The Human Truth Foundation

Gabon (Gabonese Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Gabon

Gabon
Gabonese Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index144th best
CapitalLibreville
Land Area1 257 670 km2
LocationAfrica
Population21.564 million
Life Expectancy363.086yrs (2012)
GNI3$12 521
ISO3166-1 Codes4GA, GAB, 266
Internet Domain5.ga
Currency6Franc (XAF)
Telephone7+241

1. Overview

El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Following President BONGO's death in 2009, new elections brought Ali BONGO Ondimba, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Gabon National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
103Thailand69.058.9
104Maldives68.861.7
105Suriname68.467.7
106Gabon68.360.4
107El Salvador68.057.0
108Mongolia67.558.1
109Bolivia67.558.5
110Palestine67.064.0
111Paraguay66.959.8
112Egypt66.253.3
113Moldova66.061.5
114Philippines65.459.1
115Uzbekistan65.463.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
141Liberia47.2
142Syria47.0
143Sierra Leone46.7
144Gabon46.3
145Papua New Guinea46.3
146Palestine46.2
147Myanmar (Burma)46.2
148Madagascar46.1
149Bangladesh45.7
150Nepal45.3
151Comoros44.7
152Guinea44.5
153Solomon Islands44.4
154Cameroon43.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
147Ghana64.6
148Cambodia63.6
149Papua New Guinea63.1
150Gabon63.1
151Timor-Leste (E. Timor)62.9
152Namibia62.6
153Haiti62.4
154Eritrea62
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
127Haiti3.2
128Gabon3.2
129Swaziland3.2
130Bolivia3.2
131Pakistan3.2
132Micronesia3.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
146Qatar1.939m167
147Gambia1.825m180
148Guinea-Bissau1.58m56
149Gabon1.564m6
150Bahrain1.359m1789
151Trinidad & Tobago1.351m263
152Estonia1.34m32
Data Source

Gabon's population is predicted to rise to 2.146 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.20.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
109Benin1956
110Mauritius1956
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
115Malaysia1957
116Burkina Faso1958
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
102Botswana0.49
103Nepal0.49
104Guyana0.49
105Gabon0.49
106Indonesia0.49
107Iran0.50
108Panama0.50
109Dominican Rep.0.51
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Gabon and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Gabon is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian76.5%
Muslim11.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
143Vanuatu7.99
144Nepal7.93
145India7.50
146Gabon7.23
147Liberia7.00
148Laos7.00
149Samoa6.97
150Namibia6.50
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
121Sierra Leone6.0
122Senegal5.9
123Ukraine5.9
124Gabon5.9
125Argentina5.8
126Ecuador5.8
127Lesotho5.8
128Ivory Coast5.7
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
89San Marino16
90Egypt16
91Seychelles16
92Gabon16
93Nigeria16
94Ghana16
95Burundi16
96Tajikistan16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
85Guinea99.3
86Bulgaria99.3
87Madagascar99.3
88Gabon99.3
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)99.3
90Paraguay99.3
91Guinea-Bissau99.3
92Seychelles99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
52Bulgaria0.6513
53Ethiopia0.6113
54Latvia0.6013
55Gabon0.5814
56Argentina0.5815
57Senegal0.5416
58Mexico0.5412
59UAE0.4917
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
63Mauritius$13 300
64Botswana$13 102
65Mexico$12 947
66Gabon$12 521
67St Kitts & Nevis$12 460
68Lebanon$12 364
69Venezuela$11 475
70Bulgaria$11 474
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
91Kazakhstan57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
96Jordan56.1
97Bosnia & Herzegovina55.9
98Saudi Arabia55.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
73Bolivia25
74Bosnia & Herzegovina25
75Venezuela25
76Gabon20
77St Helena20
78Marshall Islands20
79Mongolia20
80Cape Verde20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/gabon.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gb.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  15. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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