The Human Truth Foundation

South Africa (Republic of South Africa)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#South_Africa

South Africa
Republic of South Africa
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index84th best
CapitalPretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judical)
Land Area11 213 090 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 50.74 million
Life Expectancy353.377yrs (2012)
GNI3$9 594
ISO3166-1 Codes4ZA, ZAF, 710
Internet Domain5.za
Currency6Rand (ZAR)
Telephone7+27

1. Overview

Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Boers resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Boer War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, as the Boers became known, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 brought an end to apartheid and ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa since then has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting, which has grown in recent years, came to a head in September 2008 when President Thabo MBEKI resigned, and Kgalema MOTLANTHE, the party's General-Secretary, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob ZUMA became president after the ANC won general elections in April 2009.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. South Africa National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
118Guyana63.655.0
119Botswana63.456.4
120Honduras63.253.9
121S. Africa62.960.3
122Kiribati62.962.1
123Indonesia62.951.5
124Vanuatu62.661.5
125Kyrgyzstan62.259.4
126Tajikistan62.256.5
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
81Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
82Guyana57.9
83Georgia57.2
84S. Africa57.2
85Cuba57.2
86Palau56.7
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
91Libya55.7
92Paraguay55.5
93El Salvador55.4
94Ecuador55.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
173Uganda54.5
174Guinea54.5
175Botswana53
176S. Africa53.4
177Nigeria52.3
178Cameroon52.1
179Mali51.9
180Zimbabwe52.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
54Turkmenistan2.3
55Trinidad & Tobago1.6
56Montenegro1.6
57S. Africa2.4
58Iran1.6
59Venezuela2.4
60Ecuador2.4
61Mauritius1.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
21France 63.46m116
22UK 62.8m260
23Italy 60.96m207
24S. Africa 50.74m42
25Myanmar (Burma) 48.72m75
26Korea, S. 48.59m500
27Tanzania 47.66m54
Data Source

South Africa's population is predicted to rise to 54.71 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.39.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
31Tajikistan1924
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
35Spain1931
36Sri Lanka1931
37Maldives1932
38Uruguay1932
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
93Venezuela0.47
94Suriname0.47
95Paraguay0.47
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

South Africa is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
73Costa Rica1%
74Ecuador1%
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
77Colombia1%
78Nicaragua1%
79Guatemala1%
80Honduras1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
57Nicaragua84%
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian81.2%
Muslim1.7%
Hindu1.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated14.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
202Argentina0.27
201Czech Rep.0.24
200Philippines0.24
199S. Africa0.22
198Japan0.22
197Colombia0.22
196Israel0.20
195Mexico0.16
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
123Uganda12.50
124Algeria12.50
125Yemen12.35
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
130Zimbabwe11.50
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
82Greece6.8
83Croatia6.8
84Thailand6.7
85S. Africa6.7
86Moldova6.7
87Paraguay6.7
88Mexico6.7
89Belize6.7
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
101Nepal78
102Mauritania76
103Uganda73
104S. Africa72
105Tanzania72
106Kenya72
107Ghana71
108Zambia71
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
44Honduras20
45Burkina Faso20
46Georgia20
47S. Africa20
48Namibia20
49Slovakia20
50Bulgaria20
51Netherlands19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
48Haiti99.2
49Korea, S.99.2
50Comoros99.2
51S. Africa99.2
52Japan99.2
53Argentina99.2
54Moldova99.3
55Hungary99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
43Ukraine0.7613
44Hong Kong0.7314
45Morocco0.7315
46S. Africa0.7314
47Serbia0.7313
48Egypt0.6813
49Tunisia0.6814
50Belarus0.6713
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
76Montenegro$10 471
77Kazakhstan$10 451
78Brazil$10 152
79S. Africa$9 594
80Serbia$9 533
81Macedonia$9 377
82St Vincent & Grenadines$9 367
83Peru$9 306
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
103S. Africa4.7
104Bosnia & Herzegovina4.7
105Azerbaijan4.7
106Dominican Rep.4.7
107Tunisia4.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
111Mozambique51.2
112Solomon Islands51.1
113Kuwait51.1
114S. Africa50.8
115Gambia50.3
116Libya50.1
117Honduras49.9
118Uganda49.8
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
4Sweden255
5Spain245
6S. Africa241
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/south_africa.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^

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