The Human Truth Foundation

Taiwan (Republic of China)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#taiwan

Taiwan
Republic of China
StatusProto Independent State
Social and Moral Index4th best
CapitalTaipei
Land Area
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population
GNI
ISO3166-1 CodesTW, TWN, 1581
Internet Domain.tw2
CurrencyDollar (TWD)3
Telephone+8864

1. Overview

#china #japan #taiwan

In all practical respects, Taiwan is an independent nation-state. But China claims that Taiwan is still part of China and has the aim of governing it again in the future.

In 1895, military defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Beginning in the 1950s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)5

Book CoverWith its all-round adventure landscape, heritage-rich capital, diverse folk traditions and feted night market scene, Taiwan offers a continent-sized travel list for one green island. Famed for centuries as Ilha Formosa (Beautiful Isle), in Taiwan you can criss-cross mountains on colonial-era hiking trails, cycle a lone highway with the blue Pacific on one side and green volcanic arcs on the other or climb to the summit of Yushan, Taiwan´s 3952m alpine roof.

To fuel all of this adventure, Taiwan offers the gamut of Chinese cuisines, as well as the best Japanese outside Tokyo, and a full-house of local specialities from Hakka stir-fries and Taipei beef noodles to aboriginal-style barbecued wild boar.

Taiwan will feed your soul, too: the island is heir to the entire Chinese tradition of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and that amorphous collection of deities and demons worshipped as folk faith. But over the centuries the people have blended their way to a unique and tolerant religious culture. In doing so, the Taiwanese have created Asia´s most vibrant democracy, and liberal society, with a raucous free press, gender equality and respect for human rights and increasingly animal rights as well.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)6

2. Taiwan National and Social Development

#human_development

Social & Moral
Development Index
7,8
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank7,8
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
4Taiwan30.2
5Sweden31.3
6Germany33.2
7Netherlands33.3
8Austria34.2
9New Zealand35.4
10Canada36.1
11Iceland36.9
12Switzerland37.2
World Avg86.6
q=195.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Taiwan's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #homosexuality #human_rights #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #slavery #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)9,10
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank9,10
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
17France28.1
18Belgium28.6
19Italy32.1
20Taiwan35.0
21Czechia35.5
22Poland35.8
23Ireland35.8
24Costa Rica36.0
25Slovenia36.8
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway9. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine9.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe9, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia9.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
23USA23
24Latvia24
25Iceland25
26Taiwan26
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)12
Pos.Lower is better12
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
44Malta2330
45Burkina Faso2370
46Taiwan2382
47Samoa2384
48Haiti2409
49S. Korea2448
50Comoros2452
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)13
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims13
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
4Australia0.06
5New Zealand0.06
6Chile0.08
7Mauritius0.10
8Uruguay0.10
9Costa Rica0.13
10USA0.13
11Argentina0.13
12Hong Kong0.14
World Avg0.65
q=167.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)14
Pos.Higher is better
Score14
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
63Suriname30
64Venezuela30
65Lithuania30
66Taiwan25
67Chile25
68Ukraine25
69Mongolia25
70Liechtenstein25
World Avg12.6
q=196.

4. Taiwan's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #research #science

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2915
2Israel4.1115
3Japan3.5815
4Finland3.1715
5Sweden3.1615
6Denmark3.0515
7Taiwan3.0115
8Austria3.0016
9Switzerland2.9617
10Germany2.8415
11USA2.7418
12Belgium2.4615
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)19
Pos.Higher is better
Score19
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
4Macau1582
5Estonia1573
6Taiwan1571
7Canada1571
8Finland1568
9S. Korea1557
10China154320
11Ireland1528
12Slovenia1528
World Avg1389
q=70.
IQ (2006)21
Pos.Higher is better21
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

IT Security (2013)22
Pos.Lower is better22
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
19Romania0.52
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
World Avg0.98
q=81.

5. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
53Haiti45
54Malawi45.25
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
57Belgium47.25
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
60Iraq50.25
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)24
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score24
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
33Cyprus61.6
34St Vincent & Grenadines61.5
35Israel61.2
36Taiwan61.2
37Poland60.8
38Spain60.0
39Slovenia59.4
40Dominica58.3
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)25
Pos.Higher is better25
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
23France6.5
24Mexico6.5
25Chile6.5
26Taiwan6.4
27Panama6.4
28Brazil6.4
29Argentina6.4
30Guatemala6.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)27
Pos.Lower is better
Score27
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
52Honduras0.99
53Vietnam1.00
54Montenegro1.00
55Taiwan1.01
56Laos1.03
57Armenia1.17
58Senegal1.19
59Morocco1.22
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. The Natural Environment

#climate_change #the_environment

Environmental Performance (2018)28
Pos.Higher is better28
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
20Japan74.7
21Australia74.1
22Greece73.6
23Taiwan72.8
24Cyprus72.6
25Canada72.2
26Portugal71.9
27USA71.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.

8. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)29
Pos.Higher is better
%29
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
18Finland28
19Russia27
20Australia25
21Taiwan24
22New Zealand22
23Canada22
24Latvia20
25Ukraine20
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below30:

Christian5.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist21.3%
Folk Religion44.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%31.

Taiwan has enjoyed an increase in religious liberty since 1989. In that year the Law on Civic Organizations "allowed all religions to exist and removed multiple prohibitions". At the start of this period, in 1990, there were 83 religious groups in Taiwan and this surged to 1062 in the year 2004 "and the total number of temples and churches more than doubled"32.

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