The Human Truth Foundation

Liechtenstein (Principality of Liechtenstein)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#liechtenstein

Liechtenstein
Principality of Liechtenstein
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index48th best
CapitalVaduz
Land Area 160km21
LocationEurope
Population37 9102
Life Expectancy80.16yrs (2017)3
GNI$75 065 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLI, LIE, 4385
Internet Domain.li6
CurrencyFranc (CHF)7
Telephone+4238

1. Overview

#switzerland

The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic Wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith a history and monarchy as story-book as its melodious mountain scenery, rich old Liechtenstein puts a whole new perspective on `doing a country´. If Liechtenstein didn´t exist, someone would have invented it. A tiny mountain principality governed by an iron-willed monarch in the heart of 21st-century Europe, it certainly has novelty value. Only 25km long by 12km wide (at its broadest point) - just larger than Manhattan - Liechtenstein doesn´t have an international airport, and access from Switzerland is by local bus. However, the country is a rich banking state and, we are told, the world´s largest exporter of false teeth.

Most blaze through Liechtenstein en route to Switzerland, stopping only for snapshots of the castle and a souvenir passport stamp. That´s a shame, as the country has an overwhelming amount of natural beauty for its size. Strike out into the Alpine wilderness beyond Vaduz and, suddenly, this landlocked sliver of a micro-nation no longer seems quite so small.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Liechtenstein National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
12Hong Kong12
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Norway30.8
2Denmark31.8
3Sweden33.9
...
45Monaco69.9
46Israel70.9
47Argentina71.0
48Liechtenstein71.2
49Serbia72.0
50Albania72.4
51Mongolia72.4
52Barbados72.9
World Avg88.0
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Liechtenstein's Demographics

#health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #population

Population:

Liechtenstein's population is predicted to rise to 41 553 by 2030.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
188Marshall Islands58 413
189St Kitts & Nevis52 441
190Monaco38 682
191Liechtenstein37 910
192San Marino33 785
193Palau17 907
194Tuvalu11 508
195Nauru10 670
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)15
Pos.
%15
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
6Andorra53.3%
7Bahrain48.4%
8Singapore46.0%
9Luxembourg45.3%
10Oman44.7%
11Hong Kong39.1%
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)16
Pos.
%16
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
34Croatia17.1%
35Liechtenstein17.1%
36Cyprus17.0%
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
39Belize16.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#china #equality #freedom #human_rights #Liechtenstein #morals #politics #prejudice #russia #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)17,18
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank17,18
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
...
65Montenegro71.8
66Honduras72.1
67Mauritius72.6
68Liechtenstein73.9
69Armenia74.0
70Senegal74.0
71Cape Verde75.3
72Nicaragua77.2
q=199.

Liechtenstein does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Liechtenstein comes in the best 20 in supporting press freedom19. It does better than average when it comes to its nominal commitment to Human Rights20, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (but bad for Europe), freethought22 and in LGBT equality23 (but bad for Europe). Liechtenstein does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in speed of uptake of HR treaties24 (amongst the worst in Europe). Human Rights Watch has declared that Liechtenstein "has worked incredibly hard, beyond all expectations given its size and resources, to establish routes to combat mass genocide at the United Nations in circumstances where investigations are being blocked by countries such as Russia and China"25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Liechtenstein's Health

#health #Liechtenstein #life_expectancy #longevity

Health:

Public health in Liechtenstein is very good. Liechtenstein does better than average when it comes to its average life expectancy12. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.

6. Liechtenstein's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)26
Pos.Higher is better
Years26
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
59Bulgaria14.8
60Serbia14.8
61Iran14.7
62Liechtenstein14.7
63Algeria14.7
64Cyprus14.7
65Oman14.7
66Thailand14.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)27
Pos.Higher is better27
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
6Denmark96%
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)28
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio28
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
77Croatia0.1
78Costa Rica0.1
79Serbia0.1
80Liechtenstein0.0
81Cyprus0.0
82Philippines0.0
83Macedonia0.0
84Pakistan0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
%29
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
...
52Fiji+06.7
53Laos+06.3
54Poland+06.3
55Liechtenstein+06.2
56Latvia+05.8
57Uzbekistan+05.7
58New Zealand+05.1
59Slovenia+05.1
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
168Gabon1997 Jun 12
169Burundi1997 Jul 14
170Tajikistan1998 Jan 27
171Liechtenstein1998 Feb 17
172Macedonia1998 Mar 02
173Angola1998 Jun 30
174Tonga1998 Aug 17
175Palau1999 Apr 06
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below30:

Christian91.9%
Muslim5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (official) 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002)31.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)32, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Liechtenstein states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution makes the Catholic Church the "National Church" of the country, and as such it enjoys the full protection of the state. The government gives money not only to the Catholic Church, but also to other denominations. Catholic and Protestant churches receive regular annual contributions from the government in proportion to membership as determined in the 2000 census; smaller religious groups are eligible to apply for grants for associations of foreigners or specific projects. Religious education is part of the curriculum at public schools. Catholic or Protestant religious education is compulsory in all primary schools. The curriculum for Catholic confessional education is determined by the Roman Catholic Church with only a minor complementary supervisory role by the municipalities. At the secondary school level, parents and pupils choose between traditional confessional education organized by their religious community and the nonconfessional (secular) subject "Religion and Culture." Since its introduction in 2003, 90 percent of Catholic pupils have chosen the non-confessional subject.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)33

Links: