The Human Truth Foundation

Uganda (Republic of Uganda)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#uganda

Uganda
Republic of Uganda
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index128th best
CapitalKampala
Land Area 199 810km21
LocationAfrica
Population42.7m2
Life Expectancy59.21yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 670 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesUG, UGA, 8005
Internet Domain.ug6
CurrencyShilling (UGX)7
Telephone+2568

1. Overview

The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis petite nation punches well above its weight in terms of nature. Its lush forests reverberate with life and their canopies shield hundreds of bird and mammal species, including half the planet´s mountain gorillas. Emerging from the shadows of its dark history, a new dawn of tourism has risen in Uganda, polishing a glint back into the `pearl of Africa´. Travellers are streaming in to explore what is basically the best of everything the continent has to offer.

For a relatively small country, there´s a lot that´s big about the place. It´s home to the tallest mountain range in Africa, the world´s longest river and the continent´s largest lake. And with half the remaining mountain gorillas residing here, and the Big Five to be ticked off, wildlife watching is huge.

While anti-gay sentiments have cast a shadow on the otherwise positive tourism picture, and tensions continue to simmer with the Karamojong in the northeast, Uganda remains one of the safest destinations in Africa. Other than watching out for the odd hippo at your campsite, there´s no more to worry about here than in most other countries.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Uganda National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
168Benin$1 979
169S. Sudan$1 882
170Afghanistan$1 871
171Uganda$1 670
172Haiti$1 657
173Rwanda$1 617
174Zimbabwe$1 588
175Solomon Islands$1 561
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
125Iran97.8
126Honduras97.9
127Burkina Faso97.9
128Uganda99.3
129Bangladesh99.3
130Venezuela99.4
131Turkmenistan99.5
132Zambia100.3
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Uganda's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Uganda's population is predicted to rise to 59.85 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.95. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
30Spain46.7m
31Argentina44.4m
32Ukraine44.2m
33Uganda42.7m
34Algeria42.2m
35Sudan41.8m
36Iraq38.4m
37Poland37.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
167Togo60.18
168Benin59.76
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
170Congo, DR5.54
171Burkina Faso5.77
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
6Zambia04.8
7Eritrea04.9
8Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
89Lithuania4.3%
90St Vincent & Grenadines4.2%
91Czechia4.1%
92Uganda3.9%
93Dominican Rep.3.9%
94Mauritania3.8%
95Namibia3.8%
96Burkina Faso3.7%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
149Niger2.4%
150Argentina2.4%
151Cambodia2.3%
152Uganda2.2%
153Sudan2.2%
154Chad2.1%
155Australia2.1%
156Serbia2.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance #uganda

Uganda is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Uganda comes in the best 20 in terms of its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice19. It does better than average in speed of uptake of HR treaties20 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights21. Uganda does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23 (still good for Africa), supporting press freedom24, opposing gender inequality25 (still good for Africa) and in LGBT equality26. 'The government of President Yoweri Museveni, in power since 1986, continues to violate free association, expression, and assembly rights'27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Uganda's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #Uganda #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
162Togo113.3
163Philippines113.5
164Mozambique114.0
165Uganda114.1
166Argentina114.3
167Central African Rep.114.9
168S. Africa114.9
169Venezuela115.1
170Laos116.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Uganda is a pretty unhealthy country. Uganda comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate30 (one of the lowest in Africa). But that's it. Uganda has problems. It does worse than average for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 (still good for Africa), its alcohol consumption rate32, its immunizations take-up33 and in its average life expectancy12. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in terms of its adolescent birth rate25 and in its fertility rate15. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
167Togo60.18
168Benin59.76
169Guinea59.22
170Uganda59.21
171Zimbabwe59.20
172Congo, DR59.06
173Burkina Faso59.01
174Mali58.47
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
140S. Africa9.3
141St Kitts & Nevis9.4
142Tanzania9.4
143Uganda9.5
144Barbados9.6
145Argentina9.8
146Georgia9.8
147Namibia9.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
170Congo, DR5.54
171Burkina Faso5.77
172Chad5.79
173Uganda5.95
174Malawi5.98
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)5.99
176Afghanistan6.03
177Mali6.16
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
6Samoa 54
5Rwanda 53
4Uganda 41
3Kiribati 28
2Solomon Islands 26
1Guinea 15
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
91Chile91
92Tunisia92
93Bahrain93
94Philippines94
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
8Niger22.0
9Eritrea22.0
10Burundi22.2
11Uganda22.4
12Afghanistan23.0
13Chad23.1
14Burkina Faso23.2
15Sri Lanka23.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
168Liberia108.8
169Zimbabwe109.7
170Nigeria110.6
171Uganda111.9
172Gambia113.0
173Madagascar116.2
174Congo, (Brazzaville)117.7
175Sierra Leone118.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
147Cameroon83.3
148Laos83.3
149Djibouti82.6
150Uganda82.5
151Comoros81.8
152Marshall Islands81.8
153Mozambique81.4
154Venezuela80.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Uganda's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
98Brunei73.0
99Philippines74.1
100Palestine74.8
101Uganda75.3
102Sri Lanka76.0
103Tonga76.0
104Oman76.1
105Maldives77.0
106Bhutan77.5
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2936
2Israel4.1136
3Japan3.5836
...
57Mexico0.5436
58Senegal0.5437
59UAE0.4938
60Uganda0.4837
61Cyprus0.4839
62Costa Rica0.4738
63Qatar0.4740
64Cuba0.4739
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
138S. Sudan33.2%
139Swaziland32.6%
140Morocco32.2%
141Uganda32.1%
142Angola30.2%
143Lesotho30.0%
144Cape Verde29.9%
145Liberia29.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
145Burundi11.3
146Lebanon11.3
147Nauru11.3
148Uganda11.2
149Comoros11.2
150Bangladesh11.2
151Rwanda11.2
152Iraq11.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
79Liberia79
80Kyrgyzstan80
81Saudi Arabia81
82Uganda82
83Mauritius83
84UAE84
85Tonga85
86Georgia86
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
78Saudi Arabia93
79Sudan93
80Tunisia93
81Uganda93
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
102Sri Lanka79
103Nepal78
104Mauritania76
105Uganda73
106Tanzania72
107Kenya72
108S. Africa72
109Zambia71
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
152Marshall Islands20%
153Algeria20%
154Nicaragua19%
155Uganda19%
156Zambia19%
157Tajikistan19%
158Cameroon18%
159Pakistan18%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16S. Korea34
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
60Djibouti1.29
61UK1.34
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
65Nepal1.45
66Afghanistan1.45
67Germany1.46
World Avg0.98
q=81.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
44Costa Rica38.75
45Liberia40.67
46Laos41
47Uganda41.25
48Singapore42
49Somaliland42
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)49
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score49
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
141Ukraine26.6
142Comoros26.4
143Cameroon26.2
144Uganda26.2
145Kyrgyzstan26.2
146Paraguay26.0
147Kenya26.0
148Bangladesh25.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
132Congo, DR4.2
133India4.2
134Niger4.2
135Uganda4.2
136Benin4.1
137Sudan4.1
138Ukraine4.1
139Togo4.0
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
104Ghana104
105Bahrain105
106Ecuador106
107Uganda107
108Lesotho108
109Georgia109
110Kuwait110
111China111
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
84Belarus84
85Saudi Arabia85
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
88Vietnam88
89Central African Rep.89
90Botswana90
91Guinea-Bissau91
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
100Liberia2.13
101Mali2.13
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
87Bangladesh87
88Honduras88
89Namibia89
90Uganda90
91Congo, DR91
92Pakistan92
93Estonia93
94Bahamas94
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
60Seychelles60
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
63Uganda63
64Moldova64
65Mozambique65
66Burkina Faso66
67Kyrgyzstan66
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)52
Pos.Lower is better
Score52
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
99Angola3.78
100Tunisia3.94
101Tajikistan3.95
102Uganda3.96
103Mexico4.08
104Venezuela4.10
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
177N. Korea-38.7
178Niger-41.3
179Pakistan-41.7
180Honduras-43.6
181Mauritania-45.9
182Uganda-56.4
183Nigeria-59.4
184Togo-72.6
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
142S. Africa44.7
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
148Rwanda43.7
149Zimbabwe43.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
18St Kitts & Nevis1993 Dec 29
19New Zealand1993 Dec 29
20Japan1993 Dec 29
21Uganda1993 Dec 29
22Belarus1993 Dec 29
23Burkina Faso1993 Dec 29
24Bahamas1993 Dec 29
25St Lucia1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
67Ghana40.4%
68Moldova40.4%
69Cameroon39.0%
70Uganda38.6%
71Sierra Leone38.6%
72France38.4%
73Mongolia38.4%
74Hungary38.0%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)56
Pos.Higher is worse56
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
158Gambia28.50
157Afghanistan28.30
156Sudan27.40
155Uganda27.20
154Zambia26.50
153Tanzania25.30
152Malawi25.10
151Swaziland25.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)57
Pos.Lower is better
%57
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
111Congo, DR42.1
112Madagascar42.6
113Angola42.7
114Uganda42.8
115Nigeria43.0
116Togo43.1
117Zimbabwe43.2
118Chad43.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)58
Pos.Lower is better
Severity58
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
75Rwanda.259
76Mauritania.261
77Zambia.261
78Uganda.269
79Afghanistan.272
80Tanzania.273
81Sudan.279
82Angola.282
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #uganda

Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
78Saudi Arabia93
79Sudan93
80Tunisia93
81Uganda93
82Palestine93
83Nepal93
84Bahrain94
85Congo, DR94
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
96Togo0
97Benin0
98Tunisia0
99Uganda0
100Bangladesh0
101UAE0
102Azerbaijan0
103Algeria0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below60:

Christian86.7%
Muslim11.5%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)61.

Freedom of Religion and Belief:

Links: