The Human Truth Foundation

Lebanon (Lebanese Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#lebanon

Lebanon
Lebanese Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index103rd best
CapitalBeirut
Land Area 10 230km21
LocationAsia, The Mediterranean, The Middle East
Population6.9m2
Life Expectancy79.54yrs (2017)3
GNI$13 312 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLB, LBN, 4225
Internet Domain.lb6
CurrencyPound (LBP)7
Telephone+9618

1. Overview

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French separated out the region of Lebanon in 1920, and granted this area independence in 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-90) devastated the country, but Lebanon has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, Lebanon has conducted several successful elections. Most militias have been reduced or disbanded, with the exception of Hizballah, designated by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and Palestinian militant groups. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 and the passage in September 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 22 others in February 2005 led to massive demonstrations in Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces in April 2005. In May-June 2005, Lebanon held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. In July 2006, Hizballah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers leading to a 34-day conflict with Israel in which approximately 1,200 Lebanese civilians were killed. UNSCR 1701 ended the war in August 2006, and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) deployed throughout the country for the first time in decades, charged with securing Lebanon's borders against weapons smuggling and maintaining a weapons-free zone in south Lebanon with the help of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The LAF in May-September 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam in the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp, winning a decisive victory, but destroying the camp and displacing 30,000 Palestinian residents. Lebanese politicians in November 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum until the election of LAF Commander Gen. Michel SULAYMAN in May 2008 and the formation of a new unity government in July 2008. Legislative elections in June 2009 again produced victory for the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, but a period of prolonged negotiation over the composition of the cabinet ensued. A national unity government was finally formed in November 2009 and approved by the National Assembly the following month. Inspired by the popular revolts that began in late 2010 against dictatorships across the Middle East and North Africa, marches and demonstrations in Lebanon were directed instead against sectarian politics. Although the protests gained some traction, they were limited in size and unsuccessful in changing the system. Opposition politicians collapsed the national unity government under Prime Minister Sa'ad HARIRI in February 2011. After several months in caretaker status, the government named Najib MIQATI Prime Minister.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverLebanon is one of the most vibrant and most complicated societies on earth, grafted onto one of the Middle East´s most beautiful regions. Its name is a byword for conflict but Lebanon, the original land of milk and honey, is a friendly, welcoming and culturally rich country with one slipper in the Arab world and one Jimmy Choo planted firmly in the West. Its mosaic of peoples has coexisted here for centuries, often at war, more often at peace. It´s home to a bubbling-hot nightlife in Beirut, a notorious Hezbollah (Party of God) headquarters in backwater Baalbek, a fistful of flash ski resorts, and a dozen cramped Palestinian refugee camps.

Hike the Qadisha Valley and it´s hard to imagine that a conflict has ever existed here; wander past the pockmarked shell of Beirut´s Holiday Inn and you´ll wonder if there will ever be lasting peace. Lebanon is chaotic and fascinating - scarred by decades of civil war, invasions and terrorist attacks, yet blessed with mountain vistas, ancient ruins and a people who are resilient, indomitable and renowned for their hospitality. Heed travel warnings but don´t miss the compelling and confusing wonders of Lebanon.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Lebanon National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
79Brazil79
80Grenada79
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
81Palau$13 771
82Algeria$13 533
83China$13 345
84Lebanon$13 312
85Colombia$12 762
86Dominican Rep.$12 756
87Macedonia$12 405
88Serbia$12 202
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
100Oman89.1
101Bahamas89.3
102Paraguay89.4
103Lebanon89.6
104Ghana90.1
105Bahrain90.2
106Belize91.7
107Tajikistan91.9
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Lebanon's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Lebanon's population is predicted to fall to 4 701 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.77. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
104Laos7.1m
105Bulgaria7.1m
106Paraguay7.0m
107Lebanon6.9m
108Libya6.7m
109Nicaragua6.5m
110El Salvador6.4m
111Kyrgyzstan6.3m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czechia78.78
39Qatar78.32
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
35Guyana2.21
36Netherlands1.79
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
39Mexico2.25
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
120Brazil19.9
121Argentina20.3
122Jamaica21.0
123Lebanon21.1
124Trinidad & Tobago21.9
125Bahamas22.4
126Costa Rica22.6
127Israel22.9
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
13Jordan33.3%
14Nauru32.7%
15Lebanon31.9%
16Switzerland29.6%
17Australia28.8%
18Antigua & Barbuda28.1%
19Brunei25.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
39Belize16.1%
40Azerbaijan16.0%
41Bulgaria16.0%
42Lebanon15.6%
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
44Seychelles14.6%
45New Zealand14.5%
46Ukraine14.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #lebanon #politics #tolerance

