The Human Truth Foundation

Switzerland (Swiss Confederation)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#atheism #switzerland

Switzerland
Swiss Confederation
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index10th best
CapitalBern
Land Area 40 000km21
LocationEurope
Population7.7m (2011)2
Life Expectancy83.13yrs (2017)3
GNI$56 364 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCH, CHE, 7565
Internet Domain.ch6
CurrencyFranc (CHF)7
Telephone+418

1. Overview

The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLook past the silk-smooth chocolate, cuckoo clocks and yodelling - contemporary Switzerland, land of four languages, is all about epic journeys and sublime experiences. This country begs outdoor escapades with its larger-than-life canvas of hallucinatory landscapes, so grab your boots, leap on board, toot the bike bell and let your spirits rip. Skiing and snowboarding in the winter wonderlands of Graubünden, Bernese Oberland and Central Switzerland are obvious choices. Hiking and biking trails abound in both glacier-encrusted mountain areas and lower down along lost valleys, mythical lakeshores and pea-green vines. Travels are mapped by mountain villages with timber storage barns and chalet farmsteads brightened with red.

The perfect antidote is a surprise set of cities: the capital Bern with its medieval Old Town and world-class modern art, deeply Germanic Basel and its bold architecture, shopping-chic Geneva astraddle Europe´s largest lake, tycoon-magnet Zug (play millionaire over a slice of liqueur-soaked cherry cake) and uber-cool Zürich with its rooftop bars and atypical Swiss street grit.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Switzerland National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
4Germany4
5Denmark5
6Singapore5
7Netherlands7
8Ireland8
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark28.3
2Norway29.1
3Finland29.7
4Taiwan30.2
5Sweden32.0
6Netherlands32.9
7Germany33.5
8Austria34.7
9Switzerland34.9
10New Zealand34.9
11Canada35.8
12Luxembourg36.5
World Avg86.9
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Switzerland's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Population:

Switzerland's population is predicted to rise to 8.094 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.53. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
93Austria8.4m
94UAE8.1m
95Honduras7.9m
96Switzerland7.7m
97Israel7.7m
98Bulgaria7.4m
99Hong Kong7.2m
100Papua New Guinea7.2m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
167S. Korea37.6
168Estonia37.9
169Belgium38.1
170Switzerland38.3
171Canada38.5
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
18Saudi Arabia27.8%
19Australia25.7%
20Antigua & Barbuda23.6%
21Switzerland23.2%
22New Zealand22.4%
23Canada21.3%
24Ireland19.6%
25Kazakhstan19.5%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
104Congo, (Brazzaville)5.6%
105Togo5.4%
106Ivory Coast5.4%
107Switzerland5.4%
108Malaysia5.3%
109Guinea5.2%
110Turkmenistan5.0%
111Mozambique5.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Switzerland's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#antisemitism #equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark8.6
2Sweden9.3
3Netherlands12.6
...
25Poland36.0
26Malta38.1
27Costa Rica39.4
28Switzerland40.0
29Portugal40.9
30USA41.2
31Japan42.2
32Latvia43.7
33Chile44.9
World Avg84.1
q=180.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and The Netherlands19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Somalia, Sudan and Eritrea19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, LGBT equality, opposing gender inequality and the year from which women could participate in democracy. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe, whereas the worst are Africa, The Middle East and Melanesia.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)21
Pos.Lower is better
%21
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
34Mexico24
35Haiti26
36Mongolia26
37Switzerland26
38Belgium27
39Germany27
40Slovenia27
41Austria28
World Avg36.8
q=101.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)22
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties22
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
50New Zealand20
51Uganda19
52Colombia19
53Switzerland19
54UK19
55Venezuela19
56Lesotho19
57Rwanda19
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
6UK6
7Canada6
8Australia6
9Finland9
10Netherlands10
11Luxembourg11
12Austria11
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
11Estonia926
12Austria940
13Jamaica988
14Switzerland994
15Ireland1006
16Czechia1017
17Germany1024
18Costa Rica1208
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
21UAE0.17
22Finland0.17
23Austria0.17
24Switzerland0.17
25Brazil0.18
26Jordan0.18
27Netherlands0.18
28Norway0.18
World Avg0.65
q=167.
LGBT Equality (2017)26
Pos.Higher is better
Score26
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
37Monaco40
38Poland40
39Albania40
40Switzerland40
41Serbia40
42Cyprus40
43Italy40
44Greece39
World Avg12.6
q=196.

