Uruguay (Oriental Republic of Uruguay)

#Uruguay

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Uruguay
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index40th best
CapitalMontevideo
Land Area1 175 020 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population23.391 million
Life Expectancy377.18yrs (2012)
GNI3$13 333
ISO3166-1 Codes4UY, URY, 858
Internet Domain5.uy
Currency6Peso (UYU)
Telephone7+598

1. Overview

Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to become an important commercial center. Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil in 1821, Uruguay declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom in 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President Jose BATLLE in the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms that established a statist tradition. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement named the Tupamaros, launched in the late 1960s, led Uruguay's president to cede control of the government to the military in 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold over the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. In 2004, the left-of-center Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended 170 years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Uruguay National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
50Belarus79.375.1
51Uruguay79.271.5
52Montenegro79.176.9
53Palau79.177.6
54Kuwait79.072.8
55Russia78.872.1
56Romania78.672.8
57Saudi Arabia78.270.9
58Bulgaria78.272.7
59Panama78.069.3
60Cuba78.071.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
37Poland69.4
38Barbados69.2
39Costa Rica68.6
40Uruguay68.5
41Israel68.4
42Seychelles68.4
43St Kitts & Nevis68.1
44Bahamas67.9
45USA67.6
46St Lucia67.3
47Brunei67.2
48Croatia67.2
49Greece67.1
50Albania66.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
40Brunei78.1
41Czech Rep.77.8
42Dominica77.6
43Uruguay77.2
44Mexico77.1
45Albania77.1
46Maldives77.1
47Barbados77
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
129Panama3.625m49
130Mauritania3.623m4
131Moldova3.519m107
132Uruguay3.391m19
133Lithuania3.292m53
134Albania3.227m118
135Armenia3.109m109
Data Source

Uruguay's population is predicted to rise to 3.601 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.05. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
35Spain1931
36Sri Lanka1931
37Maldives1932
38Uruguay1932
39Thailand1932
40Brazil1934
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
66Chile0.36
67Thailand0.36
68Turkey0.37
69Uruguay0.37
70Mauritius0.38
71Argentina0.38
72Mexico0.38
73Peru0.39
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Uruguay has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
35Armenia14%
36Lithuania13%
37Singapore13%
38Uruguay12%
39Kazakhstan12%
40China12%
41USA10%
42Trinidad & Tobago9%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
14Hungary39%
15Germany40%
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
20Kazakhstan43%
21Korea, S.43%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian57.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.8%
Jew0.3%
Unaffiliated40.7%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 59.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 41% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
53Trinidad & Tobago48.52
54Uruguay47.87
55Dominica47.28
56Azerbaijan46.68
57Bulgaria45.99
58Chile45.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
47Albania7.3
48Rwanda7.3
49Israel7.3
50Uruguay7.3
51Nicaragua7.3
52Zambia7.2
53Honduras7.2
54Uganda7.2
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
37Laos1.66
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
31Belarus97
32Ukraine97
33Moldova96
34Uruguay96
35Slovakia96
36Slovenia96
37Israel95
38Portugal95
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
4Spain23
5Slovenia23
6Mexico23
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
24Cyprus99.1
25Cape Verde99.1
26Australia99.1
27Uruguay99.1
28Portugal99.1
29UK99.1
30Ghana99.1
31Suriname99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
84Armenia0.2412
85Sudan0.2313
86Mongolia0.2312
87Uruguay0.2314
88Bermuda0.2312
89Nigeria0.2215
90Togo0.2214
91Azerbaijan0.2112
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
59Malaysia$13 676
60Panama$13 519
61Belarus$13 385
62Uruguay$13 333
63Mauritius$13 300
64Botswana$13 102
65Mexico$12 947
66Gabon$12 521
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
41Czech Rep.6.3
42Guatemala6.3
43Malta6.2
44Uruguay6.1
45Japan6.1
46Italy6.1
47Guyana6
48Slovenia6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
79Laos59.6
80Namibia59.3
81Guyana59.2
82Uruguay59.1
83Azerbaijan59.1
84Vietnam59.0
85Moldova58.8
86Ukraine58.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
17Greenland135
18Portugal135
19UK130
20Uruguay125
21Peru120
22Italy115
23Guatemala115
24Poland115
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/uruguay.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uy.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  13. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2007.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.