Chad (Republic of Chad)

#Chad #Christianity #Islam

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Chad
Republic of Chad
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index184th best
CapitalN'Djamena
Land Area11 259 200 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 11.83 million
Life Expectancy349.893yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 258
ISO3166-1 Codes4TD, TCD, 148
Internet Domain5.td
Currency6Franc (XAF)
Telephone7+235

1. Overview

#France #Libya #Sudan

Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the insurgents. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant insurrection in early 2008, but has had no significant rebel threats since then, in part due to Chad's 2010 rapprochement with Sudan, which previously used Chadian rebels as proxies. DEBY in 2011 was reelected to his fourth term in an election that international observers described as proceeding without incident. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Chad National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
177Sierra Leone35.926.9
178Guinea35.534.2
179Burundi35.525.2
180Central African Rep.35.230.9
181Eritrea35.134.5
182Mali34.425.2
183Burkina Faso34.332.9
184Chad34.030.6
185Mozambique32.725.4
186Niger30.422.3
187Congo, DR30.426.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
178Ethiopia38.2
179Guinea-Bissau37.5
180Pakistan37.4
181Mali36.8
182Niger36.4
183Yemen35.5
184Chad35.1
185Central African Rep.35.0
186Iraq33.8
187Mauritania33.8
188Congo, DR31.1
189Somalia29.7
190Sudan27.7
191Afghanistan27.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
183Equatorial Guinea51.4
184Burundi50.9
185Mozambique50.7
186Chad49.9
187Zambia49.4
188Swaziland48.9
189Afghanistan49.1
190Central African Rep.49.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
169Tanzania5.5
170Congo, DR5.5
171Burkina Faso5.8
172Chad5.8
173Uganda6.0
174Malawi6.0
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)6.0
176Afghanistan6.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
75Cuba 11.25m106
Data Source

Chad's population is predicted to rise to 18.44 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.79. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
116Burkina Faso1958
117Guinea1958
118Nigeria1958
119Chad1958
120Hungary1958
121Laos1958
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Chad and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Chad culture has a severe problem with gender equality, with male rights dominating those of women. Things need to change.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
93Morocco0%
94Algeria0%
95Benin0%
96Chad0%
97Botswana0%
98Mauritania0%
99Mali0%
100Burkina Faso0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
88Rwanda95%
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian40.6%
Muslim55.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1% (1993 census)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Chad states:

The constitution provides that the country shall be a secular state. However, some policies favor Islam in practice11. A committee composed of members of the High Council for Islamic Affairs (HCIA) and the Directorate of Religious and Traditional Affairs in the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) organized trips to Mecca for the Hajj (pilgrimage during the 12th month of the Islamic calendar) and Umrah (pilgrimage). The Director of Religious and Traditional Affairs oversees religious matters. The HCIA oversees Islamic religious activities, including the supervision of some Arabic-language schools and higher institutions of learning, and the representation of the country in international Islamic meetings. The HCIA, in coordination with the president, appoints the grand imam, a spiritual leader for Muslims, who oversees each region's high imam and serves as head of the council. In principle, although not consistently in practice, the grand imam has the authority to restrict proselytizing by Islamic groups, regulate the content of mosque sermons, and exert control over activities of Islamic charities. Religious leaders are involved in managing the country's wealth. A representative of the religious community sits on the Revenue Management College, the body that oversees use of Chad's oil revenues. The seat rotates between Muslim and Christian leaders every four years.

While the government is legally obligated to treat all religious groups or denominations equally, some non-Muslims allege that Muslims receive preferential status, particularly concerning use of public lands for building places of worship.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
171Malawi2.26
172Turkmenistan2.20
173Burundi2.10
174Chad1.70
175Madagascar1.70
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
134Burundi5.4
135Central African Rep.5.3
136Algeria5.3
137Chad5.3
138Guinea-Bissau5.2
139Angola5.1
140Congo, DR5.0
141Congo, (Brazzaville)4.7
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.62
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
119Ivory Coast69
120Niger69
121Burkina Faso68
122Chad68
123Somalia68
124Angola68
125Haiti67
126Liberia67
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
100Togo16
101Bangladesh15
102Andorra15
103Chad15
104Cape Verde15
105St Vincent & Grenadines15
106Maldives15
107Sierra Leone15
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
117Nepal99.4
118Ecuador99.4
119Cameroon99.4
120Chad99.4
121Brunei99.4
122Tajikistan99.4
123S. Sudan99.4
124Algeria99.4
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
161Benin$1 439
162Tanzania$1 383
163Zambia$1 358
164Chad$1 258
165Burkina Faso$1 202
166Uganda$1 168
167Rwanda$1 147
168Nepal$1 137
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
142Afghanistan3.8
143Burundi3.8
144Haiti3.8
145Chad3.7
146Benin3.7
147Yemen3.7
148Botswana3.6
149Central African Rep.3.6
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
153Benin39.6
154Haiti39.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
123Nauru0
124Palau0
125Samoa0
126Chad0
127Sri Lanka0
128Ivory Coast-10
129Indonesia-10
130Iraq-10
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/chad.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cd.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  12. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.