The Human Truth Foundation

Azerbaijan (Republic of Azerbaijan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#azerbaijan

Azerbaijan
Republic of Azerbaijan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index94th best
CapitalBaku
Land Area 82 658km21
LocationAsia, Europe
Population9.9m2
Life Expectancy70.90yrs (2017)3
GNI$16 413 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAZ, AZE, 315
Internet Domain.az6
CurrencyManat (AZN)7
Telephone+9948

1. Overview

#armenia #france #islam #russia

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous region within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the United States, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict. Corruption in the country is widespread, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced and infrastructure investment has increased substantially in recent years due to revenue from oil and gas production, reforms have not adequately addressed weaknesses in most government institutions, particularly in the education and health sectors. In January 2012, Azerbaijan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverMarrying timeless tradition and ultra-modernity, Azerbaijan reveals a melange of cultural influences and outstanding attractions at the meeting point between Europe and Asia. Tucked beneath the Caucasus Mountains and facing the Caspian Sea, it is where Central Asia edges into Europe, with a melange of Turkic, Persian and Russian influences contributing to its fabric. ... Surrounded by semi-desert on the oil-rich Caspian Sea, the cosmopolitan capital, Baku, rings its Unesco-listed ancient core with mushrooming new skyscrapers. Yet barely three hours´ drive away are timeless rural villages, clad in lush orchards and backed by the soaring Great Caucasus mountains. The modern Azerbaijanis, well versed in Turkic legend and Persian poetry, are a passionate and overwhelmingly hospitable people.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Azerbaijan National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
63Gabon$19 044
64Turkey$18 705
65Mauritius$17 948
66Azerbaijan$16 413
67Iran$16 395
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
91Kazakhstan85.6
92Dominican Rep.86.7
93Guatemala87.2
94Azerbaijan87.5
95India87.8
96Saudi Arabia88.2
97El Salvador88.3
98Fiji88.7
World Avg86.6
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Azerbaijan's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Azerbaijan's population is predicted to rise to 10.81 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.16. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
87Portugal10.3m
88Sweden10.0m
89Jordan10.0m
90Azerbaijan9.9m
91Hungary9.7m
92UAE9.6m
93Honduras9.6m
94Belarus9.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
111Turkey18.0
112Vietnam18.3
113Tunisia18.6
114Azerbaijan18.7
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
109Burundi2.8%
110Chile2.7%
111Micronesia2.6%
112Azerbaijan2.6%
113Kiribati2.6%
114Samoa2.5%
115Zimbabwe2.4%
116Swaziland2.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
39Belize16.1%
40Azerbaijan16.0%
41Bulgaria16.0%
42Lebanon15.6%
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
44Seychelles14.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Azerbaijan #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Azerbaijan is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Azerbaijan comes in the best 20 in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It does better than average in opposing gender inequality20, LGBT equality21 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties22. Azerbaijan does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice23, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 and in supporting press freedom26. In 2017 police harassment of LGBT folk picked up, with fines and invasions of personal space by the police27. The courts also conducted many unfair trials and the government executed worrying crackdowns on political critics and journalists in 201727.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Azerbaijan's Health