Lebanon is very poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world, and it has cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Lebanon does better than average in speed of uptake of HR treaties19. But unfortunately Lebanon gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average for commentary in Human Rights Watch reports20, opposing gender inequality21, supporting press freedom22 (still good for Asia), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23, its nominal commitment to Human Rights24 and in LGBT equality25. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice26. "Lebanese authorities continue to prosecute individuals for peaceful use of freespeech"; in 2017 soldiers beat up protestors27. The Armed Forces and Security Forces use torture. Social progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 1% hold 23% of the country's entire income28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Lebanon's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Lebanon #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)29,30
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank29,30
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
91Sudan91.7
92Libya91.9
93Costa Rica91.9
94Lebanon92.3
95Georgia92.4
96Rwanda92.4
97Mongolia92.5
98Ethiopia92.9
99Latvia93.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives29. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea29.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe29, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia29.

Health:

Lebanon does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Lebanon does better than average in its average life expectancy12, its alcohol consumption rate31, its adolescent birth rate21, its fertility rate15 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32. Lebanon does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its immunizations take-up33. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its smoking rate34 (the highest in Asia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czechia78.78
39Qatar78.32
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
33Mali1.3
34Solomon Islands1.4
35Tonga1.5
36Lebanon1.5
37Chad1.6
38Tuvalu1.7
39Madagascar1.9
40Tunisia1.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
35Guyana2.21
36Netherlands1.79
37Vietnam1.77
38Lebanon1.77
39Mexico2.25
40Sri Lanka2.26
41Armenia1.74
42Kuwait2.27
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
177Slovenia2 637
176Belgium2 353
175Luxembourg2 284
174China2 250
173Bosnia & Herzegovina2 233
172Czechia2 194
171Kazakhstan2 157
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
60Guinea60
61Sierra Leone61
62Honduras62
63Lebanon63
64Lithuania64
65Cambodia65
66Georgia66
67Belarus67
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
173Turkey66.8
174Libya66.8
175UAE67.8
176Lebanon67.9
177USA67.9
178Jordan69.6
179Saudi Arabia69.7
180Qatar71.7
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
38Qatar10.7
39Lithuania11.0
40Montenegro12.2
41Lebanon12.4
42Estonia13.1
43Poland13.4
44Bahrain13.5
45Malaysia13.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
157Guinea-Bissau80.1
158Tonga80.0
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
162Gabon78.7
163Micronesia78.2
164Philippines77.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Lebanon's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #religion #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
91Grenada70.5
92Cuba71.2
93Jordan71.8
94Lebanon71.9
95Mauritius72.0
96Venezuela72.3
97Belize72.7
98Brunei73.0
99Philippines74.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
99Libya57.4%
100Dominican Rep.56.6%
101Uruguay56.0%
102Lebanon54.9%
103Portugal54.2%
104Turkey53.1%
105Costa Rica52.9%
106Colombia52.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better
Years38
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
143Swaziland11.4
144Cambodia11.3
145Burundi11.3
146Lebanon11.3
147Nauru11.3
148Uganda11.2
149Comoros11.2
150Bangladesh11.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
65Jordan65
66Namibia66
67India67
68Lebanon68
69Senegal69
70China70
71Burundi71
72Tunisia72
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)39
Pos.Higher is better
Score39
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
62Indonesia1186
63Brazil1185
64Peru1182
65Lebanon1129
66Tunisia1114
67Macedonia1107
68Kosovo1087
69Algeria1086
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)40
Pos.Lower is better
%40
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
68Panama88
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
91Syria83
92India82
93Bangladesh82
94Lebanon82
95Dominican Rep.82
96Madagascar82
97Egypt81
98Honduras81
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
41Chile78%
42Lithuania77%
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
45Croatia74%
46Hong Kong74%
47Cayman Islands74%
48Macau73%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)43
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio43
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
163Suriname0.0
164Grenada0.0
165Gabon0.0
166Lebanon0.0
167St Lucia0.0
168Dominica0.0
169Cuba0.0
170St Vincent & Grenadines0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
86Nicaragua73.5
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)45
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score45
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
132Nepal28.6
133Azerbaijan28.6
134Madagascar28.4
135Lebanon28.2
136Russia28.2
137Kazakhstan28.0
138Nicaragua27.6
139Iran27.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
85Morocco5.3
86China5.2
87Azerbaijan5.2
88Lebanon5.2
89Macedonia5.2
90Jordan5.2
91Nigeria5.2
92Kyrgyzstan5.1
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
63Israel63
64Mexico64
65S. Africa65
66Lebanon66
67USA67
68Guyana68
69Bosnia & Herzegovina69
70Tonga70
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
28Trinidad & Tobago28
29Timor-Leste (E. Timor)29
30Burkina Faso30
31Lebanon31
32Barbados32
33Mongolia33
34Spain34
35UK35
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
132Philippines2.42
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.45
135Lebanon2.46
136Ethiopia2.50
137Burundi2.52
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
150Seychelles150
151Sierra Leone151
152Afghanistan152
153Lebanon153
154Liberia154
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
73Guinea-Bissau73
74Albania74
75Botswana75
76Lebanon76
77Bahrain77
78Sri Lanka78
79Algeria79
80Ecuador80
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
107Germany4.25
108Lebanon4.40
109China4.47
110S. Africa4.51
111Israel4.53
112Iran4.72
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
57Uzbekistan05.7
58New Zealand05.1
59Slovenia05.1
60Lebanon04.8
61Gabon04.5
62Ukraine04.1
63Croatia03.8
64Iraq03.3
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
64Peru61.9
65Montenegro61.3
66Egypt61.2
67Lebanon61.1
68Macedonia61.1
69Brazil60.7
70Sri Lanka60.6
71Equatorial Guinea60.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
49Macedonia10.00
50Croatia10.00
51France09.90
52Lebanon09.90
53Hungary09.80
54Latvia09.80
55Poland09.71
56Argentina09.35
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
105Congo, DR1995 Mar 03
106Equatorial Guinea1995 Mar 06
107Sierra Leone1995 Mar 12
108Lebanon1995 Mar 15
109Jamaica1995 Apr 06
110Lesotho1995 Apr 10
111Panama1995 Apr 17
112Ukraine1995 May 08
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)52
Pos.Higher is better
%52
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
30Ecuador57.2%
31Portugal55.8%
32Hong Kong54.8%
33Lebanon54.3%
34Nepal52.8%
35Chad52.8%
36Kenya52.1%
37Central African Rep.51.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)53
Pos.Higher is worse53
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
63Kazakhstan7.70
62Brunei7.60
61Ukraine7.40
60Lebanon7.40
59Albania7.20
58Costa Rica7.10
57Russia7.10
56Sri Lanka7.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)54
Pos.Lower is better
%54
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
28Germany31.7
29Egypt31.8
30Ireland31.8
31Lebanon31.8
32Montenegro31.9
33Japan32.1
34Mongolia32.3
35Switzerland32.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)40
Pos.Lower is better
%40
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
68Panama88
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
59Argentina4
60Georgia4
61Uzbekistan4
62Lebanon3
63Congo, (Brazzaville)3
64Poland3
65Jamaica3
66India3
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below56:

Christian38.3%
Muslim61.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3%. note: 17 religious sects recognized57.

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