The Human Truth Foundation

Gabon (Gabonese Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Gabon
Gabonese Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index152nd best
CapitalLibreville
Land Area 257 670km21
LocationAfrica
Population2.1m2
Life Expectancy64.94yrs (2017)3
GNI$19 044 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGA, GAB, 2665
Internet Domain.ga6
CurrencyFranc (XAF)7
Telephone+2418

1. Overview

El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - dominated the country's political scene for four decades (1967-2009) following independence from France in 1960. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Following President BONGO's death in 2009, new elections brought Ali BONGO Ondimba, son of the former president, to power. Despite constrained political conditions, Gabon's small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make it one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverGabon is Africa´s last Eden, a realm of largely untouched natural riches; with its wealth of national parks it may just be, for the traveller, ecotourism heaven. Unlike many of its neighbours, this slab of equatorial Africa enjoys both peace and stability, while its superb wildlife makes it an increasingly popular place to safari away from the crowds of East Africa. With its seemingly endless rainforest now safeguarded by the 2003 decision to turn an incredible 10% of the country into protected national parkland, Gabon is Central Africa´s most progressive and traveller-friendly destination, although the competition is admittedly not too fierce.Despite being far ahead of its unstable, war-torn neighbours, tourism in Gabon remains DIY - you either put yourself in the hands of a travel agency, or negotiate the poor roads, infrequent transport and almost total lack of reliable infrastructure yourself. Outside cosmopolitan Libreville, the country´s only real city, Gabon is an undiscovered wonderland of thick jungle, white-sand beaches, rushing rivers and ethereal landscapes. Bring either plenty of money or plenty of patience, but don´t miss out on this Eden-like travel experience.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Gabon National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
106Uzbekistan105
107Moldova107
108Botswana108
109Gabon109
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
62Uruguay$19 148
63Gabon$19 044
64Turkey$18 705
65Mauritius$17 948
66Azerbaijan$16 413
67Iran$16 395
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
149Ivory Coast110.8
150Tonga110.8
151Sao Tome & Principe110.8
152Gabon110.9
153Benin110.9
154Djibouti111.0
155San Marino111.0
156Ethiopia111.2
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Gabon's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Gabon's population is predicted to rise to 2.146 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.20. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
141Namibia2.4m
142Gambia2.3m
143Botswana2.3m
144Gabon2.1m
145Lesotho2.1m
146Macedonia2.1m
147Slovenia2.1m
148Latvia1.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
145Namibia65.06
146Gabon64.94
147Rwanda64.75
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
125Zimbabwe3.15
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
54Laos08.1
55Timor-Leste (E. Timor)08.2
56Belize08.3
57Gabon08.5
58Pakistan08.6
59Bahrain08.7
60Syria09.0
61Djibouti09.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
35Norway15.1%
36Germany14.8%
37Estonia14.7%
38Gabon13.8%
39St Kitts & Nevis13.7%
40Seychelles13.6%
41Croatia13.4%
42UK13.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
158S. Africa1.7%
159Iran1.7%
160Libya1.7%
161Gabon1.7%
162Vanuatu1.6%
163Djibouti1.5%
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4%
165Zambia1.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Gabon's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
122St Vincent & Grenadines103.8
123Benin103.8
124Mozambique103.9
125Gabon104.0
126Cambodia104.1
127Kuwait104.3
128Togo104.8
129Bahrain106.9
130Timor-Leste (E. Timor)107.7
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
95Burundi16
96Nigeria16
97Benin16
98Gabon16
99San Marino16
100Cambodia16
101Sierra Leone15
102Chad15
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
80Sierra Leone9.33
81China9.36
82Lesotho9.44
83Gabon9.47
84Turkey9.48
85Malta9.60
86Luxembourg9.67
87Nigeria9.71
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
132Niger132
133Sierra Leone133
134Swaziland134
135Gabon135
136Togo136
137Bangladesh137
138Belize138
139Congo, (Brazzaville)139
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
85Guinea2849
86Bulgaria2858
87Madagascar2862
88Gabon2869
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
94Indonesia0.47
95Ghana0.48
96Iraq0.48
97Gabon0.48
98Sierra Leone0.50
99Uzbekistan0.52
100Armenia0.53
101Mozambique0.54
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Gender Equality:

