The Human Truth Foundation

Cuba (Republic of Cuba)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Cuba

Cuba
Republic of Cuba
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index74th best
CapitalHavana
Land Area 106 440 km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
Population 11.25 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy79.57yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 455 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCU, CUB, 1925
Internet Domain.cu6
CurrencyPeso (CUP)7
Telephone+538

1. Overview

The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902 after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba at times portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source if its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the US's southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard interdicted 1,275 Cuban nationals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in 2012.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Cuba National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank
Lower is better
10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
65Trinidad & Tobago65
66Costa Rica66
67Serbia66
68Cuba68
69Iran69
70Georgia70
71Turkey71
72Venezuela71
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
71Romania60.7
72Dominican Rep.60.7
73Bosnia & Herzegovina60.6
74Cuba60.6
75Panama60.2
76Mexico60.1
77Micronesia59.8
78St Kitts & Nevis59.6
79Grenada59.4
80Georgia58.7
81Lebanon58.5
82Kyrgyzstan58.5
83Nicaragua58.5
84Peru58.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears
Higher is better
11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czech Rep.78.78
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)12
CountryValue
Lower is better
12
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
75Cuba 11.25m106
76Belgium 10.79m356
77Tunisia 10.7m69
78Portugal 10.7m117
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
13
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
156Barbados35.6
157Lithuania36.0
158Czech Rep.36.1
159Cuba36.2
160Poland36.3
161Singapore36.5
162Latvia36.7
163Sweden37.0
q=185.

Cuba's population is predicted to fall to 10 983 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.45. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Brazil1934
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
Gender Inequality (2015)14
CountryValue
Lower is better14
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
59Malaysia0.29
60Barbados0.29
61Armenia0.29
62Cuba0.30
63Costa Rica0.31
64Maldives0.31
65Chile0.32
66Tajikistan0.32
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Cuba is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
9Netherlands42%
10Germany42%
11UK42%
12Cuba40%
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
15Hungary32%
16Norway31%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below15:

Christian59.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion17.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated23%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria. note: prior to CASTRO assuming power16.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
40Vietnam73
41Myanmar (Burma)75
42Ethiopia75
43Uzbekistan77
44Syria83
45China85
46Cuba86
47Iran90
Data Source
Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue
Higher is better
17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
127India35%
128Kyrgyzstan34%
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
131Micronesia31%
132Vanuatu31%
133Syria30%
134Sri Lanka29%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)14
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
14
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
100Antigua & Barbuda44.8
101Fiji44.8
102S. Africa45.5
103Cuba45.6
104Suriname46.1
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
79Ghana4.8
80Jamaica4.9
81Nicaragua5
82Cuba5.2
83Armenia5.3
84Costa Rica5.4
85Antigua & Barbuda5.4
86Philippines5.4
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
15Luxembourg98.0
16Oman98.0
17Antigua & Barbuda98.0
18Cuba97.9
19Belgium97.8
20Thailand97.8
21Mauritius97.6
22Fiji97.6
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index (2012)20
CountryValue
Lower is better
20
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
q=157.
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
Higher is better
1Korea, S.4.2921
2Israel4.1121
3Japan3.5821
...
61Cyprus0.4822
62Costa Rica0.4723
63Qatar0.4724
64Cuba0.4722
65Macedonia0.4422
66Puerto Rico0.4422
67Jordan0.4325
68Mozambique0.4226
q=126.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)27
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
27
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
148Thailand11
149Barbados11
150Bahamas11
151Cuba11
152Guyana11
153Swaziland11
154Zimbabwe11
155Saudi Arabia10
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)28
CountryValue
Lower is better
28
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
167Laos6799
168Yemen6922
169Sudan7006
170Cuba7164
171Vietnam7178
172China7307
173Iran7340
174Somalia7359
q=178.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $
Higher is better11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
120Bhutan$7 081
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)29
CountryValue
Higher is better
29
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Austria78.1
9Cuba78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)30
CountryScore
Higher is better
30
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
53Australia32
54Cuba30
55Montenegro30
56Albania30
57Micronesia30
58Lithuania30
q=211.
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
67Bolivia87
68Philippines86
69Kuwait86
70Cuba85
71Trinidad & Tobago85
72Yemen85
73Peru85
74Saudi Arabia84
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/cuba.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #Cuba #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  15. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  16. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  20. ^
  21. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  22. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  23. World Bank . Data for year 2011.^
  24. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  25. World Bank . Data for year 2008.^
  26. World Bank . Data for year 2010.^
  27. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  28. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  29. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  30. Higher is better. Sources:^

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