The Human Truth Foundation

Zambia (Republic of Zambia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Zambia

Zambia
Republic of Zambia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index167th best
CapitalLusaka
Land Area1 743 390 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 13.88 million
Life Expectancy349.44yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 358
ISO3166-1 Codes4ZM, ZMB, 894
Internet Domain5.zm
Currency6Kwacha (ZMK)
Telephone7+260

1. Overview

#UK

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, economic mismanagement and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his Vice President Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential by-election in October 2008. Michael SATA was elected President in September 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Zambia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
160Yemen45.841.7
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
164Senegal42.5
165Ivory Coast42.4
166Gambia42.0
167Zambia42.0
168Malawi42.0
169Togo41.6
170Mozambique41.6
171Rwanda41.6
172Zimbabwe41.4
173Benin41.3
174India41.0
175Saudi Arabia40.8
176Equatorial Guinea39.7
177Ethiopia38.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
184Burundi50.9
185Mozambique50.7
186Chad49.9
187Zambia49.4
188Swaziland48.9
189Afghanistan49.1
190Central African Rep.49.1
191Congo, DR48.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
173Uganda6.0
174Malawi6.0
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)6.0
176Afghanistan6.0
177Mali6.2
178Zambia6.3
179Somalia6.3
180Niger7.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
66Guatemala 15.14m141
67Ecuador 14.86m60
68Cambodia 14.48m82
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
Data Source

Zambia's population is predicted to rise to 24.48 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 6.30.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
132Burundi1961
133Mauritania1961
134Rwanda1961
135Zambia1962
136Monaco1962
137Uganda1962
138Algeria1962
139Afghanistan1963
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
133Congo, (Brazzaville)0.61
134Papua New Guinea0.62
135Benin0.62
136Zambia0.62
137Cameroon0.63
138Ivory Coast0.63
139Mauritania0.64
140Sierra Leone0.64
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Zambia is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
99Burkina Faso0%
100Gambia0%
101Azerbaijan0%
102Zambia0%
103Yemen0%
104Thailand0%
105Brunei0%
106Madagascar0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
88Rwanda95%
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian97.6%
Muslim0.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Zambia states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the government requires Christian instruction in public schools. The classes are conducted in both the Catholic and Protestant traditions and are mandatory for all students through grade seven.

2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report).
In "Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
224Burkina Faso0.79
223Cameroon0.77
222Kenya0.77
221Zambia0.76
220Moldova0.71
219Uzbekistan0.69
218Guinea-Bissau0.67
217Chile0.66
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
131Honduras11.09
132Tanzania11.00
133Guatemala10.50
134Zambia10.12
135Angola10.00
136Nicaragua10.00
137Indonesia9.90
138Ghana9.55
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
64S. Africa53.25
65Nepal53.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
49Israel7.3
50Uruguay7.3
51Nicaragua7.3
52Zambia7.2
53Honduras7.2
54Uganda7.2
55El Salvador7.2
56Guatemala7.2
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
48Mozambique1.80
49Namibia1.80
50Ghana1.81
51Zambia1.83
52Sierra Leone1.86
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
105Tanzania72
106Kenya72
107Ghana71
108Zambia71
109Jamaica71
110Rwanda70
111Botswana70
112Benin70
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
130Congo, (Brazzaville)13
131Djibouti13
132Antigua & Barbuda13
133Zambia13
134Malawi13
135Afghanistan13
136Gambia13
137Central African Rep.12
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
68Guyana99.3
69Tanzania99.3
70Kenya99.3
71Zambia99.3
72Mozambique99.3
73Armenia99.3
74Malawi99.3
75Congo, (Brazzaville)99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
79Nepal0.3014
80Kuwait0.3015
81Pakistan0.2915
82Zambia0.2816
83Botswana0.2517
84Armenia0.2415
85Bermuda0.2315
86Sudan0.2318
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
160Kenya$1 541
161Benin$1 439
162Tanzania$1 383
163Zambia$1 358
164Chad$1 258
165Burkina Faso$1 202
166Uganda$1 168
167Rwanda$1 147
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
91Latvia5
92Mauritania5
93Philippines5
94Zambia5
95Namibia4.9
96Libya4.9
97Hungary4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
126Zimbabwe47.8
127Burkina Faso47.3
128Sudan47.1
129Zambia47.0
130Oman45.9
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Cameroon44.6
133Indonesia44.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
188Tuvalu-130
189Seychelles-130
190Papua New Guinea-140
191Zambia-140
192Antigua & Barbuda-150
193Kenya-160
194Solomon Islands-160
195Gambia-160
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/zambia.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/za.html accessed 2013 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  18. UNESCO data for year 2007.^

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