The Human Truth Foundation

Albania (Republic of Albania)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Albania
Republic of Albania
StatusIndependent State
CapitalTirana
Land Area 27 400km21
LocationEurope, Mediterranean, The Balkans
Population3.2m (2011)2
Life Expectancy77.97yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 252 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAL, ALB, 85
Internet Domain.al6
CurrencyLek (ALL)7
Telephone+3558

1. Overview

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, each of Albania's post-Communist elections have been marred by claims of electoral fraud. The 2009 general elections resulted in a coalition government, the first such in the country's history. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith stunning mountain scenery, a thriving, multicoloured capital city and beaches to rival anywhere else in the Mediterranean, Albania has become the sleeper hit of the Balkans. [...] Albania has natural beauty in such abundance that you might wonder why it´s taken 20 years for the country to take off as a tourist destination since the demise of a particularly insular strain of communism in 1991. [Albanians have] just got on with embracing life in a languid and chaotically post-communist way. Albania offers a remarkable array of unique attractions, largely due to this very isolation: ancient mountain codes of behaviours, forgotten archaeological sites and villages where time seems to have stood still are all on the menu. Lively, colourful Tirana is the beating heart of Albania, where this tiny nation´s hopes and dreams coalesce into a vibrant whirl of traffic, brash consumerism and unfettered fun.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Albania National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
72Venezuela71
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
49Malaysia61.8
50Liechtenstein61.5
51Serbia61.3
52Albania60.6
53Argentina60.3
54Uzbekistan60.0
55Bhutan59.9
56Mongolia59.6
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
148Norway32.2
149Iceland32.5
150Serbia32.7
151Hungary32.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
7Monaco56.3%
8Antigua & Barbuda47.6%
9Tonga45.4%
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
13Bosnia & Herzegovina38.9%
14Palau38.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
104Zimbabwe2.9%
105Ecuador2.9%
106Iran2.8%
107Albania2.8%
108Togo2.7%
109Marshall Islands2.7%
110Trinidad & Tobago2.6%
111Benin2.5%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
37Brunei79.02
38Czechia78.78
39Qatar78.32
40Albania77.97
41Dominica77.85
42Panama77.76
43Poland77.62
44Croatia77.50
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
131Moldova3.5m
132Uruguay3.4m
133Lithuania3.3m
134Albania3.2m
135Armenia3.1m
136Oman2.9m
137Kuwait2.9m
138Mongolia2.8m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Albania's population is predicted to rise to 3.29 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.51. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#burundi #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #mass_media #peace #politics #slavery #UK

Corruption (2012-2016)18
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score18
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
100Algeria35.2
101Armenia35.0
102Gabon35.0
103Albania34.4
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
106Niger34.2
107Indonesia34.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain19. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland18 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan18.

Global Peace Index (2012)20
Pos.Lower is better20
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"20. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark20 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan20.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
29Hungary20
30Czechia20
31Georgia20
32Albania20
33Cyprus20
34Namibia20
35Ukraine20
36Macedonia20
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)22
Pos.Lower is better
Rank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
47Mongolia47
48Bahamas48
49Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
52Israel52
53Peru53
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)23

Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
98Mali3003
99Georgia3009
100Lebanon3015
101Albania3088
102Maldives3110
103Uganda3169
104Peru3187
105Kyrgyzstan3220
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
123Togo0.68
124Cameroon0.69
125Kenya0.69
126Albania0.69
127Malaysia0.69
128Djibouti0.71
129Angola0.72
130Syria0.73
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory26. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends27. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life28. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves29.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery30. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity31. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.32. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi25, Eritrea25, Indonesia33) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery34.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)35
Pos.Lower is better35
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
48Bahrain0.23
49Hungary0.25
50Saudi Arabia0.26
51Albania0.27
52Russia0.27
53Mongolia0.28
54Oman0.28
55Uruguay0.28
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote36
Pos.Lower is better
Year36
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
19Poland1919
20Canada1920
21USA1920
22Albania1920
23Lithuania1921
24Sweden1921
25Azerbaijan1921
26Armenia1921
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

