The Human Truth Foundation

Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#economics #homosexuality #the_environment #tonga

Tonga
Kingdom of Tonga
StatusIndependent State
CapitalNuku'alofa
Land Area 720km21
LocationAustralasia, Polynesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.1m (2011)2
Life Expectancy72.99yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 284 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesTO, TON, 7765
Internet Domain.to6
CurrencyPa'anga (TOP)7
Telephone+6768

1. Overview

Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its indigenous governance. The archipelagos of "The Friendly Islands" were united into a Polynesian kingdom in 1845. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in 1875 and a British protectorate in 1900; it withdrew from the protectorate and joined the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. Tonga remains the only monarchy in the Pacific.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThink lush, reef-fringed islands with sandy foreshores that virtually glow in the tropical sunshine. In Tonga you´ll need to slow down to the pace of local island life. Say goodbye to tourist hype – you´re now in the Kingdom of Tonga. This `never colonised´ Polynesian kingdom is unique in its approach to tourism. This is a country that survives on international aid and remittances sent from Tongans living overseas. You may get the impression that most Tongans would prefer visitors to donate their dollars and not leave the airport; expats seem determined to build a tourist industry, but most of the locals just don´t seem to care. In some ways, this is incredibly refreshing and in others incredibly frustrating. You won´t have to try to gain a cultural experience – it´s all around!

There´s no doubting the natural beauty of Tonga. Travellers choose the pace of their adventure here, mixing sun-and-sand holidays, swimming with humpback whales, hiking in tropical rainforests or just lying on the beach and experiencing Tongan time. Throw away any preconceived ideas, slow down to the pace of local life, and you´ll love the place. Expect too much and you´ll likely leave frustrated.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Tonga National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
102Libya102
103Belize103
104Samoa104
105Maldives105
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark84.2
2Sweden83.7
3Finland83.5
...
144Laos46.0
145Rwanda45.8
146Libya45.7
147Tonga45.6
148Gambia45.5
149Nauru45.4
150Venezuela45.3
151Iran45.3
World Avg54.1
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #overpopulation #population #Tonga

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
81Maldives11.0
82Mongolia11.8
83Uzbekistan11.9
84Tonga11.9
85Kyrgyzstan12.1
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
4Grenada65.5
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1
6Guyana56.9
7Monaco56.3
8Antigua & Barbuda47.6
9Tonga45.4
10Albania45.4
11Barbados41.0
12Suriname39.0
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
140Togo3.90
141Ethiopia3.91
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
150Equatorial Guinea1.1
151Maldives1.0
152Cameroon1.0
153Tonga0.8
154Bosnia & Herzegovina0.7
155Burundi0.7
156Nigeria0.7
157Nicaragua0.7
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
102Palau72.87
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
179Micronesia0.1m
180St Vincent & Grenadines0.1m
181Grenada0.1m
182Tonga0.1m
183Kiribati0.1m
184Antigua & Barbuda90 510
185Andorra87 518
186Seychelles87 169
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Tonga's population is predicted to rise to 120 540 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.81. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#human_rights #mass_media #politics #Tonga

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)18
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties18
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
183Tonga6
184Pakistan6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
187Singapore5
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)19
Pos.Lower is better19
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
62Serbia2659
63Croatia2661
64Central African Rep.2661
65Tonga2670
66Mauritania2676
67Bosnia & Herzegovina2686
68Guyana2708
69Tanzania2734
World Avg3249
q=178.

5. Gender Equality

#gender #misogyny #politics #Tonga #women

Gender Inequality (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better20
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
149Central African Rep.0.65
150Liberia0.65
151Sierra Leone0.65
152Tonga0.66
153Congo, DR0.66
154Afghanistan0.67
155Ivory Coast0.67
156Mali0.69
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote21
Pos.Lower is better
Year21
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Rwanda1961
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Tonga culture has a severe problem with gender equality, with male rights dominating those of women. Things need to change.

See:

6. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below22:

Christian98.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)23.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #the_internet #Tonga

Internet Users (2016)24
Pos.Higher is better24
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
102Moldova48%
103Paraguay47%
104Fiji47%
105Tonga47%
106Nigeria46%
107Jordan46%
108Panama45%
109Mexico45%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)25
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio25
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
128Djibouti0.0
129Guyana0.0
130Namibia0.0
131Tonga0.0
132Myanmar (Burma)0.0
133Morocco0.0
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.0
135Honduras0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #health #parenting #population #smoking #Tonga #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
53Turkmenistan16.4
54Myanmar (Burma)16.5
55Malta16.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita26
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
33Qatar1.5
34Tunisia1.5
35Tuvalu1.5
36Tonga1.6
37Solomon Islands1.7
38Madagascar1.8
39Singapore2.0
40Turkey2.0
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
146Samoa146
147Jamaica147
148Togo148
149Tonga149
150Nigeria150
151St Lucia151
152Trinidad & Tobago152
153Mozambique153
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %28
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
155Myanmar (Burma)80.3
156Benin80.1
157Guinea-Bissau80.1
158Tonga80.0
159Mauritania79.9
160Lebanon79.4
161San Marino79.3
162Gabon78.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Lower is better29
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
10Guyana 77
11Suriname 79
12Malawi 80
13Tonga 81
14Mozambique 82
15Nepal 83
16Afghanistan 84
17Lesotho 88
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Intellectual Endeavours (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
82Uganda82
83Mauritius83
84UAE84
85Tonga85
86Georgia86
87Benin87
88Pakistan88
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
67USA67
68Guyana68
69Bosnia & Herzegovina69
70Tonga70
71Trinidad & Tobago71
72Botswana72
73Dominica73
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
162Marshall Islands162
163Guinea-Bissau163
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
157St Lucia157
158Vietnam158
159Laos159
160Equatorial Guinea160
161Fiji161
162Tonga162
163Brunei163
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)27
Pos.Lower is better
Rank27
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
76Dominican Rep.76
77Slovenia77
78Guatemala78
79Tonga79
80Latvia80
81Romania81
82Costa Rica82
q=163.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
131Samoa$5 372
132Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 371
133Vietnam$5 335
134Tonga$5 284
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
137Pakistan$5 031
138Moldova$5 026
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)30
Pos.Higher is better30
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
54Morocco63.5
55Cuba63.4
56Panama62.7
57Tonga62.5
58Tunisia62.4
59Azerbaijan62.3
60Korea, S.62.3
61Kuwait62.3
q=180.
LGBT Equality (2017)31
Pos.Higher is better
Score31
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
176Comoros-30
177Angola-30
178Uzbekistan-30
179Tonga-30
180Tuvalu-30
181Mauritania-32
182UAE-34
183Kuwait-37
q=196.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/tonga.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#alcohol #buddhism #christianity #demographics #economics #gender #health #hinduism #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #immigration #internet #islam #judaism #life_expectancy #mass_media #misogyny #overpopulation #parenting #politics #population #smoking #the_environment #the_internet #Tonga #vaccines #women

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

The Good Country Index. Published by The Good Country Inc., New York, USA. Website: goodcountry.org. The Good Country Index gauges how well countries are doing in helping international development. Edition 1.2 (2017) has 35 criteria.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2018) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2018). Accessed 2018 Aug 22.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Tonga".^
  11. UN (2017). Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2018)^
  13. UN (2017). Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013). Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013). Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017). Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013). Table 14.^
  18. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  19. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  20. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  21. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2018)^
  22. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  23. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  24. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  25. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  26. WHO (2014). Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  27. The Good Country Index (2017) .^^
  28. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  29. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  30. Yale University Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2018 EPI.^
  31. Sources:^

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