The Human Truth Foundation

Armenia (Republic of Armenia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Armenia

Armenia
Republic of Armenia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index92nd best
CapitalYerevan
Land Area 28 480 km21
LocationAsia, Europe
Population3.109 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.89yrs (2017)3
GNI$8 189 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAM, ARM, 515
Internet Domain.am6
CurrencyDram (AMD)7
Telephone+3748

1. Overview

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in at least 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1994 in support of Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia over control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. In 2009, senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, aiming to secure an opening of the border, but Turkey has not yet ratified the Protocols normalizing relations between the two countries.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Armenia National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
83Algeria83
84Armenia84
85Ukraine84
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
89Ecuador89
90China90
91Fiji91
92St Lucia92
93Mongolia92
94Jamaica94
95Colombia95
96Dominica96
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
89Turkey56.7
90Belarus56.6
91Malaysia56.5
92Armenia56.4
93Colombia56.2
94Tuvalu56.0
95Paraguay55.7
96Guyana55.6
97Micronesia55.5
98Uzbekistan55.5
99Timor-Leste (E. Timor)55.4
100Honduras55.3
101Qatar55.2
102Palau55.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
72Georgia75.02
73Tunisia74.98
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
38Lebanon1.8
39Mexico2.2
40Sri Lanka2.3
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
45Suriname2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
132Uruguay3.391m19
133Lithuania3.292m53
134Albania3.227m118
135Armenia3.109m109
136Oman2.904m9
137Kuwait2.892m162
138Mongolia2.844m2
Data Source

Armenia's population is predicted to fall to 3 105 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.74.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
24Lithuania1921
25Sweden1921
26Georgia1921
27Armenia1921
28Ireland1922
29Mongolia1924
30St Lucia1924
31Tajikistan1924
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
58Tunisia0.29
59Malaysia0.29
60Barbados0.29
61Armenia0.29
62Cuba0.30
63Costa Rica0.31
64Maldives0.31
65Chile0.32

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
32Greece16%
33Israel15%
34Spain15%
35Armenia14%
36Lithuania13%
37Singapore13%
38Kazakhstan12%
39Uruguay12%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
38Moldova72%
39Kyrgyzstan72%
40Mexico73%
41Armenia73%
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian98.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.7% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (14%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 73% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%14.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
249Kazakhstan1.23
248Turkmenistan1.23
247Malawi1.23
246Armenia1.22
245Belarus1.22
244Azerbaijan1.21
243Mauritania1.19
242Nigeria1.18
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
59Albania44.99
60Ukraine44.59
61Greece44.57
62Armenia44.00
63Russia43.37
64Serbia43.06
65Bahamas42.98
66Panama42.75
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
80Jamaica4.9
81Nicaragua5
82Cuba5.2
83Armenia5.3
84Costa Rica5.4
85Antigua & Barbuda5.4
86Philippines5.4
87Puerto Rico5.4
Anti-Semite Opinions16
Country%16
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
80Senegal53
81Korea, S.53
82Iran56
83Armenia58
84Malaysia61
85Turkey69
86Greece69
87Saudi Arabia74
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
17
CountryValue17
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
146Serbia125
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)18
CountryRank18
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
55Suriname55
56Macedonia55
57Armenia55
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
60Jamaica60
61Fiji61
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
37Portugal95
38Israel95
39Kazakhstan94
40Armenia94
41Vietnam94
42Romania94
43Georgia94
44Bulgaria93
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
79Guinea17
80Morocco17
81Turkmenistan17
82Armenia17
83Mongolia17
84Latvia16
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
70Kenya99.3
71Zambia99.3
72Mozambique99.3
73Armenia99.3
74Malawi99.3
75Congo, (Brazzaville)99.3
76Kuwait99.3
77Nicaragua99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2919
2Israel4.1119
3Japan3.5819
...
81Pakistan0.2920
82Zambia0.2821
83Botswana0.2522
84Armenia0.2420
85Bermuda0.2320
86Sudan0.2323
87Uruguay0.2322
88Mongolia0.2320
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
109Philippines$8 395
110Jamaica$8 350
111Fiji$8 245
112Armenia$8 189
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
114Sudan4.4
115Djibouti4.4
116Ethiopia4.4
117Armenia4.4
118Madagascar4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Ivory Coast4.2
121Sri Lanka4.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Armenia60.4
76Turkey60.4
77Iran60.0
78Kyrgyzstan59.7
79Laos59.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
90Russia20
91Ukraine20
92Mozambique20
93Armenia20
94Philippines18
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
97Taiwan15
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/armenia.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#Armenia #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

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References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  17. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  18. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  19. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  22. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  23. UNESCO data for year 2007.^

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