The Human Truth Foundation

Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Tonga

Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index89th best
CapitalNuku'alofa
Land Area1 720 km2
LocationAustralasia, Polynesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population2104 891
Life Expectancy372.452yrs (2012)
GNI3$4 153
ISO3166-1 Codes4TO, TON, 776
Internet Domain5.to
Currency6Pa'anga (TOP)
Telephone7+676

1. Overview

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Tonga National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
92Sri Lanka71.561.0
93Algeria71.358.1
94Tunisia71.258.0
95Tonga71.067.7
96Samoa70.267.1
97Dominican Rep.70.260.9
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
101China69.954.1
102Turkmenistan69.868.1
103Thailand69.058.9
104Maldives68.861.7
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
86Palau56.7
87Cape Verde56.6
88Malaysia56.1
89Tonga56.1
90Colombia55.7
91Libya55.7
92Paraguay55.5
93El Salvador55.4
94Ecuador55.3
95Qatar55.3
96UAE55.3
97Guatemala55.2
98Armenia55.1
99Russia54.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
101Antigua & Barbuda72.8
102Paraguay72.7
103Samoa72.7
104Tonga72.5
105St Vincent & Grenadines72.5
106Lithuania72.5
107El Salvador72.4
108Morocco72.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
134Djibouti3.6
135Vanuatu3.8
136Samoa3.8
137Tonga3.8
138Papua New Guinea3.8
139Guatemala3.9
140Togo3.9
141Ethiopia3.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
179Micronesia112 09835
180St Vincent & Grenadines109 367280
181Grenada105 303310
182Tonga104 891146
183Kiribati102 660127
184Antigua & Barbuda90 510206
185Andorra87 518186
Data Source

Tonga's population is predicted to rise to 120 540 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.81.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Paraguay1961
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
87Jamaica0.46
88Colombia0.46
89Nicaragua0.46
90Tonga0.46
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
93Venezuela0.47
94Suriname0.47
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian98.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
124Algeria12.50
125Yemen12.35
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
130Zimbabwe11.50
131Honduras11.09
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
179Korea, N.7
180UAE7
181Pakistan6
182Tonga6
183Brunei6
184St Lucia6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
62Serbia99.3
63Croatia99.3
64Central African Rep.99.3
65Tonga99.3
66Mauritania99.3
67Bosnia & Herzegovina99.3
68Guyana99.3
69Tanzania99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
118Mongolia$4 245
119Guatemala$4 235
120Indonesia$4 154
121Tonga$4 153
122Fiji$4 087
123Vanuatu$3 960
124Samoa$3 928
125Philippines$3 752
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
177Barbados-100
178Grenada-100
179St Kitts & Nevis-100
180Tonga-100
181S. Sudan-100
182Belize-100
183St Lucia-120
184Trinidad & Tobago-120
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/tonga.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

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