The Human Truth Foundation

Central African Republic

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#central_african_republic

Central African Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index191st best
CapitalBangui
Land Area 622 980km21
LocationAfrica
Population4.7m2
Life Expectancy51.46yrs (2017)3
GNI$0 587 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCF, CAF, 1405
Internet Domain.cf6
CurrencyFranc (XAF)7
Telephone+2368

1. Overview

#france

The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. In March, 2003 President Ange-Felix PATASSE was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Elections held in 2005 affirmed General BOZIZE as president; he was reelected in 2011 in voting widely viewed as flawed. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. The militant group the Lord's Resistance Army continues to destabilize southeastern Central African Republic, and several rebel groups joined together in early December 2012 to launch a series of attacks that left them in control of numerous towns in the northern and central parts of the country. The rebels - who are unhappy with BOZIZE's government - participated in peace talks in early January 2013 which resulted in a coalition government including the rebellion's leadership.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverCentral African Republic (CAR) is a country with staggeringly rare and untouched natural beauty and some of the world´s most amazing wildlife. It´s one of the best places in Africa for encounters with forest elephants and lowland gorillas, and perhaps the best place in the world to see butterflies.

It´s also one of the most impoverished and least developed countries on the continent. For centuries CAR was worked over and ruthlessly exploited by colonisers; independence only brought more of the same from homegrown leaders. Yet the people of this plundered nation are open and friendly; just as rich life looms in its darkest jungles, warmth, generosity and pride steadfastly survive in the hearts of its people.

CAR´s border crossings can be difficult and dangerous, and flights are expensive and infrequent. It is a country not for the faint of heart. At the time of writing most of the country was not considered stable or safe enough to travel through. Check the situation with your embassy before attempting to visit.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Central African Republic National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
181Mozambique181
182S. Sudan181
183Guinea183
184Burundi184
185Burkina Faso185
186Chad186
187Niger187
188Central African Rep.188
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
186Malawi$1 073
187Guinea$1 058
188Niger$0 889
189Burundi$0 691
190Liberia$0 683
191Congo, DR$0 680
192Central African Rep.$0 587
193Somalia$0 294
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
188Chad127.0
189Afghanistan128.1
190Equatorial Guinea128.1
191Central African Rep.128.3
192Angola128.9
193S. Sudan133.4
194Tuvalu134.0
195Somalia143.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Central African Republic's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

The Central African Republic's population is predicted to rise to 6.365 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.46. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
122Liberia4.8m
123Ireland4.8m
124New Zealand4.7m
125Central African Rep.4.7m
126Mauritania4.4m
127Panama4.2m
128Croatia4.2m
129Kuwait4.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
148Cameroon4.33
149Mauritania4.40
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.46
151Central African Rep.4.46
152Madagascar4.52
153Iraq4.57
154Kenya4.64
155Senegal4.65
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
39Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41Swaziland06.6
42Central African Rep.06.8
43Sudan06.8
44Mauritania06.8
45Kuwait06.8
46Congo, (Brazzaville)07.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
128Mali2.1%
129Georgia2.0%
130Guyana2.0%
131Central African Rep.1.9%
132Romania1.9%
133Japan1.8%
134Sudan1.8%
135Albania1.8%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
139Bangladesh3.3%
140Botswana3.2%
141Spain3.0%
142Central African Rep.2.9%
143Angola2.8%
144France2.8%
145Costa Rica2.7%
146Rwanda2.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#animism #Central_African_Republic #christianity #equality #freedom #human_rights #islam #politics #tolerance

The Central African Republic is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. The Central African Rep. does better than average in supporting press freedom19 and in LGBT equality20. But unfortunately The Central African Rep. gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties21 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights22. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 when it comes to commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23, opposing gender inequality24 and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 (one of the highest in Africa). Amidst widespread conflict and loss of control to armed groups, much of the country is insecure, unstable, "and beset by serious human rights violations"26. Violence between Muslim Seleka rebel groups, Christian and animist anti-balaka militias and others continue to fight each other. Cultural issues mean that those who survive sexual violence face many irrational and inhumane barriers to accessing essential services, family planning, and justice 26. The UN estimates in 2017 that over 600,000 refugees have fled, and 2.4 million people (over half the population) need humanitarian assistance 26. Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 10% hold 46% of the country's entire income27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Central African Republic's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Central_African_Republic #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
164Mozambique114.0
165Uganda114.1
166Argentina114.3
167Central African Rep.114.9
168S. Africa114.9
169Venezuela115.1
170Laos116.4
171Guinea-Bissau116.5
172Burkina Faso117.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

