The Human Truth Foundation

Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index86th best
CapitalNuku'alofa
Land Area 720 km21
LocationAustralasia, Polynesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population104 891 (2011)2
Life Expectancy72.99yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 284 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesTO, TON, 7765
Internet Domain.to6
CurrencyPa'anga (TOP)7
Telephone+6768

1. Overview

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Tonga National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank
Lower is better
10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
102Libya102
103Belize103
104Samoa104
105Maldives105
106Uzbekistan105
107Moldova107
108Botswana108
109Gabon109
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
83Nicaragua58.5
84Peru58.0
85Turkey57.7
86Tonga57.6
87Uzbekistan57.6
88El Salvador57.4
89S. Africa57.3
90Qatar57.3
91Philippines57.3
92Belarus57.3
93Malaysia57.2
94Samoa57.2
95Belize57.1
96Palau57.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears
Higher is better
11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
102Palau72.87
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)12
CountryValue
Lower is better
12
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
179Micronesia112 09835
180St Vincent & Grenadines109 367280
181Grenada105 303310
182Tonga104 891146
183Kiribati102 660127
184Antigua & Barbuda90 510206
185Andorra87 518186
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
13
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
81Maldives11.0
82Mongolia11.8
83Uzbekistan11.9
84Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
q=185.

Tonga's population is predicted to rise to 120 540 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.81. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Paraguay1961
Gender Inequality (2015)14
CountryValue
Lower is better14
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
149Central African Rep.0.65
150Liberia0.65
151Sierra Leone0.65
152Tonga0.66
153Congo, DR0.66
154Afghanistan0.67
155Ivory Coast0.67
156Mali0.69
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Tonga is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below15:

Christian98.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)16.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue
Higher is better
17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
102Moldova48%
103Paraguay47%
104Fiji47%
105Tonga47%
106Nigeria46%
107Jordan46%
108Panama45%
109Mexico45%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)14
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
14
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
53Turkmenistan16.4
54Myanmar (Burma)16.5
55Malta16.6
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
33Qatar1.5
34Tunisia1.5
35Tuvalu1.5
36Tonga1.6
37Solomon Islands1.7
38Madagascar1.8
39Singapore2
40Turkey2
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
155Myanmar (Burma)80.3
156Benin80.1
157Guinea-Bissau80.1
158Tonga80.0
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
162Gabon78.7
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
183Tonga6
184Pakistan6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
187Singapore5
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)21
CountryValue
Lower is better
21
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
62Serbia2659
63Croatia2661
64Central African Rep.2661
65Tonga2670
66Mauritania2676
67Bosnia & Herzegovina2686
68Guyana2708
69Tanzania2734
q=178.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $
Higher is better11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
131Samoa$5 372
132Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 371
133Vietnam$5 335
134Tonga$5 284
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
137Pakistan$5 031
138Moldova$5 026
q=193.
LGBT Equality (2013)22
CountryScore
Higher is better
22
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
179St Kitts & Nevis-100
180Barbados-100
181Belize-100
182Tonga-100
183St Lucia-120
184Bangladesh-120
185Brunei-120
186Trinidad & Tobago-120
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/tonga.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  15. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  16. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  20. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  21. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  22. Higher is better. Sources:^

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