The Human Truth Foundation

India (Republic of India)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#india

India
Republic of India
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index95th best
CapitalNew Delhi
Land Area2 973 190km21
LocationAsia
Population1.4b2
Life Expectancy68.32yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 663 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesIN, IND, 3565
Internet Domain.in6
CurrencyRupee (INR)7
Telephone+918

1. Overview

#india #pakistan

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverIndia bristles with a mind-stirring mix of landscapes and cultural traditions. Your journey through this intoxicating country will blaze in your memory long after you´ve left its shores. From the snow-dusted mountains of the far north to the sun-washed beaches of the deep south, India´s dramatic terrain is breathtaking. Along with abundant natural beauties, exquisitely carved temples rise out of deserts and crumbling old fortresses peer over plunging ravines. Aficionados of the great outdoors can scout for big jungle cats on wildlife safaris, paddle in the waters of one of many beautiful beaches, take blood-pumping treks high in the Himalaya, or simply inhale pine-scented air on meditative forest walks.

Spirituality is the common thread that weaves its way through the complex tapestry that is contemporary India. The multitude of sacred sites and time-honoured rituals are testament to the country´s long, colourful and sometimes tumultuous religious history. And then there are the festivals! India hosts some of the world´s most spectacular devotional celebrations - from city parades celebrating auspicious events on the religious calendar to simple harvest fairs that pay homage to a locally worshipped deity.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. India National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
128Micronesia127
129Tajikistan129
130Honduras130
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
124Bolivia$6 155
125Cape Verde$6 049
126Uzbekistan$5 748
127India$5 663
128Congo, (Brazzaville)$5 503
129Nigeria$5 443
130Tuvalu$5 395
131Samoa$5 372
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
92Uzbekistan85.6
93Kazakhstan86.2
94El Salvador86.3
95India87.2
96Azerbaijan87.6
97Nicaragua87.9
98Saudi Arabia88.6
99Fiji88.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. India's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

India's population is predicted to rise to 1 523.48 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.55. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
6Brazil209.5m
7Nigeria195.9m
8Bangladesh161.4m
9Russia145.7m
10Japan127.2m
11Mexico126.2m
12Ethiopia109.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
90Nicaragua13.1
91Paraguay13.2
92Iran13.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
174Honduras0.4%
175Solomon Islands0.4%
176Papua New Guinea0.4%
177India0.4%
178Afghanistan0.4%
179Haiti0.4%
180Brazil0.4%
181Eritrea0.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
174Indonesia1.1%
175Myanmar (Burma)1.0%
176Solomon Islands1.0%
177India0.9%
178Papua New Guinea0.9%
179USA0.8%
180Namibia0.7%
181Ethiopia0.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#blasphemy #equality #free_speech #freedom #human_rights #india #politics #tolerance

India is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. India does better than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice19, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20 and in speed of uptake of HR treaties21. It's astounding that in a country of its size, just 1% of the population holds 21.3% of the country's entire income22. But those in power aren't malevolently rich and powerful; Supreme court rulings in 2017 strengthened fundamental human rights in general, for women in particular, and increased the accountability of security forces; it also accepted the right to privacy and improved India's stance on free speech and the rule of law.23 Also in 2017, the court outlawed "triple talaq" which allowed Muslim men to unilaterally divorce their wives with no warning23. India does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24, opposing gender inequality25, LGBT equality26, supporting press freedom27 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights28. The constitution gives some protections for freedom of religion but some states and some laws create restrictions that create unfair legal prejudices towards, or against, certain religious groups29,30 and Hindu extremism has become 'an impediment to the exercise and enjoyment of internationally recognized human rights'31. Abuses committed by security forces persisted including allegations of torture, extrajudicial killings, notably in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, and Jammu and Kashmir23.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. India's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #India #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)32,33
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank32,33
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
42Eritrea78.4
43Nepal78.6
44Bahrain79.0
45India79.1
46Cyprus79.3
47Slovenia79.8
48Tunisia80.0
49Slovakia80.1
50Israel80.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives32. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea32.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe32, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia32.

