The Human Truth Foundation

Hungary (Republic of Hungary)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#hungary

Hungary
Republic of Hungary
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index24th best
CapitalBudapest
Land Area 90 530km21
LocationEurope
Population9.7m2
Life Expectancy75.31yrs (2017)3
GNI$23 394 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesHU, HUN, 3485
Internet Domain.hu6
CurrencyForint (HUF)7
Telephone+368

1. Overview

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverHungary has always marched to a different drummer - speaking a language, preparing dishes and drinking wines like no others. It´s Europe at its most exotic. A short hop from Vienna, this land of Franz Liszt and Béla Bartók, paprika-lashed dishes and the romantic Danube River continues to enchant visitors. The allure of Budapest, once an imperial city, is obvious at first sight, and it also boasts the hottest nightlife in the region. Other cities, too, like Pécs, the warm heart of the south, and Eger, the wine capital of the north, have much to offer travellers, as does the sprawling countryside, particularly the Great Plain, where cowboys ride and cattle roam.

And where else can you laze about in an open-air thermal spa while snow patches glisten around you? In Hungary you´ll find all the glamour, excitement and fun of Western Europe - at half the cost.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Hungary National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
40Slovakia40
41Portugal41
42UAE42
43Hungary43
44Latvia44
45Croatia45
46Argentina45
47Bahrain47
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
46Malaysia$24 620
47Poland$24 117
48Seychelles$23 886
49Hungary$23 394
50Russia$23 286
51Latvia$22 589
52St Kitts & Nevis$22 436
53Kazakhstan$22 093
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
21S. Korea45.0
22Italy45.1
23Slovenia47.2
24Hungary48.0
25Czechia49.0
26Portugal50.7
27Estonia51.1
28Poland52.8
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Hungary's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Hungary's population is predicted to fall to 9 644 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.42. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
88Sweden10.0m
89Jordan10.0m
90Azerbaijan9.9m
91Hungary9.7m
92UAE9.6m
93Honduras9.6m
94Belarus9.5m
95Tajikistan9.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
63Bahamas75.56
64Macedonia75.53
65Turkey75.53
66Hungary75.31
67Nicaragua75.21
68St Lucia75.20
69Serbia75.05
70Sri Lanka75.05
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
100Poland1.40
101Nepal2.60
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
148Norway32.2
149Iceland32.5
150Serbia32.7
151Hungary32.9
152Romania33.6
153USA33.8
154New Zealand34.9
155UK35.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
80Turkey6.0%
81Syria5.5%
82Thailand5.2%
83Hungary5.2%
84Palestine5.2%
85Argentina4.9%
86Panama4.7%
87Tonga4.6%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
113Iraq4.9%
114Denmark4.7%
115Yemen4.7%
116Hungary4.6%
117Colombia4.6%
118Sierra Leone4.6%
119Philippines4.6%
120Egypt4.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #Hungary #politics #tolerance

Hungary performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. Hungary does better than average when it comes to LGBT equality19, its nominal commitment to Human Rights20, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (but bad for Europe), speed of uptake of HR treaties22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23 (but bad for Europe), opposing gender inequality24 (but high for Europe) and in supporting press freedom25 (but high for Europe). Hungary does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice26. In 2017 Feb, "the UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders raised concerns about the government´s continued stigmatization of human rights defenders"27 and the European Parliament "adopted a resolution characterizing the human rights situation as one that risked breaching EU values and calling for action under article 7 of the EU treaty27".

