The Human Truth Foundation

Colombia (Republic of Colombia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #colombia #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Colombia
Republic of Colombia
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBogota
Land Area1 109 500km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population47.6m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.23yrs (2017)3
GNI$12 762 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCO, COL, 1705
Internet Domain.co6
CurrencyPeso (COP)7
Telephone+578

1. Overview

#ecuador #venezuela

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. In October 2012, the Colombian Government started formal peace negotiations with the FARC aimed at reaching a definitive bilateral ceasefire and incorporating demobilized FARC members into mainstream society and politics. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverSoaring Andean summits, unspoiled Caribbean coast, Amazon jungle, archaeological ruins and colonial communities. Colombia boasts all of South America´s allure and more. Forget everything you´ve ever heard about Colombia - for decades demonized, today Colombia is a safe, affordable, accessible and utterly thrilling destination.

Whatever you want, you´ll find it here. Whether that´s floating down Amazonian backwaters, wandering through perfectly preserved colonial towns, diving pristine Caribbean reefs or galloping on horseback along mountain ridges overlooking ancient indigenous burial sites, it´s all in Colombia. Just to seal the deal, Colombians are friendly, welcoming and helpful people - they receive tourists like long-lost brothers and sisters.

Security improvements have driven the continent´s longest-running civil conflict into all but the most remote and inaccessible areas of the country, where travelers have no reason to visit. And best of all many Colombians, for years caged in their cities, can now enjoy their beautiful country, too.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Colombia National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
92St Lucia92
93Mongolia92
94Jamaica94
95Colombia95
96Dominica96
97Suriname97
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
93Bolivia54.2
94Azerbaijan54.0
95Oman54.0
96Colombia53.9
97Nepal53.8
98Morocco53.7
99Russia53.6
100Kazakhstan53.4
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #Colombia #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
112Vietnam18.3
113Tunisia18.6
114Azerbaijan18.7
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
114Denmark4.7%
115Yemen4.7%
116Hungary4.6%
117Colombia4.6%
118Sierra Leone4.6%
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
121Germany4.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
50Canada1.69
51Colombia2.31
52Maldives1.67
53Luxembourg1.67
54Turkmenistan2.33
55Trinidad & Tobago1.63
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
180Egypt0.3%
181Iraq0.3%
182Somalia0.2%
183Colombia0.2%
184Madagascar0.2%
185Myanmar (Burma)0.2%
186N. Korea0.2%
187Morocco0.2%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
84Latvia74.34
85Bulgaria74.32
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
25Myanmar (Burma)48.7m
26S. Korea48.6m
27Tanzania47.7m
28Colombia47.6m
29Spain46.8m
30Ukraine44.9m
31Kenya42.7m
32Argentina41.1m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Colombia's population is predicted to rise to 56.86 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.31. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Colombia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Colombia is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Colombia does better than average when it comes to LGBT equality18, its nominal commitment to Human Rights19, eliminating modern slavery20 (but high for The Americas) and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (but one of the worst in The Americas). Since 2015 it has removed many artificial barriers to LGBT equality in areas of marriage and adoption29; it is just the 4th country in South America to legalize same-sex marriage30. Colombia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to fighting anti-semitic opinions22 (amongst the highest in The Americas), opposing gender inequality23, fighting corruption24, the year from which women could participate in democracy25, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26 (amongst the worst in The Americas) and in supporting press freedom27 (one of the worst in The Americas). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 for its Global Peace Index rating28 (the highest in The Americas). Human rights defenders, trade unionists, journalists, indigenous and Afro-Colombian leaders, and other community activists face death threats and violence, mostly from guerrillas and successor groups. Perpetrators of these abuses are rarely held accountable"29

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Colombia #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
19Chile19
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
118Lesotho118
119Oman119
120Egypt120
121Colombia121
122Honduras122
123Guinea123
124Congo, (Brazzaville)124
125Swaziland125
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)28
Pos.Lower is better28
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.63
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"28. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark28 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan28.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)32
Pos.Lower is better
Score32
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
129USA5.69
130Kenya5.76
131Sudan5.81
132Colombia5.91
133Thailand6.03
134S. Sudan6.32
135Turkey6.53
136Cameroon6.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)34
Pos.Higher is better
%34
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below35:

Christian92.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%36.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Colombia #internet #it_security #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
86Morocco58%
87Colombia57%
88Costa Rica56%
89Kazakhstan56%
90US Virgin Islands54%
91Serbia54%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)38
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio38
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)39
Pos.Lower is better39
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
4Hong Kong0.12
5Mexico0.16
6Israel0.20
7Colombia0.22
8S. Africa0.22
9Japan0.22
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Colombia #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Colombia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Colombia does better than average for its suicide rate40, its smoking rate41 and in its alcohol consumption rate42. Colombia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for number of organ donors43, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its adolescent birth rate23 (still low for The Americas), its immunizations take-up44 and in the prevalence of overweight adults45. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita42
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
88Cape Verde5.7
89Liberia5.8
90Haiti5.8
91Colombia5.8
92Nauru6.0
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking46 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink47 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies48 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"49. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"50. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)43
Pos.Higher is better
pmp43
1Spain46.9051
2Portugal34.0151
3Belgium33.6251
...
39Chile10.0051
40S. Korea9.95
41Germany9.7052
42Colombia8.9051
43Jordan6.91
44Costa Rica6.70
45Bulgaria6.01
46Hong Kong6.00
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
95Bosnia & Herzegovina95
96Namibia96
97Guyana97
98Colombia98
99Vietnam99
100Lesotho100
101Tanzania101
102Equatorial Guinea102
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
128Luxembourg58.7
129Panama58.8
130Suriname58.9
131Colombia59.0
132Cyprus59.1
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
135Belarus59.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese53. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up54. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight54 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year55 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"56. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes57. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar58.

Smoking Rates (2014)41
Pos.Lower is better41
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
64Barbados 333
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
66Hong Kong 345
67Colombia 359
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
69Yemen 388
70S. Sudan 398
71Belize 400
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k40
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
31Brazil9.7
32Colombia9.9
33Panama10.9
34Nicaragua11.6
35Costa Rica12.1
36Italy12.8
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Colombia #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
111St Vincent & Grenadines51.0
112Cambodia51.6
113Egypt51.9
114St Lucia53.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %44
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
126Honduras88.8
127Kenya88.5
128Costa Rica88.5
129Colombia88.4
130Kiribati88.4
131Netherlands88.1
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
75Argentina75
76Costa Rica76
77Jamaica77
78Colombia78
79Liberia79
80Kyrgyzstan80
81Saudi Arabia81
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
115Afghanistan115
116Ivory Coast116
117Panama117
118Colombia118
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
12Tanzania12
13Cameroon13
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
118Lesotho118
119Oman119
120Egypt120
121Colombia121
122Honduras122
123Guinea123
124Congo, (Brazzaville)124
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
116Russia116
117Angola117
118Guyana118
119Colombia119
120Congo, (Brazzaville)120
121Zambia121
122Nigeria122
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2960
2Israel4.1160
3Japan3.5860
...
119Honduras0.0461
120Guatemala0.0462
121Bahrain0.0463
122Colombia0.0463
123Iraq0.0364
124El Salvador0.0362
125China0.0363
126Lesotho0.0164
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)65
Pos.Higher is better65
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
37Singapore6.5
38Belize6.5
39Argentina6.4
40Colombia6.4
41Guatemala6.3
42Czechia6.3
43Malta6.2
44Uruguay6.1
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
82Algeria$13 533
83China$13 345
84Lebanon$13 312
85Colombia$12 762
86Dominican Rep.$12 756
87Macedonia$12 405
88Serbia$12 202
89S. Africa$12 087
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)66
Pos.Higher is better66
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
q=180.
IQ (2006)67
Pos.Higher is better67
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
77Colombia84
78Jordan84
79Afghanistan84
80UAE84
81Iran84
q=138.