Albania is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
77Iceland77
78Turkey78
79Georgia79
80Albania80
81Gabon81
82Russia82
83Iran83
84Serbia84
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
71Guatemala71
72Estonia72
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
77Bahrain77
78Sri Lanka78
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)20
Pos.Lower is better20
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"20. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark20 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan20.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)38
Pos.Lower is better
Score38
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
37Zambia0.31
38Djibouti0.32
39Bulgaria0.37
40Albania0.42
41Cyprus0.42
42Lithuania0.46
43Sierra Leone0.46
44Jamaica0.47
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)40
Pos.Higher is better
%40
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
40Uruguay12
41USA10
42Trinidad & Tobago9
43Albania8
44Dominican Rep.7
45Croatia7
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below41:

Christian18%
Muslim80.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.4%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.4% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (8%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 98.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%. Note: percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice42.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
70Greece65%
71Saudi Arabia65%
72French Polynesia64%
73Albania63%
74Palestine63%
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)44
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio44
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
122Swaziland0.0
123Mongolia0.0
124Samoa0.0
125Albania0.0
126Micronesia0.0
127Algeria0.0
128Djibouti0.0
129Guyana0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Albania has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Albania does better than average when it comes to its suicide rate45, its immunizations take-up46 and in its adolescent birth rate35 (but high for Europe). Albania does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its alcohol consumption rate47 (still good for Europe), the prevalence of overweight adults48 (still low for Europe), its smoking rate49 (still good for Europe) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance37 (the worst in Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)47
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita47
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
107China7.2
108Paraguay7.2
109Mongolia7.4
110Albania7.5
111Burundi7.5
112Italy7.5
113Norway7.5
114Kazakhstan7.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking50 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink51 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies52 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"53. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"54. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
135Iraq135
136Madagascar136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Albania138
139Ghana139
140Chad140
141Rwanda141
142Mali142
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
115Peru57.5
116Albania57.7
117Romania57.7
118Netherlands57.8
119Latvia57.8
120Finland57.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese55. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up56. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight56 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year57 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"58. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes59. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar60.

Smoking Rates (2014)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
129Lithuania1 124
130Uruguay1 135
131Canada1 154
132Albania1 177
133Egypt1 188
134Vietnam1 215
135Iraq1 227
136Spain1 265
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)45
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k45
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
21Barbados7.3
22Belize7.3
23Bahrain7.5
24Albania8
25Mexico8.5
26Israel8.5
27Georgia8.8
28Seychelles8.9
World Avg20.93
q=91.

10. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)35
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100035
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
69Armenia23.0
70Jordan23.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %46
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
29St Vincent & Grenadines97.2
30Dominica97.1
31Kazakhstan97.1
32Albania97.1
33Andorra97.1
34Russia97.0
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
61
Pos.Lower is better61
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
117Mauritania101.25
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
75Turkey75
76Kyrgyzstan76
77Togo77
78Albania78
79Brunei79
80Suriname80
81Fiji81
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
77Iceland77
78Turkey78
79Georgia79
80Albania80
81Gabon81
82Russia82
83Iran83
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
71Guatemala71
72Estonia72
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
77Bahrain77
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)37
Pos.Lower is better
Rank37
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
18Singapore18
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2962
2Israel4.1162
3Japan3.5862
...
98Bolivia0.1663
99Kyrgyzstan0.1664
100Sri Lanka0.1665
101Albania0.1566
102Namibia0.1465
103Georgia0.1367
104Gambia0.1364
105Tajikistan0.1268
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)69
Pos.Higher is better69
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
70Greece5.4
71Lithuania5.4
72Turkey5.3
73Albania5.3
74Pakistan5.3
75Lebanon5.2
76Indonesia5.2
77Portugal5.2
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
96Mongolia$10 449
97Maldives$10 383
98St Vincent & Grenadines$10 372
99Albania$10 252
100Tunisia$10 249
101Jordan$10 111
102Dominica$10 096
103Bosnia & Herzegovina$10 091
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)70
Pos.Higher is better70
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
37Latvia66.1
38Turkmenistan66.1
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
q=180.
LGBT Equality (2017)71
Pos.Higher is better
Score71
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
36USA44
37Monaco40
38Poland40
39Albania40
40Switzerland40
41Serbia40
42Cyprus40
43Italy40
q=196.
IQ (2006)72
Pos.Higher is better72
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
52Thailand91
53Lithuania91
54Cambodia91
55Albania90
56Croatia90
57Kyrgyzstan90
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
q=138.