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Hungary's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #Hungary #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
49Slovakia80.1
50Israel80.8
51UK80.9
52Hungary81.0
53Brazil81.0
54Macedonia81.5
55Malta81.6
56Poland82.5
57Albania82.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Hungary does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Hungary performs the best for its immunizations take-up30. It comes in the best 20 for its fertility rate15. It does better than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its adolescent birth rate24 (but high for Europe) and in its average life expectancy12 (but bad for Europe). Hungary does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its alcohol consumption rate32. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in its suicide rate33 (amongst the worst in Europe) and in its smoking rate34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
63Bahamas75.56
64Macedonia75.53
65Turkey75.53
66Hungary75.31
67Nicaragua75.21
68St Lucia75.20
69Serbia75.05
70Sri Lanka75.05
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
163Belarus11.2
164Andorra11.3
165Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167UK11.5
168Gabon11.5
169Slovakia11.5
170Switzerland11.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
94Germany1.44
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
100Poland1.40
101Nepal2.60
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)34
Pos.Higher is worse34
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
166Jordan1 855
165Ukraine1 854
164Estonia1 775
163Hungary1 759
162Japan1 713
161Croatia1 709
160Cyprus1 688
159Serbia1 644
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)33
Pos.
Per 100k33
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
82Ukraine44.8
83Latvia48.2
84Japan49.4
85Hungary50.6
86Kazakhstan52.4
87Guyana52.4
88Belarus57.5
89S. Korea62
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
30Nicaragua30
31Armenia31
32Bangladesh32
33Hungary33
34Macedonia34
35India35
36Fiji36
37Thailand37
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
144Dominican Rep.61.2
145Syria61.4
146Spain61.6
147Hungary61.6
148Costa Rica61.6
149Tunisia61.6
150Iran61.6
151Bulgaria61.7
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
56Kiribati17.2
57Macedonia17.6
58Uzbekistan17.7
59Hungary18.0
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Hungary's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #politics #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
18Slovenia19.5
19Canada20.4
20Singapore21.1
21Hungary21.2
22S. Korea21.5
23Hong Kong21.6
24France22.0
25Luxembourg22.2
26USA24.7
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
22Canada1.6137
23Ireland1.5237
24Estonia1.4337
25Hungary1.3737
26Italy1.2937
27Portugal1.2837
28Luxembourg1.2637
29Spain1.2237
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
13Georgia98.0%
14Slovenia97.6%
15Armenia97.2%
16Hungary97.2%
17Palau97.1%
18New Zealand96.9%
19Switzerland96.5%
20Moldova96.4%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better
Years39
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
48Japan15.2
49Albania15.2
50Barbados15.2
51Hungary15.1
52San Marino15.1
53Tunisia15.1
54Ukraine15.1
55Montenegro15.0
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
6Austria6
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
12New Zealand12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Score40
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
35Iceland1443
36Croatia1426
37Lithuania1425
38Hungary1424
39Israel1416
40Argentina140641
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
28Denmark98
29USA98
30Latvia98
31Hungary98
32Ukraine97
33Russia97
34Belarus97
35Moldova96
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
35Austria81%
36Ireland81%
37Barbados80%
38Hungary80%
39Kuwait80%
40Malta80%
41Chile78%
42Lithuania77%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
Freedom On The Internet (2012)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9S. Africa26
10Argentina26
11Ukraine27
12Brazil27
World Avg46.7
q=47.
IT Security (2013)46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
10Philippines0.24
11Czechia0.24
12Argentina0.27
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)47
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio47
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
27Austria7.5
28Hungary7.4
29Guatemala6.9
30Saudi Arabia6.8
31Vietnam5.9
32Slovenia5.4
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
117Mauritania101.25
118Jordan102
119Japan102
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)49
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score49
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
48Latvia54.0
49Mauritius54.0
50Rwanda52.6
51Hungary52.4
52Georgia52.4
53Czechia51.8
54Malaysia50.0
55Namibia50.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
66Kosovo5.7
67Moldova5.6
68Turkmenistan5.6
69Hungary5.6
70Libya5.6
71Philippines5.5
72Honduras5.5
73Turkey5.5
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
16Slovenia16
17Latvia17
18Barbados18
19Hungary19
20Slovakia20
21Poland21
22Norway22
23Lithuania23
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
20Nicaragua20
21Portugal21
22Moldova22
23Hungary23
24Jordan24
25Mauritius25
26Zimbabwe26
27Canada27
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
14Singapore14
15Colombia15
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
19Chile19
20Kazakhstan20
21Thailand21
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
40Malaysia40
41Montenegro41
42Iceland42
43Hungary43
44Kenya44
45Serbia45
46Bolivia46
47Japan47
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)52
Pos.Lower is better
Score52
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
29New Zealand0.14
30Uruguay0.17
31Dominican Rep.0.18
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
36Macedonia0.30
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
32Bulgaria17.1
33Thailand17.1
34Chile16.2
35Hungary14.0
36Morocco13.7
37UK13.2
38Denmark12.6
39Lithuania12.1
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
47Uruguay64.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
50Croatia10.00
51France09.90
52Lebanon09.90
53Hungary09.80
54Latvia09.80
55Poland09.71
56Argentina09.35
57Pakistan09.26
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
46Samoa1994 May 10
47India1994 May 19
48Paraguay1994 May 25
49Hungary1994 May 25
50Brazil1994 May 29
51Cuba1994 Jun 06
52Namibia1997 Aug 14
53Sri Lanka1994 Jun 21
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
71Sierra Leone38.6%
72France38.4%
73Mongolia38.4%
74Hungary38.0%
75Mauritania38.0%
76Croatia37.8%
77Cambodia37.1%
78Namibia36.6%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)57
Pos.Higher is worse57
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
33New Zealand4.30
32Poland4.30
31Croatia4.30
30Hungary4.20
29UK4.10
28Germany3.80
27France3.80
26Austria3.70
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)58
Pos.Lower is better
%58
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
19Sweden29.2
20Malta29.4
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#afterlife #belief #buddhism #christianity #god #heaven #hell #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_hungary #universalism

Religiosity (2009)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
10Belarus34
11Latvia39
12Luxembourg39
13Hungary39
14Albania39
15Germany40
16Switzerland41
17Uruguay41
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
12Cuba40
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
18Finland28
19Russia27
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below60:

Christian81%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated18.6%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 81.2% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (32%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 81.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census)61.

The Afterlife: Ipsos-NA in 2011 gathered some statistics on Hungary62. Despite the large numbers of Christians, not many have traditional beliefs in the afterlife - just 6%. More people don't know what to believe (27%). Even more people believe that upon death, you simply cease to exist (29%). Also, 3% specifically believe in heaven but not in hell (which is nice - making them possible "universalists"). 13% believe in reincarnation.

Freedom of Religion and Belief:

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