The Human Truth Foundation

Brazil (Federative Republic of Brazil)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#brazil #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Brazil
Federative Republic of Brazil
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBrasilia
Land Area8 459 420km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population198.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.75yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 145 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBR, BRA, 765
Internet Domain.br6
CurrencyReal (BRL)7
Telephone+558

1. Overview

#portugal

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverTropical islands, lush rainforests, marvelous cities and picture-perfect beaches set the scene for the great Brazilian adventure. One of the world´s most captivating places, Brazil is a country of powdery white-sand beaches, verdant rainforests and wild, rhythm-filled metropolises. Brazil´s attractions extend from frozen-in-time colonial towns to otherworldly landscapes of red-rock canyons, thundering waterfalls and coral-fringed tropical islands. Add to that Brazil´s biodiversity: legendary in scope, its diverse ecosystems boast the greatest collection of plant and animal species found on earth. There are countless places where you can spot iconic species in Brazil, including toucans, scarlet macaws, howler monkeys, capybara, pink dolphins and sea turtles.

Brazil offers big adventures for travel. There´s horseback riding and wildlife watching in the Pantanal, kayaking flooded forests in the Amazon, ascending rocky cliff tops to panoramic views, whale watching off the coast, surfing stellar

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Brazil National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
83Algeria83
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
57Moldova59.4
58S. Africa59.2
59Jamaica59.1
60Brazil59.1
61Trinidad & Tobago58.7
62Fiji58.5
63UAE58.3
64Panama57.9
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #Brazil #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
120Brazil19.9
121Argentina20.3
122Jamaica21.0
123Lebanon21.1
124Trinidad & Tobago21.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
180Namibia0.7%
181Ethiopia0.7%
182Tanzania0.7%
183Brazil0.7%
184Saudi Arabia0.7%
185Qatar0.7%
186Nigeria0.6%
187Maldives0.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
31Costa Rica1.81
32Qatar2.20
33Morocco2.20
34Brazil1.80
35Guyana2.21
36Netherlands1.79
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
167Guatemala0.4%
168Mongolia0.4%
169Papua New Guinea0.4%
170Brazil0.4%
171Angola0.3%
172Haiti0.3%
173Vanuatu0.3%
174Tunisia0.3%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
82Saudi Arabia74.44
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
4Indonesia244.8m
5Brazil198.4m
6Pakistan180.0m
7Nigeria166.6m
8Bangladesh152.4m
9Russia142.7m
10Japan126.4m
11Mexico116.1m
12Philippines96.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Brazil's population is predicted to rise to 220.49 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.80. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Brazil #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Brazil does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Brazil comes in the best 20 in LGBT equality18 (the highest in The Americas) despite the illiberal reign of self-proclaimed homophobic president Jair Bolsonaro19, fighting anti-semitic opinions20 (one of the lowest in The Americas) and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights21. It does better than average in terms of eliminating modern slavery22, the year from which women could participate in democracy23, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports24 (but bad for The Americas) and in fighting corruption25. Brazil does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26, its Global Peace Index rating27, opposing gender inequality28 and in supporting press freedom29. Some things are getting worse. Women are already poorly protected and abortion is far too heavily restricted and many women and girls must seek out illegal and unregulated abortion clinics - of the estimated 416,000 abortions in 2015, fewer than 1,700 were legal. In 2016 a congressional committee moved to prohibit abortion under any circumstances30. The police are involved in far too many unlawful killings and the mistreatment of detainees also seems to be increasing30.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Brazil #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
58Romania58
59Vietnam59
60Malawi60
61Brazil61
62Grenada62
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
65Austria65
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
47Japan47
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
51Dominican Rep.51
52Slovakia52
53UAE53
54Macedonia54
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Ecuador2.03
86Swaziland2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"27. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark27 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan27.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)32
Pos.Lower is better
Score32
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
75Ecuador2.46
76Kuwait2.49
77Malaysia2.50
78Brazil2.53
79Ivory Coast2.60
80Australia2.65
81Congo, (Brazzaville)2.69
82Ireland2.69
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #universalism

Religiosity (2009)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)34
Pos.Higher is better
%34
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below35:

Christian88.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)36.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Brazil37. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 28%. Some people don't know what to believe (19%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (6%). Also, 2% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 12% believe in reincarnation.

A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Brazil, identified themselves as Pentecostal Christians38. Due to its large population, there are more Catholics here than in any other country.

