The Human Truth Foundation

Armenia (Republic of Armenia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#armenia #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Armenia
Republic of Armenia
StatusIndependent State
CapitalYerevan
Land Area 28 480km21
LocationAsia, Europe
Population3.1m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.89yrs (2017)3
GNI$8 189 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAM, ARM, 515
Internet Domain.am6
CurrencyDram (AMD)7
Telephone+3748

1. Overview

#azerbaijan #christianity #russia #turkey

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in at least 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1994 in support of Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia over control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. In 2009, senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, aiming to secure an opening of the border, but Turkey has not yet ratified the Protocols normalizing relations between the two countries.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverArmenia is said to have its head in the west and its heart in the east: here you can experience a Mediterranean lifestyle beneath the Caucasus mountains. [...] The rapidly modernising capital, the boutique tourism industry and the warm welcome you´ll receive everywhere seem to belie the country´s reputation for tragedy. Rather than letting past woes weigh it down, Armenia has built its memorials, dusted itself off and moved on. For travellers, easily visited highlights include ancient monasteries, candlelit churches and high-walled forts - but lasting impressions lie more with the ... gracious, humble and easy-going people, even without a common language. The travel experience is wide-ranging - you can have a four-star holiday in Yerevan and Sevan or a much simpler experience in rural towns like Dilijan and Goris.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Armenia National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
83Algeria83
84Armenia84
85Ukraine84
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
68Georgia57.2
69Brunei57.2
70Qatar57.2
71Armenia57.1
72Tajikistan56.8
73Turkey56.5
74Montenegro56.5
75Ukraine56.5
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#Armenia #birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
134Chile27.0
135Macedonia27.7
136Luxembourg28.3
137Armenia28.7
138Thailand29.2
139Ireland29.2
140Russia29.5
141Georgia29.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
15St Vincent & Grenadines37.7%
16Cape Verde37.6%
17Jamaica36.1%
18Armenia28.2%
19Trinidad & Tobago26.7%
20Malta26.2%
21Georgia25.1%
22Kazakhstan23.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
38Lebanon1.77
39Mexico2.25
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
50France10.7%
51Costa Rica10.5%
52Netherlands10.5%
53Armenia10.5%
54Libya10.4%
55Greece10.1%
56Norway10.0%
57Syria9.8%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
72Georgia75.02
73Tunisia74.98
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
132Uruguay3.4m
133Lithuania3.3m
134Albania3.2m
135Armenia3.1m
136Oman2.9m
137Kuwait2.9m
138Mongolia2.8m
139Jamaica2.8m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Armenia's population is predicted to fall to 3 105 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.74. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Armenia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Armenia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Armenia does better than average in terms of the year from which women could participate in democracy18, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20, opposing gender inequality21, supporting press freedom22, its nominal commitment to Human Rights23 and in LGBT equality24 although widespread harassment, discrimination and violence against LGBT folk still exists29. Armenia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in eliminating modern slavery25, fighting corruption26 and in its Global Peace Index rating27. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in fighting anti-semitic opinions28. Domestic violence persists as a serious problem and in 2017 there were many examples of human-rights defenders facing threats and harassment, and excessive force was used against protesters and journalists29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Armenia #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
135Macedonia135
136Armenia136
137Dominica137
138Cape Verde138
139St Lucia139
140Kuwait140
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
101Georgia101
102Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102
103Barbados103
104Armenia104
105Suriname105
106Namibia106
107Tunisia107
108Cape Verde108
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"27. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark27 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan27.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
54Montenegro1.00
55Taiwan1.01
56Laos1.03
57Armenia1.17
58Senegal1.19
59Morocco1.22
60Guatemala1.33
61Georgia1.34
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
42Poland75
43Cyprus75
44Macedonia76
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
32Iceland16
33Spain15
34Israel15
35Armenia14
36Lithuania13
37Singapore13
38Kazakhstan12
39China12
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian98.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.7% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (14%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 73% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%35.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Armenia #internet #it_security #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
96S. Africa52%
97Dominican Rep.52%
98Uzbekistan51%
99Armenia50%
100Iran49%
101Tunisia48%
102Moldova48%
103Paraguay47%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio37
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
55Belarus1.22
56Armenia1.22
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
59Kazakhstan1.23
60Djibouti1.29
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Armenia #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Armenia does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Armenia comes in the best 20 when it comes to its suicide rate39. It does better than average when it comes to its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its immunizations take-up40, its adolescent birth rate21, its alcohol consumption rate41 and in the prevalence of overweight adults42. Armenia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its smoking rate43. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita41
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
81Suriname5.1
82Nicaragua5.2
83Turkmenistan5.4
84Armenia5.5
85Venezuela5.6
86Sierra Leone5.7
87India5.7
88Cape Verde5.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking44 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink45 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies46 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"47. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"48. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
28Austria28
29Greece29
30Nicaragua30
31Armenia31
32Bangladesh32
33Hungary33
34Macedonia34
35India35
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
93Armenia54.4
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
96St Vincent & Grenadines55.0
97Solomon Islands55.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese49. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up50. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight50 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year51 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"52. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes53. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar54.

Smoking Rates (2014)43
Pos.Lower is better43
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
150Germany1 480
151Bulgaria1 505
152Kuwait1 517
153Armenia1 545
154Turkey1 581
155Slovakia1 618
156Romania1 620
157Tunisia1 628
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)39
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k39
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
8Bahamas2.5
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
13St Lucia4.9
14Tajikistan5.2
15Venezuela6.5
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Armenia #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
69Armenia23.0
70Jordan23.2
71Russia23.4
72New Zealand23.6
73Ukraine24.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %40
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
54Japan95.7
55Portugal95.7
56Qatar95.6
57Armenia95.6
58Uruguay95.6
59Bhutan95.6
60Turkey95.5
61Malta95.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
55
Pos.Lower is better55
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
146Serbia125
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
53Russia53
54St Lucia54
55Turkey55
56Armenia56
57Guinea-Bissau57
58Central African Rep.58
59Kenya59
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
100Nicaragua100
101Russia101
102Vietnam102
103Armenia103
104Ghana104
105Bahrain105
106Ecuador106
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
133Portugal133
134El Salvador134
135Macedonia135
136Armenia136
137Dominica137
138Cape Verde138
139St Lucia139
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
101Georgia101
102Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102
103Barbados103
104Armenia104
105Suriname105
106Namibia106
107Tunisia107
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
45Bosnia & Herzegovina45
46Poland46
47Japan47
48Armenia48
49UAE49
50Greece50
51Niger51
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2956
2Israel4.1156
3Japan3.5856
...
81Pakistan0.2957
82Zambia0.2858
83Botswana0.2559
84Armenia0.2457
85Sudan0.2360
86Uruguay0.2359
87Mongolia0.2357
88Bermuda0.2357
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
113Cameroon4.4
114Ethiopia4.4
115Madagascar4.4
116Armenia4.4
117Kenya4.4
118Djibouti4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Georgia4.2
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
109Philippines$8 395
110Jamaica$8 350
111Fiji$8 245
112Armenia$8 189
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
60S. Korea62.3
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
64Peru61.9
65Montenegro61.3
66Egypt61.2
67Lebanon61.1
q=180.
IQ (2006)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
40Israel95
41Kazakhstan94
42Vietnam94
43Armenia94
44Romania94
45Georgia94
46Argentina93
47Bulgaria93
q=138.