The Human Truth Foundation

Liechtenstein (Principality of Liechtenstein)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#economics #liechtenstein

Liechtenstein
Principality of Liechtenstein
StatusIndependent State
CapitalVaduz
Land Area 160km21
LocationEurope
Population36 584 (2011)2
Life Expectancy80.16yrs (2017)3
GNI$75 065 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesLI, LIE, 4385
Internet Domain.li6
CurrencyFranc (CHF)7
Telephone+4238

1. Overview

#switzerland

The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic Wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWith a history and monarchy as story-book as its melodious mountain scenery, rich old Liechtenstein puts a whole new perspective on `doing a country´. If Liechtenstein didn´t exist, someone would have invented it. A tiny mountain principality governed by an iron-willed monarch in the heart of 21st-century Europe, it certainly has novelty value. Only 25km long by 12km wide (at its broadest point) - just larger than Manhattan - Liechtenstein doesn´t have an international airport, and access from Switzerland is by local bus. However, the country is a rich banking state and, we are told, the world´s largest exporter of false teeth.

Most blaze through Liechtenstein en route to Switzerland, stopping only for snapshots of the castle and a souvenir passport stamp. That´s a shame, as the country has an overwhelming amount of natural beauty for its size. Strike out into the Alpine wilderness beyond Vaduz and, suddenly, this landlocked sliver of a micro-nation no longer seems quite so small.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Liechtenstein National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
12Hong Kong12
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18S. Korea18
19Israel19
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
47Maldives62.5
48Barbados62.3
49Malaysia61.8
50Liechtenstein61.5
51Serbia61.3
52Albania60.6
53Argentina60.3
54Uzbekistan60.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#health #immigration #Liechtenstein #life_expectancy #longevity #population

Emigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
32Belarus18.4%
33Eritrea18.0%
34Croatia17.1%
35Liechtenstein17.1%
36Cyprus17.0%
37Marshall Islands16.6%
38Ireland16.1%
39Belize16.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.
Immigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
12San Marino37.0%
13Brunei36.4%
14Luxembourg35.2%
15Liechtenstein34.6%
16Oman28.4%
17Palau28.1%
18Saudi Arabia27.8%
19Australia25.7%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)14
Pos.Higher is better
Years14
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
29Slovenia80.58
30Denmark80.41
31Cyprus80.33
32Liechtenstein80.16
33Costa Rica79.61
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
World Avg71.27
q=190.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
187Dominica67 665
188Marshall Islands55 717
189St Kitts & Nevis53 697
190Liechtenstein36 584
191Monaco35 444
192San Marino31 945
193Palau20 758
194Nauru10 370
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Liechtenstein's population is predicted to rise to 41 553 by 2030.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#china #equality #freedom #human_rights #Liechtenstein #politics #russia #tolerance

Liechtenstein does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Liechtenstein comes in the best 20 in terms of supporting press freedom16. It does better than average when it comes to its nominal commitment to Human Rights17, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18 (but bad for Europe) and in LGBT equality19 (but low for Europe). Liechtenstein does not succeed in everything, however. It falls into the worst 20 in terms of the year from which women could participate in democracy20 (amongst the worst in Europe). Human Rights Watch has declared that Liechtenstein "has worked incredibly hard, beyond all expectations given its size and resources, to establish routes to combat mass genocide at the United Nations in circumstances where investigations are being blocked by countries such as Russia and China"21.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below22:

Christian91.9%
Muslim5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic (official) 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002)23.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)24, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Liechtenstein states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution makes the Catholic Church the "National Church" of the country, and as such it enjoys the full protection of the state. The government gives money not only to the Catholic Church, but also to other denominations. Catholic and Protestant churches receive regular annual contributions from the government in proportion to membership as determined in the 2000 census; smaller religious groups are eligible to apply for grants for associations of foreigners or specific projects. Religious education is part of the curriculum at public schools. Catholic or Protestant religious education is compulsory in all primary schools. The curriculum for Catholic confessional education is determined by the Roman Catholic Church with only a minor complementary supervisory role by the municipalities. At the secondary school level, parents and pupils choose between traditional confessional education organized by their religious community and the nonconfessional (secular) subject "Religion and Culture." Since its introduction in 2003, 90 percent of Catholic pupils have chosen the non-confessional subject.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)25

Links:

6. The Internet

#internet #Liechtenstein #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)26
Pos.Higher is better26
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
6Denmark96%
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)27
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio27
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
77Croatia0.1
78Costa Rica0.1
79Serbia0.1
80Liechtenstein0.0
81Cyprus0.0
82Philippines0.0
83Macedonia0.0
84Pakistan0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)14
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $14
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
q=193.

There isn't much information in the database for Liechtenstein, most likely because it is either a part of another country (i.e., a territory or posession) and therefore most international statistics are counted for the country as a whole, or, this is such an exotic place that little data exists about it.