The Human Truth Foundation

Swaziland (Kingdom of Swaziland)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#swaziland

Swaziland
Kingdom of Swaziland
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index172nd best
CapitalMbabane (administrative) and Lobamba (legislative)
Land Area 17 200km21
LocationAfrica
Population1.1m2
Life Expectancy48.94yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 522 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSZ, SWZ, 7485
Internet Domain.sz6
CurrencyLilangeni (SZL)7
Telephone+2688

1. Overview

Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, Africa's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal status of political parties remains unclear. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverAncient traditions are inherent in everyday life in this tiny mountain kingdom, where local festivals provide a rich counterpoint to the activities and wildlife spotting on offer. In short: big things come in small packages. The intriguing kingdom of Swaziland is diminutive, but boasts a huge checklist for any visitor. Wildlife watching? Adrenalin-boosting activities like rafting and mountain biking? Lively and colourful local culture? Tick. Tick. Tick. Plus there are superb walking trails, stunning mountain and flatland scenery, and excellent, high-quality handicrafts.

Presiding over this is King Mswati III, the last remaining absolute monarch in Africa. The monarchy has its critics but, combined with the Swazis´ distinguished history of resistance to the Boers, the British and the Zulus, it has fostered a strong sense of national pride. This is exemplified in its national festivals: the Incwala ceremony and the Umhlanga (Reed) dance.

An excellent road system makes Swaziland a pleasure to navigate. Many make a flying visit on their way to Kruger National Park, but it´s worth lingering here if you get the chance.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Swaziland National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
145Myanmar (Burma)145
146Kenya146
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
112Armenia$8 189
113Paraguay$8 182
114El Salvador$7 732
115Swaziland$7 522
116Cuba$7 455
117Belize$7 375
118Ukraine$7 361
119Morocco$7 195
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
169Niger117.1
170Marshall Islands117.1
171Syria117.2
172Swaziland117.6
173Sudan118.2
174Comoros119.3
175Mauritania119.3
176Burundi120.9
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Swaziland's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Swaziland's population is predicted to rise to 1.462 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.21. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
154Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.3m
155Mauritius1.3m
156Cyprus1.2m
157Swaziland1.1m
158Djibouti1.0m
159Fiji0.9m
160Comoros0.8m
161Guyana0.8m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
38Ghana06.5
39Palestine06.5
40Ethiopia06.6
41Swaziland06.6
42Central African Rep.06.8
43Sudan06.8
44Mauritania06.8
45Kuwait06.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
113Kiribati2.6%
114Samoa2.5%
115Zimbabwe2.4%
116Swaziland2.4%
117Ecuador2.4%
118Paraguay2.4%
119Uruguay2.3%
120Mauritius2.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
45New Zealand14.5%
46Ukraine14.4%
47Israel14.0%
48Swaziland13.4%
49Lithuania13.2%
50Romania13.1%
51Iceland13.0%
52Bahamas12.8%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #swaziland #tolerance

