The Human Truth Foundation

Colombia (Republic of Colombia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Colombia

Colombia
Republic of Colombia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index90th best
CapitalBogota
Land Area11 109 500 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population2 47.55 million
Life Expectancy373.908yrs (2012)
GNI3$8 711
ISO3166-1 Codes4CO, COL, 170
Internet Domain5.co
Currency6Peso (COP)
Telephone7+57

1. Overview

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. In October 2012, the Colombian Government started formal peace negotiations with the FARC aimed at reaching a definitive bilateral ceasefire and incorporating demobilized FARC members into mainstream society and politics. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Colombia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
95Tonga71.067.7
96Samoa70.267.1
97Dominican Rep.70.260.9
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
91Libya55.7
92Paraguay55.5
93El Salvador55.4
94Ecuador55.3
95Qatar55.3
96UAE55.3
97Guatemala55.2
98Armenia55.1
99Russia54.9
100Swaziland54.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
80Romania74.2
81Saudi Arabia74.1
82Georgia73.9
83Colombia73.9
84Seychelles73.8
85Brazil73.8
86China73.7
87Jordan73.5
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
48Estonia1.7
49UAE1.7
50Canada1.7
51Colombia2.3
52Maldives1.7
53Luxembourg1.7
54Turkmenistan2.3
55Trinidad & Tobago1.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
25Myanmar (Burma) 48.72m75
26Korea, S. 48.59m500
27Tanzania 47.66m54
28Colombia 47.55m43
29Spain 46.77m94
30Ukraine 44.94m78
31Kenya 42.75m75
Data Source

Colombia's population is predicted to rise to 56.86 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.31.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
96Mexico1953
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
102Honduras1955
103Nicaragua1955
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
85Brazil0.45
86Namibia0.45
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Colombia and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Colombia is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
74Ecuador1%
75El Salvador1%
76S. Africa1%
77Colombia1%
78Nicaragua1%
79Guatemala1%
80Honduras1%
81Peru1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
49Georgia81%
50Turkey82%
51Ecuador82%
52Colombia83%
53El Salvador83%
54Honduras84%
55Iraq84%
56Peru84%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian92.5%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
200Philippines0.24
199S. Africa0.22
198Japan0.22
197Colombia0.22
196Israel0.20
195Mexico0.16
194Hong Kong0.12
193Ireland0.11
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
75Jordan38.88
76Kuwait38.26
77Tunisia36.56
78Colombia36.50
79Costa Rica36.50
80Palestine36.42
81Argentina36.00
82Venezuela35.85
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
66Colombia55.75
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
70Bolivia61.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
93Kyrgyzstan6.6
94Namibia6.6
95Vietnam6.5
96Colombia6.5
97Sri Lanka6.5
98Russia6.5
99Egypt6.5
100Haiti6.4
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.62
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
72Yemen85
73Peru85
74Saudi Arabia84
75Colombia84
76Venezuela84
77Paraguay84
78Panama84
79Iran84
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
57Greece19
58Rwanda19
59Lesotho19
60Colombia19
61Switzerland19
62Uganda19
63Venezuela19
64UK19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
125Ukraine99.4
126Honduras99.4
127Afghanistan99.4
128Colombia99.4
129Angola99.4
130Libya99.4
131Burundi99.4
132Zimbabwe99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
117Trinidad & Tobago0.0513
118Macau0.0514
119Bahrain0.0414
120Colombia0.0414
121Honduras0.0415
122Guatemala0.0413
123China0.0314
124El Salvador0.0313
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
82St Vincent & Grenadines$9 367
83Peru$9 306
84Grenada$9 257
85Colombia$8 711
86Dominican Rep.$8 506
87Azerbaijan$8 153
88Tunisia$8 103
89St Lucia$7 971
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
36Singapore6.5
37Spain6.5
38Belize6.5
39Colombia6.4
40Argentina6.4
41Guatemala6.3
42Czech Rep.6.3
43Malta6.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
38Guam80
39Czech Rep.80
40Slovenia70
41Colombia65
42Ecuador55
43Romania50
44Austria45
45Greece45
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/colombia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2000.^

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