The Human Truth Foundation

Moldova (Republic of Moldova)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #moldova #morals #research #science #the_environment

Moldova
Republic of Moldova
StatusIndependent State
CapitalChisinau
Land Area 32 854km21
LocationEurope
Population3.5m (2011)2
Life Expectancy71.73yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 026 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMD, MDA, 4985
Internet Domain.md6
CurrencyLeu (MDL)7
Telephone+3738

1. Overview

#romania #russia #ukraine

Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru River supporting a Transnistrian separatist region composed of a Slavic majority population (mostly Ukrainians and Russians), but with a sizeable ethnic Moldovan minority. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party's (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. Four Moldovan opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI), which has acted as Moldova's governing coalition since. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty between 2009 and early 2012, holding three general elections and numerous presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president. Following November 2010 parliamentary elections, a reconstituted AEI-coalition consisting of three of the four original AEI parties formed a government, and in March 2012 was finally able to elect an independent as president.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLong-forgotten and little-known, Moldova struggles to throw off its post-communist trappings and reputation as one of the poorest nations in Europe. Only vaguely known in Europe and all but anonymous to the rest of the world, Moldova remains a mysterious and misunderstood land: part Romanian, part Russian, all Soviet. Once at the very edge of the USSR, Moldova has gone it alone since the early ´90s. Independence has been economically painful and Moldova has been racked by civil war between the central government and the secessionist Russian-speaking region known as Transdniestr, which continues to exist as a state within a state today.Moldova gets a tiny number of tourists and isn´t particularly well set up for travellers, but this is one of its greatest charms. Its out-of-the-way aspect makes travel in Moldova a challenge and an adventure, but the unhurried and timeless way of life, where there is always time to chat in the shade of summer´s fruit trees, are part of its appeal.

Sights may be few and far between in the gently undulating landscape, but look no further for adventure: this is Eastern Europe´s last unknown land.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Moldova National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
104Samoa104
105Maldives105
106Uzbekistan105
107Moldova107
108Botswana108
109Gabon109
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
54Uzbekistan60.0
55Bhutan59.9
56Mongolia59.6
57Moldova59.4
58S. Africa59.2
59Jamaica59.1
60Brazil59.1
61Trinidad & Tobago58.7
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #Moldova #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
126Costa Rica22.6
127Israel22.9
128Sri Lanka23.7
129Moldova24.7
130China25.3
131Mauritius25.9
132Uruguay26.8
133Cyprus26.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
23St Lucia23.3%
24Macedonia21.9%
25Sao Tome & Principe21.9%
26Moldova21.5%
27Fiji21.3%
28Portugal20.8%
29Lesotho20.5%
30El Salvador20.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
88Slovenia1.47
89Italy1.47
90Cyprus1.46
91Moldova1.46
92Cuba1.45
93India2.55
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
41Seychelles12.8%
42Grenada12.1%
43Ukraine11.6%
44Moldova11.4%
45Belarus11.4%
46Iceland11.3%
47UK11.2%
48Ivory Coast11.2%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
128Bosnia & Herzegovina3.7m
129Panama3.6m
130Mauritania3.6m
131Moldova3.5m
132Uruguay3.4m
133Lithuania3.3m
134Albania3.2m
135Armenia3.1m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Moldova's population is predicted to fall to 3 147 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.46. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #germany #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #mass_media #Moldova #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #slavery #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
43Montenegro29
44Spain29
45Venezuela30
46Moldova30
47Russia30
48Bolivia30
49Georgia32
50Kazakhstan32
World Avg36.8
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews19,20,21,22. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East23, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews24,25. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"26. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males27.

Corruption (2012-2016)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score28
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
109Bolivia34.0
110Malawi33.8
111Kosovo33.8
112Moldova33.8
113Ethiopia33.2
114Mexico32.8
115Ecuador32.6
116Belarus32.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain29. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland28 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan28.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)31
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties31
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
64Greece19
65Ireland19
66Lithuania18
67Moldova18
68Kyrgyzstan18
69Philippines18
70Algeria18
71Malta18
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
71Bolivia71
72Indonesia72
73Turkey73
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)33

Press Freedom (2013)34
Pos.Lower is better34
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
51S. Africa2456
52Japan2517
53Argentina2567
54Moldova2601
55Hungary2609
56Italy2611
57Hong Kong2616
58Senegal2619
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)35
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims35
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
100Armenia0.53
101Mozambique0.54
102Russia0.55
103Moldova0.55
104Egypt0.55
105Benin0.55
106Venezuela0.56
107Haiti0.56
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory36. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends37. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life38. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves39.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery40. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity41. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.42. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi35, Eritrea35, Indonesia43) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery44.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #Moldova #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
44Malta0.22
45Bulgaria0.22
46UAE0.23
47Moldova0.23
48Bahrain0.23
49Hungary0.25
50Saudi Arabia0.26
51Albania0.27
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote46
Pos.Lower is better
Year46
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
181Namibia1989
182Samoa1990
183Kazakhstan1993
184Moldova1994
185Oman1994
186Qatar2003
187Kuwait2005
188Saudi Arabia0
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

Moldova is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #Moldova #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
6Uruguay6
7Indonesia7
8Brunei8
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
12Tanzania12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
63Uganda63
64Moldova64
65Mozambique65
66Burkina Faso66
67Kyrgyzstan66
68Iran68
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
63Indonesia1.91
64Serbia1.92
65Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92
66Moldova1.93
67Albania1.93
68Macedonia1.94
69Guyana1.94
70Cuba1.95
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
23Norway0.08
24Lesotho0.10
25Liberia0.11
26Moldova0.12
27Serbia0.12
28Estonia0.12
29New Zealand0.14
30Uruguay0.17
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)49
Pos.Lower is better
%49
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
37Italy72
38Moldova72
39Kyrgyzstan72
40Armenia73
41Mexico73
42Poland75
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
45Croatia7
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
49Italy6
50Laos5
51Ireland5
52Mozambique5
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below51:

Christian97.4%
Muslim0.6%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.6%
Unaffiliated1.4%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.6% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (6%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 98.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 72% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000)52.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #it_security #Moldova #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
99Armenia50%
100Iran49%
101Tunisia48%
102Moldova48%
103Paraguay47%
104Fiji47%
105Tonga47%
106Nigeria46%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)54
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio54
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
60Iceland0.3
61Turkey0.3
62Uruguay0.3
63Moldova0.3
64UAE0.3
65Seychelles0.2
66Puerto Rico0.2
67Indonesia0.2
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)55
Pos.Lower is better55
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
27Chile0.66
28Guinea-Bissau0.67
29Uzbekistan0.69
30Moldova0.71
31Zambia0.76
32Kenya0.77
33Cameroon0.77
34Burkina Faso0.79
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #Moldova #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Moldova is a pretty unhealthy country. Moldova does better than average in its adolescent birth rate45 (but bad for Europe) and in the prevalence of overweight adults56 (one of the best in Europe). However Moldova performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average when it comes to number of organ donors57 (one of the worst in Europe), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance47, its immunizations take-up58 and in its smoking rate59 (still low for Europe). And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in terms of its suicide rate60 and in its alcohol consumption rate61 (the highest in Europe). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)61
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita61
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
182Latvia12.9
183Luxembourg13.0
184Ireland13.0
185Nigeria13.4
186Germany13.4
187Czechia14.4
188Lithuania15.0
189Moldova15.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking62 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink63 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies64 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"65. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"66. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)57
Pos.Higher is better
pmp57
1Spain46.9067
2Portugal34.0167
3Belgium33.6267
...
47Greece5.9868
48Kuwait5.00
49Ecuador5.00
50Moldova4.50
51Thailand4.27
52Panama4.15
53Mexico3.96
54Russia3.90
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
91Chile91
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)56
Pos.Lower is better
%56
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
78Guyana49.4
79Grenada51.4
80Turkmenistan51.8
81Moldova51.8
82St Kitts & Nevis52.3
83Barbados52.4
84Papua New Guinea52.9
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese69. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up70. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight70 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year71 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"72. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes73. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar74.

Smoking Rates (2014)59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
125USA1 083
126Finland1 083
127Portugal1 113
128Moldova1 114
129Lithuania1 124
130Uruguay1 135
131Canada1 154
132Albania1 177
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)60
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k60
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
78Serbia38.1
World Avg20.93
q=91.

10. Children's Health

#health #Moldova #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100045
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
69Armenia23.0
70Jordan23.2
71Russia23.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)58
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %58
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
111Lesotho91.7
112Malawi91.7
113Mexico91.6
114Moldova91.5
115Iceland91.5
116Trinidad & Tobago91.4
117Jamaica90.9
118Burkina Faso90.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
75
Pos.Lower is better75
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
44S. Korea44
45Morocco45
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
48Montenegro48
49Norway49
50Fiji50
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
43St Vincent & Grenadines43
44Cyprus44
45Japan45
46Moldova46
47Greece47
48Australia48
49Seychelles49
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
4Egypt4
5Nigeria5
6Uruguay6
7Indonesia7
8Brunei8
9Moldova9
10Morocco10
11Oman11
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
63Uganda63
64Moldova64
65Mozambique65
66Burkina Faso66
67Kyrgyzstan66
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
19Malaysia19
20Nicaragua20
21Portugal21
22Moldova22
23Hungary23
24Jordan24
25Mauritius25
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2976
2Israel4.1176
3Japan3.5876
...
72Montenegro0.3877
73Chile0.3876
74Ghana0.3878
75Moldova0.3577
76Ecuador0.3479
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3377
78Iran0.3178
79Nepal0.3078
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)80
Pos.Higher is better80
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
49Honduras5.9
50Slovakia5.9
51Ecuador5.8
52Moldova5.8
53Malaysia5.8
54Bolivia5.8
55Vietnam5.8
56Paraguay5.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
137Pakistan$5 031
138Moldova$5 026
139Myanmar (Burma)$4 943
140Nicaragua$4 747
141Honduras$4 466
142Marshall Islands$4 412
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)81
Pos.Higher is better81
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
109Ukraine52.9
110Guatemala52.3
111Maldives52.1
112Moldova52.0
113Botswana51.7
114Honduras51.5
115Sudan51.5
116Oman51.3
q=180.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
43Montenegro29
44Spain29
45Venezuela30
46Moldova30
47Russia30
48Bolivia30
49Georgia32
50Kazakhstan32
q=101.
LGBT Equality (2017)82
Pos.Higher is better
Score82
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
70Liechtenstein25
71Macedonia25
72Cape Verde25
73Moldova25
74Turkey25
75Latvia25
76Dominican Rep.25
77Seychelles25
q=196.
IQ (2006)83
Pos.Higher is better83
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
32Ukraine97
33Russia97
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
36Uruguay96
37Slovenia96
38Slovakia96
39Portugal95
q=138.