The Human Truth Foundation

Belarus (Republic of Belarus)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#belarus #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Belarus
Republic of Belarus
StatusIndependent State
CapitalMinsk
Land Area 202 910km21
LocationEurope
Population9.5m (2011)2
Life Expectancy71.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$15 629 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBY, BLR, 1125
Internet Domain.by6
CurrencyRuble (BYR)7
Telephone+3758

1. Overview

#russia

After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Aleksandr LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion remain in place.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBelarus allows the chance to visit a Europe with minimal advertising, no litter or graffiti and a generous people who relish life´s simple pleasures. Eastern Europe´s outcast, Belarus lies at the edge of the region and seems determined to avoid integration with the rest of the continent at all costs. Belarus, widely billed as `the last dictatorship in Europe´, is to the uninitiated a country deeply in thrall to the USSR circa 1974. This is the land of Soviet-style architecture, state-run media and a centralised economy that ensures every supermarket carries the same bland assortment of goods. Despite the hardships, Belarusians still find reasons to be cheerful: traditional folk singing and dancing features prominently on the calendar.

Outside the monumental Stalinist capital of Minsk, Belarus offers a simple yet pleasing landscape of cornflower fields, thick forests and picturesque villages. The country also offers two excellent national parks and is home to Europe´s largest mammal, the zoobr (or European bison). While travellers will always be subject to curiosity, they´ll also be on the receiving end of warm hospitality and genuine welcome.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Belarus National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
49Russia49
50Romania50
51Kuwait51
52Belarus52
53Oman52
54Barbados54
55Uruguay54
56Kazakhstan56
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
88Jordan54.7
89Dominican Rep.54.5
90Vietnam54.5
91Belarus54.4
92San Marino54.3
93Bolivia54.2
94Azerbaijan54.0
95Oman54.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#Belarus #birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
140Russia29.5
141Georgia29.7
142Montenegro30.0
143Belarus30.3
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
29Lesotho20.5%
30El Salvador20.5%
31Micronesia19.7%
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
34Croatia17.1%
35Liechtenstein17.1%
36Cyprus17.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
42Grenada12.1%
43Ukraine11.6%
44Moldova11.4%
45Belarus11.4%
46Iceland11.3%
47UK11.2%
48Ivory Coast11.2%
49Barbados10.9%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
85Hungary9.9m
86Serbia9.8m
87Somalia9.8m
88Belarus9.5m
89Sweden9.5m
90Azerbaijan9.4m
91Benin9.4m
92Burundi8.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Belarus's population is predicted to fall to 8 883 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.47. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Belarus #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Belarus is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Belarus comes in the best 20 for the year from which women could participate in democracy18. It does better than average when it comes to opposing gender inequality19 (but high for Europe), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20 (but amongst the worst in Europe), its nominal commitment to Human Rights21 (but amongst the worst in Europe) and in LGBT equality22 (but one of the lowest in Europe). Belarus does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for fighting anti-semitic opinions23, its Global Peace Index rating24, fighting corruption25 (one of the lowest in Europe) and in supporting press freedom26 (the worst in Europe). And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in terms of eliminating modern slavery27 (one of the worst in Europe).

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Belarus #human_development #peace #politics

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
135Macedonia135
136Armenia136
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
89India89
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
96Gabon96
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"24. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark24 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan24.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)29
Pos.Lower is better
%29
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
7France30
8Vietnam30
9Russia34
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)30
Pos.Higher is better
%30
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
32Iceland16
33Spain15
34Israel15
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below31:

Christian71.2%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated28.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 71.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 34% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.)32.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Belarus #internet #it_security #politics #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)33
Pos.Lower is better33
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
37Belarus69
38Bahrain71
39Saudi Arabia71
40Vietnam73
41Ethiopia75
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
82Turkey58%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)35
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio35
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
92Cameroon0.0
93Kyrgyzstan0.0
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
55Belarus1.22
56Armenia1.22
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
59Kazakhstan1.23
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Belarus #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Belarus is a pretty unhealthy country. Belarus comes in the best 20 when it comes to number of organ donors37. It does better than average in terms of its adolescent birth rate19 (but bad for Europe) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance28 (but high for Europe). Belarus does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in the prevalence of overweight adults38, its immunizations take-up39 (one of the lowest in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate40. It falls into the worst 20 in terms of its suicide rate41 (one of the highest in Europe). And finally, it is second-from-the-bottom in its smoking rate42. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)40
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita40
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
160Uruguay10.8
161Cyprus10.8
162Serbia11.1
163Belarus11.2
164Andorra11.3
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking43 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink44 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies45 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"46. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"47. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
pmp37
1Spain46.9048
2Portugal34.0148
3Belgium33.6248
...
9Czechia25.51
10Austria24.7048
11UK23.0549
12Belarus22.10
13Norway22.06
14Canada21.91
15Finland21.41
16Slovenia20.87
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
64Lithuania64
65Cambodia65
66Georgia66
67Belarus67
68Brunei68
69Paraguay69
70Latvia70
71Liberia71
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)38
Pos.Lower is better
%38
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
132Cyprus59.1
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
135Belarus59.4
136France59.5
137Belgium59.5
138Lithuania59.6
139Croatia59.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese50. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up51. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight51 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year52 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"53. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes54. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar55.

Smoking Rates (2014)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
175Luxembourg2 284
176Belgium2 353
177Slovenia2 637
178Russia2 690
179Macedonia2 732
180Lebanon3 023
181Belarus3 831
182Montenegro4 125
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k41
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
87Guyana52.4
88Belarus57.5
89S. Korea62
90Russia63.4
91Lithuania71.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Belarus #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)19
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100019
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
57Macedonia17.6
58Uzbekistan17.7
59Hungary18.0
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)39
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %39
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
138Namibia86.5
139Dominican Rep.86.3
140Panama86.1
141Belarus85.3
142Canada85.2
143Guatemala85.2
144Togo84.3
145Zambia84.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
105Zimbabwe92.75
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
43Marshall Islands43
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
48Montenegro48
49Norway49
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
92Haiti92
93Tunisia93
94Papua New Guinea94
95Belarus95
96Mongolia96
97Madagascar97
98Bolivia98
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
135Macedonia135
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
89India89
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
94Qatar94
95Peru95
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)28
Pos.Lower is better
Rank28
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
81Romania81
82Costa Rica82
83Kuwait83
84Belarus84
85Saudi Arabia85
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2957
2Israel4.1157
3Japan3.5857
...
47Hong Kong0.7358
48Tunisia0.6858
49Egypt0.6859
50Belarus0.6759
51Mali0.6660
52Bulgaria0.6559
53Ethiopia0.6159
54Latvia0.6059
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
75Lebanon5.2
76Indonesia5.2
77Portugal5.2
78Belarus5.2
79Algeria5.2
80Uzbekistan5.1
81Morocco5.1
82Ukraine5.1
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
71Belarus$15 629
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
47Uruguay64.7
48Estonia64.3
q=180.
IQ (2006)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
31Hungary98
32Ukraine97
33Russia97
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
36Uruguay96
37Slovenia96
38Slovakia96
q=138.