The Human Truth Foundation

Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#christianity #libya

Libya
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index140th best
CapitalTripoli
Land Area1 759 540km21
LocationAfrica, The Mediterranean
Population6.7m2
Life Expectancy71.76yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 303 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLY, LBY, 4345
Internet Domain.ly6
CurrencyDinar (LYD)7
Telephone+2188

1. Overview

#chad #islam #italy #switzerland #turkey

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system was a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and was supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing by Libyan state-sponsored terrorists of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI subsequently made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. Libya in May 2010 was elected to its first three-year seat on the UN Human Rights Council, prompting protests from international non-governmental organizations and human rights campaigners. Unrest that began in several Near Eastern and North African countries in late December 2010 spread to several Libyan cities in early 2011. In March 2011, a Transitional National Council (TNC) was formed in Benghazi with the stated aim of overthrowing the QADHAFI regime and guiding the country to democracy. In response to QADHAFI's harsh military crackdown on protesters, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1973, which demanded an immediate ceasefire and authorized the international community to establish a no-fly zone over Libya. After several months of see-saw fighting, anti-QADHAFI forces in August 2011 captured the capital, Tripoli. In mid-September, the UN General Assembly voted to recognize the TNC as the legitimate interim governing body of Libya. The TNC on 23 October officially declared the country liberated following the defeat of the last remaining pro-QADHAFI stronghold and QADHAFI's death. In July 2012, Libya held its first post-QADHAFI nationwide election, which resulted in the formation of a 200-member National Congress (NC). In August 2012, the NC elected a congress president and in October, a new prime minister.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLibya, a realm of stunning coastline, dramatic Greek and Roman ruins and the majesty of the Sahara remains poised to become a travel hotspot. Libya is a classic North African destination and its primary appeal derives from its position as an ancient crossroads of civilisations - these civilisations bequeathed to the Libyan coast some of the finest Roman and Greek ruins in existence, among them Leptis Magna, Cyrene and Sabratha. This is also one of the best places in Africa to experience the Sahara Desert, from seas of sand the size of Switzerland and sheltering palm-fringed lakes (the Ubari Sand Sea) to remote massifs adorned with prehistoric rock art (the Jebel Acacus), labyrinthine caravan towns (Ghadames) and an isolated black-as-black volcano (Wawa al-Namus) in the desert´s heart.

However, the upheaval caused by Libya´s democratic revolution in 2011-12 continues, meaning the future is still uncertain. That said, Libya´s tourism and transport infrastructure are excellent, so once peace returns fully to the country, expect it to be one of the hottest travel destinations on the continent.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Libya National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
99Dominican Rep.99
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
102Libya102
103Belize103
104Samoa104
105Maldives105
106Uzbekistan105
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
80Costa Rica$14 006
81Palau$13 771
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
137Vanuatu103.5
138Lesotho104.3
139Tanzania104.4
140Libya106.5
141Laos107.0
142Timor-Leste (E. Timor)107.5
143Togo108.1
144Cambodia108.6
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Libya's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Libya's population is predicted to rise to 7.783 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.44. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
105Bulgaria7.1m
106Paraguay7.0m
107Lebanon6.9m
108Libya6.7m
109Nicaragua6.5m
110El Salvador6.4m
111Kyrgyzstan6.3m
112Turkmenistan5.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
66Serbia1.56
67Libya2.44
68Cambodia2.45
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
70Philippines10.3
71Cambodia10.4
72Egypt10.5
73Libya10.5
74S. Africa10.5
75Bangladesh10.6
76Nepal10.8
77Bhutan10.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
43Latvia13.2%
44Spain12.8%
45Iceland12.5%
46Libya12.4%
47France12.2%
48Barbados12.1%
49Djibouti12.1%
50Netherlands12.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
157Venezuela1.8%
158S. Africa1.7%
159Iran1.7%
160Libya1.7%
161Gabon1.7%
162Vanuatu1.6%
163Djibouti1.5%
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #ISIS #libya #politics #tolerance

Libya is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Libya does worse than average in terms of its nominal commitment to Human Rights19 and in supporting press freedom20. It falls into the worst-performing 20 in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice21 (amongst the worst in Africa), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22 (one of the worst in Africa) and in LGBT equality23 (amongst the worst in Africa). And finally, it is the worst in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24. Freedom of speech is undermined by needlessly aggressive and restrictive laws25. In 2016, slave markets in Libya had migrant men, women and children auctioned off to the highest bidders, many destined for lives of abuse26. In 2017, the country is still steeped in conflict between multiple militias (including ISIS) and competing proto-governments, the fighting has "decimated the economy and public services, including the public health system, law enforcement, and the judiciary" with executions and widespread human rights abuses25. Freedom of religion and freedom of belief are not protected in Libya and minorities such as Sufis and Christians are openly attacked25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Libya's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Libya #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
89Trinidad & Tobago90.6
90USA91.1
91Sudan91.7
92Libya91.9
93Costa Rica91.9
94Lebanon92.3
95Georgia92.4
96Rwanda92.4
97Mongolia92.5
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Libya does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Libya performs the best when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate29. It comes in the best 20 in terms of its adolescent birth rate30 (the best in Africa). It does better than average in terms of its immunizations take-up31. Libya does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its fertility rate15 (still low for Africa), its average life expectancy12 (still high for Africa) and in its smoking rate32 (amongst the highest in Africa). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita29
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
6Yemen0.1
7Afghanistan0.2
8Saudi Arabia0.2
9Syria0.3
10Pakistan0.3
11Kiribati0.4
12Iraq0.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
64Barbados1.57
65China1.57
66Serbia1.56
67Libya2.44
68Cambodia2.45
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
143Denmark1 378
142Argentina1 359
141Israel1 346
140Libya1 33334
139Indonesia1 322
138Philippines1 291
137Malta1 266
136Spain1 265
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
153Mozambique153
154Cape Verde154
155Bahamas155
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
159Algeria159
160Senegal160
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
171Bahrain65.8
172Malta66.4
173Turkey66.8
174Libya66.8
175UAE67.8
176Lebanon67.9
177USA67.9
178Jordan69.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100030
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
13Luxembourg5.9
14Italy6.0
15Iceland6.1
16Libya6.2
17Finland6.5
18Germany6.7
19Maldives6.7
20Tunisia6.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
43Libya96.4
44St Kitts & Nevis96.3
45Bahamas96.2
46Maldives96.2
47Tajikistan96.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Libya's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
108Bolivia79.9
109Pakistan80.2
110Jamaica80.6
111Libya81.3
112Indonesia82.8
113Dominica83.3
114Cameroon83.3
115Ethiopia83.5
116Zimbabwe83.8
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
96Bolivia58.8%
97Zimbabwe58.7%
98Gabon57.6%
99Libya57.4%
100Dominican Rep.56.6%
101Uruguay56.0%
102Lebanon54.9%
103Portugal54.2%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better
Years38
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
104Palestine12.8
105Bahamas12.8
106Venezuela12.8
107Libya12.8
108Cameroon12.7
109Philippines12.7
110Botswana12.7
111Vietnam12.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
147Mozambique147
148Lesotho148
149Venezuela149
150Libya150
151Gabon151
152Sierra Leone152
153Cambodia153
154Zambia154
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ (2006)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
85Morocco84
86Saudi Arabia84
87Algeria83
88Libya83
89Tunisia83
90Oman83
91Syria83
92India82
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
147Libya21%
148Zimbabwe21%
149Equatorial Guinea21%
150Lesotho21%
151Indonesia20%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)41
Pos.Lower is better41
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Libya43
23Malaysia43
24Jordan45
25Turkey46
26Tunisia46
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
22Switzerland0.55
23S. Korea0.56
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
28Guinea-Bissau0.67
29Uzbekistan0.69
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)43
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio43
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
169Cuba0.0
170St Vincent & Grenadines0.0
171Montenegro0.0
172Libya0.0
173Jamaica0.0
174Fiji0.0
175Jordan0.0
176Barbados0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
29Finland28.25
30Thailand28.75
31Uzbekistan29
32Libya29
33Puerto Rico29
34Cyprus31
35Iran32
36Sweden33
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)45
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score45
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
167Venezuela18.4
168Uzbekistan18.4
169Turkmenistan18.2
170Libya16.8
171Iraq16.6
172S. Sudan13.8
173Sudan12.2
174Afghanistan10.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
67Moldova5.6
68Turkmenistan5.6
69Hungary5.6
70Libya5.6
71Philippines5.5
72Honduras5.5
73Turkey5.5
74Belarus5.5
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
160Burundi160
161Rwanda161
162Congo, DR162
163Libya163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
94Guinea94
95Ivory Coast95
96Peru96
97Libya97
98Czechia98
99Israel99
100Argentina100
101Seychelles101
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
151N. Korea2.93
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
142St Vincent & Grenadines142
143Belize143
144Haiti144
145Libya145
146Croatia146
147UAE147
148Central African Rep.148
149Bosnia & Herzegovina149
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
109China109
110Kazakhstan110
111Jordan111
112Libya112
113Belize113
114Morocco114
115Iraq115
116Dominica116
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
136Cameroon6.62
137Central African Rep.6.62
138Mali6.65
139Libya6.77
140Egypt6.79
141Congo, DR7.04
142Philippines7.14
143Yemen7.26
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
81Afghanistan00.0
82Yemen00.0
83Tuvalu00.0
84Libya00.0
85Tonga00.0
86Maldives00.0
87Vanuatu00.0
88Turkmenistan00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
120China50.7
121Thailand49.9
122Micronesia49.8
123Libya49.8
124Ghana49.7
125Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49.5
126Senegal49.5
127Malawi49.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
178Azerbaijan2000 Nov 01
179Liberia2001 Feb 06
180Malta2001 Mar 29
181Libya2001 Oct 10
182Saudi Arabia2002 Jan 01
183Serbia2002 May 30
184Kuwait2002 Oct 31
185Bosnia & Herzegovina2002 Nov 24
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
136Estonia15.9%
137China15.1%
138Denmark14.9%
139Libya14.6%
140Iceland13.1%
141Uzbekistan11.3%
142Tajikistan11.1%
143Haiti10.0%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)52
Pos.Higher is worse52
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
77Seychelles9.60
76Mauritius9.40
75Iran9.20
74Libya9.10
73Tunisia9.00
72Turkey9.00
71Armenia8.70
70Barbados8.70
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)53
Pos.Lower is better
Severity53
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
13Palestine.004
14Tunisia.005
15St Lucia.007
16Libya.007
17Algeria.008
18Kyrgyzstan.008
19Bosnia & Herzegovina.008
20Barbados.009
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #ISIS #islam #judaism #libya #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
116Afghanistan0
117Egypt0
118Liberia0
119Libya0
120Ivory Coast0
121Pakistan0
122Niger0
123Saudi Arabia0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below55:

Christian2.7%
Muslim96.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3%56.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Freedom of religion and freedom of belief are not protected in Libya; in addition the current conflict from 2011 has allowed "militias and forces affiliated with several interim authorities, as well as ISIS fighters [to attack] religious minorities, including Sufis and Christians, and [destroy] religious sites in Libya with impunity"25.

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