The Human Truth Foundation

Brazil (Federative Republic of Brazil)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

#brazil #pentecostalism

Brazil
Federative Republic of Brazil
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index51st best
CapitalBrasilia
Land Area8 459 420km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population198.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.75yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 145 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBR, BRA, 765
Internet Domain.br6
CurrencyReal (BRL)7
Telephone+558

1. Overview

#portugal

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than a half century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverTropical islands, lush rainforests, marvelous cities and picture-perfect beaches set the scene for the great Brazilian adventure. One of the world´s most captivating places, Brazil is a country of powdery white-sand beaches, verdant rainforests and wild, rhythm-filled metropolises. Brazil´s attractions extend from frozen-in-time colonial towns to otherworldly landscapes of red-rock canyons, thundering waterfalls and coral-fringed tropical islands. Add to that Brazil´s biodiversity: legendary in scope, its diverse ecosystems boast the greatest collection of plant and animal species found on earth. There are countless places where you can spot iconic species in Brazil, including toucans, scarlet macaws, howler monkeys, capybara, pink dolphins and sea turtles.

Brazil offers big adventures for travel. There´s horseback riding and wildlife watching in the Pantanal, kayaking flooded forests in the Amazon, ascending rocky cliff tops to panoramic views, whale watching off the coast, surfing stellar

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Brazil National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
81Bosnia & Herzegovina81
82Macedonia82
83Algeria83
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
48St Vincent & Grenadines61.4
49Bhutan61.3
50Trinidad & Tobago61.1
51Brazil61.0
52Greece60.6
53Albania60.4
54Monaco60.2
55Andorra60.0
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
120Brazil19.9
121Argentina20.3
122Jamaica21.0
123Lebanon21.1
124Trinidad & Tobago21.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
180Namibia0.7
181Ethiopia0.7
182Tanzania0.7
183Brazil0.7
184Saudi Arabia0.7
185Qatar0.7
186Nigeria0.6
187Maldives0.6
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
31Costa Rica1.81
32Qatar2.20
33Morocco2.20
34Brazil1.80
35Guyana2.21
36Netherlands1.79
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
167Guatemala0.4
168Mongolia0.4
169Papua New Guinea0.4
170Brazil0.4
171Angola0.3
172Haiti0.3
173Vanuatu0.3
174Tunisia0.3
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
82Saudi Arabia74.44
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
4Indonesia244.8m
5Brazil198.4m
6Pakistan180.0m
7Nigeria166.6m
8Bangladesh152.4m
9Russia142.7m
10Japan126.4m
11Mexico116.1m
12Philippines96.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Brazil's population is predicted to rise to 220.49 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.80. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
89Colombia0.39
90S. Africa0.39
91Kyrgyzstan0.39
92Brazil0.41
93Jamaica0.42
94Algeria0.43
95Botswana0.44
96Philippines0.44
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Turkey1934
41Brazil1934
42Cuba1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Brazil has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #buddhism #christianity #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #universalism

Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better
%20
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better21
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below22:

Christian88.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated7.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)23.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Brazil24. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 28%. Some people don't know what to believe (19%). Some believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (6%). Also, 2% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 12% believe in reincarnation.

A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Brazil, identified themselves as Pentecostal Christians25. Due to its large population, there are more Catholics here than in any other country.

Freedom of Thought: The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their short entry for Brazil states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of conscience, religion or belief, which is guaranteed under Article 5 of the constitution. The law provides penalties of up to five years in prison for crimes of religious intolerance and enables courts to fine or imprison for two to five years anyone who displays, distributes, or broadcasts religiously intolerant material. It is illegal to write, edit, publish, or sell literature that promotes religious intolerance.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)26

On a similarly positive note, academics Grim & Finke state that "given that religious freedoms are assured and the government has no formal ties with any one religion, there are few incentives for the government to support violent acts against minority religions [and] violent religious persecution is rare and no single religion can lay claim to the authority or power of the state"27.

Of course in history, Christianity was not so restrained, and Brazil is infamous for the persecution of Jews in the 1600s (causing the first movement of Jews to New York in 165428.

Links:

6. The Internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)
Lower is better
29
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16Korea, S.34
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
30
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
61Malaysia69%
62Greenland67%
63Portugal67%
64Brazil66%
65St Kitts & Nevis66%
66Dominica66%
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio31
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
19Australia14.6
20Trinidad & Tobago14.5
21Finland14.1
22Brazil13.9
23Netherlands10.5
24Czech Rep.10.1
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
32
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
42Malaysia0.96
43Canada0.96
44Tajikistan1.01
45Brazil1.02
46Indonesia1.05
47British Virgin Islands1.08
48Mali1.12
49France1.13
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
132S. Sudan65.9
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita33
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
134Botswana8.4
135Cameroon8.4
136Belize8.5
137Brazil8.7
138Montenegro8.7
139Sierra Leone8.7
140Paraguay8.8
141Venezuela8.9
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %34
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
35
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
79Nicaragua 488
80Angola 489
81Honduras 489
82Brazil 492
83Senegal 504
84Pakistan 511
85Cape Verde 515
86Tajikistan 533
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k36
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
28Seychelles8.9
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
31Brazil9.7
32Colombia9.9
33Panama10.9
34Nicaragua11.6
35Costa Rica12.1
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties37
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
16Croatia22
17Belgium22
18Austria22
19Brazil21
20Montenegro21
21Guatemala21
22Mali21
23Azerbaijan21
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank38
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
79Trinidad & Tobago79
80Bhutan79
81Benin79
82Brazil82
83Tajikistan83
84Nepal84
85Barbados85
86Rwanda85
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
39
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
104Peru3187
105Kyrgyzstan3220
106Fiji3269
107Brazil3275
108Bolivia3280
109Qatar3286
110Panama3295
111Montenegro3297
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions
Lower is better

%40
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
15Norway15
16Ghana15
17Finland15
18Brazil16
19Singapore16
20Nigeria16
21Iceland16
22Uganda16
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
41
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
42
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
80Nepal2.00
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Ecuador2.03
86Swaziland2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
29Spain1.22
30Russia1.19
31New Zealand1.17
32Brazil1.15
33Malaysia1.13
34Turkey1.01
35Lithuania0.95
36Poland0.94
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
43
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
23Iceland6.9
24Korea, S.6.9
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27El Salvador6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
80Costa Rica$14 006
81Palau$13 771
82Algeria$13 533
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
44
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
58Georgia63.6
59USA63.5
60Paraguay63.5
61Brazil63.4
62Poland63.1
63Venezuela62.9
64Bulgaria62.5
65Israel62.4
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score45
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
9Norway210
10Andorra210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
15Mexico168
16Luxembourg165
q=211.
IQ (2006)
Higher is better46
1Singapore108
2Hong Kong108
3Korea, S.106
...
62Mexico88
63Bolivia87
64Uzbekistan87
65Brazil87
66Azerbaijan87
67Iraq87
68Turkmenistan87
69Indonesia87
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 17
http://www.humantruth.info/brazil.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#afterlife #brazil #buddhism #christianity #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #pentecostalism #portugal #universalism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Grim & Finke. Dr Grim is senior researcher in religion and world affairs at the Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C, USA. Finke is Professor of Sociology and Religious Studies at the Pennsylvania State University.
(2011) The Price of Freedom Denied. E-book. Subtitled: "Religious Persecution and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century". Amazon Kindle digital edition. Published by Cambridge University Press, UK.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Ipsos-NA. Ipsos-North America.
(2011) Supreme Being(s), the Afterlife and Evolution. Ipsos press release page, link to raw data. Accessed 2017 May 29. The poll was conducted in 23 developed and mostly rich countries - it would be unwise to use their irresponsibly extrapolated data on "global beliefs", but their data on individual countries is still good..

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

Terence O. Ranger
(2008, Ed.) Evangelical Christianity And Democracy in Africa. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Part of the series of books on Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in the Global South (series editor Timothy Samuel Shah).

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Brazil" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Gallup (2009) .^
  21. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  22. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  23. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  24. Ipsos (2011) .^
  25. Terence (2008) in the preface written by Timothy Shah.^
  26. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  27. Grim (2011) digital location 2634,2707.^
  28. Grim (2011) digital location 2649.^
  29. Freedom House publication "Freedom on the Net 2012" at www.freedomhouse.org/.../FOTN%202012%20-%20Tables%20and%20Charts%20FINAL.pdf accessed 2013 Feb 05.^
  30. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  31. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  32. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  33. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  34. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  35. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  36. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  37. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  38. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  39. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  40. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  41. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  42. ^
  43. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  44. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  45. Higher is better. Sources:^
  46. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

©2017 Vexen Crabtree all rights reserved.
This site uses the HTF Disclaimer (as linked here)