The Human Truth Foundation

Taiwan (Republic of China)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Taiwan

Taiwan
Republic of China
StatusProto Independent State
Social and Moral Index20th best
CapitalTaipei
Land Area
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population
Life Expectancy
GNI
ISO3166-1 CodesTW, TWN, 1581
Internet Domain.tw2
CurrencyDollar (TWD)3
Telephone+8864

1. Overview

#china #japan #taiwan

In all practical respects, Taiwan is an independent nation-state. But China claims that Taiwan is still part of China and has the aim of governing it again in the future.

In 1895, military defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Beginning in the 1950s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)5

2. Taiwan National and Social Development

Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
17Ireland78.0
18Monaco77.3
19Japan75.6
20Taiwan75.1
21Estonia74.5
22Spain74.2
23France73.7
24Slovenia72.6
25Liechtenstein71.8
26Czech Rep.71.8
27Korea, S.71.8
28Italy71.6
29Portugal71.5
30Singapore70.6
Data Source

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
18Finland28%
19Russia27%
20Australia25%
21Taiwan24%
22New Zealand22%
23Canada22%
24Mongolia20%
25Latvia20%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below6:

Christian5.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist21.3%
Folk Religion44.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%7.

Taiwan has enjoyed an increase in religious liberty since 1989. In that year the Law on Civic Organizations "allowed all religions to exist and removed multiple prohibitions". At the start of this period, in 1990, there were 83 religious groups in Taiwan and this surged to 1062 in the year 2004 "and the total number of temples and churches more than doubled"8.

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4. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
210Turkey0.53
209Romania0.52
208Sweden0.44
207Taiwan0.44
206Pakistan0.38
205Latvia0.33
204Peru0.30
203Hungary0.27
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

5. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2016 Dec 15
http://www.humantruth.info/taiwan.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #china #christianity #hinduism #islam #japan #judaism #taiwan

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References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

Grim & Finke. Dr Grim is senior researcher in religion and world affairs at the Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C, USA. Finke is Professor of Sociology and Religious Studies at the Pennsylvania State University.
(2011) The Price of Freedom Denied. E-book. Subtitled: "Religious Persecution and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century". Amazon Kindle digital edition. Published by Cambridge University Press, UK.

Kuo, Cheng-Tian
(2008) "Religion and Democracy in Taiwan". Published by the State University of New York Press, Albany, USA.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  2. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  3. According to ISO4217.^
  4. According to ITU-T.^
  5. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  6. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  7. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  8. Grim (2011) chapter 1 Religious Persecution: Pervasive and Pernicious, digital location 359. The document cites Yunfeng Lu "The Transformation of Yiguan Dao in Taiwan: Adapting to a Changing Religious Economy" (2008), published by Lexington Books, Lanham, MD, USA. Also see Kuo (2008) for a discussion on religion and the emergence of democracy in Taiwan.^
  9. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  10. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  11. ^
  12. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  13. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2015.^
  14. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  15. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2013.^
  16. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^

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