Swaziland is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. And finally, it does worse than average when it comes to commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20, opposing gender inequality21, LGBT equality22, its nominal commitment to Human Rights23, speed of uptake of HR treaties24 and in supporting press freedom25. Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 10% hold 40% of the country's entire income26; the powerful and the rich dominate everyone else. There is no popular representation since political parties were banned in 1973, and the dictatorial rule of King Mswati III since 1986 continues to "repress political dissent and disregard human rights and rule of law""World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Swaziland's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #Swaziland #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
173Micronesia117.2
174Cameroon118.0
175Chad118.6
176Swaziland120.0
177Mali120.6
178Namibia121.1
179Papua New Guinea122.0
180Congo, (Brazzaville)123.1
181Gabon131.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Swaziland is a pretty unhealthy country. Swaziland does better than average in its smoking rate30 (but bad for Africa). But unfortunately Swaziland gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average when it comes to its immunizations take-up31 (still good for Africa), its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32, its fertility rate15 (still good for Africa), its adolescent birth rate21 (still low for Africa) and in its alcohol consumption rate33. And finally, it is the worst in its average life expectancy12. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
189Lesotho50.08
190Swaziland48.94
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
147Namibia9.8
148USA9.8
149St Lucia9.9
150Swaziland9.9
151Spain10.0
152S. Korea10.2
153Laos10.4
154Greece10.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
126Tajikistan3.19
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
75Botswana 449
74Costa Rica 432
73Sudan 428
72Swaziland 427
71Belize 400
70S. Sudan 398
69Yemen 388
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
114Kenya114
115Haiti115
116Malawi116
117Swaziland117
118Iran118
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
61Seychelles36.8
62Zimbabwe38.2
63Swaziland38.4
64Djibouti38.6
65Lesotho38.7
66Gabon40.2
67Namibia40.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
140Cape Verde73.4
141Afghanistan74.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
102El Salvador92.4
103Swaziland92.4
104Palau92.4
105Vietnam92.3
106Denmark92.3
107Azerbaijan92.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Swaziland's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
146Togo99.4
147Malawi99.8
148Gabon100.2
149Swaziland100.4
150Angola101.3
151Myanmar (Burma)103.8
152Burundi104.2
153Turkmenistan104.4
154Bangladesh104.4
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
136Honduras33.5%
137Haiti33.2%
138S. Sudan33.2%
139Swaziland32.6%
140Morocco32.2%
141Uganda32.1%
142Angola30.2%
143Lesotho30.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better
Years37
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
140Guyana11.5
141Vanuatu11.4
142Tajikistan11.4
143Swaziland11.4
144Cambodia11.3
145Burundi11.3
146Lebanon11.3
147Nauru11.3
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
101Cameroon101
102Peru102
103Cape Verde103
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
134Sri Lanka29%
135Samoa29%
136Ghana28%
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
119Tuvalu0.0
120Marshall Islands0.0
121Georgia0.0
122Swaziland0.0
123Mongolia0.0
124Samoa0.0
125Albania0.0
126Micronesia0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
109Georgia109
110Kuwait110
111China111
112Swaziland112
113Argentina113
114Qatar114
115Afghanistan115
116Ivory Coast116
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
52Sri Lanka52
53Haiti53
54Rwanda54
55Swaziland55
56Luxembourg56
57Mali57
58El Salvador58
59Senegal59
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Ecuador2.03
86Swaziland2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
89China2.06
90Dominican Rep.2.07
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
153Lebanon153
154Liberia154
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
122Honduras122
123Guinea123
124Congo, (Brazzaville)124
125Swaziland125
126Madagascar126
127Benin127
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)41
Pos.Lower is better
Score41
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
4Equatorial Guinea0.00
5Cambodia0.00
6Portugal0.00
7Croatia0.00
8Benin0.00
9Mauritania0.00
10Slovenia0.00
11Costa Rica0.00
12Romania0.00
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
%42
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
20Samoa31.5
21Moldova28.2
22Israel25.0
23Swaziland24.2
24Greece22.9
25Philippines22.7
26Lesotho22.5
27Italy22.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
159Togo41.8
160Liberia41.6
161Cameroon40.8
162Swaziland40.3
163Djibouti40.0
164Papua New Guinea39.4
165Eritrea39.3
166Mauritania39.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
94Cameroon1995 Jan 17
95N. Korea1995 Jan 24
96San Marino1995 Jan 26
97Swaziland1995 Feb 07
98Zimbabwe1995 Feb 09
99Vietnam1995 Feb 14
100Switzerland1995 Feb 19
101Argentina1995 Feb 20
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)44
Pos.Higher is worse44
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
154Zambia26.50
153Tanzania25.30
152Malawi25.10
151Swaziland25.10
150Ethiopia24.90
149Yemen24.70
148Kiribati24.70
147Zimbabwe24.20
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
141Honduras50.5
142Guinea-Bissau50.7
143St Lucia51.2
144Swaziland51.5
145Botswana53.3
146Brazil53.3
147Mozambique54.0
148Lesotho54.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)46
Pos.Lower is better
Severity46
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
43Peru.053
44Gabon.066
45Nicaragua.074
46Swaziland.081
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
49Sao Tome & Principe.092
50Bolivia.094
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below47:

Christian88.1%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%48.

Links: