The Human Truth Foundation

Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Mauritania

Mauritania
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index187th best
CapitalNouakchott
Land Area1 030 700 km21
LocationAfrica
Population3.623 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy63.24yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 527 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMR, MRT, 4785
Internet Domain.mr6
CurrencyOuguiya (MRO)7
Telephone+2228

1. Overview

#france #spain

Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976 but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA seized power in a coup in 1984 and ruled Mauritania with a heavy hand for more than two decades. A series of presidential elections that he held were widely seen as flawed. A bloodless coup in August 2005 deposed President TAYA and ushered in a military council that oversaw a transition to democratic rule. Independent candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDALLAHI was inaugurated in April 2007 as Mauritania's first freely and fairly elected president. His term ended prematurely in August 2008 when a military junta led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel AZIZ deposed him and installed a military council government. AZIZ was subsequently elected president in July 2009 and sworn in the following month. AZIZ sustained injuries from an accidental shooting by his own troops in October 2012, but has continued to maintain his authority. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions among its black population (Afro-Mauritanians) and white and black Moor (Arab-Berber) communities, and is having to confront a growing terrorism threat by al-Qa'ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Mauritania National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
183Guinea-Bissau39.3
184Angola39.2
185Nigeria39.1
186Iraq38.7
187Mauritania37.1
188Afghanistan36.1
189Mali36.0
190Niger35.9
191Yemen35.8
192Central African Rep.35.5
193Sudan34.3
194Congo, DR32.4
195Somalia32.2
196Chad32.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
146Eritrea4.3
147Palestine4.3
148Cameroon4.3
149Mauritania4.4
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.5
151Central African Rep.4.5
152Madagascar4.5
153Iraq4.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
127Congo, (Brazzaville)4.233m12
128Bosnia & Herzegovina3.744m73
129Panama3.625m49
130Mauritania3.623m4
131Moldova3.519m107
132Uruguay3.391m19
133Lithuania3.292m53
Data Source

Mauritania's population is predicted to rise to 5.2 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.40.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
131Rwanda1961
132Malawi1961
133El Salvador1961
134Mauritania1961
135Algeria1962
136Monaco1962
137Uganda1962
138Zambia1962
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
144Benin0.61
145Malawi0.61
146Burkina Faso0.62
147Mauritania0.63
148Gambia0.64
149Central African Rep.0.65
150Liberia0.65
151Sierra Leone0.65

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
114Malawi0%
115Malaysia0%
116Mali0%
117Mauritania0%
118Nepal0%
119Morocco0%
120Libya0%
121Ghana0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
103Morocco97%
104Egypt97%
105Somaliland98%
106Mauritania98%
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian0.3%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim (official) 100%14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Mauritania states:

The constitution and other laws and policies restrict freedom of religion or belief and the 1991 constitution defines the country as an Islamic republic and recognizes Islam as the sole religion of its citizens and the state15. Due to this stance, all non-Muslims are restricted from being citizens of the country, and Mauritanians who leave Islam for another religion or no religion lose their citizenship. In addition, Article 306 of the penal code outlaws apostasy: anyone found guilty of converting from Islam will be given the opportunity to repent within three days and if the person does not repent, the individual will be sentenced to death and the person's property will be confiscated by the Treasury.

Sharia (Islamic law) provides legal principles upon which the law and legal procedures are based. The government and citizenry consider Islam to be the essential cohesive element unifying the country's various ethnic groups. There is a cabinet-level Ministry of Islamic Affairs and Traditional Education. The High Council of Islam, consisting of six imams, advised the government on conformance of legislation to Islamic precepts. The judiciary consists of a single system of courts that uses principles of Sharia in matters concerning the family and modern legal principles in all other matters.

The government requires members of the Constitutional Council and the High Council of Magistrates to take an oath of office that includes a promise to God to uphold the law of the land in conformity with Islamic precepts. Both public schools and private Islamic schools include classes on Islam, and attendance at these religious classes is required.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)16

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
246Armenia1.22
245Belarus1.22
244Azerbaijan1.21
243Mauritania1.19
242Nigeria1.18
241Vietnam1.15
240Italy1.15
239France1.13
Data Source
Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
158Cameroon18%
159Pakistan18%
160Nepal17%
161Mauritania17%
162S. Sudan17%
163Gambia17%
164Laos16%
165Namibia16%

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
144Ecuador75.9
145Namibia76.8
146Senegal78.6
147Mauritania78.6
148Venezuela79.4
149Guatemala80.7
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
4Mauritania0.1
5Comoros0.2
6Saudi Arabia0.2
7Bangladesh0.2
8Yemen0.3
9Niger0.3
10Egypt0.4
11Iraq0.5
12Somalia0.5

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
19
CountryValue19
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
117Mauritania101.25
118Jordan102
119Japan102
120Hungary102
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)20
CountryRank20
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
140Nigeria140
141China141
142Ethiopia142
143Mauritania143
144Egypt144
145Saudi Arabia144
146Chad146
147Pakistan146
Global Peace Index (2012)21
CountryValue21
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)22
CountryTreaties22
1Argentina24
2Mexico23
3Costa Rica23
...
130Nepal13
131Antigua & Barbuda13
132Equatorial Guinea13
133Mauritania13
134Sri Lanka13
135Djibouti13
136Gambia13
137Central African Rep.12
Press Freedom (2013)23
CountryValue23
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
63Central African Rep.2661
64Croatia2661
65Tonga2670
66Mauritania2676
67Bosnia & Herzegovina2686
68Guyana2708
69Tanzania2734
70Kenya2780
Life Satisfaction (2011)24
CountryValue24
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
85Philippines5.0
86Zambia5.0
87Laos5.0
88Mauritania5.0
89Latvia5.0
90Mongolia5.0
91Romania5.0
92Bangladesh5.0
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
142Marshall Islands$4 412
143Sudan$3 846
144Ghana$3 839
145Mauritania$3 527
146Zambia$3 464
147Bangladesh$3 341
148Lesotho$3 319
149Micronesia$3 291
Environmental Performance (2010)25
CountryValue25
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
155Mali39.4
156Turkmenistan38.4
157Niger37.6
158Togo36.4
159Angola36.3
160Mauritania33.7
161Central African Rep.33.3
162Sierra Leone32.1
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3China105
...
99Sri Lanka79
100Guatemala79
101Nepal78
102Mauritania76
103Uganda73
104S. Africa72
105Tanzania72
106Kenya72
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
198Myanmar (Burma)-200
199Uganda-220
200Malawi-220
201Mauritania-220
202Nigeria-220
203Malaysia-220
204Tanzania-220
205Somaliland-500
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/mauritania.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #france #hinduism #islam #judaism #Mauritania #spain

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  16. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  20. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  21. ^
  22. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  23. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  24. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  25. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^

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