The Human Truth Foundation

Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #tanzania #the_environment

Tanzania
United Republic of Tanzania
StatusIndependent State
CapitalDar es Salaam (administrative/judicial) and Dodoma (legislative)
Land Area 885 800km21
LocationAfrica
Population47.7m (2011)2
Life Expectancy65.51yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 467 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesTZ, TZA, 8345
Internet Domain.tz6
CurrencyShilling (TZS)7
Telephone+2558

1. Overview

Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWildlife galore, idyllic beaches, snow-capped Kilimanjaro, moss-covered ruins, friendly people, fascinating cultures - Tanzania has all this and more wrapped up in one adventurous package. Tanzania is the land of safaris, with wildebeest stampeding across the plains, hippos jostling for space in rivers, elephants kicking up the dust and chimpanzees swinging through the treetops. Wherever you go in the country, there are unparalleled opportunities to experience wildlife.

But it´s not just the wildlife that enchants visitors. Tanzania´s magical Indian Ocean coastline is also magical, with its tranquil islands, long beaches and sleepy villages steeped in centuries of Swahili culture. Coconut palms sway in the breeze, dhows glide by on the horizon, and colourful fish flit past spectacular corals in the turquoise waters.

More than anything, though, it is Tanzania´s people that make a visit to the country so memorable, with their characteristic warmth and politeness, and the dignity and beauty of their cultures. Chances are you will want to come back for more, to which most Tanzanians would say `karibu tena´ (welcome again).

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Tanzania National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
162Sierra Leone45.7
163Guinea45.7
164Myanmar (Burma)45.5
165Tanzania45.4
166Cameroon45.3
167Libya44.6
168Zimbabwe44.6
169Algeria44.5
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #Tanzania

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
29Lesotho06.1
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
179USA0.8%
180Namibia0.7%
181Ethiopia0.7%
182Tanzania0.7%
183Brazil0.7%
184Saudi Arabia0.7%
185Qatar0.7%
186Nigeria0.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
166Angola5.19
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
171Burkina Faso5.77
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
137Sri Lanka1.7%
138Senegal1.6%
139Guyana1.5%
140Tanzania1.5%
141Bolivia1.5%
142Bulgaria1.4%
143Solomon Islands1.3%
144Niger1.3%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
142Turkmenistan65.73
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
145Namibia65.06
146Gabon64.94
147Rwanda64.75
148Ethiopia64.60
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
24S. Africa50.7m
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
26S. Korea48.6m
27Tanzania47.7m
28Colombia47.6m
29Spain46.8m
30Ukraine44.9m
31Kenya42.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Tanzania's population is predicted to rise to 81.85 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.51. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tanzania #tolerance

Tanzania is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Tanzania comes in the best 20 in fighting anti-semitic opinions18 (the best in Africa). It does better than average in its Global Peace Index rating19, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20 and in supporting press freedom21. Tanzania does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms22 (still low for Africa), its nominal commitment to Human Rights23, fighting corruption24, eliminating modern slavery25, the year from which women could participate in democracy26, opposing gender inequality27 and in LGBT equality28. Since appointment in 2015, President John Pombe Magufuli "has restricted basic freedoms through repressive laws and decrees. Critical journalists, politicians, human rights defenders, civil society activists and senior United Nations officials have faced various threats, intimidation and arbitrary detention by government authorities"29. In 2016 the government initiated an ongoing and unprecedented campaign to harass and intimidate LGBT folk and disrupt their advocates, including forced medical examinations for signs of homosexuality29. It is a moral requirement that the government defends minorities and protects the rights of adult to have consensual relations, not instigating needless prejudice against them based on sexuality.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #Tanzania #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
85Tanzania85
86Jamaica86
87Nicaragua87
88Niger88
89India89
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)19
Pos.Lower is better19
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
52Sierra Leone1.86
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
56Burkina Faso1.88
57Djibouti1.88
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"19. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark19 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan19.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)31
Pos.Lower is better
Score31
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
88Italy3.11
89Paraguay3.12
90Bahrain3.20
91Tanzania3.27
92Spain3.35
93Bolivia3.39
94Algeria3.41
95Sweden3.45
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
68Panama88
69Bolivia89
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
72Kosovo90
73India90
74Kuwait91
75UAE91
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
103Algeria0
104Yemen0
105Zambia0
106Tanzania0
107Malaysia0
108Haiti0
109Iraq0
110Guinea0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian61.4%
Muslim35.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim35.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #it_security #Tanzania #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
184Malawi7%
185Mozambique6%
186Benin6%
187Tanzania5%
188Central African Rep.5%
189Madagascar4%
190Ethiopia4%
191Congo, DR4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
67Germany1.46
68Netherlands1.47
69Rwanda1.50
70Tanzania1.50
71Maldives1.57
72China1.59
73Angola1.61
74Sri Lanka1.67
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #Tanzania #UK

Tanzania has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Tanzania does better than average in its smoking rate38, the prevalence of overweight adults39 and in its immunizations take-up40. Tanzania does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30 (still good for Africa) and in its alcohol consumption rate41. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its adolescent birth rate27. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita41
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
139Grenada9.3
140S. Africa9.3
141St Kitts & Nevis9.4
142Tanzania9.4
143Uganda9.5
144Barbados9.6
145Argentina9.8
146Georgia9.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking42 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink43 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies44 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"45. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"46. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
98Colombia98
99Vietnam99
100Lesotho100
101Tanzania101
102Equatorial Guinea102
103Barbados103
104Venezuela104
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
30Angola27.5
31Philippines27.6
32Sierra Leone27.7
33Tanzania27.7
34Zambia27.8
35Togo28.1
36Mali28.1
37Indonesia28.2
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese47. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up48. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight48 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year49 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"50. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes51. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar52.

Smoking Rates (2014)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
17Lesotho 88
18Trinidad & Tobago 97
19Burundi 98
20Tanzania 101
21Liberia 104
22Niger 105
23Sao Tome & Principe 111
24India 111
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #Tanzania #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
173Madagascar116.2
174Congo, (Brazzaville)117.7
175Sierra Leone118.2
176Tanzania118.6
177Congo, DR122.6
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %40
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
78Bolivia94.2
79UAE94.0
80Bangladesh94.0
81Tanzania94.0
82Germany94.0
83Lithuania93.9
84Estonia93.9
85N. Korea93.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81S. Korea66.33
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
85Belize70
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
153Cambodia153
154Zambia154
155Paraguay155
156Tanzania156
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
118Colombia118
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
122Zimbabwe122
123Egypt123
124Burkina Faso124
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
85Tanzania85
86Jamaica86
87Nicaragua87
88Niger88
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
140Afghanistan140
141Belize141
142Slovakia142
143Tanzania143
144St Vincent & Grenadines144
145Samoa145
146Jamaica146
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2954
2Israel4.1154
3Japan3.5854
...
67Jordan0.4355
68Mozambique0.4256
69Thailand0.3957
70Tanzania0.3856
71Romania0.3854
72Montenegro0.3858
73Chile0.3854
74Ghana0.3856
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better59
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
128Niger4.1
129Syria4.1
130Egypt4.1
131Tanzania4.1
132Sierra Leone4.1
133Guinea4.0
134Congo, DR4.0
135Rwanda4.0
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
116Oman51.3
117Zambia51.0
118Grenada50.9
119Tanzania50.8
120China50.7
121Thailand49.9
122Micronesia49.8
123Libya49.8
q=180.
IQ (2006)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
103Nepal78
104Mauritania76
105Uganda73
106Tanzania72
107Kenya72
108S. Africa72
109Zambia71
110Jamaica71
q=138.