Health:

India does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. India does better than average in its smoking rate34 (amongst the best in Asia), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance35, its adolescent birth rate25 and in its alcohol consumption rate36 (but bad for Asia). India does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its suicide rate37, its fertility rate15, its average life expectancy12 and in its immunizations take-up38. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)36
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita36
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
84Armenia5.5
85Venezuela5.6
86Sierra Leone5.7
87India5.7
88Cape Verde5.7
89Liberia5.8
90Haiti5.8
91Colombia5.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
27Peru 116
26Haiti 114
25Eritrea 114
24India 111
23Sao Tome & Principe 111
22Niger 105
21Liberia 104
20Tanzania 101
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)37
Pos.
Per 100k37
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
48Luxembourg19.3
49Portugal19.6
50Singapore20.6
51India20.8
52Trinidad & Tobago21.7
53USA22.2
54Chile22.4
55Canada22.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
32Bangladesh32
33Hungary33
34Macedonia34
35India35
36Fiji36
37Thailand37
38Pakistan38
39Portugal39
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
6Timor-Leste (E. Timor)21.6
7Cambodia21.7
8Niger22.0
9Eritrea22.0
10Burundi22.2
11Uganda22.4
12Afghanistan23.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
71Russia23.4
72New Zealand23.6
73Ukraine24.1
74India24.5
75Samoa25.0
76Rwanda26.3
77Iran26.7
78Turkey27.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)38
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %38
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
168Timor-Leste (E. Timor)76.5
169Indonesia76.4
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
175S. Africa72.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. India's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)40
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank40
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
60Costa Rica55.8
61Montenegro56.8
62Vietnam57.7
63India59.3
64Moldova60.1
65Uzbekistan60.1
66Iran60.9
67China61.4
68Kazakhstan61.4
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2941
2Israel4.1141
3Japan3.5841
...
37Slovakia0.8941
38Malta0.8942
39Greece0.8441
40India0.8243
41Croatia0.8142
42Kenya0.7944
43Ukraine0.7642
44Morocco0.7344
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
106Colombia52.0%
107Ecuador51.9%
108Tunisia51.8%
109India51.6%
110Kuwait51.5%
111Congo, DR50.7%
112Macedonia49.8%
113Indonesia48.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better
Years46
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
119Azerbaijan12.4
120Timor-Leste (E. Timor)12.4
121Marshall Islands12.4
122India12.3
123Tuvalu12.3
124Nicaragua12.2
125Nepal12.2
126Qatar12.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
64Samoa64
65Jordan65
66Namibia66
67India67
68Lebanon68
69Senegal69
70China70
71Burundi71
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
72Kosovo90
73India90
74Kuwait91
75UAE91
76Pakistan92
77Paraguay92
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
89Tunisia83
90Oman83
91Syria83
92India82
93Bangladesh82
94Lebanon82
95Dominican Rep.82
96Madagascar82
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
124El Salvador38%
125Bhutan37%
126Mongolia36%
127India35%
128Kyrgyzstan34%
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
131Micronesia31%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
17Uganda34
18Kyrgyzstan35
19Mexico37
20India39
21Indonesia42
22Libya43
23Malaysia43
24Jordan45
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
74Sri Lanka1.67
75Oman1.72
76Iraq1.84
77Bangladesh1.87
78Sudan1.98
79India2.10
80Russia2.42
81USA3.68
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)52
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio52
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
6Luxembourg32.4
7India26.8
8Portugal26.6
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
105Zimbabwe92.75
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)54
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score54
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
87Liberia38.0
88Trinidad & Tobago37.8
89Zambia37.8
90India37.6
91Sri Lanka37.6
92Panama37.4
93Morocco37.2
94Peru37.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
130Myanmar (Burma)4.3
131Chad4.3
132Congo, DR4.2
133India4.2
134Niger4.2
135Uganda4.2
136Benin4.1
137Sudan4.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
54Thailand54
55Macedonia55
56Mauritania56
57India57
58Philippines58
59Uruguay59
60Samoa60
61Montenegro61