The Central African Republic is a pretty unhealthy country. The Central African Rep. does better than average in terms of its smoking rate30 and in its alcohol consumption rate31. When it comes to most other metrics, The Central African Rep. does not do well. It does worse than average when it comes to its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32 (still low for Africa), its fertility rate15 and in its adolescent birth rate24. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in terms of its average life expectancy12 (amongst the worst in Africa) and in its immunizations take-up33 (one of the worst in Africa). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
56Fiji3.0
57Benin3.0
58Togo3.1
59Central African Rep.3.3
60Tajikistan3.3
61Kenya3.4
62Mauritius3.6
63Malawi3.7
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
148Cameroon4.33
149Mauritania4.40
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.46
151Central African Rep.4.46
152Madagascar4.52
153Iraq4.57
154Kenya4.64
155Senegal4.65
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
43Ecuador 191
42Guatemala 190
41Cameroon 184
40Central African Rep. 178
39Guinea-Bissau 175
38Nigeria 173
37Paraguay 166
36Gambia 166
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)105
106Serbia106
107Zimbabwe107
108Central African Rep.108
109Benin109
110Costa Rica110
111Dominica111
112Romania112
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
20Congo, DR25.3
21Laos25.4
22Kenya25.5
23Central African Rep.26.2
24Mozambique26.4
25Guinea26.6
26Equatorial Guinea26.7
27Comoros27.1
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
156Guinea-Bissau89.5
157Zambia90.4
158Kenya90.9
159Central African Rep.91.9
160Togo92.0
161Lesotho92.7
162Dominican Rep.97.9
163Gabon99.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
187Syria62.4
188Ukraine55.2
189Chad52.5
190Nigeria50.0
191Central African Rep.49.4
192Somalia46.0
193S. Sudan45.7
194Equatorial Guinea36.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Central African Republic's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
158Iraq106.6
159Guyana107.6
160Liberia107.8
161Central African Rep.108.5
162Mauritania108.7
163Guinea-Bissau109.3
164Cambodia110.0
165Gambia110.3
166Afghanistan112.5
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
149Ivory Coast26.1%
150Afghanistan26.1%
151Myanmar (Burma)25.8%
152Central African Rep.22.1%
153Malawi21.8%
154Cambodia21.3%
155Mozambique19.3%
156Mauritania18.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better
Years37
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
185Tanzania8.0
186Sudan7.7
187Mali7.6
188Central African Rep.7.6
189Chad7.5
190Djibouti6.5
191Niger6.5
192Eritrea5.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
55Turkey55
56Armenia56
57Guinea-Bissau57
58Central African Rep.58
59Kenya59
60Egypt60
61Japan61
62Malta62
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ (2006)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
131Zimbabwe66
132Senegal66
133Sierra Leone64
134Mozambique64
135Ethiopia64
136Central African Rep.64
137Congo, (Brazzaville)64
138Cameroon64
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
185Mozambique6%
186Benin6%
187Tanzania5%
188Central African Rep.5%
189Madagascar4%
190Ethiopia4%
191Congo, DR4%
192Guinea-Bissau4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.

7. National Culture

#corruption #happiness #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score40
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
149Papua New Guinea25.6
150Laos25.4
151Guinea25.0
152Central African Rep.23.8
153Tajikistan23.6
154Congo, (Brazzaville)22.8
155Congo, DR21.6
156Myanmar (Burma)21.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
149Liberia3.5
150Syria3.5
151Rwanda3.4
152Yemen3.4
153Tanzania3.3
154S. Sudan3.3
155Central African Rep.3.1
156Burundi2.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
160Burundi160
161Rwanda161
162Congo, DR162
163Libya163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
86Azerbaijan86
87Uganda87
88Vietnam88
89Central African Rep.89
90Botswana90
91Guinea-Bissau91
92Burundi92
93Mozambique93
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
151N. Korea2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
145Libya145
146Croatia146
147UAE147
148Central African Rep.148
149Bosnia & Herzegovina149
150Seychelles150
151Sierra Leone151
152Afghanistan152
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
143Mauritania143
144Rwanda144
145Chad145
146Central African Rep.146
147El Salvador147
148Bahamas148
149Marshall Islands149
150Burundi150
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)43
Pos.Lower is better
Score43
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
134S. Sudan6.32
135Turkey6.53
136Cameroon6.62
137Central African Rep.6.62
138Mali6.65
139Libya6.77
140Egypt6.79
141Congo, DR7.04
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)44
Pos.Higher is better
%44
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
107Armenia-00.9
108Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.5
109Congo, (Brazzaville)-01.7
110Central African Rep.-01.7
111Albania-02.2
112Sierra Leone-02.4
113Trinidad & Tobago-02.6
114Jamaica-02.7
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
168Afghanistan37.7
169Pakistan37.5
170Angola37.4
171Central African Rep.36.4
172Niger35.7
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
175Madagascar33.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
112Ukraine1995 May 08
113Oman1995 May 09
114Cambodia1995 May 10
115Central African Rep.1995 Jun 13
116Mali1995 Jun 27
117Cape Verde1995 Jun 27
118Russia1995 Jul 04
119Guatemala1995 Oct 08
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)46
Pos.Higher is better
%46
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
34Nepal52.8%
35Chad52.8%
36Kenya52.1%
37Central African Rep.51.9%
38Belize50.6%
39Burkina Faso50.5%
40Dominican Rep.50.2%
41Thailand49.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)47
Pos.Higher is worse47
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
179Mali36.70
178S. Sudan36.20
177Congo, DR36.10
176Benin34.90
175Equatorial Guinea34.60
174Cameroon33.50
173Ivory Coast33.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)48
Pos.Lower is better
%48
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
145Botswana53.3
146Brazil53.3
147Mozambique54.0
148Lesotho54.2
149Central African Rep.56.2
150Zambia57.1
151Namibia59.1
152S. Africa63.0
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)49
Pos.Lower is better
Severity49
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
93Mozambique.411
94Madagascar.453
95Mali.457
96Central African Rep..465
97Ethiopia.489
98Burkina Faso.519
99Chad.533
100S. Sudan.580
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
66India3
67Angola2
68Chile2
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
72Indonesia2
73Paraguay1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below51:

Christian89.5%
Muslim8.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%. note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority52.

Links: