The Human Truth Foundation

Philippines (Republic of the Philippines)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Philippines

Philippines
Republic of the Philippines
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index80th best
CapitalManila
Land Area1 298 170 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 96.47 million
Life Expectancy369.03yrs (2012)
GNI3$3 752
ISO3166-1 Codes4PH, PHL, 608
Internet Domain5.ph
Currency6Peso (PHP)
Telephone7+63

1. Overview

#china #japan

The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence. A 20-year rule by Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts that prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992. His administration was marked by increased stability and by progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. Her presidency was marred by several corruption allegations but the Philippine economy was one of the few to avoid contraction following the 2008 global financial crisis, expanding each year of her administration. Benigno AQUINO III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010. The Philippine Government faces threats from several groups, some of which are on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list. Manila has waged a decades-long struggle against ethnic Moro insurgencies in the southern Philippines, which has led to a peace accord with the Moro National Liberation Front and ongoing peace talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The decades-long Maoist-inspired New People's Army insurgency also operates through much of the country. The Philippines faces increased tension with China over disputed territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Philippines National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
111Paraguay66.959.8
112Egypt66.253.3
113Moldova66.061.5
114Philippines65.459.1
115Uzbekistan65.463.6
116Syria64.856.5
117Micronesia64.563.5
118Guyana63.655.0
119Botswana63.456.4
120Honduras63.253.9
121S. Africa62.960.3
122Kiribati62.962.1
123Indonesia62.951.5
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
77Peru59.1
78Belarus58.9
79Kyrgyzstan58.8
80Philippines58.6
81Bosnia & Herzegovina58.1
82Guyana57.9
83Georgia57.2
84S. Africa57.2
85Cuba57.2
86Palau56.7
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
124Korea, N.69
125Russia69.1
126Nepal69.1
127Philippines69
128Mongolia68.8
129Ukraine68.8
130Uzbekistan68.6
131Kiribati68.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
119Israel2.9
120Jordan2.9
121Honduras3.0
122Philippines3.1
123Lesotho3.1
124Namibia3.1
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
9Russia 142.7m9
10Japan 126.43m347
11Mexico 116.15m60
12Philippines 96.47m324
13Vietnam 89.73m289
14Ethiopia 86.54m87
15Egypt 83.96m84
Data Source

The Philippines's population is predicted to rise to 126.32 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.06.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

The Roman Catholic Church is the most notable, powerful and active organisation that lobbies against birth-control wherever it can, internationally. Thankfully Most Catholics routinely ignore the Church on this issue, especially in educated and developed countries, but there are still plenty of fast-growing countries where the Catholic Church is still prospering the old-fashioned way. It took the government of the Philippines 13 years to force through legislation to allow government-funded contraception and for sex education in schools because of the strength of the opposition of the Catholic Church there - in a country where 11 women die of pregnancy-related problems every day. The Catholic Church "ferociously" opposed it, warning of moral and social collapse, the destruction of family life, and divine wrath, if it was passed. The bill is considered "a major step toward reducing maternal deaths and promoting family planning in the impoverished country, which has one of Asia's fastest-growing populations. [...] The United Nations said early this year that the bill would help reduce an alarming number of pregnancy-related deaths, prevent life-threatening abortions and slow the spread of AIDS"9.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bermuda1944
48France1944
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
74Algeria0.39
75Sri Lanka0.40
76Rwanda0.41
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
79Belize0.43
80Myanmar (Burma)0.44
81Georgia0.44
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Philippines has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
130Tanzania0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
134Rwanda0%
135Iraq0%
136Philippines0%
137Sierra Leone0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
97Cambodia96%
98Cameroon96%
99Malaysia96%
100Afghanistan97%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below10:

Christian92.6%
Muslim5.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)11.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
203Hungary0.27
202Argentina0.27
201Czech Rep.0.24
200Philippines0.24
199S. Africa0.22
198Japan0.22
197Colombia0.22
196Israel0.20
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
100Georgia26.30
101Kenya25.90
102Tuvalu25.00
103Philippines25.00
104Thailand21.20
105Syria20.66
106Micronesia20.01
107Bolivia20.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
35Iran32
36Sweden33
37Turkmenistan33.75
38Philippines34.75
39Nigeria35
40Dominican Rep.35.75
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
59Latvia7.2
60Dominican Rep.7.1
61Cambodia7.1
62Philippines7.1
63Fiji7.1
64Saudi Arabia7.1
65Iceland7.1
66Hungary7.1
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
129Turkey2.34
130Kyrgyzstan2.36
131Azerbaijan2.36
132Philippines2.41
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.44
135Lebanon2.46
136Ethiopia2.50
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
65Brazil87
66Azerbaijan87
67Bolivia87
68Philippines86
69Kuwait86
70Cuba85
71Trinidad & Tobago85
72Yemen85
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
65Canada19
66Lithuania18
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
143Bangladesh99.5
144Malaysia99.5
145Palestine99.5
146Philippines99.5
147Russia99.5
148Singapore99.5
149Iraq99.5
150Myanmar (Burma)99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
106Burundi0.1214
107Madagascar0.1114
108Myanmar (Burma)0.1115
109Philippines0.1116
110Peru0.1017
111Paraguay0.0918
112Congo, DR0.0819
113Indonesia0.0820
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
122Fiji$4 087
123Vanuatu$3 960
124Samoa$3 928
125Philippines$3 752
126Cape Verde$3 609
127Iraq$3 557
128Honduras$3 426
129Guyana$3 387
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
90Mongolia5
91Latvia5
92Mauritania5
93Philippines5
94Zambia5
95Namibia4.9
96Libya4.9
97Hungary4.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
48Maldives65.9
49Philippines65.7
50Australia65.7
51Morocco65.6
52Belarus65.4
53Malaysia65.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
91Ukraine20
92Mozambique20
93Armenia20
94Philippines18
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
97Taiwan15
98Rwanda15
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Jun 26
http://www.humantruth.info/philippines.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. National Secular Society news article "Catholic Church fails to stop Philippines contraception bill" (2012 Dec 18). Accessed 2013 Oct 19. Added to this page 2013 Oct 23.^
  10. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  11. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2007.^
  17. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2009.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2013.^

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