#alcohol #Azerbaijan #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
114Chile96.5
115Kazakhstan97.9
116Honduras98.3
117Azerbaijan98.4
118Moldova98.6
119Serbia99.1
120Suriname99.3
121Bolivia100.0
122Jamaica100.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Azerbaijan does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Azerbaijan comes in the best 20 when it comes to its suicide rate30. It does better than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate31 and in its fertility rate15. Azerbaijan does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32, its immunizations take-up33, its average life expectancy12 and in its adolescent birth rate20. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in its smoking rate34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
21Senegal0.7
22Oman0.8
23Indonesia0.8
24Azerbaijan0.8
25Algeria0.9
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
173Bosnia & Herzegovina2 233
172Czechia2 194
171Kazakhstan2 157
170Azerbaijan2 114
169Greece2 086
168S. Korea2 073
167Austria1 988
166Jordan1 855
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
4Jordan0.2
5Maldives0.7
6Azerbaijan1.3
7S. Africa1.8
8Bahamas2.5
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
91Chile91
92Tunisia92
93Bahrain93
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
87Kazakhstan53.6
88Azerbaijan53.6
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
121Ethiopia58.4
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
124Azerbaijan59.8
125Yemen61.5
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
104Palau92.4
105Vietnam92.3
106Denmark92.3
107Azerbaijan92.2
108Australia92.1
109Barbados92.1
110Ghana91.7
111Lesotho91.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Azerbaijan's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
84Fiji68.0
85Qatar68.1
86Dominican Rep.68.3
87Azerbaijan68.6
88Bahamas68.6
89Seychelles69.8
90Morocco70.0
91Grenada70.5
92Cuba71.2
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
88Bermuda0.2338
89Togo0.2239
90Nigeria0.2240
91Azerbaijan0.2138
92Burkina Faso0.2041
93Vietnam0.1942
94Panama0.1842
95Mauritius0.1839
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
21Germany96.3%
22Russia95.9%
23Croatia95.7%
24Azerbaijan95.6%
25USA95.6%
26Norway95.4%
27S. Korea95.2%
28Bulgaria95.1%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better
Years44
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
116Togo12.6
117Samoa12.5
118Antigua & Barbuda12.5
119Azerbaijan12.4
120Timor-Leste (E. Timor)12.4
121Marshall Islands12.4
122India12.3
123Tuvalu12.3
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
126Ivory Coast126
127Kuwait127
128Vietnam128
129Azerbaijan129
130Bangladesh130
131Mongolia131
132Haiti132
133Botswana133
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
68Turkmenistan87
69Uzbekistan87
70Kuwait86
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
74Palestine63%
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
25Turkey46
26Tunisia46
27Venezuela48
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
55Belarus1.22
56Armenia1.22
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
93Kyrgyzstan0.0
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
118Jordan102
119Japan102
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
130Gambia29.0
131Honduras28.8
132Nepal28.6
133Azerbaijan28.6
134Madagascar28.4
135Lebanon28.2
136Russia28.2
137Kazakhstan28.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
84Algeria5.3
85Morocco5.3
86China5.2
87Azerbaijan5.2
88Lebanon5.2
89Macedonia5.2
90Jordan5.2
91Nigeria5.2
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
136Saudi Arabia136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Algeria138
139Azerbaijan139
140Paraguay140
141Sri Lanka141
142Malawi142
143Benin143
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
83Kuwait83
84Belarus84
85Saudi Arabia85
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
88Vietnam88
89Central African Rep.89
90Botswana90
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.42
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.45
135Lebanon2.46
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
46Burkina Faso46
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
133Togo133
134St Vincent & Grenadines134
135Afghanistan135
136Trinidad & Tobago136
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
45Poland0.48
46Gabon0.55
47Malawi0.66
48Azerbaijan0.70
49Czechia0.87
50Denmark0.96
51Guinea0.97
52Honduras0.99
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
11Cape Verde55.7
12Rwanda50.9
13Bhutan34.7
14Azerbaijan34.6
15Spain33.2
16China32.6
17Montenegro32.1
18Syria32.1
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
56Panama62.7
57Tonga62.5
58Tunisia62.4
59Azerbaijan62.3
60S. Korea62.3
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
36Indonesia11.11
37Israel11.11
38Turkey11.11
39Azerbaijan10.87
40Netherlands10.75
41Mexico10.64
42Paraguay10.53
43Chile10.42
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
175Palau1999 Apr 06
176Sao Tome & Principe1999 Dec 28
177UAE2000 May 10
178Azerbaijan2000 Nov 01
179Liberia2001 Feb 06
180Malta2001 Mar 29
181Libya2001 Oct 10
182Saudi Arabia2002 Jan 01
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#health #inequality #life_expectancy

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)59
Pos.Higher is worse59
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
113Guatemala14.60
112Vanuatu14.40
111Algeria14.10
110Azerbaijan13.90
109Indonesia13.90
108Uzbekistan13.90
107Paraguay13.80
106Honduras13.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)60
Pos.Higher is better
%60
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
99Uganda0
100Bangladesh0
101UAE0
102Azerbaijan0
103Algeria0
104Yemen0
105Zambia0
106Tanzania0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below61:

Christian3%
Muslim96.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 100% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 50% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.). note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower62.

When it comes to religious freedom and persecution, sociologists Grim & Finke place Azerbaijan into the worst category, along with just 13 other countries. In this category, severe restrictions on religious freedom and freedom of belief stem simultaneously from top-down pressure from government and institutionalized religion, and from bottom-up grassroots movements that often go even further than the government in harrassing those who do not believe the right things (2011)63.

Links: