The Human Truth Foundation

Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Libya

Libya
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index91st best
CapitalTripoli
Land Area11 759 540 km2
LocationAfrica, Mediterranean
Population26.469 million
Life Expectancy374.989yrs (2012)
GNI3$13 765
ISO3166-1 Codes4LY, LBY, 434
Internet Domain5.ly
Currency6Dinar (LYD)
Telephone7+218

1. Overview

#chad #islam #italy #turkey

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI began to espouse his political system, the Third Universal Theory. The system was a combination of socialism and Islam derived in part from tribal practices and was supposed to be implemented by the Libyan people themselves in a unique form of "direct democracy." QADHAFI used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. In addition, beginning in 1973, he engaged in military operations in northern Chad's Aozou Strip - to gain access to minerals and to use as a base of influence in Chadian politics - but was forced to retreat in 1987. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically following the downing by Libyan state-sponsored terrorists of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. During the 1990s, QADHAFI began to rebuild his relationships with Europe. UN sanctions were suspended in April 1999 and finally lifted in September 2003 after Libya accepted responsibility for the Lockerbie bombing. In December 2003, Libya announced that it had agreed to reveal and end its programs to develop weapons of mass destruction and to renounce terrorism. QADHAFI subsequently made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. The US rescinded Libya's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism in June 2006. In August 2008, the US and Libya signed a bilateral comprehensive claims settlement agreement to compensate claimants in both countries who allege injury or death at the hands of the other country, including the Lockerbie bombing, the LaBelle disco bombing, and the UTA 772 bombing. In October 2008, the US Government received $1.5 billion pursuant to the agreement to distribute to US national claimants, and as a result effectively normalized its bilateral relationship with Libya. The two countries then exchanged ambassadors for the first time since 1973 in January 2009. Libya in May 2010 was elected to its first three-year seat on the UN Human Rights Council, prompting protests from international non-governmental organizations and human rights campaigners. Unrest that began in several Near Eastern and North African countries in late December 2010 spread to several Libyan cities in early 2011. In March 2011, a Transitional National Council (TNC) was formed in Benghazi with the stated aim of overthrowing the QADHAFI regime and guiding the country to democracy. In response to QADHAFI's harsh military crackdown on protesters, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1973, which demanded an immediate ceasefire and authorized the international community to establish a no-fly zone over Libya. After several months of see-saw fighting, anti-QADHAFI forces in August 2011 captured the capital, Tripoli. In mid-September, the UN General Assembly voted to recognize the TNC as the legitimate interim governing body of Libya. The TNC on 23 October officially declared the country liberated following the defeat of the last remaining pro-QADHAFI stronghold and QADHAFI's death. In July 2012, Libya held its first post-QADHAFI nationwide election, which resulted in the formation of a 200-member National Congress (NC). In August 2012, the NC elected a congress president and in October, a new prime minister.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Libya National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
62Costa Rica77.367.9
63Grenada77.074.6
64Serbia76.974.2
65Libya76.977.0
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
68Antigua & Barbuda76.076.3
69Kazakhstan75.469.8
70Albania74.969.5
71Venezuela74.866.0
72St Kitts & Nevis74.573.5
73Lebanon74.573.7
74Dominica74.571.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
91Libya55.7
92Paraguay55.5
93El Salvador55.4
94Ecuador55.3
95Qatar55.3
96UAE55.3
97Guatemala55.2
98Armenia55.1
99Russia54.9
100Swaziland54.5
101Honduras54.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
62Sri Lanka75.1
63Macedonia75
64Estonia75
65Libya75
66St Lucia74.8
67Kuwait74.7
68Montenegro74.8
69Serbia74.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
64Barbados1.6
65China1.6
66Serbia1.6
67Libya2.4
68Cambodia2.4
69Bulgaria1.5
70Bahrain2.5
71Thailand1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
100Papua New Guinea7.17m16
101Tajikistan7.079m51
102Paraguay6.683m17
103Libya6.469m4
104Jordan6.457m73
105Laos6.374m28
106Togo6.283m116
Data Source

Libya's population is predicted to rise to 7.783 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.44.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
144Morocco1963
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
34UK0.21
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
38Bulgaria0.22
39Malta0.24
40UAE0.24
41Albania0.25
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Libya has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
118Mauritania0%
119Nepal0%
120Morocco0%
121Libya0%
122Ghana0%
123Syria0%
124Sri Lanka0%
125Egypt0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian2.7%
Muslim96.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.3%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Malaysia43
23Libya43
24Jordan45
25Tunisia46
26Turkey46
27Venezuela48
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
218Guinea-Bissau0.67
217Chile0.66
216Qatar0.65
215Libya0.63
214Australia0.63
213Korea, S.0.56
212Switzerland0.56
211Poland0.55
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
114El Salvador15.90
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
120Rwanda13.00
121Mongolia12.90
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
29Finland28.25
30Thailand28.75
31Uzbekistan29
32Libya29
33Puerto Rico29
34Cyprus31
35Iran32
36Sweden33
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
151Korea, N.2.93
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
86Syria83
87Algeria83
88Oman83
89Libya83
90Madagascar82
91Bangladesh82
92Dominican Rep.82
93India82
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
108Mozambique15
109Tanzania15
110Liberia15
111Libya15
112Dominican Rep.14
113China14
114Syria14
115Botswana14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
127Afghanistan99.4
128Colombia99.4
129Angola99.4
130Libya99.4
131Burundi99.4
132Zimbabwe99.4
133Jordan99.4
134Thailand99.4
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
54Latvia$14 724
55Russia$14 461
56Antigua & Barbuda$13 883
57Libya$13 765
58Turkey$13 710
59Malaysia$13 676
60Panama$13 519
61Belarus$13 385
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
93Philippines5
94Zambia5
95Namibia4.9
96Libya4.9
97Hungary4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
99Palestine4.8
100Zimbabwe4.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
113Kuwait51.1
114S. Africa50.8
115Gambia50.3
116Libya50.1
117Honduras49.9
118Uganda49.8
119Madagascar49.2
120China49.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
167Eritrea-50
168Tunisia-50
169Cameroon-70
170Libya-70
171Qatar-70
172Comoros-70
173Senegal-70
174Dominica-90
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/libya.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ly.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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