The Human Truth Foundation

Brazil (Federative Republic of Brazil)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Brazil

Brazil
Federative Republic of Brazil
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index67th best
CapitalBrasilia
Land Area18 459 420 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population2 198.36 million
Life Expectancy373.81yrs (2012)
GNI3$10 152
ISO3166-1 Codes4BR, BRA, 76
Internet Domain5.br
Currency6Real (BRL)
Telephone7+55

1. Overview

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Brazil National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
83St Vincent & Grenadines73.371.5
84Oman73.170.4
85Jamaica73.066.2
86Brazil73.063.2
87Armenia72.967.8
88St Lucia72.572.0
89Ecuador72.465.3
90Turkey72.258.8
91Colombia71.962.6
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
95Tonga71.067.7
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
64Serbia62.1
65Panama62.1
66Macedonia61.8
67Brazil61.7
68Fiji61.5
69Montenegro61.2
70Bhutan60.6
71Mexico60.3
72Mongolia60.1
73Dominican Rep.59.8
74Ukraine59.7
75Bosnia & Herzegovina59.0
76Belarus58.9
77Peru58.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
82Georgia73.9
83Colombia73.9
84Seychelles73.8
85Brazil73.8
86China73.7
87Jordan73.5
88Dominican Rep.73.6
89Mauritius73.5
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
31Costa Rica1.8
32Qatar2.2
33Morocco2.2
34Brazil1.8
35Guyana2.2
36Netherlands1.8
37Vietnam1.8
38Lebanon1.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
4Indonesia 244.77m135
5Brazil 198.36m23
6Pakistan 179.95m233
7Nigeria 166.63m183
8Bangladesh 152.41m1171
9Russia 142.7m9
10Japan 126.43m347
11Mexico 116.15m60
Data Source

Brazil's population is predicted to rise to 220.49 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.80.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
37Maldives1932
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Brazil1934
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
82El Salvador0.44
83Ecuador0.44
84Morocco0.44
85Brazil0.45
86Namibia0.45
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Brazil has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
81Peru1%
82Bolivia1%
83Panama1%
84Brazil1%
85Paraguay1%
86Venezuela1%
87UAE0%
88Ivory Coast0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
65Ivory Coast88%
66Panama88%
67Guatemala88%
68Zimbabwe88%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian88.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)10.

A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Brazil, identified themselves as Pentecostal Christians11.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Brazil states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of conscience, religion or belief, which is guaranteed under Article 5 of the constitution. The law provides penalties of up to five years in prison for crimes of religious intolerance and enables courts to fine or imprison for two to five years anyone who displays, distributes, or broadcasts religiously intolerant material. It is illegal to write, edit, publish, or sell literature that promotes religious intolerance.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
238Mali1.12
237British Virgin Islands1.08
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
233Canada0.96
232Malaysia0.96
231Saudi Arabia0.94
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
66Panama42.75
67Saudi Arabia41.00
68Seychelles40.77
69Brazil40.65
70Moldova40.12
71St Lucia40.06
72Romania40.02
73Turkey39.82
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions13
Country%13
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
15Norway15
16Ghana15
17Finland15
18Brazil16
19Singapore16
20Nigeria16
21Iceland16
22Uganda16
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
14
CountryValue14
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
105Zimbabwe92.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom15
CountryRank15
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
79Trinidad & Tobago79
80Bhutan79
81Benin79
82Brazil82
83Tajikistan83
84Nepal84
85Rwanda85
86Barbados85
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
82Montenegro2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Swaziland2.03
86Ecuador2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
62Iraq87
63Turkmenistan87
64Uzbekistan87
65Brazil87
66Azerbaijan87
67Bolivia87
68Philippines86
69Kuwait86
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
16Croatia22
17Italy22
18Belgium22
19Brazil21
20Bosnia & Herzegovina21
21Bolivia21
22France21
23Montenegro21
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
104Peru99.3
105Kyrgyzstan99.3
106Fiji99.3
107Brazil99.3
108Bolivia99.3
109Qatar99.3
110Panama99.3
111Israel99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2916
2Israel4.1116
3Japan3.5816
...
29Spain1.2216
30Russia1.1916
31New Zealand1.1717
32Brazil1.1518
33Malaysia1.1318
34Turkey1.0116
35Lithuania0.9519
36Poland0.9416
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
75Iran$10 695
76Montenegro$10 471
77Kazakhstan$10 451
78Brazil$10 152
79S. Africa$9 594
80Serbia$9 533
81Macedonia$9 377
82St Vincent & Grenadines$9 367
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
23Korea, S.6.9
24Iceland6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27Germany6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
58Georgia63.6
59USA63.5
60Paraguay63.5
61Brazil63.4
62Poland63.1
63Venezuela62.9
64Bulgaria62.5
65Israel62.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Nov 09
http://www.humantruth.info/brazil.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

Terence O. Ranger
(2008, Ed.) Evangelical Christianity And Democracy in Africa. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Part of the series of books on Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in the Global South (series editor Timothy Samuel Shah).

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Terence (2008) in the preface written by Timothy Shah.^
  12. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  13. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  14. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  15. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  16. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  17. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2013.^

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