The Human Truth Foundation

Belarus (Republic of Belarus)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#belarus

Belarus
Republic of Belarus
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index70th best
CapitalMinsk
Land Area 202 910km21
LocationEurope
Population9.5m2
Life Expectancy71.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$15 629 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBY, BLR, 1125
Internet Domain.by6
CurrencyRuble (BYR)7
Telephone+3758

1. Overview

#russia

After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Aleksandr LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion remain in place.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBelarus allows the chance to visit a Europe with minimal advertising, no litter or graffiti and a generous people who relish life´s simple pleasures. Eastern Europe´s outcast, Belarus lies at the edge of the region and seems determined to avoid integration with the rest of the continent at all costs. Belarus, widely billed as `the last dictatorship in Europe´, is to the uninitiated a country deeply in thrall to the USSR circa 1974. This is the land of Soviet-style architecture, state-run media and a centralised economy that ensures every supermarket carries the same bland assortment of goods. Despite the hardships, Belarusians still find reasons to be cheerful: traditional folk singing and dancing features prominently on the calendar.

Outside the monumental Stalinist capital of Minsk, Belarus offers a simple yet pleasing landscape of cornflower fields, thick forests and picturesque villages. The country also offers two excellent national parks and is home to Europe´s largest mammal, the zoobr (or European bison). While travellers will always be subject to curiosity, they´ll also be on the receiving end of warm hospitality and genuine welcome.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Belarus National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
49Russia49
50Romania50
51Kuwait51
52Belarus52
53Oman52
54Barbados54
55Uruguay54
56Kazakhstan56
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
71Belarus$15 629
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
67Turkey77.4
68Ecuador77.4
69Montenegro77.4
70Belarus77.4
71Georgia77.7
72Sri Lanka77.7
73UAE77.9
74China78.3
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Belarus's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Belarus's population is predicted to fall to 8 883 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.47. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
91Hungary9.7m
92UAE9.6m
93Honduras9.6m
94Belarus9.5m
95Tajikistan9.1m
96Austria8.9m
97Serbia8.8m
98Papua New Guinea8.6m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
140Russia29.5
141Georgia29.7
142Montenegro30.0
143Belarus30.3
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
50Netherlands12.1%
51Slovenia11.8%
52Denmark11.5%
53Belarus11.4%
54Montenegro11.3%
55Ukraine11.2%
56Belgium11.1%
57Greece10.9%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
29Lesotho20.5%
30El Salvador20.5%
31Micronesia19.7%
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
34Croatia17.1%
35Liechtenstein17.1%
36Cyprus17.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Belarus #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Belarus does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Belarus does better than average for speed of uptake of HR treaties19, opposing gender inequality20 (but bad for Europe), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (but amongst the lowest in Europe), its nominal commitment to Human Rights22 (but one of the lowest in Europe) and in LGBT equality23 (but amongst the lowest in Europe). Belarus does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice24 and in supporting press freedom25 (the highest in Europe).

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Belarus's Health

#alcohol #Belarus #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)26,27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,27
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
148Samoa108.3
149Ukraine108.6
150Zambia108.8
151Belarus109.4
152Dominican Rep.109.8
153Benin109.9
154Madagascar110.3
155Haiti110.8
156Yemen111.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe26, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia26.

Health:

