The Human Truth Foundation

Albania (Republic of Albania)

http://www.humantruth.info/albania.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Albania
Republic of Albania
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index51st best
CapitalTirana
Land Area 27 400km21
LocationEurope, The Balkans, The Mediterranean
Population2.9m2
Life Expectancy76.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 131 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAL, ALB, 85
Internet Domain.al6
CurrencyLek (ALL)7
Telephone+3558

1. Overview

Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997; however, each of Albania's post-Communist elections have been marred by claims of electoral fraud. The 2009 general elections resulted in a coalition government, the first such in the country's history. Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith stunning mountain scenery, a thriving, multicoloured capital city and beaches to rival anywhere else in the Mediterranean, Albania has become the sleeper hit of the Balkans. [...] Albania has natural beauty in such abundance that you might wonder why it´s taken 20 years for the country to take off as a tourist destination since the demise of a particularly insular strain of communism in 1991. [Albanians have] just got on with embracing life in a languid and chaotically post-communist way. Albania offers a remarkable array of unique attractions, largely due to this very isolation: ancient mountain codes of behaviours, forgotten archaeological sites and villages where time seems to have stood still are all on the menu. Lively, colourful Tirana is the beating heart of Albania, where this tiny nation´s hopes and dreams coalesce into a vibrant whirl of traffic, brash consumerism and unfettered fun.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Albania National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
4Hong Kong0.952
5Australia0.951
...
64Georgia0.802
65Serbia0.802
66Thailand0.800
67Albania0.796
68Grenada0.795
69Bulgaria0.795
Europe Avg0.87
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
4Luxembourg$84 649
5Ireland$76 169
...
82Colombia$14 384
83Brazil$14 370
84Azerbaijan$14 257
85Albania$14 131
86Palau$13 819
87Grenada$13 484
Europe Avg$40 512
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan29.4
2Norway30.2
3Denmark31.1
4Sweden32.8
5Finland33.9
...
48Liechtenstein68.9
49Serbia69.0
50Israel69.7
51Albania70.6
52Mongolia70.7
53Barbados72.3
Europe Avg58.0
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Albania's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Albania's population is predicted to rise to 3.29 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.51. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
...
135Mongolia3.2m
136Armenia3.0m
137Jamaica2.9m
138Albania2.9m
139Lithuania2.8m
140Qatar2.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
47Estonia77.1
48Costa Rica77.0
49Saudi Arabia76.9
50Albania76.5
51Poland76.5
52Sri Lanka76.4
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
...
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
148Norway32.2
149Iceland32.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
...
132Romania1.9%
133Japan1.8%
134Sudan1.8%
135Albania1.8%
136Pakistan1.7%
137Nepal1.7%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
6Guyana56.9%
7Monaco56.3%
8Antigua & Barbuda47.6%
9Tonga45.4%
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Albania's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #freethought #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #slavery #tolerance #women

Compared to Europe (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5Iceland20.1
...
29Kosovo54.2
30Hungary55.6
31Croatia58.3
32Albania59.6
33Greece61.9
34Ukraine62.4
35Bosnia & Herzegovina63.4
Europe Avg51.7
q=49.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5New Zealand19.0
...
47Croatia58.3
48Mexico58.4
49Ecuador59.3
50Albania59.6
51Panama59.9
52Mongolia60.5
53Greece61.9
World Avg89.0
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Denmark and Norway18. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Palestine and Somalia18.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe18, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia18.

For more, see:

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
...
29Hungary20
30Czechia20
31Georgia20
32Albania20
33Cyprus20
34Namibia20
Europe Avg19.5
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
4Colombia3.68
5Costa Rica4.05
...
103Croatia10.65
104Zambia10.81
105Iran10.81
106Albania10.94
107Israel10.97
108Armenia11.00
Europe Avg9.09
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)22
Pos.Lower is better
Rank22
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
...
47Mongolia47
48Bahamas48
49Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
52Israel52
Europe Avg33.9
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
4Luxembourg668
5Andorra682
...
98Mali3003
99Georgia3009
100Lebanon3015
101Albania3088
102Maldives3110
103Uganda3169
Europe Avg2044
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)24
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims24
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
4Australia0.06
5New Zealand0.06
...
123Togo0.68
124Cameroon0.69
125Kenya0.69
126Albania0.69
127Malaysia0.69
128Djibouti0.71
Europe Avg0.38
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Gender Equality:

Albania is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
4Sweden0.05
5Iceland0.05
...
48Bahrain0.23
49Hungary0.25
50Saudi Arabia0.26
51Albania0.27
52Russia0.27
53Mongolia0.28
Europe Avg0.15
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Denmark1915
...
19Poland1919
20Canada1920
21USA1920
22Albania1920
23Lithuania1921
24Sweden1921
Europe Avg1895
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)26
Pos.Higher is better
Score26
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
...
36USA44
37Monaco40
38Poland40
39Albania40
40Switzerland40
41Serbia40
Europe Avg46.9
World Avg12.6
q=196.
Freedom of Thought (2021)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Belgium1.0
2Netherlands1.0
3Taiwan1.0
4Sao Tome & Principe1.3
5Ecuador1.3
...
14Guinea-Bissau1.7
15S. Africa1.7
16S. Korea1.8
17Albania1.8
18Palau1.8
19USA1.8
Europe Avg2.6
World Avg3.0
q=196.

5. Albania's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Compared to Europe (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Monaco13.0
2Norway61.0
3Finland65.3
4Switzerland65.6
5Italy67.5
...
27Czechia83.6
28France83.8
29Bosnia & Herzegovina84.0
30Albania84.0
31Turkey84.5
32Estonia85.3
33Ireland87.4
Europe Avg82.5
q=46.
Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
...
63Czechia83.6
64France83.8
65Bosnia & Herzegovina84.0
66Albania84.0
67Turkey84.5
68Australia84.6
69Jordan84.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean28, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa28.

For more, see:

Health:

Albania does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Albania does better than average in its suicide rate30, its fertility rate14, its immunizations take-up31, its average life expectancy11 (but low for Europe) and in its adolescent birth rate25 (but bad for Europe). But, things could still be better. Albania does worse than average for its alcohol consumption rate32 (still low for Europe), its smoking rate33 (still good for Europe) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance34 (the worst in Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
47Estonia77.1
48Costa Rica77.0
49Saudi Arabia76.9
50Albania76.5
51Poland76.5
52Sri Lanka76.4
Europe Avg78.36
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
...
107China7.2
108Paraguay7.2
109Mongolia7.4
110Albania7.5
111Burundi7.5
112Italy7.5
Europe Avg10.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
79Czechia1.50
Europe Avg1.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
...
135Iraq1 227
134Vietnam1 215
133Egypt1 188
132Albania1 177
131Canada1 154
130Uruguay1 135
Europe Avg1 648
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
4Jordan0.2
5Maldives0.7
...
21Barbados7.3
22Belize7.3
23Bahrain7.5
24Albania8
25Mexico8.5
26Israel8.5
Europe Avg26.99
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
...
135Iraq135
136Madagascar136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Albania138
139Ghana139
140Chad140
Europe Avg47.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
...
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
115Peru57.5
116Albania57.7
117Romania57.7
118Netherlands57.8
Europe Avg58.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
...
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
Europe Avg14.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
...
29St Vincent & Grenadines97.2
30Dominica97.1
31Kazakhstan97.1
32Albania97.1
33Andorra97.1
34Russia97.0
Europe Avg92.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Albania's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Compared to Europe (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.7
2Estonia15.7
3Denmark15.9
4Switzerland16.4
5Belgium16.9
...
43Macedonia67.6
44Azerbaijan68.6
45Armenia68.8
46Kosovo70.0
47Albania71.8
48Andorra74.5
49San Marino125.0
Europe Avg41.3
q=49.
Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.7
2Taiwan10.0
3Estonia15.7
4Denmark15.9
5Switzerland16.4
...
81Kyrgyzstan70.8
82Aruba71.5
83Iran71.8
84Albania71.8
85India73.6
86Tunisia74.2
87Andorra74.5
World Avg82.9
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
4Finland3.1737
5Sweden3.1637
...
98Bolivia0.1638
99Kyrgyzstan0.1639
100Sri Lanka0.1640
101Albania0.1541
102Namibia0.1440
103Georgia0.1342
Europe Avg1.32
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
4Canada100.0%
5Finland100.0%
...
32Japan93.6%
33Tajikistan93.1%
34Barbados92.9%
35Albania92.9%
36Belarus92.2%
37Marshall Islands92.1%
Europe Avg88.3%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2021)44
Pos.Higher is better
Years44
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
4Belgium19.6
5Sweden19.4
...
72Trinidad & Tobago14.5
73Slovakia14.5
74Dominican Rep.14.5
75Albania14.4
76Cuba14.4
77Colombia14.4
Europe Avg16.1
World Avg13.5
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
...
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
Europe Avg31.3
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)45
Pos.Higher is better
Score45
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
...
53Montenegro1256
54Costa Rica1247
55Mexico1247
56Albania1245
57Thailand1245
58Colombia1231
Europe Avg1417
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
...
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
Europe Avg55.2
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
...
52Thailand91
53Lithuania91
54Cambodia91
55Albania90
56Croatia90
57Kyrgyzstan90
Europe Avg96.6
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
...
70Greece65%
71Saudi Arabia65%
72French Polynesia64%
73Albania63%
74Palestine63%
75Montenegro62%
Europe Avg76.7%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)49
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio49
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
...
122Swaziland0.0
123Mongolia0.0
124Samoa0.0
125Albania0.0
126Micronesia0.0
127Algeria0.0
Europe Avg8.11
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

