The Human Truth Foundation

Lebanon (Lebanese Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB

#Lebanon

Lebanon
Lebanese Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index124th best
CapitalBeirut
Land Area1 10 230 km2
LocationAsia, Mediterranean, Middle East
Population24.292 million
Life Expectancy372.826yrs (2012)
GNI3$12 364
ISO3166-1 Codes4LB, LBN, 422
Internet Domain5.lb
Currency6Pound (LBP)
Telephone7+961

1. Overview

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French separated out the region of Lebanon in 1920, and granted this area independence in 1943. A lengthy civil war (1975-90) devastated the country, but Lebanon has since made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater voice in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, Lebanon has conducted several successful elections. Most militias have been reduced or disbanded, with the exception of Hizballah, designated by the US State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and Palestinian militant groups. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000 and the passage in September 2004 of UNSCR 1559 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces. The assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI and 22 others in February 2005 led to massive demonstrations in Beirut against the Syrian presence ("the Cedar Revolution"), and Syria withdrew the remainder of its military forces in April 2005. In May-June 2005, Lebanon held its first legislative elections since the end of the civil war free of foreign interference, handing a majority to the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, the slain prime minister's son. In July 2006, Hizballah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers leading to a 34-day conflict with Israel in which approximately 1,200 Lebanese civilians were killed. UNSCR 1701 ended the war in August 2006, and Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) deployed throughout the country for the first time in decades, charged with securing Lebanon's borders against weapons smuggling and maintaining a weapons-free zone in south Lebanon with the help of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). The LAF in May-September 2007 battled Sunni extremist group Fatah al-Islam in the Nahr al-Barid Palestinian refugee camp, winning a decisive victory, but destroying the camp and displacing 30,000 Palestinian residents. Lebanese politicians in November 2007 were unable to agree on a successor to Emile LAHUD when he stepped down as president, creating a political vacuum until the election of LAF Commander Gen. Michel SULAYMAN in May 2008 and the formation of a new unity government in July 2008. Legislative elections in June 2009 again produced victory for the bloc led by Sa'ad HARIRI, but a period of prolonged negotiation over the composition of the cabinet ensued. A national unity government was finally formed in November 2009 and approved by the National Assembly the following month. Inspired by the popular revolts that began in late 2010 against dictatorships across the Middle East and North Africa, marches and demonstrations in Lebanon were directed instead against sectarian politics. Although the protests gained some traction, they were limited in size and unsuccessful in changing the system. Opposition politicians collapsed the national unity government under Prime Minister Sa'ad HARIRI in February 2011. After several months in caretaker status, the government named Najib MIQATI Prime Minister.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Lebanon National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
70Albania74.969.5
71Venezuela74.866.0
72St Kitts & Nevis74.573.5
73Lebanon74.573.7
74Dominica74.571.1
75Georgia74.572.9
76Iran74.257.9
77Peru74.164.5
78Ukraine74.070.0
79Macedonia74.072.6
80Mauritius73.764.1
81Bosnia & Herzegovina73.573.1
82Azerbaijan73.469.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
121Oman52.1
122Bolivia52.1
123Bahrain52.1
124Lebanon52.0
125Morocco51.8
126Tajikistan51.6
127Laos51.2
128Korea, N.51.1
129Lesotho50.5
130Kenya50.4
131Ghana50.3
132Indonesia50.2
133Kiribati50.1
134Tuvalu50.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
97Iran73.2
98Oman73.2
99Palestine73
100Lebanon72.8
101Antigua & Barbuda72.8
102Paraguay72.7
103Samoa72.7
104Tonga72.5
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
35Guyana2.2
36Netherlands1.8
37Vietnam1.8
38Lebanon1.8
39Mexico2.2
40Sri Lanka2.3
41Armenia1.7
42Kuwait2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
121New Zealand4.461m17
122Croatia4.387m78
123Georgia4.304m62
124Lebanon4.292m420
125Palestine4.271m
126Liberia4.245m44
127Congo, (Brazzaville)4.233m12
Data Source

Lebanon's population is predicted to rise to 4.701 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.77.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
91Greece1952
92Bolivia1952
93Ivory Coast1952
94Lebanon1952
95Guyana1953
96Mexico1953
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
75Sri Lanka0.40
76Rwanda0.41
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
79Belize0.43
80Myanmar (Burma)0.44
81Georgia0.44
82El Salvador0.44
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Lebanon and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Lebanon has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
63India3%
64Poland3%
65Jamaica3%
66Lebanon3%
67Turkmenistan2%
68Tajikistan2%
69Chile2%
70Angola2%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
64Brazil87%
65Ivory Coast88%
66Panama88%
67Guatemala88%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian38.3%
Muslim61.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 99.7% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (3%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3%. note: 17 religious sects recognized10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
87Belarus32.05
88Suriname31.57
89Mexico31.05
90Lebanon31.00
91Cape Verde30.00
92Guyana29.88
93Ecuador29.00
94Mauritius28.73
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
86Nicaragua73.5
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
91Kazakhstan79.75
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
132Philippines2.41
133Ivory Coast2.42
134Mexico2.44
135Lebanon2.46
136Ethiopia2.50
137Burundi2.52
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
91Bangladesh82
92Dominican Rep.82
93India82
94Lebanon82
95Egypt81
96Nicaragua81
97Honduras81
98El Salvador80
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
135Afghanistan13
136Gambia13
137Central African Rep.12
138Lebanon12
139Israel12
140Kuwait12
141Angola12
142Dominica12
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
97Mongolia99.3
98Mali99.3
99Georgia99.3
100Lebanon99.3
101Albania99.3
102Maldives99.3
103Uganda99.3
104Peru99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
65Mexico$12 947
66Gabon$12 521
67St Kitts & Nevis$12 460
68Lebanon$12 364
69Venezuela$11 475
70Bulgaria$11 474
71Palau$11 463
72Romania$11 011
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
73Albania5.3
74Turkey5.3
75Indonesia5.2
76Lebanon5.2
77Algeria5.2
78Belarus5.2
79Portugal5.2
80Morocco5.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
86Ukraine58.2
87Belgium58.1
88Jamaica58.0
89Lebanon57.9
90Sao Tome & Principe57.3
91Kazakhstan57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
148Maldives-20
149Korea, N.-20
150Swaziland-30
151Lebanon-30
152Ethiopia-30
153Somalia-30
154Uzbekistan-30
155Zimbabwe-30
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/lebanon.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

©2017. All rights reserved.