The Human Truth Foundation

Azerbaijan (Republic of Azerbaijan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#azerbaijan #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Azerbaijan
Republic of Azerbaijan
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBaku
Land Area 82 658km21
LocationAsia, Europe
Population9.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy70.90yrs (2017)3
GNI$16 413 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAZ, AZE, 315
Internet Domain.az6
CurrencyManat (AZN)7
Telephone+9948

1. Overview

#armenia #france #islam #russia

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous region within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the United States, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict. Corruption in the country is widespread, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced and infrastructure investment has increased substantially in recent years due to revenue from oil and gas production, reforms have not adequately addressed weaknesses in most government institutions, particularly in the education and health sectors. In January 2012, Azerbaijan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverMarrying timeless tradition and ultra-modernity, Azerbaijan reveals a melange of cultural influences and outstanding attractions at the meeting point between Europe and Asia. Tucked beneath the Caucasus Mountains and facing the Caspian Sea, it is where Central Asia edges into Europe, with a melange of Turkic, Persian and Russian influences contributing to its fabric. ... Surrounded by semi-desert on the oil-rich Caspian Sea, the cosmopolitan capital, Baku, rings its Unesco-listed ancient core with mushrooming new skyscrapers. Yet barely three hours´ drive away are timeless rural villages, clad in lush orchards and backed by the soaring Great Caucasus mountains. The modern Azerbaijanis, well versed in Turkic legend and Persian poetry, are a passionate and overwhelmingly hospitable people.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Azerbaijan National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
91Belarus54.4
92San Marino54.3
93Bolivia54.2
94Azerbaijan54.0
95Oman54.0
96Colombia53.9
97Nepal53.8
98Morocco53.7
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#Azerbaijan #birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
111Turkey18.0
112Vietnam18.3
113Tunisia18.6
114Azerbaijan18.7
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
39Belize16.1%
40Azerbaijan16.0%
41Bulgaria16.0%
42Lebanon15.6%
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
44Seychelles14.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
99Mauritius3.3%
100Sao Tome & Principe3.2%
101Nepal3.2%
102Azerbaijan3.0%
103Mauritania2.9%
104Zimbabwe2.9%
105Ecuador2.9%
106Iran2.8%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
115Trinidad & Tobago70.52
116Russia70.26
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
87Somalia9.8m
88Belarus9.5m
89Sweden9.5m
90Azerbaijan9.4m
91Benin9.4m
92Burundi8.7m
93Austria8.4m
94UAE8.1m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Azerbaijan's population is predicted to rise to 10.81 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.16. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Azerbaijan #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Azerbaijan is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Azerbaijan comes in the best 20 in its nominal commitment to Human Rights18. It does better than average in the year from which women could participate in democracy19, opposing gender inequality20 and in LGBT equality21. Azerbaijan does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for fighting anti-semitic opinions22, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23, eliminating modern slavery24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25, its Global Peace Index rating26, fighting corruption27 and in supporting press freedom28. In 2017 police harassment of LGBT folk picked up, with fines and invasions of personal space by the police29. The courts also conducted many unfair trials and the government executed worrying crackdowns on political critics and journalists in 201729.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Azerbaijan #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
46Burkina Faso46
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
133Togo133
134St Vincent & Grenadines134
135Afghanistan135
136Trinidad & Tobago136
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.42
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.45
135Lebanon2.46
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"26. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark26 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan26.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
45Poland0.48
46Gabon0.55
47Malawi0.66
48Azerbaijan0.70
49Czechia0.87
50Denmark0.96
51Guinea0.97
52Honduras0.99
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
22Ukraine46
23Slovenia47
24Spain49
25Azerbaijan50
26Israel51
27Uzbekistan51
28Serbia54
29Ireland54
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
99Uganda0
100Bangladesh0
101UAE0
102Azerbaijan0
103Algeria0
104Yemen0
105Zambia0
106Tanzania0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian3%
Muslim96.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 100% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 50% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.). note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower35.

When it comes to religious freedom and persecution, sociologists Grim & Finke place Azerbaijan into the worst category, along with just 13 other countries. In this category, severe restrictions on religious freedom and freedom of belief stem simultaneously from top-down pressure from government and institutionalized religion, and from bottom-up grassroots movements that often go even further than the government in harrassing those who do not believe the right things (2011)36.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Azerbaijan #internet #it_security #politics #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
25Turkey46
26Tunisia46
27Venezuela48
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
74Palestine63%
75Montenegro62%
76Bosnia & Herzegovina62%
77Azerbaijan61%
78Belarus61%
79St Vincent & Grenadines60%
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
93Kyrgyzstan0.0
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
51Vietnam1.15
52Nigeria1.18
53Mauritania1.19
54Azerbaijan1.21
55Belarus1.22
56Armenia1.22
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Azerbaijan #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Azerbaijan does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Azerbaijan comes in the best 20 in its suicide rate41. It does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate42 and in the prevalence of overweight adults43. Azerbaijan does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its immunizations take-up44 and in its adolescent birth rate20. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 for its smoking rate45. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita42
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
21Senegal0.7
22Oman0.8
23Indonesia0.8
24Azerbaijan0.8
25Algeria0.9
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking46 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink47 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies48 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"49. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"50. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
91Chile91
92Tunisia92
93Bahrain93
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
87Kazakhstan53.6
88Azerbaijan53.6
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese51. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up52. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight52 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year53 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"54. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes55. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar56.

Smoking Rates (2014)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
167Austria1 988
168S. Korea2 073
169Greece2 086
170Azerbaijan2 114
171Kazakhstan2 157
172Czechia2 194
173Bosnia & Herzegovina2 233
174China2 250
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k41
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
4Jordan0.2
5Maldives0.7
6Azerbaijan1.3
7S. Africa1.8
8Bahamas2.5
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Azerbaijan #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
121Ethiopia58.4
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
124Azerbaijan59.8
125Yemen61.5
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %44
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
104Palau92.4
105Vietnam92.3
106Denmark92.3
107Azerbaijan92.2
108Australia92.1
109Barbados92.1
110Ghana91.7
111Lesotho91.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
57
Pos.Lower is better57
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
118Jordan102
119Japan102
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
126Ivory Coast126
127Kuwait127
128Vietnam128
129Azerbaijan129
130Bangladesh130
131Mongolia131
132Haiti132
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
136Saudi Arabia136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Algeria138
139Azerbaijan139
140Paraguay140
141Sri Lanka141
142Malawi142
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
39Argentina39
40China40
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
133Togo133
134St Vincent & Grenadines134
135Afghanistan135
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
83Kuwait83
84Belarus84
85Saudi Arabia85
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
88Vietnam88
89Central African Rep.89
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2958
2Israel4.1158
3Japan3.5858
...
88Bermuda0.2359
89Togo0.2260
90Nigeria0.2261
91Azerbaijan0.2159
92Burkina Faso0.2062
93Vietnam0.1963
94Panama0.1863
95Mauritius0.1860
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)64
Pos.Higher is better64
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
102Nigeria4.8
103Dominican Rep.4.7
104Tunisia4.7
105Azerbaijan4.7
106Bosnia & Herzegovina4.7
107S. Africa4.7
108India4.6
109Serbia4.5
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
63Gabon$19 044
64Turkey$18 705
65Mauritius$17 948
66Azerbaijan$16 413
67Iran$16 395
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)65
Pos.Higher is better65
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
56Panama62.7
57Tonga62.5
58Tunisia62.4
59Azerbaijan62.3
60S. Korea62.3
61Kuwait62.3
62Jordan62.2
63Armenia62.1
q=180.
IQ (2006)66
Pos.Higher is better66
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
68Turkmenistan87
69Uzbekistan87
70Kuwait86
q=138.