World Giving Index (2013-2021)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Myanmar (Burma)2.7
2New Zealand4.0
3USA4.7
4Australia4.9
5Indonesia9.0
...
117Gabon94.1
118Lesotho95.0
119Congo, (Brazzaville)95.3
120Albania96.1
121Romania96.7
122Slovakia100.6
Europe Avg75.2
World Avg67.9
q=160.
Corruption (2012-2016)51
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score51
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
...
100Algeria35.2
101Armenia35.0
102Gabon35.0
103Albania34.4
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
Europe Avg57.63
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
4Iceland7.5
5Switzerland7.5
...
109Senegal4.6
110Laos4.6
111Tunisia4.6
112Albania4.6
113Sierra Leone4.6
114Congo, (Brazzaville)4.6
Europe Avg6.06
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
...
75Turkey75
76Kyrgyzstan76
77Togo77
78Albania78
79Brunei79
80Suriname80
Europe Avg35.0
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
...
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
Europe Avg42.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2021)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Iceland1.10
2New Zealand1.25
3Denmark1.26
4Portugal1.27
5Slovenia1.32
...
45Laos1.81
46Sierra Leone1.81
47Uruguay1.82
48Albania1.82
49Chile1.83
50Vietnam1.84
Europe Avg1.69
World Avg2.08
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
...
77Iceland77
78Turkey78
79Georgia79
80Albania80
81Gabon81
82Russia82
Europe Avg84.6
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)34
Pos.Lower is better
Rank34
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
...
71Guatemala71
72Estonia72
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
Europe Avg37.8
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)54
Pos.Lower is better
Score54
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
4Equatorial Guinea0.00
5Cambodia0.00
...
37Zambia0.31
38Djibouti0.32
39Bulgaria0.37
40Albania0.42
41Cyprus0.42
42Lithuania0.46
Europe Avg1.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
4Kuwait+81.2
5Dominican Rep.+79.5
...
108Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.5
109Congo, (Brazzaville)-01.7
110Central African Rep.-01.7
111Albania-02.2
112Sierra Leone-02.4
113Trinidad & Tobago-02.6
Europe Avg+15.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
...
37Latvia66.1
38Turkmenistan66.1
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
Europe Avg69.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
...
19Italy13.16
20Cyprus12.99
21Morocco12.66
22Albania12.50
23Spain12.50
24Yemen12.50
Europe Avg09.80
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
...
41Germany1994 Mar 21
42Denmark1994 Mar 21
43Belize1994 Mar 30
44Albania1994 Apr 05
45Malawi1994 May 03
46Samoa1994 May 10
Europe Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
4Trinidad & Tobago74.5%
5Costa Rica74.2%
...
140Iceland13.1%
141Uzbekistan11.3%
142Tajikistan11.1%
143Haiti10.0%
144Albania9.4%
145Turkmenistan8.6%
Europe Avg33.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)59
Pos.Higher is worse59
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
...
62Brunei7.60
61Ukraine7.40
60Lebanon7.40
59Albania7.20
58Costa Rica7.10
57Russia7.10
Europe Avg4.86
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)60
Pos.Lower is better
%60
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
...
15Netherlands28.2
16Serbia28.5
17Timor-Leste (E. Timor)28.7
18Albania29.0
19Sweden29.2
20Malta29.4
Europe Avg31.5
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)61
Pos.Lower is better
Severity61
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
4Turkmenistan.001
5Jordan.002
6Kazakhstan.002
7Montenegro.002
8Trinidad & Tobago.002
9Maldives.003
10Albania.003
11Thailand.003
12Moldova.004
Europe Avg.004
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)46
Pos.Lower is better
%46
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
4Japan24
5Hong Kong24
...
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)62
Pos.Higher is better
%62
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
4Czechia61
5Estonia49
...
40Uruguay12
41USA10
42Trinidad & Tobago9
43Albania8
44Dominican Rep.7
45Croatia7
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below63:

Christian18%
Muslim80.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.4%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.4% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (8%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 98.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%. Note: percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice64.

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