Gender Equality:

Switzerland is notable for its equality between the sexes, even though women were prevented equal voting and standing rights until quite late.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
4Sweden0.05
5Iceland0.05
6Norway0.05
7Slovenia0.05
8Finland0.06
9Germany0.07
10S. Korea0.07
11Singapore0.07
12Belgium0.07
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Bahrain1973
162San Marino1973
163Andorra1973
World Avg1930
q=189.

5. Switzerland's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #Switzerland #vaccines

Health (2020)28,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
11China62.4
12Malaysia64.1
13Mauritius64.5
14Switzerland65.6
15Finland65.9
16Italy66.4
17Bangladesh68.5
18Spain69.1
19N. Korea69.6
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia.

Health:

Switzerland does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Switzerland comes in the best 20 when it comes to its adolescent birth rate27 (the best in Europe), its average life expectancy12 (one of the best in Europe) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29. It does better than average for its fertility rate16 and in its immunizations take-up30. Switzerland does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its smoking rate31 and in its alcohol consumption rate32. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its suicide rate33. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
4Singapore83.21
5Switzerland83.13
6Spain82.77
7Iceland82.72
8Israel82.56
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
167UK11.5
168Gabon11.5
169Slovakia11.5
170Switzerland11.5
171Austria11.6
172Estonia11.6
173Poland11.6
174Russia11.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
76Russia1.52
77Albania1.51
78Latvia1.50
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)31
Pos.Higher is worse31
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
161Croatia1 709
160Cyprus1 688
159Serbia1 644
158Switzerland1 634
157Tunisia1 628
156Romania1 620
155Slovakia1 618
154Turkey1 581
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)33
Pos.
Per 100k33
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
76Croatia36.4
77Estonia37.9
78Serbia38.1
79Finland39
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
88Azerbaijan53.6
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
93Armenia54.4
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
6Singapore3.8
7Netherlands4.0
8Denmark4.0
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
62Botswana95.4
63Gambia95.4
64Cyprus95.3
65Switzerland95.3
66Israel95.2
67Grenada95.2
68Slovenia95.2
69Macedonia95.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Switzerland's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
4Sweden13.3
5Australia14.8
6Switzerland14.9
7Estonia14.9
8Czechia15.5
9New Zealand15.6
10UK15.8
11Ireland16.4
12Norway16.6
13Germany17.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2936
2Israel4.1136
3Japan3.5836
4Finland3.1736
5Sweden3.1636
6Denmark3.0536
7Taiwan3.0136
8Austria3.0037
9Switzerland2.9638
10Germany2.8436
11USA2.7439
12Belgium2.4636
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
16Hungary97.2%
17Palau97.1%
18New Zealand96.9%
19Switzerland96.5%
20Moldova96.4%
21Germany96.3%
22Russia95.9%
23Croatia95.7%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better
Years41
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
29Austria16.3
30USA16.3
31Italy16.2
32Switzerland16.2
33Canada16.1
34Estonia16.1
35Israel16.0
36Latvia16.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
12New Zealand12
13Latvia13
14Bulgaria14
15Iceland15
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
Score42
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
12Slovenia1528
13Germany1524
14Netherlands1524
15Switzerland1519
16New Zealand1517
17Norway1513
18Denmark1513
19Poland1511
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
4Japan105
5Taiwan105
6China105
7Italy102
8Iceland101
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
23Czechia88%
24Germany88%
25Aruba88%
26Switzerland87%
27France86%
28S. Korea86%
29Australia85%
30Bahamas85%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
19Romania0.52
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
22Switzerland0.55
23S. Korea0.56
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)47
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio47
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
6Luxembourg32.4
7India26.8
8Portugal26.6
9Ireland26.1
10UK24.7
11Japan22.1
12France18.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
26Guatemala25
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
29Finland28.25
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Life Satisfaction (2011)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
