The Human Truth Foundation

Hungary (Republic of Hungary)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Hungary

Hungary
Republic of Hungary
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index47th best
CapitalBudapest
Land Area1 90 530 km2
LocationEurope
Population29.95 million
Life Expectancy374.624yrs (2012)
GNI3$16 088
ISO3166-1 Codes4HU, HUN, 348
Internet Domain5.hu
Currency6Forint (HUF)
Telephone7+36

1. Overview

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Hungary National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
44St Lucia67.3
45Brunei67.2
46Malta67.1
47Hungary67.0
48Cyprus66.7
49Jamaica66.5
50Poland66.4
51Dominica65.7
52Argentina65.1
53Chile65.1
54Mauritius64.9
55Grenada64.6
56Croatia64.5
57Albania64.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
68Montenegro74.8
69Serbia74.7
70Tunisia74.7
71Hungary74.6
72Venezuela74.6
73Armenia74.4
74Malaysia74.5
75Cape Verde74.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
94Germany1.4
95Laos2.6
96Malaysia2.6
97Hungary1.4
98Romania1.4
99Japan1.4
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
82Haiti 10.26m372
83Bolivia 10.25m9
84Dominican Rep. 10.18m211
85Hungary9.95m110
86Serbia9.847m113
87Somalia9.797m16
88Belarus9.527m47
Data Source

Hungary's population is predicted to fall to 9 644 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.42.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
117Guinea1958
118Nigeria1958
119Chad1958
120Hungary1958
121Laos1958
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
40UAE0.24
41Albania0.25
42Malaysia0.26
43Hungary0.26
44USA0.26
45Bahrain0.26
46Tunisia0.26
47Kuwait0.27
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Hungary and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Hungary is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
12Cuba40%
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
15Hungary32%
16Norway31%
17Korea, S.30%
18Finland28%
19Russia27%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
13Luxembourg39%
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian81%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated18.6%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 81.2% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (32%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 81.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 39% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
4Australia18
5Hungary19
6Philippines23
7Italy23
8UK25
9Argentina26
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
206Pakistan0.38
205Latvia0.33
204Peru0.30
203Hungary0.27
202Argentina0.27
201Czech Rep.0.24
200Philippines0.24
199S. Africa0.22
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
34Czech Rep.68.64
35Spain65.81
36Israel65.39
37Hungary65.16
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
117Mauritania101.25
118Jordan102
119Japan102
120Hungary102
121Azerbaijan102.25
122Estonia103.25
123Moldova103.5
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
63Fiji7.1
64Saudi Arabia7.1
65Iceland7.1
66Hungary7.1
67Botswana7.0
68Macedonia7.0
69Malaysia7.0
70Ghana7.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
25Czech Rep.98
26Denmark98
27USA98
28Hungary98
29France98
30Belarus97
31Ukraine97
32Russia97
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
29Iceland20
30Ukraine20
31Liechtenstein20
32Hungary20
33Norway20
34Czech Rep.20
35New Zealand20
36Albania20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
52Japan99.2
53Argentina99.2
54Moldova99.3
55Hungary99.3
56Italy99.3
57Hong Kong99.3
58Senegal99.3
59Chile99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
22Canada1.6112
23Ireland1.5212
24Estonia1.4312
25Hungary1.3712
26Italy1.2912
27Portugal1.2812
28Luxembourg1.2612
29Spain1.2212
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
47Estonia$17 402
48Barbados$17 308
49Lithuania$16 858
50Hungary$16 088
51Croatia$15 419
52Argentina$15 347
53Chile$14 987
54Latvia$14 724
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
94Zambia5
95Namibia4.9
96Libya4.9
97Hungary4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
99Palestine4.8
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
29Peru69.3
30Ecuador69.3
31Denmark69.2
32Hungary69.1
33El Salvador69.1
34Croatia68.7
35Dominican Rep.68.4
36Lithuania68.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
46Ireland45
47Bulgaria40
48Israel40
49Hungary35
50Slovakia35
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
53Australia32
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/hungary.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hu.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^

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