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
146Jamaica146
147Syria147
148Iran148
149India149
150Cameroon150
151Suriname151
152Gabon152
153Iraq153
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.63
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
29Rwanda29
30Paraguay30
31Jordan31
32India32
33New Zealand33
34Malaysia34
35S. Korea35
36Qatar36
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
86Jamaica86
87Nicaragua87
88Niger88
89India89
90Cameroon90
91Venezuela91
92Belarus92
93Ghana93
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)57
Pos.Lower is better
Score57
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
141Congo, DR7.04
142Philippines7.14
143Yemen7.26
144India7.52
145Somalia7.80
146Pakistan7.89
147Syria8.01
148Nigeria8.60
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
38Denmark12.6
39Lithuania12.1
40Belarus10.9
41India10.5
42Gambia10.4
43Macedonia10.3
44Serbia09.9
45Netherlands09.3
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)59
Pos.Higher is better59
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
175Madagascar33.7
176Nepal31.4
177India30.6
178Congo, DR30.4
179Bangladesh29.6
180Burundi27.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
62Sweden08.62
63Belgium08.47
64Guatemala08.47
65India08.40
66Cameroon08.33
67Australia08.20
68UAE08.13
69Jamaica08.06
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
44Albania1994 Apr 05
45Malawi1994 May 03
46Samoa1994 May 10
47India1994 May 19
48Paraguay1994 May 25
49Hungary1994 May 25
50Brazil1994 May 29
51Cuba1994 Jun 06
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better
%61
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
61Singapore41.6%
62Ukraine41.5%
63Jordan41.4%
64India41.2%
65Canada41.2%
66Serbia41.1%
67Ghana40.4%
68Moldova40.4%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)62
Pos.Higher is worse62
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
134Eritrea21.40
133Senegal21.20
132Madagascar21.10
131India19.70
130Rwanda19.50
129Botswana19.40
128S. Africa19.20
127Guyana19.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)63
Pos.Lower is better
%63
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
61Italy35.4
62Portugal35.5
63Macedonia35.6
64India35.7
65Australia35.8
66Mauritius35.8
67Romania35.9
68Gambia35.9
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)64
Pos.Lower is better
Severity64
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
50Bolivia.094
51Laos.108
52Congo, (Brazzaville).112
53India.123
54Guatemala.134
55Zimbabwe.137
56Ghana.138
57Lesotho.146
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #blasphemy #buddhism #christianity #free_speech #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #india #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
72Kosovo90
73India90
74Kuwait91
75UAE91
76Pakistan92
77Paraguay92
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)65
Pos.Higher is better
%65
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
63Congo, (Brazzaville)3
64Poland3
65Jamaica3
66India3
67Angola2
68Chile2
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below66:

Christian2.5%
Muslim14.4%
Hindu79.5%
Buddhist0.8%
Folk Religion0.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)67.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on India68. Belief in heaven and hell is at just 20%. More people don't know what to believe (22%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (20%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 5% believe in reincarnation, which seems very low compared to the numbers of Hindus.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: India's constitution gives some protections for freedom of belief and religion29,30, however, some states and some laws create restrictions that create unfair legal prejudices towards, or against, certain religious groups29,30. The 'Hindutva' movement seeks to place "Hinduism first" and is responsible for stoking intolerance and Hindu extremism69. There is a steady stream of violent events between Muslim, Hindu and Christian communities. In 2017, vigilante violence aimed at religious minorities, marginalized communities, and critics of the government–often carried out by groups claiming to support the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)–became an increasing threat"23. Section 295 of Indian Penal Code allows convictions for intentionally causing offense, which is frequently abused by religious communities in a way that prevents free speech and intellectual criticism, in the same manner that blasphemy laws come to be used elsewhere too.29. Hindu extremism has become 'an impediment to the exercise and enjoyment of internationally recognized human rights'31.

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