4Venezuela7.5
5Sweden7.5
6Switzerland7.5
7Austria7.5
8Canada7.4
9Australia7.4
10Israel7.4
11Finland7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
World Avg5.4
q=150.
Corruption (2012-2016)50
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score50
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
6Switzerland85.8
7Singapore85.2
8Netherlands83.4
9Canada82.2
10Luxembourg81.6
11Australia80.8
12Germany79.6
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
4Iceland7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Netherlands7.4
7Canada7.3
8New Zealand7.3
9Sweden7.3
10Australia7.3
11Israel7.2
12Austria7.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
6Denmark6
7Austria7
8Ireland8
9Czechia9
10Luxembourg10
11UK11
12Portugal12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
6Serbia6
7Belgium7
8Norway8
9Finland9
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)52
Pos.Lower is better52
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
13Czechia1.40
14Sweden1.42
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
41Canada41
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
46Burkina Faso46
47Philippines47
48UK48
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
13Belgium13
14Italy14
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)53
Pos.Lower is better
Score53
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
30Uruguay0.17
31Dominican Rep.0.18
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
36Macedonia0.30
37Zambia0.31
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
43Macedonia10.3
44Serbia09.9
45Netherlands09.3
46Switzerland09.0
47Ghana08.2
48St Vincent & Grenadines08.0
49Costa Rica07.5
50Romania07.4
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
4Colombia17.54
5Ireland17.54
6Switzerland17.54
7Dominican Rep.16.95
8Mauritius15.63
9Malta15.15
10Singapore15.15
11Denmark14.93
12Peru14.49
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
97Swaziland1995 Feb 07
98Zimbabwe1995 Feb 09
99Vietnam1995 Feb 14
100Switzerland1995 Feb 19
101Argentina1995 Feb 20
102Myanmar (Burma)1995 Feb 23
103Colombia1995 Feb 26
104Ivory Coast1995 Feb 27
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)43
Pos.Lower is better
%43
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
18Lithuania42
19Canada42
20S. Korea43
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
26Mongolia20
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
32Iceland16
33Spain15
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian81.3%
Muslim5.5%
Hindu0.4%
Buddhist0.4%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated11.9%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 87.1% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (17%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 88% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 41% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1% (2000 census)59.

Switzerland has a long history of religious tolerance60. But things still need improving in several areas. The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)61, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Switzerland states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, some individual cantons still pursue discriminatory policies based on the locally dominant religion (Protestant or Catholic).

Most of the 26 cantons (with the exception of Geneva and Neuchatel, where church and state are separate) financially support at least one of the three traditional religious communities - Roman Catholic, Old Catholic, or Protestant - with funds collected through a church tax. Each canton observes its own regulations regarding the relationship between church and state. In some cantons the church tax is voluntary, while in others an individual who chooses not to contribute to the church tax may have to leave the church formally. In some cantons private companies are unable to avoid payment of the church tax. Some cantons also allow the church tax to be collected on behalf of the Jewish community. Islamic and other nontraditional religious and atheist groups are excluded from these benefits.

In October 2010, Valentin Abgottspon was dismissed from his job as teacher at a public school in the canton of Valais after he raised concerns about the state's promotion of Catholicism in public schools. Article 3 of the canton's education law states that schools should prepare students for their duties "as human beings and Christians". Abgottspon was told he was fired for removing the crucifix from the classrooms in the public school at which he taught.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)62

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