peru15.4
54Kuwait15.3
55Japan15.2
The Americas Avg14.2
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
...
99Panama99
100Laos100
101Cameroon101
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
The Americas Avg99.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)48
Pos.Higher is better
Score48
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
...
61Jordan1197
62Indonesia1186
63Brazil1185
64Peru1182
65Lebanon1129
66Tunisia1114
The Americas Avg1287
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)49
Pos.Lower is better
%49
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
...
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
The Americas Avg77.3
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
...
71Philippines86
72Yemen85
73Trinidad & Tobago85
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
The Americas Avg85.3
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
...
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
121Peru41%
122Guyana40%
123Grenada39%
The Americas Avg56.4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
...
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
The Americas Avg0.84
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)53
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio53
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
...
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
The Americas Avg3.36
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index (2013-2021)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Myanmar (Burma)2.7
2New Zealand4.0
3USA4.7
4Australia4.9
5Indonesia9.0
...
94France81.0
95Lebanon82.6
96India82.6
97Peru82.9
98Pakistan83.0
99Ethiopia83.1
The Americas Avg58.4
World Avg67.9
q=160.
Corruption (2012-2016)55
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score55
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
...
91Sri Lanka37.6
92Panama37.4
93Morocco37.2
94Peru37.0
95Benin36.8
96Colombia36.6
The Americas Avg44.85
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
4Iceland7.5
5Switzerland7.5
...
62Bolivia5.8
63Estonia5.7
64Paraguay5.7
65Peru5.7
66Kosovo5.7
67Moldova5.6
The Americas Avg6.05
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
...
87Senegal87
88Indonesia88
89Cambodia89
90Peru90
91Jordan91
92Haiti92
The Americas Avg80.2
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
...
93Mozambique93
94Guinea94
95Ivory Coast95
96Peru96
97Libya97
98Czechia98
The Americas Avg100.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2021)57
Pos.Lower is better57
1Iceland1.10
2New Zealand1.25
3Denmark1.26
4Portugal1.27
5Slovenia1.32
...
83Rwanda2.03
84Trinidad & Tobago2.03
85Nepal2.03
86Peru2.03
87Cuba2.04
88Ecuador2.04
The Americas Avg2.13
World Avg2.08
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
...
94Bahamas94
95Mauritania95
96Nicaragua96
97Peru97
98Czechia98
99Lithuania99
The Americas Avg82.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
...
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
The Americas Avg91.5
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)58
Pos.Lower is better
Score58
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
4Equatorial Guinea0.00
5Cambodia0.00
...
81Congo, (Brazzaville)2.69
82Ireland2.69
83Zimbabwe2.83
84Peru2.84
85Rwanda2.95
86Nicaragua2.95
The Americas Avg2.16
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
4Kuwait+81.2
5Dominican Rep.+79.5
...
121Burundi-04.5
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
The Americas Avg-00.2
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
...
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
64Peru61.9
65Montenegro61.3
66Egypt61.2
The Americas Avg58.8
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
...
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
13Uruguay14.08
14UK13.89
The Americas Avg10.78
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
...
27Norway1993 Dec 29
28Zambia1993 Dec 29
29Australia1993 Dec 29
30Peru1993 Dec 29
31Philippines1994 Jan 06
32Uruguay1994 Feb 03
The Americas Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
4Trinidad & Tobago74.5%
5Costa Rica74.2%
...
16Indonesia66.5%
17Japan64.7%
18Panama64.6%
19Peru63.9%
20Chile63.8%
21Ivory Coast63.7%
The Americas Avg58.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)63
Pos.Higher is worse63
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
...
89Grenada11.20
88Belize11.10
87Brazil10.90
86Peru10.80
85Colombia10.70
84Jordan10.60
The Americas Avg12.03
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)64
Pos.Lower is better
%64
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
...
116Togo43.1
117Zimbabwe43.2
118Chad43.3
119Peru43.3
120Mexico43.4
121Ghana43.5
The Americas Avg45.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)65
Pos.Lower is better
Severity65
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
4Turkmenistan.001
5Jordan.002
...
40Iraq.033
41Suriname.041
42Mongolia.042
43Peru.053
44Gabon.066
45Nicaragua.074
The Americas Avg.045
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)49
Pos.Lower is better
%49
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
...
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)66
Pos.Higher is better
%66
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czechia61
5Estonia49
...
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
84Guatemala1
85El Salvador1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below67:

Christian95.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census)68.

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