The Human Truth Foundation

Slovenia (Republic of Slovenia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #morals #research #science #slovenia #the_environment

Slovenia
Republic of Slovenia
StatusIndependent State
CapitalLjubljana
Land Area 20 140km21
LocationEurope, Mediterranean
Population2.0m (2011)2
Life Expectancy80.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$28 664 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSI, SVN, 7055
Internet Domain.si6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+3868

1. Overview

#eu #human_rights #slovenia

The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the eurozone in 2007.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverSnow-capped peaks, turquoise-green rivers and an Adriatic coastline inspired by Venice. Throughout Slovenia, a culinary and cultural sophistication hides behind a rural, rustic charm. It´s a pint-sized place, with a surface area of just more than 20,000 sq km and two million people. But `good things come in small packages´, and never was that old chestnut more appropriate than in describing Slovenia. The country has everything from beaches, snowcapped mountains, hills awash in grape vines and wide plains blanketed in sunflowers to Gothic churches, baroque palaces and art nouveau buildings. Its incredible diversity of climates brings warm Mediterranean breezes up to the foothills of the Alps, where it can still snow in summer.

The capital, Ljubljana, is a culturally rich city that values livability and sustainability over unfettered growth. This sensitivity towards the environment extends to rural and lesser-developed parts of the country as well. With more than half of its total area covered in forest, Slovenia really is one of the `greenest´ countries in the world.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

The EU has acted on behalf of its member states on many occasions to support, foster, fund and encourage human rights protections in every region of the world, with agreement of its member states through the European Parliament. The protections of workers' rights and their harmonisations (which stops companies moving staff to countries with the weakest laws) has had great effect in stopping workforce abuse11. According to Human Rights Watch's comprehensive review for the year 2017, in addition to vocal and public pronouncements on poor human rights records of many countries, the EU has also acted through economic sanctions, political pressure and used other means to incentivize the adoption of human rights protections, even if these measures harm EU trading12. It is to Slovenia's credit that it supports the EU in these actions.

2. Slovenia National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Rank13
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
26Italy26
27Spain27
28Czechia28
29Greece29
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
14
Pos.Higher is better
Points14
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
24Singapore71.9
25Czechia71.6
26Italy70.7
27Slovenia70.7
28Hungary70.5
29Portugal70.3
30USA68.3
31Poland68.2
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #Slovenia

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
180Finland43.3
181Hong Kong43.7
182Portugal44.7
183Germany47.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)16
Pos.
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
91Kiribati6.5%
92Bhutan6.3%
93Tunisia6.3%
94Finland6.2%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)17
Pos.2.0 is best17
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
87Belarus1.47
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)16
Pos.
%16
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
62Portugal8.6%
63Malaysia8.4%
64Dominica8.3%
65Slovenia8.1%
66St Vincent & Grenadines7.9%
67Ghana7.6%
68Suriname7.5%
69Italy7.4%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)18
Pos.Higher is better
Years18
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
26Belgium80.98
27UK80.85
28Malta80.73
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)19
Pos.
Population19
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
142Lesotho2.2m
143Macedonia2.1m
144Botswana2.1m
145Slovenia2.0m
146Qatar1.9m
147Gambia1.8m
148Guinea-Bissau1.6m
149Gabon1.6m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Slovenia's population is predicted to rise to 2.059 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.47. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #germany #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #mass_media #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #slavery #Slovenia #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)20
Pos.Lower is better
%20
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
37Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39Germany27
40Slovenia27
41Austria28
42Latvia28
43Montenegro29
44Spain29
World Avg36.8
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews21,22,23,24. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East25, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews26,27. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"28. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males29.

Corruption (2012-2016)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score30
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
36Taiwan61.2
37Poland60.8
38Spain60.0
39Slovenia59.4
40Dominica58.3
41Cape Verde57.8
42Brunei57.7
43Lithuania57.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain31. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland30 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan30.

