The Human Truth Foundation

Colombia (Republic of Colombia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#colombia

Colombia
Republic of Colombia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index91st best
CapitalBogota
Land Area1 109 500km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population49.7m2
Life Expectancy74.23yrs (2017)3
GNI$12 762 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCO, COL, 1705
Internet Domain.co6
CurrencyPeso (COP)7
Telephone+578

1. Overview

#ecuador #venezuela

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. In October 2012, the Colombian Government started formal peace negotiations with the FARC aimed at reaching a definitive bilateral ceasefire and incorporating demobilized FARC members into mainstream society and politics. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverSoaring Andean summits, unspoiled Caribbean coast, Amazon jungle, archaeological ruins and colonial communities. Colombia boasts all of South America´s allure and more. Forget everything you´ve ever heard about Colombia - for decades demonized, today Colombia is a safe, affordable, accessible and utterly thrilling destination.

Whatever you want, you´ll find it here. Whether that´s floating down Amazonian backwaters, wandering through perfectly preserved colonial towns, diving pristine Caribbean reefs or galloping on horseback along mountain ridges overlooking ancient indigenous burial sites, it´s all in Colombia. Just to seal the deal, Colombians are friendly, welcoming and helpful people - they receive tourists like long-lost brothers and sisters.

Security improvements have driven the continent´s longest-running civil conflict into all but the most remote and inaccessible areas of the country, where travelers have no reason to visit. And best of all many Colombians, for years caged in their cities, can now enjoy their beautiful country, too.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Colombia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
92St Lucia92
93Mongolia92
94Jamaica94
95Colombia95
96Dominica96
97Suriname97
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
82Algeria$13 533
83China$13 345
84Lebanon$13 312
85Colombia$12 762
86Dominican Rep.$12 756
87Macedonia$12 405
88Serbia$12 202
89S. Africa$12 087
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
87Kuwait84.0
88Kyrgyzstan84.2
89Morocco84.3
90Colombia84.5
91Kazakhstan85.6
92Dominican Rep.86.7
93Guatemala87.2
94Azerbaijan87.5
World Avg86.5
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Colombia's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Colombia's population is predicted to rise to 56.86 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.31. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
26Myanmar (Burma)53.7m
27Kenya51.4m
28S. Korea51.2m
29Colombia49.7m
30Spain46.7m
31Argentina44.4m
32Ukraine44.2m
33Uganda42.7m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
52Maldives1.67
53Luxembourg1.67
54Turkmenistan2.33
55Trinidad & Tobago1.63
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
112Vietnam18.3
113Tunisia18.6
114Azerbaijan18.7
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
182Somalia0.3%
183Lesotho0.3%
184Peru0.3%
185Colombia0.3%
186Morocco0.3%
187Philippines0.2%
188N. Korea0.2%
189Sri Lanka0.2%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
114Denmark4.7%
115Yemen4.7%
116Hungary4.6%
117Colombia4.6%
118Sierra Leone4.6%
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
121Germany4.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Colombia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Colombia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Colombia comes in the best 20 in terms of speed of uptake of HR treaties19 (amongst the lowest in The Americas). It does better than average in terms of its nominal commitment to Human Rights20, eliminating modern slavery21 (but bad for The Americas) and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22 (but amongst the worst in The Americas). Since 2015 it has removed many artificial barriers to LGBT equality in areas of marriage and adoption27; it is just the 4th country in South America to legalize same-sex marriage28. Colombia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice23 (amongst the worst in The Americas), opposing gender inequality24, the year from which women could participate in democracy, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 (amongst the worst in The Americas) and in supporting press freedom26 (amongst the worst in The Americas). Human rights defenders, trade unionists, journalists, indigenous and Afro-Colombian leaders, and other community activists face death threats and violence, mostly from guerrillas and successor groups. Perpetrators of these abuses are rarely held accountable"27. Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 1% hold 20% of the country's entire income29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Colombia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Colombia #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
121Bolivia100.0
122Jamaica100.3
123Cape Verde100.3
124Colombia100.6
125Egypt100.6
126Guatemala100.6
127Comoros101.3
128Gambia101.3
129Uruguay102.1
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe30, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia30.

Health:

Colombia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Colombia does better than average in its suicide rate32, its smoking rate33, its average life expectancy12 and in its alcohol consumption rate34. Colombia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its fertility rate15, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance35, its adolescent birth rate24 (still low for The Americas) and in its immunizations take-up36. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita34
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
88Cape Verde5.7
89Liberia5.8
90Haiti5.8
91Colombia5.8
92Nauru6.0
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
52Maldives1.67
53Luxembourg1.67
54Turkmenistan2.33
55Trinidad & Tobago1.63
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)33
Pos.Higher is worse33
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
70S. Sudan 398
69Yemen 388
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
67Colombia 359
66Hong Kong 345
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
64Barbados 333
63Mexico 329
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)32
Pos.
Per 100k32
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
31Brazil9.7
32Colombia9.9
33Panama10.9
34Nicaragua11.6
35Costa Rica12.1
36Italy12.8
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
95Bosnia & Herzegovina95
96Namibia96
97Guyana97
98Colombia98
99Vietnam99
100Lesotho100
101Tanzania101
102Equatorial Guinea102
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
128Luxembourg58.7
129Panama58.8
130Suriname58.9
131Colombia59.0
132Cyprus59.1
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
135Belarus59.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
113Egypt51.9
114St Lucia53.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)36
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %36
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
126Honduras88.8
127Kenya88.5
128Costa Rica88.5
129Colombia88.4
130Kiribati88.4
131Netherlands88.1
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Colombia's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)38
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank38
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
68Kazakhstan61.4
69Tunisia62.3
70Peru62.3
71Colombia62.4
72Georgia62.8
73Trinidad & Tobago62.9
74Albania64.1
75Kenya64.7
76Ecuador64.7
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2939
2Israel4.1139
3Japan3.5839
...
119Honduras0.0440
120Guatemala0.0441
121Bahrain0.0442
122Colombia0.0442
123Iraq0.0343
124El Salvador0.0341
125China0.0342
126Lesotho0.0143
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
103Portugal54.2%
104Turkey53.1%
105Costa Rica52.9%
106Colombia52.0%
107Ecuador51.9%
108Tunisia51.8%
109India51.6%
110Kuwait51.5%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better
Years45
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
64Cyprus14.7
65Oman14.7
66Thailand14.7
67Colombia14.6
68Slovakia14.5
69Fiji14.4
70Brunei14.4
71Cuba14.4
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
75Argentina75
76Costa Rica76
77Jamaica77
78Colombia78
79Liberia79
80Kyrgyzstan80
81Saudi Arabia81
82Uganda82
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)46
Pos.Higher is better
Score46
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
55Mexico1247
56Albania1245
57Thailand1245
58Colombia1231
59Qatar1222
60Georgia1216
61Jordan1197
62Indonesia1186
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
77Colombia84
78Jordan84
79Afghanistan84
80UAE84
81Iran84
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
86Morocco58%
87Colombia57%
88Costa Rica56%
89Kazakhstan56%
90US Virgin Islands54%
91Serbia54%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
6Israel0.20
7Colombia0.22
8S. Africa0.22
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)51
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio51
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
70Bolivia61.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)53
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score53
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
93Morocco37.2
94Peru37.0
95Benin36.8
96Colombia36.6
97Thailand36.6
98Maldives36.0
99Philippines35.6
100Algeria35.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
34Singapore6.3
35Malaysia6.3
36Spain6.3
37Colombia6.3
38Trinidad & Tobago6.2
39Slovakia6.2
40El Salvador6.2
41Nicaragua6.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
115Afghanistan115
116Ivory Coast116
117Panama117
118Colombia118
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
122Zimbabwe122
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
116Russia116
117Angola117
118Guyana118
119Colombia119
120Congo, (Brazzaville)120
121Zambia121
122Nigeria122
123Pakistan123
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)55
Pos.Lower is better55
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.63
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
19Chile19
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
118Lesotho118
119Oman119
120Egypt120
121Colombia121
122Honduras122
123Guinea123
124Congo, (Brazzaville)124
125Swaziland125
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)56
Pos.Lower is better
Score56
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
129USA5.69
130Kenya5.76
131Sudan5.81
132Colombia5.91
133Thailand6.03
134S. Sudan6.32
135Turkey6.53
136Cameroon6.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
135Brunei-08.0
136Panama-08.4
137Madagascar-08.9
138Colombia-09.2
139Sri Lanka-09.4
140Brazil-09.7
141Venezuela-10.3
142Guinea-Bissau-11.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)59
Pos.Higher is better59
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
6Switzerland17.54
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
100Switzerland1995 Feb 19
101Argentina1995 Feb 20
102Myanmar (Burma)1995 Feb 23
103Colombia1995 Feb 26
104Ivory Coast1995 Feb 27
105Congo, DR1995 Mar 03
106Equatorial Guinea1995 Mar 06
107Sierra Leone1995 Mar 12
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
88Belize11.10
87Brazil10.90
86Peru10.80
85Colombia10.70
84Jordan10.60
83St Lucia10.60
82Mexico10.50
81Tonga10.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
136Costa Rica48.3
137Paraguay48.8
138Congo, (Brazzaville)48.9
139Colombia49.7
140Panama49.9
141Honduras50.5
142Guinea-Bissau50.7
143St Lucia51.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)62
Pos.Lower is better
Severity62
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
29Paraguay.019
30Vietnam.019
31Egypt.019
32Colombia.020
33Philippines.024
34Mexico.025
35S. Africa.025
36Indonesia.028
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)63
Pos.Higher is better
%63
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below64:

Christian92.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%65.

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