Freedom of Thought: The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)39, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their short entry for Brazil states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of conscience, religion or belief, which is guaranteed under Article 5 of the constitution. The law provides penalties of up to five years in prison for crimes of religious intolerance and enables courts to fine or imprison for two to five years anyone who displays, distributes, or broadcasts religiously intolerant material. It is illegal to write, edit, publish, or sell literature that promotes religious intolerance.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)40

On a similarly positive note, academics Grim & Finke state that "given that religious freedoms are assured and the government has no formal ties with any one religion, there are few incentives for the government to support violent acts against minority religions [and] violent religious persecution is rare and no single religion can lay claim to the authority or power of the state"41.

Of course in history, Christianity was not so restrained, and Brazil is infamous for the persecution of Jews in the 1600s (causing the first movement of Jews to New York in 165442.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Brazil #internet #it_security #politics #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)43
Pos.Lower is better43
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16S. Korea34
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
61Malaysia69%
62Greenland67%
63Portugal67%
64Brazil66%
65St Kitts & Nevis66%
66Dominica66%
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)45
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio45
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
19Australia14.6
20Trinidad & Tobago14.5
21Finland14.1
22Brazil13.9
23Netherlands10.5
24Czechia10.1
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
42Malaysia0.96
43Canada0.96
44Tajikistan1.01
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Brazil #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Brazil does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Brazil does better than average in terms of number of organ donors47, its suicide rate48, its immunizations take-up49, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31 and in its smoking rate50 (but high for The Americas). Brazil does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to the prevalence of overweight adults51, its alcohol consumption rate52 and in its adolescent birth rate28. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)52
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita52
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
113Norway7.5
114Kazakhstan7.7
115Congo, (Brazzaville)7.8
116Brazil7.8
117Panama7.9
118Japan8.0
119Montenegro8.0
120Malta8.1
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking53 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink54 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies55 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"56. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"57. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)47
Pos.Higher is better
pmp47
1Spain46.9058
2Portugal34.0158
3Belgium33.6258
...
20Sweden19.00
21Iceland17.30
22Switzerland17.20
23Brazil16.6059
24Denmark16.48
25Hungary16.21
26Luxembourg15.87
27Slovakia15.80
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
37Thailand37
38Pakistan38
39Portugal39
40Brazil40
41Iceland41
42El Salvador42
43Russia43
44Turkey44
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)51
Pos.Lower is better
%51
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
106Slovenia56.1
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
111Vanuatu57.1
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese60. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up61. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight61 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year62 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"63. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes64. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar65.

Smoking Rates (2014)50
Pos.Lower is better50
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
79Nicaragua 488
80Angola 489
81Honduras 489
82Brazil 492
83Senegal 504
84Pakistan 511
85Cape Verde 515
86Tajikistan 533
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)48
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k48
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
28Seychelles8.9
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
31Brazil9.7
32Colombia9.9
33Panama10.9
34Nicaragua11.6
35Costa Rica12.1
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Brazil #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100028
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)49
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %49
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
66
Pos.Lower is better66
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
109Brazil109
110Nicaragua110
111Togo111
112Belize112
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
116Ivory Coast116
117Panama117
118Colombia118
119Brazil119
120Honduras120
121Tanzania121
122Zimbabwe122
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
58Romania58
59Vietnam59
60Malawi60
61Brazil61
62Grenada62
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
47Japan47
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
51Dominican Rep.51
52Slovakia52
53UAE53
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
157Bahrain157
158Mauritania158
159Brunei159
160Algeria160
161Papua New Guinea161
162Brazil162
163Equatorial Guinea163
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2967
2Israel4.1167
3Japan3.5867
...
29Spain1.2267
30Russia1.1967
31New Zealand1.1768
32Brazil1.1569
33Malaysia1.1369
34Turkey1.0167
35Lithuania0.9570
36Poland0.9467
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)71
Pos.Higher is better71
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
23Iceland6.9
24S. Korea6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27El Salvador6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
80Costa Rica$14 006
81Palau$13 771
82Algeria$13 533
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)72
Pos.Higher is better72
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
66Egypt61.2
67Lebanon61.1
68Macedonia61.1
69Brazil60.7
70Sri Lanka60.6
71Equatorial Guinea60.4
72Mexico59.7
73Dominica59.4
q=180.
IQ (2006)73
Pos.Higher is better73
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
60Laos89
61Ecuador88
62Mexico88
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
q=138.