Global Peace Index (2012)32
Pos.Lower is better32
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"32. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark32 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan32.

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)33
Pos.Higher is better
Score33
1UK9
2France9
3Germany9
...
19Spain5
20Malta5
21Italy5
22Slovenia5
23Austria5
24Slovakia5
25Latvia5
26Lithuania5
World Avg-1.9
q=123.

Human Rights Watch comments concentrate mostly on negative issues, however, they also make positive comments for those countries that engage in human rights defence around the world, or who make improvements at home. By adding up positive and negative comments (including double-points for negatives that involve large scales and crimes against humanity), the Social and Moral Index turns HRW commentary into quantified values. Some countries may be unfairly penalized because HRW have not examined them, and, some countries "get away" with abuses if they manage to hide it, or if it goes unnoticed - a negative point has been given for those countries in which HRW specifically state that access to investigators has been barred. The points were limited to a minimum of -10 because there are some points at which things are so bad, with abuses affecting so many, it is difficult to be more specific about the depths of the issues.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)34
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties34
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
6Mexico23
7Peru23
8Spain23
9Slovenia23
10Paraguay23
11Serbia23
12Sweden23
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
36Spain36
37Hungary37
38Costa Rica38
39Slovenia39
40Bulgaria40
41Singapore40
42Uruguay42
43Georgia43
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)36

Press Freedom (2013)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
31Suriname1819
32USA1822
33Lithuania1824
34Slovenia2049
35Spain2050
36France2160
37El Salvador2286
38Latvia2289
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)38
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims38
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
39Sri Lanka0.21
40UK0.21
41Tunisia0.22
42Slovenia0.22
43Suriname0.23
44Spain0.23
45Ecuador0.24
46Italy0.24
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory39. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends40. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life41. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves42.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery43. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity44. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.45. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi38, Eritrea38, Indonesia46) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery47.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #politics #Slovenia #women

Gender Inequality (2015)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
4Sweden0.05
5Iceland0.05
6Norway0.05
7Slovenia0.05
8Finland0.06
9Germany0.07
10S. Korea0.07
11Singapore0.07
12Belgium0.07
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote49
Pos.Lower is better
Year49
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
48France1944
49Bermuda1944
50Jamaica1944
51Slovenia1945
52Croatia1945
53Italy1945
54Senegal1945
55Indonesia1945
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

Slovenia is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #Slovenia #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
162Marshall Islands162
163Guinea-Bissau163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
15Spain15
16France16
17Cyprus17
18Slovenia18
19New Zealand19
20Luxembourg20
21Ireland21
22Costa Rica22
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)32
Pos.Lower is better32
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"32. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark32 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan32.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)12
Pos.Lower is better
Score12
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
7Croatia0.00
8Benin0.00
9Mauritania0.00
10Slovenia0.00
11Costa Rica0.00
12Romania0.00
13El Salvador0.00
14Bhutan0.01
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)51
Pos.Lower is better
%51
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
20S. Korea43
21Kazakhstan43
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)52
Pos.Higher is better
%52
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
10Germany42
11UK42
12Cuba40
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below53:

Christian78.4%
Muslim3.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated18%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 82.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (35%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 82.4% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 47% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census)54.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #Slovenia #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
50Guam73%
51Poland72%
52Brunei72%
53Slovenia72%
54Cyprus72%
55Russia71%
56Oman71%
57New Caledonia70%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)56
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio56
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
29Guatemala6.9
30Saudi Arabia6.8
31Vietnam5.9
32Slovenia5.4
33Bolivia5.0
34Macau4.2
35Singapore4.0
36Sweden3.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #Slovenia #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Slovenia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Slovenia comes in the best 20 in its adolescent birth rate48 (one of the best in Europe) and in number of organ donors57. It does better than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance50 (but bad for Europe) and in its immunizations take-up58. Slovenia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to the prevalence of overweight adults59 (still low for Europe). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in terms of its suicide rate60, its smoking rate61 (one of the highest in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate62. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)62
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita62
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
175Seychelles12.0
176Belgium12.1
177Portugal12.3
178Slovenia12.6
179France12.6
180Romania12.7
181Bulgaria12.7
182Latvia12.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking63 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink64 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies65 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"66. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"67. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)57
Pos.Higher is better
pmp57
1Spain46.9068
2Portugal34.0168
3Belgium33.6268
...
13Norway22.06
14Canada21.91
15Finland21.41
16Slovenia20.87
17Ireland20.80
18Australia20.7069
19Uruguay20.43
20Sweden19.00
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
54Panama54
55Ukraine55
56S. Africa56
57Slovenia57
58Morocco58
59Cyprus59
60Guinea60
61Sierra Leone61
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)59
Pos.Lower is better
%59
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
103Guatemala55.9
104Ecuador56.0
105Bolivia56.1
106Slovenia56.1
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese70. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up71. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight71 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year72 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"73. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes74. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar75.

Smoking Rates (2014)61
Pos.Lower is better61
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
174China2 250
175Luxembourg2 284
176Belgium2 353
177Slovenia2 637
178Russia2 690
179Macedonia2 732
180Lebanon3 023
181Belarus3 831
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)60
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k60
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
78Serbia38.1
79Finland39
80Belgium39.1
81Slovenia44
82Ukraine44.8
83Latvia48.2
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.

10. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #Slovenia #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)48
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100048
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)58
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %58
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
65Switzerland95.3
66Israel95.2
67Grenada95.2
68Slovenia95.2
69Macedonia95.2
70Belize95.1
71Algeria95.0
72Tuvalu94.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
76
Pos.Lower is better76
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
40Dominican Rep.35.75
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
43Slovenia38.75
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
12New Zealand12
13Latvia13
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
13Finland13
14France14
15Germany15
16Slovenia16
17Latvia17
18Barbados18
19Hungary19
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
162Marshall Islands162
163Guinea-Bissau163
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
15Spain15
16France16
17Cyprus17
18Slovenia18
19New Zealand19
20Luxembourg20
21Ireland21
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)50
Pos.Lower is better
Rank50
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
74Macedonia74
75Oman75
76Dominican Rep.76
77Slovenia77
78Guatemala78
79Tonga79
80Latvia80
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2977
2Israel4.1177
3Japan3.5877
...
10Germany2.8477
11USA2.7478
12Belgium2.4677
13Slovenia2.3977
14France2.2677
15Australia2.2579
16Singapore2.0078
17Czechia2.0077
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)80
Pos.Higher is better80
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
44Uruguay6.1
45Japan6.1
46Italy6.1
47Slovenia6.0
48Guyana6.0
49Honduras5.9
50Slovakia5.9
51Ecuador5.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)18
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $18
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
35Israel$31 215
36Malta$29 500
37Cyprus$29 459
38Slovenia$28 664
39Czechia$28 144
40Trinidad & Tobago$28 049
41Slovakia$26 764
42Estonia$26 362
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)81
Pos.Higher is better81
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
31Costa Rica67.9
32Qatar67.8
33Czechia67.7
34Slovenia67.6
35Trinidad & Tobago67.4
36St Vincent & Grenadines66.5
37Latvia66.1
38Turkmenistan66.1
q=180.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)20
Pos.Lower is better
%20
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
37Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39Germany27
40Slovenia27
41Austria28
42Latvia28
43Montenegro29
44Spain29
q=101.
LGBT Equality (2017)82
Pos.Higher is better
Score82
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
31Honduras45
32Bolivia45
33Croatia45
34Slovenia45
35Germany44
36USA44
37Monaco40
38Poland40
q=196.
IQ (2006)83
Pos.Higher is better83
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
36Uruguay96
37Slovenia96
38Slovakia96
39Portugal95
40Israel95
41Kazakhstan94
q=138.