The Human Truth Foundation

Peru (Republic of Peru)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#peru

Peru
Republic of Peru
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index65th best
CapitalLima
Land Area1 280 000km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population29.7m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.81yrs (2017)3
GNI$11 295 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPE, PER, 6045
Internet Domain.pe6
CurrencySol (PEN)7
Telephone+518

1. Overview

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous Quechuan ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceeding administrations.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverPeru startles with its variety - parched coastal desert, jagged Andean peaks, lush Amazon rainforest. Its rich culture runs the gamut from sophisticated Lima to mist-shrouded ancient ruins. A visit to South America isn´t complete without a pilgrimage to the glorious Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, but, the truth is, this feted site is just a flash in a 5000-year history of peoples. Walk through the dusted remnants of a vast ancient city at Chan Chan, the largest pre-Columbian ruins in all the Americas. Fly over the puzzling geo-glyphs etched into the arid earth at Nazca. Or venture into the rugged wilds that hem the stalwart fortress of Kuelap. Lima´s great museums, with priceless ceramics, gold and some of the finest textiles in the world, reveal in full detail the sophistication, skill and passion of these lost civilizations. Visit remote communities and see how old ways live on. Peru is as complex as its most intricate weavings. Festivals mix ancient pageantry with stomping brass bands. The urban vanguard beams with artistry and innovation. Trails mark the way from dense jungle to glacial peaks. Immerse yourself in Peru and leave a little closer to the past.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Peru National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
84Armenia84
85Ukraine84
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
89Ecuador89
90China90
91Fiji91
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
90Nauru$12 058
91Iraq$11 608
92Grenada$11 502
93Peru$11 295
94Sri Lanka$10 789
95Ecuador$10 536
96Mongolia$10 449
97Maldives$10 383
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark28.3
2Norway29.1
3Finland29.7
...
61Macedonia76.3
62Cuba76.7
63Mongolia76.7
64Peru77.1
65Turkey77.2
66Armenia77.2
67China77.8
68Montenegro77.9
World Avg86.9
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Peru's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Population:

Peru's population is predicted to rise to 35.49 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.43. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
40Morocco32.6m
41Nepal31.0m
42Venezuela29.9m
43Peru29.7m
44Malaysia29.3m
45Saudi Arabia28.7m
46Uzbekistan28.1m
47Yemen25.6m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
66Serbia1.56
67Libya2.44
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
96Guyana15.0
97Fiji15.3
98Mexico15.4
99Peru15.5
100Dominican Rep.15.6
101Venezuela15.6
102Kazakhstan15.6
103Ecuador16.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
185Myanmar (Burma)0.2%
186N. Korea0.2%
187Morocco0.2%
188Cuba0.1%
189Peru0.1%
190Vietnam0.1%
191Indonesia0.1%
192China0.1%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
128Bahrain3.7%
129Gambia3.7%
130Chile3.7%
131Peru3.7%
132Czechia3.6%
133Mauritania3.5%
134Canada3.5%
135Algeria3.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #peru #politics #tolerance

Peru does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Peru does the second-best in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It does better than average when it comes to commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20, eliminating modern slavery21 and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22. Peru does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice23 (amongst the highest in The Americas), opposing gender inequality24, the year from which women could participate in democracy and in supporting press freedom25. "Efforts to prosecute grave human rights abuses committed during the 20-year armed conflict that ended in 2000 have had mixed results"26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peru's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #Peru #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
102Sao Tome & Principe94.0
103Cambodia94.0
104Russia94.5
105Peru94.6
106Andorra94.8
107Lithuania94.8
108Djibouti94.9
109Indonesia94.9
110Vanuatu95.7
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia.

Health:

Peru does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Peru comes in the best 20 in its suicide rate29. It does better than average in its smoking rate30 and in its average life expectancy12. Peru does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate31, its fertility rate16, its adolescent birth rate24 (still good for The Americas), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32 and in its immunizations take-up33. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
99Mexico6.5
100Philippines6.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
66Serbia1.56
67Libya2.44
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
30Benin 122
29Ghana 121
28Somalia 117
27Peru 116
26Haiti 114
25Eritrea 114
24India 111
23Sao Tome & Principe 111
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)29
Pos.
Per 100k29
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
4Jordan0.2
5Maldives0.7
6Azerbaijan1.3
7S. Africa1.8
8Bahamas2.5
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
110Costa Rica110
111Dominica111
112Romania112
113Peru113
114Kenya114
115Haiti115
116Malawi116
117Swaziland117
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
115Peru57.5
116Albania57.7
117Romania57.7
118Netherlands57.8
119Latvia57.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
120Montenegro89.9
121Zimbabwe89.7
122Senegal89.5
123Peru89.3
124Ireland89.2
125Sudan89.2
126Honduras88.8
127Kenya88.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Peru's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
67China61.4
68Kazakhstan61.4
69Tunisia62.3
70Peru62.3
71Colombia62.4
72Georgia62.8
73Trinidad & Tobago62.9
74Albania64.1
75Kenya64.7
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2936
2Israel4.1136
3Japan3.5836
...
107Madagascar0.1137
108Philippines0.1138
109Myanmar (Burma)0.1139
110Peru0.1040
111Paraguay0.0941
112Congo, DR0.0842
113Indonesia0.0843
114Saudi Arabia0.0742
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
87Greece64.8%
88Guyana63.3%
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
91Palestine61.1%
92Suriname60.5%
93Mexico59.7%
94Bahrain59.6%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better
Years45
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
79Sri Lanka14.0
80China13.9
81St Lucia13.9
82Peru13.8
83Bosnia & Herzegovina13.8
84Kuwait13.8
85S. Africa13.7
86UAE13.6
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
99Panama99
100Laos100
101Cameroon101
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)46
Pos.Higher is better
Score46
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
61Jordan1197
62Indonesia1186
63Brazil1185
64Peru1182
65Lebanon1129
66Tunisia1114
67Macedonia1107
68Kosovo1087
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
71Philippines86
72Yemen85
73Trinidad & Tobago85
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
77Colombia84
78Jordan84
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
121Peru41%
122Guyana40%
123Grenada39%
124El Salvador38%
125Bhutan37%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)51
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio51
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
17Malaysia16.5
18Norway14.7
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Life Satisfaction (2011)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
59Jordan5.7
60Poland5.6
61Ghana5.6
62Peru5.6
63Croatia5.6
64Montenegro5.5
65Hong Kong5.5
66Kazakhstan5.5
World Avg5.4
q=150.
Corruption (2012-2016)54
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score54
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
91Sri Lanka37.6
92Panama37.4
93Morocco37.2
94Peru37.0
95Benin36.8
96Colombia36.6
97Thailand36.6
98Maldives36.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
62Bolivia5.8
63Estonia5.7
64Paraguay5.7
65Peru5.7
66Kosovo5.7
67Moldova5.6
68Turkmenistan5.6
69Hungary5.6
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
87Senegal87
88Indonesia88
89Cambodia89
90Peru90
91Jordan91
92Haiti92
93Tunisia93
94Papua New Guinea94
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
93Mozambique93
94Guinea94
95Ivory Coast95
96Peru96
97Libya97
98Czechia98
99Israel99
100Argentina100
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
94Bahamas94
95Mauritania95
96Nicaragua96
97Peru97
98Czechia98
99Lithuania99
100Luxembourg100
101Niger101
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
98Papua New Guinea98
99Mexico99
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)57
Pos.Lower is better
Score57
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
81Congo, (Brazzaville)2.69
82Ireland2.69
83Zimbabwe2.83
84Peru2.84
85Rwanda2.95
86Nicaragua2.95
87Jordan3.09
88Italy3.11
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
121Burundi-04.5
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
127Mexico-05.3
128Solomon Islands-06.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)59
Pos.Higher is better59
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
64Peru61.9
65Montenegro61.3
66Egypt61.2
67Lebanon61.1
68Macedonia61.1
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
13Uruguay14.08
14UK13.89
15Costa Rica13.51
16Philippines13.51
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
27Norway1993 Dec 29
28Zambia1993 Dec 29
29Australia1993 Dec 29
30Peru1993 Dec 29
31Philippines1994 Jan 06
32Uruguay1994 Feb 03
33Nauru1994 Feb 08
34Jordan1994 Feb 10
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)61
Pos.Higher is better
%61
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
84Guatemala1
85El Salvador1
86Panama1
87Somalia0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below62:

Christian95.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census)63.

Links: