The Human Truth Foundation

Antigua & Barbuda

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#climate_change #economics #homosexuality #the_environment

Antigua & Barbuda
StatusIndependent State
CapitalSaint John's
Land Area 440km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population90 510 (2011)2
Life Expectancy76.24yrs (2017)3
GNI$20 907 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAG, ATG, 285
Internet Domain.ag6
CurrencyDollar (XCD)7
Telephone+8

1. Overview

The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFrolic on the beach, play golf, indulge in a fancy meal or explore Britain´s naval history in Antigua. ... This improbably shaped splotch of land is ringed with beaches of the finest white sand, made all the more dramatic by the azure waters, which are so clear they´ll bring a tear to your eye or a giggle to your holiday-hungry throat. ... Or escape to remote, unspoiled Barbuda, ... one smooth, sandy low-rise amid the reef-filled waters. Birds, especially the huffing and puffing frigates, greatly outnumber people. Meanwhile, back on Antigua, there are lots of people, many famous. Guitar-picker Eric Clapton, rag-trader Giorgio Armani and tastemaker for the masses Oprah all have winter homes here. Some of the Caribbean's most exclusive resorts shelter in the myriad bays and inlets. But don't worry; mere mortals thrive here as well. No matter your budget, you will find a beach with your name on it.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Antigua & Barbuda National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
59Malaysia59
60Palau60
61Panama60
62Antigua & Barbuda62
63Seychelles63
64Mauritius64
65Trinidad & Tobago65
66Costa Rica66
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
119Paraguay51.4
120Guyana51.4
121Senegal51.2
122Antigua & Barbuda51.2
123Namibia51.0
124Samoa50.9
125St Kitts & Nevis50.9
126Kenya50.7
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
113Tunisia18.6
114Azerbaijan18.7
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
120Brazil19.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
6Guyana56.9%
7Monaco56.3%
8Antigua & Barbuda47.6%
9Tonga45.4%
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.
Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
17Palau28.1%
18Saudi Arabia27.8%
19Australia25.7%
20Antigua & Barbuda23.6%
21Switzerland23.2%
22New Zealand22.4%
23Canada21.3%
24Ireland19.6%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.

Life Expectancy (2015)15
Pos.Higher is better
Years15
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
53Argentina76.46
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
58China75.96
59Vietnam75.94
60Jamaica75.82
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)16
Pos.
Population16
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
181Grenada0.1m
182Tonga0.1m
183Kiribati0.1m
184Antigua & Barbuda90 510
185Andorra87 518
186Seychelles87 169
187Dominica67 665
188Marshall Islands55 717
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Antigua & Barbuda's population is predicted to rise to 104 643 by 2030.

4. Politics and Freedom

#human_rights

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)17
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties17
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
131Afghanistan13
132Gambia13
133Equatorial Guinea13
134Antigua & Barbuda13
135Nepal13
136Djibouti13
137Ethiopia12
138Haiti12
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender_equality #human_rights #politics #women

Year Women Can Vote18
Pos.Lower is better
Year18
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
82Barbados1950
83India1950
84Haiti1950
85Antigua & Barbuda1951
86Grenada1951
87Nepal1951
88Dominica1951
89St Kitts & Nevis1951
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Antigua & Barbuda and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
100Luxembourg100
101Niger101
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
107Poland107
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
133Togo133
134St Vincent & Grenadines134
135Afghanistan135
World Avg82.0
q=163.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below20:

Christian93%
Muslim0.6%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion3.6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 76.4% (Anglican 25.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%), Roman Catholic 10.4%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census)21.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)22
Pos.Higher is better22
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
66Dominica66%
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
69Antigua & Barbuda65%
70Greece65%
71Saudi Arabia65%
72French Polynesia64%
73Albania63%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio23
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
110Kuwait0.0
111Guernsey0.0
112Bahamas0.0
113Antigua & Barbuda0.0
114Venezuela0.0
115Kazakhstan0.0
116New Caledonia0.0
117Maldives0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #UK

Antigua & Barbuda does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Antigua & Barbuda comes in the best 20 for its immunizations take-up24 (one of the highest in The Americas). It does better than average for its smoking rate25 (but bad for The Americas) and in the prevalence of overweight adults26 (one of the best in The Americas). Antigua & Barbuda does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its adolescent birth rate27 (still low for The Americas), its alcohol consumption rate28 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance19. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita28
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
102Belize6.8
103Sao Tome & Principe6.8
104Dominican Rep.6.9
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
106Niue7.0
107China7.2
108Paraguay7.2
109Mongolia7.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking29 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink30 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies31 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"32. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"33. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
124Antigua & Barbuda124
125Burkina Faso125
126Mauritius126
127Congo, DR127
128Gabon128
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)26
Pos.Lower is better
%26
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
70Botswana43.4
71Tajikistan45.3
72Trinidad & Tobago46.0
73Antigua & Barbuda48.0
74St Lucia48.1
75Uzbekistan48.2
76Kyrgyzstan48.3
77Yemen48.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese34. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up35. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight35 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year36 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"37. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes38. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar39.

Smoking Rates (2014)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
66Hong Kong 345
67Colombia 359
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
69Yemen 388
70S. Sudan 398
71Belize 400
72Swaziland 427
World Avg 819
q=182.

10. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
97Barbados40.7
98Vanuatu43.1
99Thailand44.6
100Antigua & Barbuda44.8
101Fiji44.8
102S. Africa45.5
103Cuba45.6
104Suriname46.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)24
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %24
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
14Saudi Arabia98.0
15Luxembourg98.0
16Oman98.0
17Antigua & Barbuda98.0
18Cuba97.9
19Belgium97.8
20Thailand97.8
21Mauritius97.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Intellectual Endeavours (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
88Pakistan88
89Seychelles89
90Iran90
91Antigua & Barbuda91
92Burkina Faso92
93Trinidad & Tobago93
94Malawi94
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
71Trinidad & Tobago71
72Botswana72
73Dominica73
74Antigua & Barbuda74
75Turkey75
76Kyrgyzstan76
77Togo77
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
100Luxembourg100
101Niger101
102Lesotho102
103Antigua & Barbuda103
104Latvia104
105Laos105
106Mozambique106
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
133Togo133
134St Vincent & Grenadines134
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)19
Pos.Lower is better
Rank19
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
136Namibia136
137Yemen137
138Cambodia138
139Antigua & Barbuda139
140Afghanistan140
141Belize141
142Slovakia142
q=163.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)15
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $15
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
55Bahamas$21 565
56Equatorial Guinea$21 517
57Argentina$20 945
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
59Croatia$20 291
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
62Uruguay$19 148
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
73Dominica59.4
74Argentina59.3
75Malaysia59.2
76Antigua & Barbuda59.2
77UAE58.9
78Jamaica58.6
79Namibia58.5
80Iran58.2
q=180.
LGBT Equality (2017)41
Pos.Higher is better
Score41
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
136S. Sudan-10
137Papua New Guinea-10
138Sri Lanka-10
139Antigua & Barbuda-10
140St Vincent & Grenadines-10
141Mauritius-10
142Myanmar (Burma)-10
143Barbados-10
q=196.