Belarus is a pretty unhealthy country. Belarus does better than average in its fertility rate15, its adolescent birth rate20 (but high for Europe) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance28 (but bad for Europe). Belarus does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its average life expectancy12 (one of the lowest in Europe), its immunizations take-up29 (amongst the lowest in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate30. It falls into the worst-performing 20 in its suicide rate31 (one of the highest in Europe). And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom for its smoking rate32. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
160Uruguay10.8
161Cyprus10.8
162Serbia11.1
163Belarus11.2
164Andorra11.3
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
177Slovenia2 637
176Belgium2 353
175Luxembourg2 284
174China2 250
173Bosnia & Herzegovina2 233
172Czechia2 194
171Kazakhstan2 157
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)31
Pos.
Per 100k31
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
87Guyana52.4
88Belarus57.5
89S. Korea62
90Russia63.4
91Lithuania71.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
64Lithuania64
65Cambodia65
66Georgia66
67Belarus67
68Brunei68
69Paraguay69
70Latvia70
71Liberia71
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
132Cyprus59.1
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
135Belarus59.4
136France59.5
137Belgium59.5
138Lithuania59.6
139Croatia59.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
57Macedonia17.6
58Uzbekistan17.7
59Hungary18.0
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
138Namibia86.5
139Dominican Rep.86.3
140Panama86.1
141Belarus85.3
142Canada85.2
143Guatemala85.2
144Togo84.3
145Zambia84.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Belarus's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
44Romania44.6
45Brazil45.1
46Malaysia45.6
47Belarus46.0
48Malta46.5
49Serbia46.6
50Cyprus47.1
51Barbados48.0
52Bosnia & Herzegovina48.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
47Hong Kong0.7336
48Tunisia0.6836
49Egypt0.6837
50Belarus0.6737
51Mali0.6638
52Bulgaria0.6537
53Ethiopia0.6137
54Latvia0.6037
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
33Tajikistan93.1%
34Barbados92.9%
35Albania92.9%
36Belarus92.2%
37Marshall Islands92.1%
38Montenegro91.6%
39Australia90.4%
40Romania90.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better
Years40
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
42Georgia15.4
43Brazil15.4
44Costa Rica15.4
45Belarus15.4
46Kazakhstan15.3
47Bahrain15.3
48Japan15.2
49Albania15.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
43Marshall Islands43
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
48Montenegro48
49Norway49
50Fiji50
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
31Hungary98
32Ukraine97
33Russia97
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
36Uruguay96
37Slovenia96
38Slovakia96
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
82Turkey58%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
37Belarus69
38Bahrain71
39Saudi Arabia71
40Vietnam73
41Ethiopia75
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
55Belarus1.22
56Armenia1.22
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
59Kazakhstan1.23
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)46
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio46
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
92Cameroon0.0
93Kyrgyzstan0.0
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
105Zimbabwe92.75
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)48
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score48
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
113Ethiopia33.2
114Mexico32.8
115Ecuador32.6
116Belarus32.6
117Mali32.2
118Tanzania32.2
119Vietnam31.4
120Dominican Rep.31.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
71Philippines5.5
72Honduras5.5
73Turkey5.5
74Belarus5.5
75Pakistan5.5
76Hong Kong5.4
77Portugal5.4
78Serbia5.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
92Haiti92
93Tunisia93
94Papua New Guinea94
95Belarus95
96Mongolia96
97Madagascar97
98Bolivia98
99El Salvador99
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
81Romania81
82Costa Rica82
83Kuwait83
84Belarus84
85Saudi Arabia85
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
88Vietnam88
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#human_development #peace #politics

Global Peace Index (2012)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
135Macedonia135
136Armenia136
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
89India89
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
37UK13.2
38Denmark12.6
39Lithuania12.1
40Belarus10.9
41India10.5
42Gambia10.4
43Macedonia10.3
44Serbia09.9
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
47Uruguay64.7
48Estonia64.3
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
91S. Korea06.29
92Estonia06.13
93Mongolia06.06
94Belarus05.81
95Niger05.81
96Zambia05.71
97Canada05.56
98China05.52
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
19New Zealand1993 Dec 29
20Japan1993 Dec 29
21Uganda1993 Dec 29
22Belarus1993 Dec 29
23Burkina Faso1993 Dec 29
24Bahamas1993 Dec 29
25St Lucia1993 Dec 29
26Tunisia1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
113Sweden24.3%
114New Zealand24.2%
115Poland23.8%
116Belarus23.7%
117Afghanistan23.6%
118Russia23.5%
119Algeria23.5%
120Pakistan23.2%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)55
Pos.Higher is worse55
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
37Serbia4.90
36Malta4.60
35Canada4.60
34Belarus4.40
33New Zealand4.30
32Poland4.30
31Croatia4.30
30Hungary4.20
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)56
Pos.Lower is better
%56
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
6Slovakia26.5
7Finland27.1
8Kyrgyzstan27.3
9Kazakhstan27.5
10Norway27.5
11Algeria27.6
12Belgium27.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
32Iceland16
33Spain15
34Israel15
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian71.2%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated28.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 71.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 34% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.)59.

Links: