The Human Truth Foundation

Switzerland (Swiss Confederation)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Switzerland

Switzerland
Swiss Confederation
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index10th best
CapitalBern
Land Area1 40 000 km2
LocationEurope
Population27.734 million
Life Expectancy382.468yrs (2012)
GNI3$40 527
ISO3166-1 Codes4CH, CHE, 756
Internet Domain5.ch
Currency6Franc (CHF)
Telephone7+41

1. Overview

The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Switzerland National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
4Netherlands92.185.5
5Germany92.082.3
6New Zealand91.985.3
7Ireland91.682.3
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
7Netherlands83.0
8Australia82.7
9Austria81.7
10Switzerland81.2
11Germany81.1
12Canada80.8
13Belgium80.1
14UK80.1
15Andorra79.4
16Luxembourg79.4
17Ireland79.2
18Hong Kong77.1
19Liechtenstein76.6
20Japan76.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
4Monaco82.3
5Australia82
6Italy82
7Iceland81.9
8San Marino81.9
9Israel81.9
10France81.7
11Sweden81.6
12Spain81.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
71Thailand1.5
72Greece1.5
73Georgia1.5
74Switzerland1.5
75Mongolia2.5
76Russia1.5
77Albania1.5
78Latvia1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
93Austria8.429m102
94UAE8.106m97
95Honduras7.912m71
96Switzerland7.734m193
97Israel7.695m356
98Bulgaria7.398m68
99Hong Kong7.196m6906
Data Source

Switzerland's population is predicted to rise to 8.094 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.53.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Andorra1973
162San Marino1973
163Bahrain1973
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
4Switzerland0.06
5Norway0.06
6Finland0.08
7Germany0.08
8Slovenia0.08
9France0.08
10Iceland0.09
11Italy0.09
12Belgium0.10
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Switzerland is notable for its equality between the sexes, even though women were prevented equal voting and standing rights until quite late.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
25Latvia20%
26Ukraine20%
27Austria18%
28Switzerland17%
29Belarus17%
30Slovakia17%
31Iceland16%
32Greece16%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
13Luxembourg39%
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
20Kazakhstan43%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian81.3%
Muslim5.5%
Hindu0.4%
Buddhist0.4%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated11.9%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 87.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (17%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 88% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 41% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1% (2000 census)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Switzerland states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, some individual cantons still pursue discriminatory policies based on the locally dominant religion (Protestant or Catholic).

Most of the 26 cantons (with the exception of Geneva and Neuchatel, where church and state are separate) financially support at least one of the three traditional religious communities - Roman Catholic, Old Catholic, or Protestant - with funds collected through a church tax. Each canton observes its own regulations regarding the relationship between church and state. In some cantons the church tax is voluntary, while in others an individual who chooses not to contribute to the church tax may have to leave the church formally. In some cantons private companies are unable to avoid payment of the church tax. Some cantons also allow the church tax to be collected on behalf of the Jewish community. Islamic and other nontraditional religious and atheist groups are excluded from these benefits.

In October 2010, Valentin Abgottspon was dismissed from his job as teacher at a public school in the canton of Valais after he raised concerns about the state's promotion of Catholicism in public schools. Article 3 of the canton's education law states that schools should prepare students for their duties "as human beings and Christians". Abgottspon was told he was fired for removing the crucifix from the classrooms in the public school at which he taught.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
215Libya0.63
214Australia0.63
213Korea, S.0.56
212Switzerland0.56
211Poland0.55
210Turkey0.53
209Romania0.52
208Sweden0.44
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
9New Zealand83.00
10Germany82.53
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
13Qatar81.59
14Canada81.34
15Andorra81.00
16Antigua & Barbuda80.65
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
29Finland28.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
4Switzerland8.3
5Canada8.0
6Australia8.0
7Bahrain8.0
8Mauritius7.9
9Finland7.9
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.39
13Czech Rep.1.40
14Sweden1.42
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
4Japan105
5China105
6Italy102
7Iceland101
8Mongolia101
9Switzerland101
10Norway100
11Austria100
12Netherlands100
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
58Rwanda19
59Lesotho19
60Colombia19
61Switzerland19
62Uganda19
63Venezuela19
64UK19
65Canada19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
13Jamaica99.0
14Switzerland99.0
15Ireland99.0
16Czech Rep.99.0
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
4Finland3.1713
5Sweden3.1613
6Denmark3.0513
7Taiwan3.0113
8Austria3.0014
9Switzerland2.9615
10Germany2.8413
11USA2.7416
12Belgium2.4613
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
8Hong Kong$45 598
9USA$43 480
10UAE$42 716
11Switzerland$40 527
12Netherlands$37 282
13Austria$36 438
14Sweden$36 143
15Germany$35 431
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
4Sweden7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Venezuela7.5
7Austria7.5
8Australia7.4
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
32Vietnam100
33New Zealand90
34Croatia90
35Switzerland90
36USA88
37Finland85
38Guam80
39Czech Rep.80
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/switzerland.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2015.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  16. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

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