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Gabon and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Gabon is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
124Zambia0.53
125India0.53
126Zimbabwe0.54
127Gabon0.54
128Qatar0.54
129Tanzania0.54
130Pakistan0.55
131Ghana0.55
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
109Benin1956
110Mauritius1956
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
115Malaysia1957
116Laos1958
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)27
Pos.Higher is better
Score27
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
107Djibouti11
108Mali11
109Tajikistan11
110Gabon10
111Bahamas10
112Kazakhstan8
113N. Korea8
114Rwanda7
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Gabon's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)28,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
178Namibia121.1
179Papua New Guinea122.0
180Congo, (Brazzaville)123.1
181Gabon131.4
182Iraq132.0
183Ivory Coast132.4
184Angola135.0
185Equatorial Guinea136.4
186Nigeria140.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Gabon is a pretty unhealthy country. Gabon does better than average in terms of its smoking rate29 (but bad for Africa). When it comes to most other metrics, Gabon does not do well. It does worse than average for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its fertility rate15 (still good for Africa), its average life expectancy12 (still good for Africa), its immunizations take-up31, its adolescent birth rate26 and in its alcohol consumption rate32 (amongst the worst in Africa). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
145Namibia65.06
146Gabon64.94
147Rwanda64.75
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
168Gabon11.5
169Slovakia11.5
170Switzerland11.5
171Austria11.6
172Estonia11.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
125Zimbabwe3.15
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
93Oman 577
92Uzbekistan 573
91Venezuela 565
90Gabon 559
89Norway 556
88Iceland 551
87S. Africa 537
86Tajikistan 533
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
125Burkina Faso125
126Mauritius126
127Congo, DR127
128Gabon128
129Ivory Coast129
130Mongolia130
131Afghanistan131
132Suriname132
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
63Swaziland38.4
64Djibouti38.6
65Lesotho38.7
66Gabon40.2
67Namibia40.6
68Brunei41.2
69Malaysia42.5
70Botswana43.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100026
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
160Togo92.0
161Lesotho92.7
162Dominican Rep.97.9
163Gabon99.9
164Somalia103.9
165Cameroon104.6
166Burkina Faso108.5
167Equatorial Guinea108.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
162Gabon78.7
163Micronesia78.2
164Philippines77.9
165Sweden77.8
166Ivory Coast76.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Gabon's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
145Mali98.1
146Togo99.4
147Malawi99.8
148Gabon100.2
149Swaziland100.4
150Angola101.3
151Myanmar (Burma)103.8
152Burundi104.2
153Turkmenistan104.4
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
52Bulgaria0.6536
53Ethiopia0.6136
54Latvia0.6036
55Gabon0.5837
56Argentina0.5838
57Mexico0.5435
58Senegal0.5439
59UAE0.4940
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
95Brazil59.5%
96Bolivia58.8%
97Zimbabwe58.7%
98Gabon57.6%
99Libya57.4%
100Dominican Rep.56.6%
101Uruguay56.0%
102Lebanon54.9%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
98Dominica13.0
99Trinidad & Tobago13.0
100Indonesia12.9
101Gabon12.9
102Panama12.9
103Suriname12.9
104Palestine12.8
105Bahamas12.8
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
148Lesotho148
149Venezuela149
150Libya150
151Gabon151
152Sierra Leone152
153Cambodia153
154Zambia154
155Paraguay155
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
178Solomon Islands10%
179Liberia9%
180Congo, (Brazzaville)8%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)44
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio44
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
162Belize0.0
163Suriname0.0
164Grenada0.0
165Gabon0.0
166Lebanon0.0
167St Lucia0.0
168Dominica0.0
169Cuba0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score46
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
99Philippines35.6
100Algeria35.2
101Armenia35.0
102Gabon35.0
103Albania34.4
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
106Niger34.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
100Bulgaria4.9
101Nepal4.9
102Venezuela4.8
103Gabon4.8
104Palestine4.7
105S. Africa4.7
106Iran4.7
107Ivory Coast4.7
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
155Yemen155
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
160Burundi160
161Rwanda161
162Congo, DR162
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
149India149
150Cameroon150
151Suriname151
152Gabon152
153Iraq153
154Paraguay154
155Grenada155
156Venezuela156
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
78Turkey78
79Georgia79
80Albania80
81Gabon81
82Russia82
83Iran83
84Serbia84
85Mexico85
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
97Russia97
98Papua New Guinea98
99Mexico99
100Senegal100
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)49
Pos.Lower is better
Score49
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
43Sierra Leone0.46
44Jamaica0.47
45Poland0.48
46Gabon0.55
47Malawi0.66
48Azerbaijan0.70
49Czechia0.87
50Denmark0.96
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
58New Zealand05.1
59Slovenia05.1
60Lebanon04.8
61Gabon04.5
62Ukraine04.1
63Croatia03.8
64Iraq03.3
65USA02.7
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
137Chad45.3
138Myanmar (Burma)45.3
139Ivory Coast45.3
140Gabon45.1
141Ethiopia44.8
142S. Africa44.7
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
165Belgium1997 Feb 20
166Dominican Rep.1997 Feb 23
167Turkey1997 May 15
168Gabon1997 Jun 12
169Burundi1997 Jul 14
170Tajikistan1998 Jan 27
171Liechtenstein1998 Feb 17
172Macedonia1998 Mar 02
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)52
Pos.Higher is worse52
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
145Papua New Guinea24.10
144Turkmenistan23.40
143Djibouti23.40
142Gabon22.80
141Myanmar (Burma)22.80
140Congo, (Brazzaville)22.80
139Laos22.60
138Bolivia22.50
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)53
Pos.Lower is better
%53
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
82Tanzania37.8
83Georgia37.9
84El Salvador38.0
85Gabon38.0
86Indonesia38.1
87Myanmar (Burma)38.1
88Maldives38.4
89Burundi38.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)54
Pos.Lower is better
Severity54
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
41Suriname.041
42Mongolia.042
43Peru.053
44Gabon.066
45Nicaragua.074
46Swaziland.081
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below55:

Christian76.5%
Muslim11.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%56.

Links: