Cuba (Republic of Cuba)

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Cuba
Republic of Cuba
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index89th best
CapitalHavana
Land Area1 106 440 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
Population2 11.25 million
Life Expectancy379.289yrs (2012)
GNI3$5 539
ISO3166-1 Codes4CU, CUB, 192
Internet Domain5.cu
Currency6Peso (CUP)
Telephone7+53

1. Overview

The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902 after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba at times portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source if its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the US's southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard interdicted 1,275 Cuban nationals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in 2012.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Cuba National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
57Saudi Arabia78.270.9
58Bulgaria78.272.7
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
61Mexico77.568.2
62Costa Rica77.367.9
63Grenada77.074.6
64Serbia76.974.2
65Libya76.977.0
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
68Antigua & Barbuda76.076.3
69Kazakhstan75.469.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
86Libya57.5
87Jordan57.3
88Ecuador57.3
89Cuba57.2
90El Salvador56.9
91S. Africa56.7
92Palau56.7
93Cape Verde56.6
94Russia56.6
95Morocco56.3
96Tonga56.1
97Paraguay56.0
98Malaysia56.0
99UAE55.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
32Portugal79.7
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
35Cuba79.3
36Chile79.3
37Denmark79
38USA78.7
39Qatar78.5
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
89Italy1.5
90Cyprus1.5
91Moldova1.5
92Cuba1.4
93India2.6
94Germany1.4
95Laos2.6
96Malaysia2.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
75Cuba 11.25m106
76Belgium 10.79m356
77Tunisia 10.7m69
78Portugal 10.7m117
Data Source

Cuba's population is predicted to fall to 10 983 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 1.45. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Brazil1934
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
60Oman0.34
61Barbados0.34
62Costa Rica0.35
63Cuba0.36
64Kyrgyzstan0.36
65Maldives0.36
66Chile0.36
67Thailand0.36
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Cuba has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
9UK42%
10Netherlands42%
11Germany42%
12Cuba40%
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
15Hungary32%
16Norway31%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian59.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion17.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated23%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria. note: prior to CASTRO assuming power10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
40Vietnam73
41Myanmar (Burma)75
42Ethiopia75
43Uzbekistan77
44Syria83
45China85
46Cuba86
47Iran90
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
112Pakistan16.78
113Senegal16.00
114El Salvador15.90
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.93
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
69Philippines86
70Trinidad & Tobago85
71Yemen85
72Cuba85
73Peru85
74UAE84
75Pakistan84
76Panama84
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
148Guyana11
149Bahamas11
150Swaziland11
151Cuba11
152Barbados11
153Thailand11
154Zimbabwe11
155Vatican City10
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
167Laos99.8
168Yemen99.8
169Sudan99.8
170Cuba99.8
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
173Iran99.9
174Somalia99.9
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
60Uganda0.4812
61Cyprus0.4813
62Costa Rica0.4714
63Cuba0.4713
64Qatar0.4715
65Puerto Rico0.4413
66Macedonia0.4413
67Jordan0.4316
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
101Namibia$5 973
102El Salvador$5 915
103Armenia$5 540
104Cuba$5 539
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 446
106Egypt$5 401
107Belize$5 327
108Jordan$5 272
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
53Australia32
54Cuba30
55Lithuania30
56Chile30
57Nepal30
58Albania30
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/cuba.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2008.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.